List of Canada–United States border crossings

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A list of border crossings along the International Boundary between Canada and the United States. They are ordered from west to east (crossings with Alaska from north to south).

This list is believed to be complete except for unstaffed border crossings. It does not include seaports of entry, except where point-to-point ferry service is provided.

Cars approaching Canada Customs at Douglas, British Columbia from Blaine, Washington

Contents

Road Crossings[edit]

Port of entry hours of service for road crossings, except where noted, are open year-round during the day.

Canada
Port of Entry
Canada
Road/Highway
United States
Port of Entry
United States
Road/Highway
Notes Structure or
Notable Feature
Coordinates

Yukon–Alaska[edit]

Little Gold Creek Top of the World Highway Poker Creek AK-9 (Top of the World Highway) 8:00am AT / 9:00am PT to 8:00pm AT / 9:00pm PT mid-May–mid-September (seasonal), closed mid-September-mid-May Northernmost and highest altitude (4127 ft/1258 m) US-Canada border crossing 64°5′8.02″N 141°0′3.92″W / 64.0855611°N 141.0010889°W / 64.0855611; -141.0010889
Beaver Creek Alaska Highway Alcan AK-2 (Alaska Highway) 24-hour service year round 62°36′54.78″N 141°0′4.87″W / 62.6152167°N 141.0013528°W / 62.6152167; -141.0013528

British Columbia–Alaska[edit]

Pleasant Camp Haines Highway Dalton Cache AK-7 (Haines Highway) daytime service year round (7:00 AT/8:00 am PT–11:00 pm AT/midnight PT) 59°27′1.67″N 136°21′42.42″W / 59.4504639°N 136.3617833°W / 59.4504639; -136.3617833
Fraser Klondike Highway Skagway AK-98 (Klondike Highway) Canadian port of entry: 24-hour service April–October, daytime service November–March (8:00 am–midnight PT). U.S. port of entry: 24-hour service year round. 59°37′45.69″N 135°9′50.15″W / 59.6293583°N 135.1639306°W / 59.6293583; -135.1639306
Stewart BC 37A Hyder International Street The US no longer conducts regular border inspections at Hyder. Canada port of entry has 24-hour service year round. 55°54′43.28″N 130°1′2.86″W / 55.9120222°N 130.0174611°W / 55.9120222; -130.0174611

British Columbia–Washington[edit]

Boundary Bay 56th Street Point Roberts Tyee Drive 24-hour service year round 49°0′7.17″N 123°4′5.66″W / 49.0019917°N 123.0682389°W / 49.0019917; -123.0682389
Douglas BC 99 Blaine I‑5 24-hour service year round. No service for commercial vehicles which must use the Pacific Highway. Peace Arch 49°0′7.45″N 122°45′23.49″W / 49.0020694°N 122.7565250°W / 49.0020694; -122.7565250
Pacific Highway BC 15 Blaine SR 543 24-hour service year round 49°0′7.74″N 122°44′7.58″W / 49.0021500°N 122.7354389°W / 49.0021500; -122.7354389
Aldergrove BC 13 Lynden SR 539 daytime service year round (8:00 am–midnight) 49°0′8.14″N 122°29′6.37″W / 49.0022611°N 122.4851028°W / 49.0022611; -122.4851028
Abbotsford-Huntingdon BC 11 Sumas SR 9 24-hour service year round 49°0′8.65″N 122°15′55.25″W / 49.0024028°N 122.2653472°W / 49.0024028; -122.2653472
Chopaka Nighthawk Road Nighthawk Similkameen Road daytime service year round–(9:00 am to 5:00 pm) 49°0′0.76″N 119°40′15.74″W / 49.0002111°N 119.6710389°W / 49.0002111; -119.6710389
Osoyoos BC 97 Oroville US 97 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 119°27′45.8″W / 49.00000°N 119.462722°W / 49.00000; -119.462722
Midway Dominion Street Ferry Customs Road daytime service year round (9:00 am to 5:00 pm) 49°0′0″N 118°45′40.38″W / 49.00000°N 118.7612167°W / 49.00000; -118.7612167
Carson BC 41 Danville SR 21 daytime service year round (8:00 am - midnight) 49°0′0″N 118°30′11.85″W / 49.00000°N 118.5032917°W / 49.00000; -118.5032917
Cascade BC 395 Laurier US 395 daytime service year round (8:00 am - midnight) 49°0′0″N 118°13′26.12″W / 49.00000°N 118.2239222°W / 49.00000; -118.2239222
Paterson BC 22 Frontier SR 25 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 117°49′53″W / 49.00000°N 117.83139°W / 49.00000; -117.83139
Waneta BC 22A Boundary Waneta Road daytime service year round (9:00 am to 5:00 pm) 49°0′0″N 117°37′29.96″W / 49.00000°N 117.6249889°W / 49.00000; -117.6249889
Nelway BC 6 Metaline Falls SR 31 daytime service year round (8:00 am - midnight) 49°0′0″N 117°17′57.91″W / 49.00000°N 117.2994194°W / 49.00000; -117.2994194

British Columbia–Idaho[edit]

Rykerts BC 21 Porthill SH-1 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 116°29′58.86″W / 49.00000°N 116.4996833°W / 49.00000; -116.4996833
Kingsgate BC 95 Eastport US-95 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 116°10′52.17″W / 49.00000°N 116.1811583°W / 49.00000; -116.1811583

British Columbia–Montana[edit]

Roosville BC 93 Roosville US 93 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 115°3′20.79″W / 49.00000°N 115.0557750°W / 49.00000; -115.0557750

Alberta–Montana[edit]

