List of Bronze Age hoards in Great Britain

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The list of Bronze Age hoards in Britain comprises significant archaeological hoards of jewellery, precious and scrap metal objects and other valuable items discovered in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) that are associated with the British Bronze Age, approximately 2700 BC to 8th century BC. It includes both hoards that were buried with the intention of retrieval at a later date (personal hoards, founder's hoards, merchant's hoards, and hoards of loot), and also hoards of votive offerings which were not intended to be recovered at a later date, but excludes grave goods and single items found in isolation.

List of hoards[edit]

Hoard Image Date Place of discovery Year of discovery Current Location Contents
Auchnacree Hoard 23rd to 21st century BC Auchnacree
Angus
56°45′N 2°53′W / 56.75°N 2.88°W / 56.75; -2.88 (Auchnacree Hoard)
1921 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 2 bronze knives
3 bronze axeheads
1 bronze armlet[1]
Boughton Malherbe Hoard 9th century BC Boughton Malherbe
Kent
51°13′N 0°41′E / 51.21°N 0.69°E / 51.21; 0.69 (Boughton Malherbe Hoard)
2011 Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery 352 bronze objects of types commonly found in northern France, comprising 75 bronze weapon fragments, 136 bronze tools and tool fragments, 42 bronze ornaments, and about 71 bronze ingots, moulds and miscellaneous objects.[2][3]
Burnham-on-Crouch Hoard Selection of bronze axes from the Burnham Hoard Bronze Age Burnham-on-Crouch
Essex
51°37′41″N 0°48′54″E / 51.628°N 0.815°E / 51.628; 0.815 (Burnham-on-Crouch Hoard)
2010 Colchester and Ipswich Museums Pottery vessel filled with bronze axes and other metalwork[4]
Burton Hoard The Burton Hoard 13th to mid 12th century BC Burton, Wrexham
Clwyd
53°06′18″N 2°57′54″W / 53.105°N 2.965°W / 53.105; -2.965 (Burton Hoard)
2004 National Museum Cardiff 2 bronze palstaves
1 bronze chisel
1 gold torc
1 gold twisted-wire bracelet
1 gold necklace pendant
4 gold beads
3 gold rings
1 pottery vessel[5]
Collette Hoard[note 1] 10th to 9th century BC Berwick upon Tweed
Northumberland
55°46′16″N 2°00′25″W / 55.771°N 2.007°W / 55.771; -2.007 (Collette Hoard)
2005 Great North Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne 6 socketed axes, 6 gold lock rings, and various bracelets, rings and pins[7]
Corbridge Hoard (1835) Middle Bronze Age Corbridge
Northumberland
54°57′43″N 1°59′46″W / 54.962°N 1.996°W / 54.962; -1.996 (Corbridge Hoard (1835))
1835 Blackgate Museum
Bailiffgate Museum
fragments of two spearheads
pieces of dagger blades
a flanged axe[8]
Crundale Hoard 8th to 9th century BC Crundale
Kent
51°12′07″N 0°58′26″E / 51.202°N 0.974°E / 51.202; 0.974 (Crundale Hoard)
2003 Museum of Canterbury 188 fragments (including axe, chisel, palstave, hammer, gouge, knife, sickle, sword, bracelet, ring, and ingots)[9]
Heights of Brae Hoard 8th to 7th century BC Heights of Brae
Dingwall, Highland
57°36′58″N 4°28′34″W / 57.616°N 4.476°W / 57.616; -4.476 (Heights of Brae Hoard)
1967 and 1979 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 3 gold cup-ended ornaments, 5 gold penannular armlets, and 1 corrugated gold band (a cup-ended ornament, a pennanular armlet and two additional items that are now lost were found during ploughing in 1967; the remaining seven items were found during archaeological investigation in 1979).[10]
Hollingbourne Hoard Bronze axes from the Hollingbourne Hoard 10th to 9th century BC Hollingbourne
Kent
51°16′01″N 0°38′28″E / 51.267°N 0.641°E / 51.267; 0.641 (Hollingbourne Hoard)
2003 Maidstone Museum & Art Gallery 12 bronze axes and axe fragments
2 bronze sword hilt fragments
6 bronze sword blade fragments
2 bronze spearhead fragments
14 bronze ingots[11]
Husband's Bosworth Hoard Late Bronze Age Husbands Bosworth
Leicestershire
52°27′11″N 1°03′22″W / 52.453°N 1.056°W / 52.453; -1.056 (Husband's Bosworth Hoard)
1801 unknown 4 looped and socketed celts
2 socketed celts
3 socketed gouges
2 spearheads
1 flat ferrule[12]
Isleham Hoard 8th century BC Isleham
Cambridgeshire
52°20′35″N 0°26′28″E / 52.343°N 0.441°E / 52.343; 0.441 (Isleham Hoard)
1959 West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village
Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge
