Minister of National Defence (Canada)

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Minister of National Defence
Rob Nicholson 2013 crop.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Nicholson

since 15 July 2013
Department of National Defence
Style The Honourable
Member of
Appointer Governor General of Canada
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder George Perry Graham
Formation 1 January 1923
Website www.forces.gc.ca
Flag of Canada.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Canada

The Minister of National Defence (French: Ministre de la Défense nationale) is a Minister of the Crown and is the Canadian politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada and the Canadian Forces.[1] The Department of National Defence is headed by the Deputy Minister of National Defence, the Department’s senior civil servant, while the Canadian Forces are headed by the Chief of the Defence Staff, Canada’s senior serving officer.[2] Both are responsible to the Minister. Although the Governor General of Canada is the Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces, the minister is ultimately responsible for "the management and direction of the Canadian Forces", while all orders and instructions are issued by the Chief of the Defence Staff.[3] The Department of National Defence exists to aid the minister in carrying out his responsibilities, and acts as the civilian support system for the Canadian Forces.[4][5]

The current Minister of National Defence is The Honourable Rob Nicholson, who replaced Peter MacKay, one of Canada's longest serving Ministers of National Defence.

History[edit]

Historically, the position was pre-dated by the Minister of Militia and Defence. During World War II, the Minister of National Defence was assisted by two subordinate ministers, the Minister of National Defence for Air and Minister of National Defence for Naval Services. The portfolio was merged into a single ministry following the end of the war.

The Defence Portfolio[edit]

The Defence portfolio for the Minister of National Defence includes:[6]

The Minister of National Defence is also the designated Lead Minister for Search and Rescue (LMSAR) within the federal government.

Ministers[edit]

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1 George Perry Graham.jpg George Perry Graham January 1, 1923 April 27, 1923 Liberal 12 (King)
2 Edward Mortimer Macdonald.jpg Edward Mortimer Macdonald April 28, 1923
(Acting until Aug.17)
June 28, 1926 Liberal
3 Hugh Guthrie.jpg Hugh Guthrie June 29, 1926
(Acting until Jul.13)
September 25, 1926 Conservative (historical) 13 (Meighen)
VACANT September 25, 1926 September 30, 1926 14 (King)
James Alexander Robb.jpg James Robb
(Acting)
October 1, 1926 October 7, 1926 Liberal
4 James Ralston3.png James Ralston
(1st time)
October 8, 1926 August 7, 1930 Liberal
5 Donald Matheson Sutherland.jpg Donald Matheson Sutherland August 7, 1930 November 16, 1934 Conservative (historical) 15 (Bennett)
6 No image.svg Grote Stirling November 17, 1934 October 23, 1935 Conservative (historical)
7 Ian Alastair Mackenzie.jpg Ian Alistair Mackenzie October 24, 1935 September 18, 1939 Liberal 16 (King)
8 Norman McLeod Rogers.jpg Norman McLeod Rogers September 19, 1939 June 10, 1940 Liberal
Charles Gavan Chubby Power.jpg Charles Power
(Acting)
June 11, 1940 July 4, 1940 Liberal
(4) James Ralston3.png James Ralston
(2nd time)
July 5, 1940 November 1, 1944 Liberal
9 LGen Andrew McNaughton, 1942 cropped.jpg Andrew McNaughton November 2, 1944 August 20, 1945 Military
10 Douglas Charles Abbott.jpg Douglas Abbott August 21, 1945 December 9, 1946 Liberal
11 Brooke Claxton.jpg Brooke Claxton December 10, 1946 November 15, 1948 Liberal
November 15, 1948 June 30, 1954 17 (St. Laurent)
12 No image.svg Ralph Campney July 1, 1954 June 20, 1957 Liberal
13 GeorgePearkes.jpg George Pearkes June 21, 1957 October 10, 1960 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)
14 No image.svg Douglas Harkness October 11, 1960 February 3, 1963 Progressive Conservative
VACANT February 4, 1963 February 11, 1963
15 No image.svg Gordon Churchill February 12, 1963 April 21, 1963 Progressive Conservative
16 Paul Hellyer-c1969.jpg Paul Hellyer April 22, 1963 September 18, 1967 Liberal 19 (Pearson)
17 No image.svg Léo Cadieux September 1967 April 19, 1968 Liberal
April 20, 1968 September 16, 1970 20 (Trudeau)
No image.svg Charles Drury
(1st time; Acting)
September 17, 1970 September 23, 1970 Liberal
18 No image.svg Donald Macdonald September 24, 1970 January 27, 1972 Liberal
19 Edgar John Benson.jpg Edgar Benson January 28, 1972 August 31, 1972 Liberal
No image.svg Jean-Eudes Dubé
(Acting)
September 1, 1972 September 6, 1972 Liberal
No image.svg Charles Drury
(2nd time; Acting)
September 7, 1972 November 26, 1972 Liberal
20 No image.svg James Richardson November 27, 1972 October 12, 1976 Liberal
21 No image.svg Barney Danson October 13, 1976
(Acting until Nov.3)
June 3, 1979 Liberal
22 No image.svg Allan McKinnon June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)
23 No image.svg Gilles Lamontagne March 3, 1980 August 11, 1983 Liberal 22 (Trudeau)
24 No image.svg Jean–Jacques Blais August 12, 1983 June 29, 1984 Liberal
June 30, 1984 September 16, 1984 23 (Turner)
25 No image.svg Robert Coates September 17, 1984 February 11, 1985 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)
26 No image.svg Erik Nielsen February 12, 1985
(Acting until Feb.26)
June 29, 1986 Progressive Conservative
27 No image.svg Perrin Beatty June 30, 1986 January 29, 1989 Progressive Conservative
28 Bill McKnight.jpg Bill McKnight January 30, 1989 April 20, 1991 Progressive Conservative
29 No image.svg Marcel Masse April 21, 1991 January 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative
30 KimCampbell.jpg Kim Campbell January 4, 1993 June 24, 1993 Progressive Conservative
31 No image.svg Tom Siddon June 25, 1993 November 3, 1993 Progressive Conservative 25 (Campbell)
32 No image.svg David Collenette November 4, 1993 October 4, 1996 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
33 No image.svg Doug Young October 5, 1996 June 10, 1997 Liberal
34 Art Eggleton 1.JPG Art Eggleton June 11, 1997 June 25, 2002 Liberal
35 John McCallum.jpg John McCallum June 26, 2002 December 11, 2003 Liberal
36 No image.svg David Pratt December 12, 2003 July 19, 2004 Liberal 27 (Martin)
37 Bill Graham by Rod Brito.jpg Bill Graham July 20, 2004 February 5, 2006 Liberal
38 Gordon O'Connor with Robert Gates, Jan 23, 2007, cropped.jpg Gordon O'Connor February 6, 2006 August 14, 2007 Conservative 28 (Harper)
39 Peter MacKay crop.JPG Peter MacKay August 14, 2007 July 15, 2013 Conservative
40 Rob Nicholson infobox.jpg Rob Nicholson July 15, 2013 Incumbent Conservative

Ministers with military experience[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Laws Defining Responsibilities and Authorities of National Defence". Department of National Defence. March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ "About DND - What is the relationship between DND and the Canadian Forces?". Department of National Defence. February 1, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ National Defence Act. Ottawa: Her Majesty the Queen as represented by the Minister of Justice. 2011. pp. 8, 12. 
  4. ^ "FAQ - What is the relationship between DND and the CF?". Department of National Defence. February 13, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Civilians Supporting the Army". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Defence Portfolio". Department of National Defence. August 5, 2011. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]