Chief Mountain Hwy 6 Chief Mountain MT 17 May 15–31, 9:00 am – 6:00 pm; June 1-Sept 3, 7:00 am – 10:00 pm; Sept 4-30, 9:00 am - 6:00 p.m; Oct 1-May 14, closed Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park 49°0′0″N 113°39′38.52″W / 49.00000°N 113.6607000°W / 49.00000; -113.6607000
Carway Hwy 2 Piegan US 89 daytime service year round (7:00 am to 11:00 pm) 49°0′0″N 113°22′44.04″W / 49.00000°N 113.3789000°W / 49.00000; -113.3789000
Del Bonita Hwy 62 Del Bonita MT 213 daytime service year round. June 1- Sept 15 (8:00 am – 9:00 pm) Sept 16- May 31(9:00 am– 6:00pm) 49°0′0″N 112°47′17.95″W / 49.00000°N 112.7883194°W / 49.00000; -112.7883194
Coutts Hwy 4 Sweetgrass I‑15 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 111°57′36.36″W / 49.00000°N 111.9601000°W / 49.00000; -111.9601000
Aden Hwy 880 Whitlash MT 409 daytime service year round (9:00 am – 5:00 pm) 49°0′0″N 111°15′31.27″W / 49.00000°N 111.2586861°W / 49.00000; -111.2586861
Wild Horse Hwy 41 Wild Horse MT 232 daytime service year round May 15 - Oct 31, 8:00 am – 9:00 pm; Nov 1 - May 14, 8:00 am – 5:00 pm 49°0′0″N 110°12′55.25″W / 49.00000°N 110.2153472°W / 49.00000; -110.2153472

Saskatchewan–Montana[edit]

Willow Creek Hwy 21 Willow Creek MT 233 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 109°43′53.61″W / 49.00000°N 109.7315583°W / 49.00000; -109.7315583
Climax Hwy 37 Turner MT 241 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 108°23′20.38″W / 49.00000°N 108.3889944°W / 49.00000; -108.3889944
Monchy Hwy 4 Morgan US 191 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 107°49′54.57″W / 49.00000°N 107.8318250°W / 49.00000; -107.8318250
West Poplar River Hwy 2 Opheim MT 24 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 106°22′37.74″W / 49.00000°N 106.3771500°W / 49.00000; -106.3771500
Coronach Hwy 36 Scobey MT 13 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 105°24′28.37″W / 49.00000°N 105.4078806°W / 49.00000; -105.4078806
Regway Hwy 6 Raymond MT 16 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 104°34′28.46″W / 49.00000°N 104.5745722°W / 49.00000; -104.5745722

Saskatchewan–North Dakota[edit]

Oungre Hwy 35 Fortuna US 85 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 103°48′34.18″W / 49.00000°N 103.8094944°W / 49.00000; -103.8094944
Torquay Hwy 350 Ambrose ND 42 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 103°29′12.16″W / 49.00000°N 103.4867111°W / 49.00000; -103.4867111
Estevan Hwy 47 Noonan ND 40 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 103°0′17.20″W / 49.00000°N 103.0047778°W / 49.00000; -103.0047778
North Portal Hwy 39 Portal US 52 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 102°33′8.76″W / 49.00000°N 102.5524333°W / 49.00000; -102.5524333
Northgate Hwy 9 Northgate ND 8 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 102°16′30.51″W / 49.00000°N 102.2751417°W / 49.00000; -102.2751417
Carievale Hwy 8 Sherwood ND 28 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 101°37′40.51″W / 49.00000°N 101.6279194°W / 49.00000; -101.6279194

Manitoba–North Dakota[edit]

Lyleton PR 256 Antler ND 256 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 101°17′45.8″W / 49.00000°N 101.296056°W / 49.00000; -101.296056
Coulter PTH 83 Westhope US 83 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 101°1′4.92″W / 49.00000°N 101.0180333°W / 49.00000; -101.0180333
Goodlands PTH 21 Carbury ND 14 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 100°33′20.11″W / 49.00000°N 100.5555861°W / 49.00000; -100.5555861
Boissevain PTH 10 Dunseith US 281 24-hour service year round International Peace Garden 49°0′0″N 100°3′8.44″W / 49.00000°N 100.0523444°W / 49.00000; -100.0523444
Lena PTH 18 St. John ND 30 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 99°39′32.15″W / 49.00000°N 99.6589306°W / 49.00000; -99.6589306
Cartwright PTH 5 Hansboro ND 4 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 99°20′48.3″W / 49.00000°N 99.346750°W / 49.00000; -99.346750
Crystal City PTH 34 Sarles ND 20 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 98°56′15.79″W / 49.00000°N 98.9377194°W / 49.00000; -98.9377194
Snowflake PR 242 Hannah Port Road daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 98°41′39.22″W / 49.00000°N 98.6942278°W / 49.00000; -98.6942278
Windygates PTH 31 Maida ND 1 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 98°21′53.44″W / 49.00000°N 98.3648444°W / 49.00000; -98.3648444
Winkler PTH 32 Walhalla ND 32 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 97°54′30.8″W / 49.00000°N 97.908556°W / 49.00000; -97.908556
Gretna PTH 30 Neche ND 18 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 97°33′25.02″W / 49.00000°N 97.5569500°W / 49.00000; -97.5569500
Emerson PTH 75 Pembina I‑29 / US 81 24-hour service year round

Formerly known as "West Lynne", the Canadian side of this busy crossing was renamed "Emerson" when Emerson East closed in 2003

49°0′0″N 97°14′14.76″W / 49.00000°N 97.2374333°W / 49.00000; -97.2374333

Manitoba–Minnesota[edit]

Tolstoi PTH 59 Lancaster US 59 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 96°48′5.58″W / 49.00000°N 96.8015500°W / 49.00000; -96.8015500
Piney PTH 89 Pinecreek MN 89 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 95°58′41.35″W / 49.00000°N 95.9781528°W / 49.00000; -95.9781528
South Junction PR 310 Roseau MN 310 daytime service year round 49°0′0″N 95°45′59.23″W / 49.00000°N 95.7664528°W / 49.00000; -95.7664528
Sprague PTH 12 Warroad MN 313 24-hour service year round 49°0′0″N 95°22′34.18″W / 49.00000°N 95.3761611°W / 49.00000; -95.3761611
Northwest Angle Provincial Forest PR 525 Angle Inlet Winter Road The border for both the US and Canada is unstaffed. Travellers are directed to use the video telephones provided in Angle Inlet to contact the Canadian or United States border inspection agencies to make their declarations. Northwest Angle 49°17′17.59″N 95°9′12.21″W / 49.2882194°N 95.1533917°W / 49.2882194; -95.1533917

Ontario–Minnesota[edit]