6,500 pieces of worked and unworked bronze[13]
Lambourn Hoard The Lambourn Hoard 14th to 12th century BC Lambourn
Berkshire
51°30′32″N 1°31′52″W / 51.509°N 1.531°W / 51.509; -1.531 (Lambourn Hoard)
2004 West Berkshire Museum 2 gold armlets
3 gold bracelets[14]
Langdon Bay Hoard 13th century BC In the English Channel at Langdon Bay
Kent
51°07′48″N 1°21′04″E / 51.13°N 1.351°E / 51.13; 1.351 (Langdon Bay Hoard)
1974 British Museum, London[note 2] 360 items of scrap metal, including bronze axes of a French type[16]
Langton Matravers Hoard 7th century BC Langton Matravers, near Swanage
Dorset
50°36′32″N 2°00′22″W / 50.609°N 2.006°W / 50.609; -2.006 (Langton Matravers Hoard)
2008 Dorset County Museum, Dorchester 276 complete socketed bronze axes, 107 halves of socketed bronze axes and 117 fragments of socketed bronze axes in three adjacent pits and one pit further away[17]
Lockington Hoard 21st to 20th century BC Lockington
Leicestershire
52°50′53″N 1°18′29″W / 52.848°N 1.308°W / 52.848; -1.308 (Lockington Hoard)
1994 British Museum, London Fragments of two Beaker style pots
1 copper alloy dagger
2 embossed gold-sheet armlets[18]
Manorbier Hoard 10th to 9th century BC Manorbier
Dyfed
51°39′N 4°48′W / 51.65°N 4.80°W / 51.65; -4.80 (Manorbier Hoard)
2010 19 bronze and copper artefacts, including socketed axes, a gouge, a piece of a sword blade, a circular dish-headed pin, ingots and bronze casting bi-products[19]
Mickleham Hoard 10th to 11th century BC Mickleham
Surrey
51°16′05″N 0°19′16″W / 51.268°N 0.321°W / 51.268; -0.321 (Mickleham Hoard)
2003 2 socketed axes
1 chape[20]
Migdale Hoard 23rd to 20th century BC Bonar Bridge
Sutherland
57°54′14″N 4°19′37″W / 57.904°N 4.327°W / 57.904; -4.327 (Migdale Hoard)
1990 Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh 1 bronze axe head
sets of bronze bangles and anklets
a set of jet and cannel coal buttons
bronze hair ornaments
fragments of a bronze headdress[21]
Milton Keynes Hoard Gold torcs and bracelets from the Milton Keynes Hoard mid 12th to late 9th century BC Monkston, Milton Keynes
Buckinghamshire
52°02′10″N 0°42′00″W / 52.036°N 0.700°W / 52.036; -0.700 (Milton Keynes Hoard)
2000 British Museum, London 2 gold torcs
3 gold bracelets
1 bronze fragment
1 pottery vessel[22]
Moor Sand Hoard 13th century BC Off Prawle Point, near Salcombe
Devon
50°12′00″N 3°43′30″W / 50.200°N 3.725°W / 50.200; -3.725 (Moor Sand Hoard)
1977 British Museum, London six bronze swords or sword fragments and two bronze palstaves[16]
New Bradwell (or Wolverton) Hoard mid 12th to late 9th century BC New Bradwell, Milton Keynes
Buckinghamshire
52°03′54″N 0°47′53″W / 52.065°N 0.798°W / 52.065; -0.798 (New Bradwell Hoard)
1879 Buckinghamshire County Museum 9 socketed axes
3 broken axes
1 palstave
2 spearheads
a leaf-shaped sword (broken into 4 pieces)[23]
Near Lewes Hoard 16th to 12th century BC near Lewes
East Sussex
51°04′N 2°05′W / 51.06°N 2.08°W / 51.06; -2.08 (Near Lewes Hoard)
2011 79 objects in a pottery vessel, including 3 bronze palstaves, 5 bronze bracelets, 8 bronze finger rings, 4 bronze tutuli (also known as Monkswood ornaments), 4 gold discs, 1 bronze pin, 19 amber beads and 4 bronze torcs[24]
Parc-y-Meirch Hoard 9th century BC Dinorben hillfort, near Abergele
Conwy
53°16′05″N 3°32′56″W / 53.268°N 3.549°W / 53.268; -3.549 (Parc-y-Meirch Hoard)
pre-1868 National Museum Cardiff over 100 items of bronze horse harness fittings[25]
Rossett Hoard The Rossett Hoard 10th to 9th century BC Rossett
Wrexham
53°06′32″N 2°56′42″W / 53.109°N 2.945°W / 53.109; -2.945 (Rossett Hoard)
2002 National Museum Wales 1 faceted axe
1 tanged knife
4 pieces of gold bracelet stored inside the axe[26]
St Erth hoards Bronze axe head from St Erth hoard 8th to 9th century BC St Erth
Cornwall
50°09′58″N 5°26′13″W / 50.166°N 5.437°W / 50.166; -5.437 (St Erth hoards)
2002–2003 Royal Cornwall Museum 2 gold ornament fragments
Bronze/copper hoard 1: 5 sword pieces, 3 socketed axe pieces, 1 socketed gouge piece, 1 knife fragment, 1 plate-like fragment, 16 ingot fragments or amorphous lumps
Bronze/copper hoard 2: 1 winged axe, 1 plate-like spill, 15 ingot fragments[27]
St Mellons Hoard Late Bronze Age St Mellons, Cardiff
Glamorgan
51°31′08″N 3°06′50″W / 51.519°N 3.114°W / 51.519; -3.114 (St Mellons Hoard)
1983 National Museum Cardiff 25 bronze socketed axes and one casting jet[28]