Rainy River Highway 11 Baudette MN 72 24-hour service year round Baudette – Rainy River International Bridge 48°43′8.94″N 94°35′25.25″W / 48.7191500°N 94.5903472°W / 48.7191500; -94.5903472
Fort Frances Highway 71 International Falls US 53 / US 71 24-hour service year round Fort Frances – International Falls International Bridge 48°36′26.69″N 93°24′6.42″W / 48.6074139°N 93.4017833°W / 48.6074139; -93.4017833
Pigeon River Highway 61 Grand Portage MN 61 24-hour service year round Pigeon River Bridge 48°0′5.1″N 89°35′6.61″W / 48.001417°N 89.5851694°W / 48.001417; -89.5851694

Ontario–Michigan[edit]

Sault Ste. Marie Huron Street Sault Ste. Marie I‑75 24-hour service year round Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge 46°30′30.24″N 84°21′38.58″W / 46.5084000°N 84.3607167°W / 46.5084000; -84.3607167
Point Edward Highway 402 Port Huron I‑69 / I‑94 24-hour service year round Blue Water Bridge 42°59′55.3″N 82°25′24.44″W / 42.998694°N 82.4234556°W / 42.998694; -82.4234556
Windsor Goyeau Street Detroit M‑10 / M‑3 / I‑375 24-hour service year round Detroit–Windsor Tunnel 42°19′25.96″N 83°2′25.04″W / 42.3238778°N 83.0402889°W / 42.3238778; -83.0402889
Windsor Highway 3 Detroit I‑75 / I‑96 24-hour service year round Ambassador Bridge

Southernmost US-Canada border crossing by road, and busiest commercial crossing

42°18′42.47″N 83°4′26.39″W / 42.3117972°N 83.0739972°W / 42.3117972; -83.0739972

Ontario - New York[edit]

Fort Erie QEW Buffalo Baird Drive 24-hour service year round Peace Bridge 42°54′25.06″N 78°54′21.45″W / 42.9069611°N 78.9059583°W / 42.9069611; -78.9059583
Niagara Falls Highway 420 Niagara Falls Niagara Street 24-hour service year round Rainbow Bridge 43°5′24.62″N 79°4′3.69″W / 43.0901722°N 79.0676917°W / 43.0901722; -79.0676917
Niagara Falls River Road Niagara Falls Whirlpool Street NEXUS use only, daytime service year round (7:00am to 11:00pm) Whirlpool Rapids Bridge 43°6′33.27″N 79°3′30″W / 43.1092417°N 79.05833°W / 43.1092417; -79.05833
Queenston Highway 405 Lewiston I-190 24-hour service year round Lewiston–Queenston Bridge 43°9′10.77″N 79°2′40.12″W / 43.1529917°N 79.0444778°W / 43.1529917; -79.0444778
Lansdowne Highway 137 Alexandria Bay I-81 24-hour service year round Thousand Islands Bridge 44°20′50.18″N 75°59′0.34″W / 44.3472722°N 75.9834278°W / 44.3472722; -75.9834278
Prescott Highway 16 Ogdensburg NY 812 24-hour service year round Ogdensburg–Prescott International Bridge 44°43′59.33″N 75°27′27.88″W / 44.7331472°N 75.4577444°W / 44.7331472; -75.4577444
Cornwall Highway 138 Massena NY 37 24-hour service year round. Canadian port of entry ("interim") at the north end of the new (low) north channel bridge. Travellers from the U.S. to Cornwall Island first cross the island to the Canadian port of entry. Seaway International Bridge, Three Nations Crossing 44°59′26.37″N 74°44′22.26″W / 44.9906583°N 74.7395167°W / 44.9906583; -74.7395167

Quebec–New York[edit]

Kanatakon (St. Regis), Akwesasne 15 Réserve Johnson Road & Akwesasne Street Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation Johnson & St. Regis Roads Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York 44°59′58.02″N 74°39′0.14″W / 44.9994500°N 74.6500389°W / 44.9994500; -74.6500389
Tsi Snaihne (Snye), Akwesasne 15 Réserve River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads Akwesasne, St. Regis Mohawk Reservation River, Phillips, Snye, McDonald & Chapman Roads Unstaffed crossings to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York 44°59′57.70″N 74°36′51.30″W / 44.9993611°N 74.6142500°W / 44.9993611; -74.6142500
Dundee Chemin de la Pointe Hopkins Fort Covington Hopkins Point Road Unstaffed crossing to/from Québec accessible by road only through New York 44°59′53.16″N 74°30′32.94″W / 44.9981000°N 74.5091500°W / 44.9981000; -74.5091500
Dundee Route 132 Fort Covington Water Street 24-hour service year round 44°59′52.92″N 74°30′27.94″W / 44.9980333°N 74.5077611°W / 44.9980333; -74.5077611
Trout River Route 138 Trout River NY 30 24-hour service year round 44°59′31.38″N 74°18′29.43″W / 44.9920500°N 74.3081750°W / 44.9920500; -74.3081750
(none) Chemin Jamieson Jamieson Line County Road 29 Canadian port of entry permanently closed April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry remains open 8:00 am–4:00 pm, but the US has begun the process of preparing to close its station as well. 44°59′30.26″N 74°10′28.78″W / 44.9917389°N 74.1746611°W / 44.9917389; -74.1746611
Herdman Route 202 Chateaugay NY 374 24-hour service year round 44°59′37.13″N 74°5′8.67″W / 44.9936472°N 74.0857417°W / 44.9936472; -74.0857417
(none) Route 209 Churubusco NY 189 Canadian port of entry permanently closed April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry remains open 8:00 am–4:00 pm. 44°59′56.41″N 73°56′20.57″W / 44.9990028°N 73.9390472°W / 44.9990028; -73.9390472
Covey Hill Route 203 Cannon Corners Cannon Corners Road daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm, except 8:00 am - midnight May - October) 45°0′11.32″N 73°45′22.90″W / 45.0031444°N 73.7563611°W / 45.0031444; -73.7563611
Hemmingford Route 219 Mooers NY 22 24-hour service year round 45°0′16.07″N 73°36′10.88″W / 45.0044639°N 73.6030222°W / 45.0044639; -73.6030222
St-Bernard-de-Lacolle A-15 Champlain I-87 Sometimes called the Blackpool Border Crossing, which was the name of the old crossing on US 9 before the interstate highway was built. 24-hour service year round 45°0′31.83″N 73°27′8.26″W / 45.0088417°N 73.4522944°W / 45.0088417; -73.4522944
Lacolle 221 Route 221 Overton Corners NY 276 24-hour service year round 45°0′35.7″N 73°24′0.63″W / 45.009917°N 73.4001750°W / 45.009917; -73.4001750
Lacolle 223 Route 223 Rouses Point US 11 24-hour service year round 45°0′37.33″N 73°22′15.21″W / 45.0103694°N 73.3708917°W / 45.0103694; -73.3708917

Quebec–Vermont[edit]

Noyan Route 225 Alburgh VT 225 24-hour service year round. Town name changed to "Alburgh" in 2006; port of entry remains "Alburg." 45°0′41.69″N 73°17′47.54″W / 45.0115806°N 73.2965389°W / 45.0115806; -73.2965389
Clarenceville Chemin Beech Sud Alburg Springs Alburg Springs Road daytime service year round (8:00 am–Midnight) 45°0′46.92″N 73°12′44.27″W / 45.0130333°N 73.2122972°W / 45.0130333; -73.2122972
St. Armand / Phillipsburg Route 133 Highgate Springs I‑89 24-hour service year round 45°0′55.55″N 73°5′5.17″W / 45.0154306°N 73.0847694°W / 45.0154306; -73.0847694
Morses Line Route 235 Morses Line VT 235 daytime service year round (8:00 am–Midnight)(USA) / daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm) (Canada) 45°0′51.45″N 72°58′42.59″W / 45.0142917°N 72.9784972°W / 45.0142917; -72.9784972
Frelighsburg Route 237 West Berkshire VT 108 24-hour service year round 45°0′58.67″N 72°49′31.13″W / 45.0162972°N 72.8253139°W / 45.0162972; -72.8253139
East Pinnacle Chemin de Richford Pinnacle Road Pinnacle Road 24-hour service year round (USA) / daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm) (Canada) 45°0′56.03″N 72°42′00.15″W / 45.0155639°N 72.7000417°W / 45.0155639; -72.7000417
Abercorn Route 139 Richford VT 139 24-hour service year round 45°0′54.00″N 72°39′45.51″W / 45.0150000°N 72.6626417°W / 45.0150000; -72.6626417
Glen Sutton Chemin de la Vallée-Missisquoi East Richford VT 105A 24-hour service year round (USA) / daytime service year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm) (Canada) 45°0′42.79″N 72°35′19.13″W / 45.0118861°N 72.5886472°W / 45.0118861; -72.5886472
Highwater Route 243 North Troy VT 243 24-hour service year round 45°0′26.12″N 72°24′57.25″W / 45.0072556°N 72.4159028°W / 45.0072556; -72.4159028
Stanstead (Beebe) Route 247 Beebe Plain Beebe Road 24-hour service year round 45°0′20.93″N 72°08′31.16″W / 45.0058139°N 72.1419889°W / 45.0058139; -72.1419889
Stanstead (Rte. 143) Route 143 Derby Line US 5 24-hour service year round 45°0′20.64″N 72°05′57.56″W / 45.0057333°N 72.0993222°W / 45.0057333; -72.0993222
Stanstead (55)

(Formerly Rock Island)

A-55 Derby Line I‑91 24-hour service year round 45°0′21.11″N 72°05′17.46″W / 45.0058639°N 72.0881833°W / 45.0058639; -72.0881833
Stanhope Route 147 Norton VT 147 24-hour service year round 45°0′38.46″N 71°47′35.88″W / 45.0106833°N 71.7933000°W / 45.0106833; -71.7933000
Hereford Road Route 141 Canaan VT 141 24-hour service year round 45°0′45.47″N 71°33′36.80″W / 45.0126306°N 71.5602222°W / 45.0126306; -71.5602222
East Hereford Route 253 Beecher Falls VT 253 24-hour service year round 45°0′48.21″N 71°30′19.11″W / 45.0133917°N 71.5053083°W / 45.0133917; -71.5053083

Quebec–New Hampshire[edit]

Chartierville Route 257 Pittsburg US 3 24-hour service year round (USA) / daytime service year round (8:00 am–Midnight) (Canada) 45°15′09.80″N 71°12′15.20″W / 45.2527222°N 71.2042222°W / 45.2527222; -71.2042222

Quebec–Maine[edit]

Woburn Route 161 Coburn Gore SR 27 24-hour service year round 45°22′43.01″N 70°48′28.96″W / 45.3786139°N 70.8080444°W / 45.3786139; -70.8080444
Armstrong Route 173 Jackman US 201 / SR 6 24-hour service year round 45°48′20.26″N 70°23′48.24″W / 45.8056278°N 70.3967333°W / 45.8056278; -70.3967333
St-Zacharie Route de la Frontière St. Zacharie Golden Road Canadian port of entry closed. U.S. port of entry only open to commercial vehicles. Drivers must have a verifiable reason to be using this port of entry rather than an alternative. Daytime service year round (6:00 am–8:00 pm Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm Friday) 46°05′34.29″N 70°17′25.68″W / 46.0928583°N 70.2904667°W / 46.0928583; -70.2904667
Ste-Aurélie Route 277 Ste. Aurelie Baker Lake Road Canadian port of entry: daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm / Monday–Friday). U.S. port of entry: daytime service year round (6:00 am–9:00 pm / Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm / Friday) 46°12′27.02″N 70°16′34.31″W / 46.2075056°N 70.2761972°W / 46.2075056; -70.2761972
St-Just-de-Bretenières Rue des Moulins St. Juste Stetson Road Canadian port of entry: daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday). U.S. port of entry: daytime service year round (6:00 am–9:00 pm Monday–Thursday & 6:00 am–4:00 pm Friday). 46°32′44.60″N 70°01′44.66″W / 46.5457222°N 70.0290722°W / 46.5457222; -70.0290722
St-Pamphile Rue Principale Sud St. Pamphile Blanchette Road Canadian port of entry: daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday). U.S. port of entry: daytime service year round (6:00 am–9:00 pm Monday & Thursday; 6:00 am–8:00 pm Tuesday & Wednesday & Friday; 8:00 am–4:00 pm Saturday). 46°56′33.06″N 69°45′01.39″W / 46.9425167°N 69.7503861°W / 46.9425167; -69.7503861
Pohénégamook Rue de la Frontière Estcourt Station Frontier Road Canadian port of entry at town: daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm Monday–Friday). U.S. port of entry at road to Maine interior, 0.85 km / 0.53 mi southwest of Canadian port of entry: Saturday only year round (8:00 am–4:00 pm);[1] formerly open weekdays. 47°27′22.46″N 69°13′41.38″W / 47.4562389°N 69.2281611°W / 47.4562389; -69.2281611