Stogursey Hoard (1870) 8th century BC Wick Farm, Stogursey
Somerset
51°11′20″N 3°06′40″W / 51.189°N 3.111°W / 51.189; -3.111 (Stogursey Hoard)
1870 Museum of Somerset 20 sword fragments
29 socketed axes
37 socketed axe fragments
2 palstaves
2 gouges
2 knives or daggers
1 chape
20 spearheads
34 other bronze fragments[29]
Tisbury Hoard Bronze axe heads from the Tisbury hoard 9th to 8th century BC Tisbury
Wiltshire
51°04′N 2°05′W / 51.06°N 2.09°W / 51.06; -2.09 (Tisbury Hoard)
2011 114 bronze items, including weapons and tools (sword hilts, sword blades, spearheads, axeheads, gouges, chisels, sickles and knives), pieces of jewellery, razors and other miscellaneous items[30]
Towednack Hoard 10th century BC Towednack
Cornwall
50°11′28″N 5°31′12″W / 50.191°N 5.520°W / 50.191; -5.520 (Towednack Hoard)
1931 British Museum, London 2 twisted gold neckrings
4 gold bracelets
3 lengths of gold rod[31]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Collette Hoard is named after Collette Minns, the eight year old daughter of the hoard's finder, John Minns.[6]
  2. ^ The Langdon Bay Hoard is currently on loan to the Dover Museum.[15]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Hoard (part) from Auchnacree Lodge, Fern, Angus". National Museums Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  2. ^ "Huge hoard of Bronze Age finds from Boughton Malherbe area discovered". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  3. ^ "KENT-15A293 - Bronze Age Hoard". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 2011-12-10. 
  4. ^ "Bronze Age Hoard from the Burnham on Crouch Area". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  5. ^ "The Burton Hoard, Wrexham: context and significance". National Museum Wales. Retrieved 2010-08-06. 
  6. ^ "Hoard sheds new light on Bronze Age Northumbrians". Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  7. ^ "Hoard sheds new light on Bronze Age Northumbrians". Newcastle University. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  8. ^ "Monument no. 20595". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  9. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 22–33, 198
  10. ^ Clarke, D. V.; Kemp, M. M. B. (1984). "A hoard of late Bronze Age gold objects from Heights of Brae, Ross and Cromarty District, Highland Region". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 114: 189–198. 
  11. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 35–38
  12. ^ "Bronze Age Hoard". Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  13. ^ "Monument no. 377660". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  14. ^ Hitchcock 2006, pp. 21, 214, 228
  15. ^ "Bronze Age Boat Gallery". Dover Museum. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  16. ^ a b "Questioning the wrecks of time". British Archaeology (91). November–December 2006. 
  17. ^ Lewis 2009, pp. 55–57
  18. ^ "Two embossed gold armlets". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  19. ^ "Pembrokeshire Coroner declares Bronze Age hoard treasure". Western Telegraph. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  20. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004b, pp. 21–22, 182, 198
  21. ^ "Migdale Hoard". National Museums Scotland. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  22. ^ "The Milton Keynes hoard". British Museum. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  23. ^ "Monument no. 345096". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  24. ^ "Record ID: SUSS-C5D042". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  25. ^ "The Parc-y-Meirch hoard from Dinorben Bronze Age hillfort". Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  26. ^ "The Rossett and Burton Hoards". Wrexham County Borough Council. Retrieved 2010-12-09. 
  27. ^ Gannon, Voden-Decker & Bland 2004a, pp. 20–22
  28. ^ "A Research Framework for the Archaeology of Wales : Southeast Wales – Later Prehistoric, key sites". Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust. 22 December 2003. Retrieved 2010-08-07. 
  29. ^ "Monument no. 191257". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-08-10. 
  30. ^ "Record ID: WILT-E8DA70". Portable Antiquities Scheme. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  31. ^ "Monument no. 423260". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 

References[edit]