New Brunswick–Maine[edit]

Clair Route 205 Fort Kent US 1 Canadian port of entry: 24-hour service year round. U.S. port of entry: Monday–Friday 9:00 am–5:00 pm ET year round. Clair – Fort Kent Bridge 47°14′57.3″N 68°36′13.6″W / 47.249250°N 68.603778°W / 47.249250; -68.603778
Edmundston Route 120 Madawaska US 1 24-hour service year round Edmundston–Madawaska Bridge 47°21′36.5″N 68°19′43.3″W / 47.360139°N 68.328694°W / 47.360139; -68.328694
St. Leonard Bridge Street/Rue du Pont Van Buren Bridge Street 24-hour service year round St. Leonard – Van Buren Bridge 47°09′34.92″N 67°55′51.24″W / 47.1597000°N 67.9309000°W / 47.1597000; -67.9309000
Grand Falls Route 218 Hamlin Boundaryline Road Daytime service year round (8:00 am–midnight AT / 7:00 am–11:00 pm ET) 47°03′37.95″N 67°47′24.57″W / 47.0605417°N 67.7901583°W / 47.0605417; -67.7901583
Gillespie Portage Route 375 Limestone SR 229 24-hour service year round 46°55′28.45″N 67°47′24.57″W / 46.9245694°N 67.7901583°W / 46.9245694; -67.7901583
Four Falls Brown Road (none) Russell Road U.S. port of entry closed. Canadian port of entry open 9:00 am–11:30 pm AT, from 3rd Monday in April to 2nd Sunday in October. 46°49′24.21″N 67°47′22.65″W / 46.8233917°N 67.7896250°W / 46.8233917; -67.7896250
Perth-Andover Route 190 Fort Fairfield SR 167 24-hour service year round Canadian port-of-entry name is "Andover" 46°45′55.18″N 67°47′21.84″W / 46.7653278°N 67.7894000°W / 46.7653278; -67.7894000
River de Chute Smugglers Road Easton Ladner Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT / 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET) 46°36′01.14″N 67°47′17.79″W / 46.6003167°N 67.7882750°W / 46.6003167; -67.7882750
Centreville Route 110 Bridgewater Boundary Line Road 24-hour service year round 46°27′01.28″N 67°47′05.18″W / 46.4503556°N 67.7847722°W / 46.4503556; -67.7847722
Bloomfield Line Road Monticello Fletcher Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT / 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET); Canadian port of entry closed on Sundays from November–May. 46°19′03.33″N 67°46′58.14″W / 46.3175917°N 67.7828167°W / 46.3175917; -67.7828167
Woodstock Road Route 95 Houlton I‑95 24-hour service year round 46°08′06.74″N 67°46′52.76″W / 46.1352056°N 67.7813222°W / 46.1352056; -67.7813222
Fosterville Route 122 Orient Boundary Road Daytime service year round (mid May–end November: 8:00 am–midnight AT / 7:00 am–11:00 pm ET; December–mid May 9:00 am–5:00 pm AT / 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET, Canadian port of entry also open Saturday 8:00 am–midnight AT) Boundary Bridge 45°49′00.30″N 67°46′51.21″W / 45.8167500°N 67.7808917°W / 45.8167500; -67.7808917
Forest City Forest City Road Forest City Forest City Road Daytime service year round (9:00 am–5:00 pm AT / 8:00 am–4:00 pm ET; U.S. port of entry closed Sundays in winter) Forest City Bridge 45°39′46.87″N 67°43′42.01″W / 45.6630194°N 67.7283361°W / 45.6630194; -67.7283361
St. Croix Route 4 Vanceboro SR 6 24-hour service year round Saint Croix – Vanceboro Bridge 45°34′07.58″N 67°25′42.86″W / 45.5687722°N 67.4285722°W / 45.5687722; -67.4285722
St. Stephen Route 1 Calais US 1 / SR 9 24-hour service year round. Commercial vehicles must use this crossing between St. Stephen and Calais. International Avenue Bridge 45°09′39.76″N 67°18′09.79″W / 45.1610444°N 67.3027194°W / 45.1610444; -67.3027194
Milltown (St. Stephen) Milltown Boulevard / Route 170 Calais North Street / US 1 24-hour service year round Milltown International Bridge 45°10′11.88″N 67°17′48.39″W / 45.1699667°N 67.2967750°W / 45.1699667; -67.2967750
St. Stephen Milltown Boulevard / Route 170 Calais Main Street / US 1 24-hour service year round. No commercial vehicles. Ferry Point International Bridge 45°11′30.0″N 67°17′0.2″W / 45.191667°N 67.283389°W / 45.191667; -67.283389
Campobello Route 774 Lubec SR 189 24-hour service year round Franklin Delano Roosevelt Bridge 44°51′33.8″N 66°58′48.8″W / 44.859389°N 66.980222°W / 44.859389; -66.980222

Closed Road Crossings[edit]

closed border station photo
Closed border station in Listerville, New Brunswick

This list includes only those crossings known to have customs or immigration services at the border. Other unattended roads which once could be used to cross the border are not included and it does not include closed ferry and rail crossings.

Canada
Port of Entry
Canada
Road/Highway
United States
Port of Entry
United States
Road/Highway
Structure or
Notable Feature
Notes

British Columbia–Alaska[edit]

Stewart Glacier Highway Hyder International Street U.S. border station was closed in the 1960s; no inspection services currently provided. Hyder is the end of the road, making it difficult to justify the cost of maintaining the border station. The Canadian port of entry remains open.

British Columbia–Washington[edit]

Boundary Bay 67 Street Point Roberts Meadow Lane Old border crossing used to be located on the east end of the peninsula. Crossing was permanently closed in 1975 when the new station was built on Tyee Drive.[2]
Bridesville Old Molson Road Molson Old Railroad Road Molson died a slow death as its mining and farming businesses dried up in the 1920s.[3] Molson's designation as a port of entry was revoked in 1941,[4] and the Customs and Immigration station in the town closed.
Myncaster Myncaster Road Chesaw Bolster Road Canada port of entry was maintained to support both road and rail traffic, however, traffic on Bolster Road was light and the railroad ceased operations in 1937. The port of entry closed around 1955, but opened again for one day on June 9, 1990.[5]

British Columbia–Montana[edit]

Flathead Flathead Rd Trailcreek North Fork Rd Border crossing on adjacent to the Flathead River closed in 1996 due to flooding of the road just north of the border.[6] The road is gated at the border. Both the US and Canadian border stations remain but are falling into disrepair.

Alberta–Montana[edit]

Whiskey Gap Emigrant Gap Road Emigrant Gap Emigrant Gap Road Opened in 1934 and closed in 1939 when the Del Bonita Road opened. It was once a favorite place to bring alcohol into the US during prohibition.[7]
Pinhorn Township Road 12 Laird Laird Road Canadian port of entry closed in 1929 and moved to Aden.[7]

Saskatchewan–Montana[edit]

Big Beaver Hwy 34 Whitetail MT 511 Canadian port of entry permanently closed on April 1, 2011, and the U.S. port of entry closed on January 26, 2013.[8]

Saskatchewan–North Dakota[edit]

North Gate Hwy 9 Northgate ND 8 US and Canadian Ports of Entry were abandoned when the highway was rebuilt about a half mile west of town in the early 1980s. Both buildings remain, and the border community is a virtual ghost town.[9]

Manitoba–North Dakota[edit]

Emerson 5th Street Pembina US 81 This crossing on U.S. Route 81 was moderately trafficked through the 1950s, but it was closed in the mid-1960s when Interstate 29 and Manitoba Highway 75 were built immediately to the west. The Canadian and US border stations were demolished, but the concrete slabs on which they stood remain.

Manitoba–Minnesota[edit]

Emerson East PTH 75 Noyes US 75 Throughout the early 20th century, this was among the busiest U.S.-Canada border crossings. It was the point at which the Jefferson Highway intersected the international boundary and was adorned with an elaborate archway. Traffic waned with the 1957 opening of Interstate 29 two miles to the west. The crossing was closed by Canada in 2003 (where traffic was permitted southbound only) and then by the U.S. in 2006. All road traffic must now use the Emerson-Pembina, North Dakota crossing.

Ontario–Minnesota[edit]

Pigeon River Old Border Rd Pigeon River County Route 89 (formerly MN Route 1) Outlaw Bridge Formerly called Sextus City. Bridge was built in 1917 and closed in 1961, when a new bridge and border station was built in Grand Portage, Minnesota about 6 miles to the east. The old bridge, store, hotel and both border stations have all been destroyed.

Ontario–New York[edit]

Niagara Falls River Road Niagara Falls Niagara Street Honeymoon Bridge The Honeymoon Bridge collapsed in 1938 after an ice jam undermined the structure. A new bridge called the Rainbow Bridge was built just to the north and new border inspection facilities were built on both sides.
Cornwall Highway 138 Massena NY 37 Seaway International Bridge north (high) span closed January 24, 2014; to be demolished. The Canadian port of entry on Cornwall Island was closed June 1, 2009, due to a disagreement between the Mohawk Nation of Akwesasne and the Canada Border Services Agency regarding the arming of border services officers. A temporary port of entry was opened July 13, 2009, at the north end of the Seaway International Bridge north (high) span; it was used until the current "interim" port of entry was opened January 24, 2014.

Quebec–New York[edit]

Jamieson's Line Chemin Jamieson Jamieson Line County Road 29 Canadian port of entry was permanently closed on April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry remains open.
Franklin Chemin Rennie Chateaugay Earlville Road Canadian port of entry had been located at the corner of 1st Concession Road. This crossing was among the last unattended crossings to be barricaded, in the late 1980s.
Franklin Route 209 Churubusco NY 189 Canadian port of entry permanently closed April 1, 2011. U.S. port of entry remains open.
Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle, Quebec Rang Roxham Mooers Roxham Road Canadian port of entry operated until the late 1950s. Crossing has been barricaded since the 1970s.
Blackpool Chemin Ridge Champlain US 9 The border crossing on US Route 9 closed in 1967 when Interstate 87 was completed immediately to the west.
Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle Route 217 Champlain Meridian Road Port of entry on Meridian Road was closed around 1950. The Canadian border station was destroyed. The USDA has since used the old US border station as an office.,[10] and it is currently for sale.,[11]

Quebec–Vermont[edit]

Highwater Chemin Lafond North Troy Space Research Corporation Road In the 1960s and 1970s, Space Research Corporation founder Gerald Bull built his company on property his family owned on both sides of the border. As the company began building military weapons, the US established a border inspection station outside the company's south gate to inspect southbound traffic. This station also enabled US workers to legally return home after work without having to go through the North Troy border crossing, and it was not for use by the general public. Canada did not have a border station on the company's north gate. The SRC facility (and the Customs station) closed in 1980 when Bull was convicted of violating an arms embargo against South Africa.[12]
Mansonville Chemin du Pont-Couvert North Troy Douglas Road Also known as "Province Hill", Canada Customs closed this office around 1972. The building is now purple and privately owned, but in the 1980s it was rented as a vacation home.[13] Prior to its construction in the 1960s, Canada Customs operated out of a line house across the street. This building was separated, moved about a half mile North and used as cottages.[14]
Leadville Chemin des Parulines Newport Leadville Road Canadian Customs had a station from the mid-1930s to 1939, then reopened in 1948. It was replaced with a new border station in the mid-1950s, which permanently closed on March 31, 1969.[15] It was converted into a private home has been updated in many ways. The US also had a border station at this crossing.
Lineboro Chemin de North Derby North Derby Smugglers Road Canada provided Customs service at this road and rail crossing 1932-1937 and 1949-1953. The US never had Customs services here. Today, the Canadian border station is a private home, the train tracks are a bike trail, and signs urge cyclists not to cross here.[16]

Quebec–Maine[edit]

Daaquam Rang Sainte-Marie Daaquam American Realty Road Crossing which mostly served the logging industry closed in 2004 when regular Customs service was moved to St. Juste. The road is now barricaded.

New Brunswick–Maine[edit]

Four Falls Brown Road East Road Russell Road Canada still provides Customs services seasonally, but US-bound traffic is prohibited, and has been since the US border station closed in the 1960s. However until 2008, US-bound traffic was permitted to use the road to the Aroostook Valley Country Club, which is in both countries. Several Canadian properties access the road which pre-dates the establishment of the border; several residents have experienced harassment from U.S. Border Patrol officers since 9/11.[17][18]
Tinker Tinker Road Fort Fairfield Aroostook Falls Road The Aroostook River flood of 1994 killed 2 Canadian Customs officers whose vehicle was swept into a ditch by rising flood waters at this crossing.[19] The road was barricaded thereafter.
Hillandale Reid Road Monson Hill Dorsey Road This crossing closed in the 1940s. Aside from some light fixtures, no signs of the border crossing remains.
Beaconsfield Nicholson Road Easton Curtis Road Canada stopped providing Customs services in the 1960s and erected a sign directing travelers to the nearest open crossing. The US moved its border services to the Rivière de Chute crossing from a more central location on Ladner Road. The crossing was barricaded in the 1980s.
Listerville Mars Hill Road Mars Hill East Ridge Road Border inspection services were built around 1950, and closed around 1976. The US crossing was also known as Knoxford Line and was housed in a temporary trailer. The Canadian border station remains today as a private home.
Jackson Falls Foxcroft Road Littleton Foxcroft Road This crossing, known as "Starkey Corners" was closed in the 1950s. The US border station is now a private home.
Woodstock Old Houlton Road Houlton US 2 This border crossing was closed in the early 1970s when Interstate 95 was completed immediately to the north. The Canadian border station was destroyed. The US border station remains in disrepair.
Union Corner Green Road East Hodgdon Boundary Line Road This border crossing, known as "Union Corners", was closed in the late 1950s. The US border station has since been a private home. The Canadian station was torn down in the late 1960s.
Upper Mills Route 170 Baring Main Street Baring Bridge This crossing closed in the 1950s when the bridge was deemed unsafe. It was dismantled soon thereafter.

Rail Crossings[edit]

photo of train crossing US-Canada border
White Pass Train returning to Skagway, Alaska from the Yukon
Canada
rail company
Canada
nearest community
United States
rail company
United States
nearest community
Notes Structure
(if applicable)
Coordinates

British Columbia–Alaska[edit]

WPY Fraser WPY Skagway 3 feet narrow gauge route, isolated line not connected to any others in North America. Former northern terminus Whitehorse, now ends at Carcross.

British Columbia–Washington[edit]

BNSF White Rock BNSF Blaine Used by Amtrak Cascades passenger trains.
CP & SRY Huntingdon BNSF Sumas
KFR Grand Forks KFR Danville Abandoned by the KFR, tracks end on the north edge of the border
KFR Billings KFR Laurier Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following CP's 1991 abandonment of their Boundary Sub, accessible only through the United States
KFR Waneta KFR Boundary Canada section isolated from Canadian rail network following abandonment of Burlington Northern's Nelson Sub in 1989, only accessible through USA

British Columbia–Idaho[edit]

CP Kingsgate UP Eastport

Alberta–Montana[edit]

CP Coutts BNSF Sweetgrass

Saskatchewan–North Dakota[edit]

CP North Portal CP (SOO) Portal
CN Northgate BNSF Northgate CN abandoned north of the border in 2001

Manitoba–Minnesota[edit]

CP/CN Emerson CP/BNSF Noyes Since closure of the adjacent road border crossing, this rail crossing has been managed by nearby Emerson (Canada) and Pembina (U.S.) ports. Note that 2 rail lines cross. CP owns 1 (on both sides of the border), and BNSF & CN own the other south & north of the border respectively.
CN Middlebro (Sprague) CN Longworth (Warroad) The US stretch has been isolated from the US rail network since Minnesota Northern Railroad's 2009 abandonment of the Warroad subdivision. Only accessible through Canada; west end of stretch between Warroad & Baudette

Ontario–Minnesota[edit]

CN Rainy River CN Baudette The US stretch has been isolated from the US rail network since Minnesota Northern Railroad's 2009 abandonment of the Warroad subdivision. Accessible only through Canada; east end of the stretch between Warroad & Baudette.
MDW Fort Frances Minnesota, Dakota & Western Railway International Falls Once connecting to CN's nearby mainline, the Fort Frances stretch now isolated from the Canadian rail network. Trains must pass through US to get back into Canada. Fort Frances – International Falls International Bridge
CN Fort Frances CN Ranier Ranier International Rail Bridge

Ontario–Michigan[edit]

CN (ACR) Sault Ste. Marie CN (WC) Sault Ste. Marie International Rail Bridge
CN Sarnia CN Port Huron Paul M. Tellier Tunnel
CP Windsor CP Detroit Michigan Central Railway Tunnel

Ontario–New York[edit]

CN Fort Erie CN Buffalo International Railway Bridge
CP Niagara Falls CP Niagara Falls Closed to rail traffic in 2000. Presently mothballed. Michigan Central Railway Bridge
CN Niagara Falls CSX Niagara Falls Used by Amtrak/Via Maple Leaf passenger trains. Whirlpool Rapids Bridge

Quebec–New York[edit]

CSX Sainte-Agnès-de-Dundee CSX Fort Covington
NYC Elgin NYC Trout River Abandoned, but ROW intact.
CP (west track) & CN (east track) Cantic CP (DH) Rouses Point Used by Amtrak Adirondack passenger trains, using CN track in Canada. Cantic port of entry next to Lacolle 223.

Quebec–Vermont[edit]

CN Clarenceville CN Alburg Springs
MMA Abercorn MMA Richford USA section isolated following 1990 abandonment of Central Vermont Railway's Richford Branch. Trains to US rail network must pass through Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
MMA Glen Sutton MMA East Richford Canadian section has always been isolated from Canadian rail network. Trains must pass through USA to connect with the rest of Canada. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
MMA Highwater MMA North Troy Trains to Canada must pass back through the USA once more after going through a small portion of Quebec. Part of the Farnham-Richford-North Troy line.
SLQ Stanhope SLR Norton

Quebec–Maine[edit]

MMA Trudel MMA Beattie

New Brunswick–Maine[edit]

MNRY St. Leonard MNRY Van Buren unnamed rail bridge
CAR Green Road CAR Houlton abandoned June 1989
NBSR St. Croix EMRY Vanceboro Only Canada-U.S. border crossing to experience an attack by foreign forces. See Vanceboro international bridge bombing Saint Croix-Vanceboro Railway Bridge
NBSR Mohannes NBSR Woodland The American stretch is isolated from the rest of the US rail network, never connected with it. Trains must cross a small portion through Canada, go back into the US, switch direction, and cross back through another section of Canada to reach the rest of the US network. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch. Note that Woodland Rail leases this line to the NBSR. unnamed rail bridge
NBSR Upper Mills NBSR Baring Plantation The Canadian stretch is isolated from the Canadian rail network, never connected with it; trains must pass through a stretch of Canada, back into the US, and switch direction once back in the US to reach the rest of Canada. Sold to Woodland Rail by Pan-Am Railways after a short period out of service. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland branch. Note that Woodland Rail leases this line to the NBSR. unnamed rail bridge
NBSR St. Stephen NBSR Milltown Rail line disconnected from the US rail network following Guilford Rail (Pan-Am Railways)'s abandonment of the connecting line to Bangor in 1989. Rails left intact until the late 2000s when they were finally torn up. Trains must pass through Canada to connect with the rest of the US rail network. Part of the St. Stephen-Calais-Woodland Branch. Note that Woodland Rail leases this line to the NBSR beyond the US border. unnamed rail bridge

Ferry Crossings[edit]

Ferry departing Wolfe Island, ON for Cape Vincent, NY
Waterway Ferry company Canada
ferry terminal
United States
ferry terminal
Notes

British Columbia–Alaska[edit]

Inside Passage/Dixon Entrance Alaska Marine Highway Prince Rupert Ketchikan/Juneau
Inside Passage/Dixon Entrance AquaTrain (Foss Maritime) Prince Rupert Whittier

British Columbia–Washington[edit]

Strait of Juan de Fuca Clipper Navigation Victoria Seattle [1]
Strait of Juan de Fuca Blackball Transport Victoria Port Angeles Using MV Coho.[2]
San Juan Islands Victoria Bellingham
Strait of Juan de Fuca Washington State Ferries Sidney Anacortes [3]

Ontario–Michigan[edit]

St. Clair River Bluewater Ferry Sombra Marine City
St. Clair River Walpole-Algonac Ferry Walpole Island Algonac
Detroit River Detroit-Windsor Truck Ferry Windsor Detroit

Ontario–Ohio[edit]

Lake Erie Ontario Ferries[20] Pelee Sandusky Seasonal: April to mid-December

Ontario–New York[edit]

St. Lawrence River Cape Vincent-Wolfe Island Ferry[4] Wolfe Island Cape Vincent Seasonal: mid-May to mid-October

New Brunswick–Maine[edit]

Head Harbour Passage (Passamaquoddy Bay) Deer Island-Eastport Ferry[5] Deer Island Eastport Seasonal: mid-June to mid-September

Nova Scotia–Maine[edit]

Gulf of Maine NovaStar Cruises[6] Yarmouth Portland Seasonal: late-May to mid-October

Recent and Proposed Changes[edit]

  • Canada Border Services Agency implemented changes on April 1, 2011. The result was the closure of Big Beaver, Franklin Center and Jamieson's line. Also, hours were reduced at East Pinnacle, Glen Sutton, Morses Line to 8 am-4 pm.
  • On September 24, 2012, U.S. Customs and Border Protection proposed the closure of the Jamieson Line border crossing.[23] Currently, travelers can cross the border only in the southbound direction due to Canada's closure of its port of entry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Customs and Border Protection - Fort Kent". cpb.gov. Retrieved 2014-07-17. 
  2. ^ Saba, Anne, "Point Roberts, WA - Then and Now", US Customs Today, October 1999
  3. ^ David G. Jones, "Molson is Becoming Smaller: A Canadian-American Community After the First War", BC Studies, no. 49, Spring 1981, p.54
  4. ^ Federal Register 6 FR 705, February 1, 1941
  5. ^ Camp, Al, "Border Crossing Diplomacy Opens Way for Canadians", The Omak-Okanogan County Chronicle, June 20, 1990
  6. ^ MICHAEL JAMISON of the Missoulian (2002-04-11). "Bust near Glacier nets 120 pounds of pot". Missoulian.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  7. ^ a b Legg, Herbert (1962). Customs services in western Canada, 1867-1925; a History, The Creston Review Ltd., Creston, BC
  8. ^ "Obtain information about the Whitetail Port of Entry". Help.cbp.gov. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  9. ^ Northgate, ND. GhostsofNorthDakota.com. Retrieved on 2014-04-12.
  10. ^ Maisel, Albert Q. Aliens Are Swarming Over Our Unguarded Northern Border, Look Magazine, New York, November 17, 1953, p. 75.
  11. ^ Former Agricultural Inspection Border Station. "193 Meridian Road, Champlain, NY, 12919 - Agricultural Property - Off-Market on". Loopnet.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  12. ^ Fried, Joseph P. Gerald Bull, 62, Shot in Belgium; Scientist Who Violated Arms Law New York Times, March 25, 1990
  13. ^ O'Neill, Thomas and Yamashita, Michael (Photographer) (1984). Lakes, Peaks and Prairies - Discovering the United States-Canada Border, p. 53. National Geographic Society, ISBN 0-87044-478-6.
  14. ^ Bailey, Merton (1982). Border Crossings of Potton Township, p.A5.
  15. ^ "Granby Leader-Mail - Google News Archive Search". Google News. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  16. ^ Farfan, Matthew (2009). The Vermont-Quebec Border - Life on the Line, p. 82. Arcadia Publishing
  17. ^ "Orange alert on the Pedersen farm". CBC News. April 1, 2003. 
  18. ^ "Golfers' drive out of bounds, say U.S. officials". CBC News. June 27, 2008. 
  19. ^ Hon. David Anderson (Minister of National Revenue) as recorded in the House of Commons transcript, 18 April 1994, Ottawa, Canada.
  20. ^ "Welcome to the MV Jiimaan". Ontarioferries.com. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  21. ^ "CBP Announces Closure of Port of Whitetail, Montana". www.cbp.gov. January 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  22. ^ "Obtain information about the Morses Line Border Crossing". Help.cbp.gov. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  23. ^ Federal Register | Closing of the Jamieson Line, NY Border Crossing. Federalregister.gov (2012-09-24). Retrieved on 2014-04-12.

External links[edit]