Ethnic origins of people in Canada

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Ethnic origins

Given here are the ethnic origins of Canadian residents (citizens, landed immigrants, and non-citizen temporary residents) as recorded by them on their 2006 census form. The relevant census question asked for "the ethnic or cultural origins" of the respondent's ancestors and not the respondents themselves.

As data were collected by self-declaration, labels may not necessarily describe the true ancestry of respondents.[1] Also note that many respondents acknowledged multiple ancestries. These people were added to the "multiple origin" total for each origin listed. These include responses as varied as a respondent who listed eight different origins and a respondent who answered "French Canadian" (leading to him/her being counted once for "French" and once for "Canadian"). As with all self-reported data, understanding of the question may have varied from respondent to respondent.


Larger ethnic origins (200,000 or more individuals per group)[edit]

Map of the dominant self-identified ethnic origins per census division of 2006.
[2]
Ethnicity[3] Combined
responses[3]
As single
response[3]
One of multiple
responses[3]
Canadian[4] 10,066,290 5,748,720 4,317,570
English 6,570,015 1,367,125 5,202,890
French 4,941,210 1,230,540 3,710,675
Scottish 4,719,850 568,515 4,151,340
Irish 4,354,155 491,030 3,863,125
German 3,179,425 670,640 2,508,785
Italian 1,445,335 741,045 704,285
Chinese 1,346,510 1,135,365 211,145
North American Indian[5] 1,253,615 512,150 741,470
Ukrainian 1,209,085 300,590 908,495
Dutch 1,035,965 303,400 732,560
Polish 984,565 269,375 715,190
East Indian 1,260,000 962,665 182,495
Russian 500,600 98,245 402,355
Welsh 440,965 27,115 413,855
Filipino 436,190 321,390 114,800
Norwegian 432,515 44,790 387,725
Portuguese 410,850 262,230 148,625
Métis 409,065 77,295 331,770
British Isles,
not included elsewhere
403,915 94,145 309,770
Swedish 334,765 28,445 306,325
Spanish 325,730 67,475 258,255
American 316,350 28,785 287,565
Hungarian (Magyar) 315,510 88,685 226,820
Jewish 315,120 134,045 181,070
Greek 242,685 145,250 97,435
Jamaican 231,110 134,320 96,785
Danish 200,035 33,770 166,265

Smaller ethnic origins[edit]

Ethnicity[3] Combined
responses[3]
As single
response[3]
One of multiple
responses
per respondent[3]
Austrian (related article: Austrians) 194,255 27,060 166,265
Romanian 192,170 79,650 112,515
Vietnamese 180,125 136,445 43,685
Belgian 168,915 33,675 135,240
Lebanese 165,150 103,855 61,295
Québécois 146,585 96,835 49,750
South Korean 146,550 137,790 8,755
Swiss 137,775 25,180 112,600
Finnish 131,040 30,195 100,850
Iranian 121,510 99,225 22,280
Croatian 110,800 56,405 45,475
Sri Lankan 103,625 79,515 24,105
Haitian 102,430 80,920 21,505
Czech 98,090 23,570 74,520
Acadian 96,145 26,370 69,775
Japanese 98,900 56,470 42,430
Icelandic 88,875 9,950 78,925
Arab, n.i.e. 86,135 55,565 30,565
Serbian 72,690 46,035 26,650
Pakistani 74,015 54,565 19,450
Yugoslav, n.i.e. 65,505 26,880 38,625
Black African, n.i.e.(*) 61,430 32,510 28,910
West Indian 59,705 33,295 26,410
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 58,415 23,215 35,200
Inuit 56,330 37,030 19,300
Guyanese 51,570 26,290 25,280
Slovak 50,860 19,865 30,990
South Asian, n.i.e. 49,205 41,950 7,255
Oceania origins 48,595 10,760 37,835
Maghrebi origins 48,165 32,175 15,990
Punjabi 47,155 28,980 18,180
Latin/Central/South
American
, n.i.e.
41,620 30,380 11,240
Egyptian 41,310 26,150 15,160
Armenian 40,505 27,175 13,330
Mexican 36,575 15,815 20,755
Lithuanian 36,485 11,320 25,165
Chilean 34,115 21,820 12,290
Somali 33,725 30,830 2,895
Czechoslovakian 33,540 7,205 26,340
Maltese 33,000 14,115 18,880
Scandinavian, n.i.e. 32,730 6,690 26,040
Macedonian 31,265 16,790 14,475
Slovenian 28,910 15,285 13,635
Bulgarian 27,260 16,480 10,775
Salvadoran 26,735 20,795 5,940
Australian 25,415 3,805 21,615
Afghan 25,230 22,320 2,910
Turkish 24,910 15,065 9,845
Barbadian 23,725 10,600 13,125
Latvian 22,615 8,885 13,730
Estonian 22,085 9,645 12,435
Syrian 22,065 10,425 11,640
Moroccan 21,355 13,035 8,315
European, n.i.e. 20,450 9,715 10,735
Cambodian 20,430 14,840 5,595
Iraqi 19,245 14,105 5,140
South African 18,925 4,980 13,945
Taiwanese 18,080 13,335 4,745
Peruvian 17,945 10,935 7,010
Laotian 16,950 12,345 4,605
Ghanaian 16,935 14,170 2,765
Colombian 15,865 10,445 5,415
Ethiopian 15,725 13,100 2,625
Bosnian 15,720 12,185 3,540
Algerian 15,500 11,235 4,260
Albanian 14,935 12,310 2,625
Palestinian 14,675 9,215 5,465
Newfoundlander 13,715 4,155 9,555
Bangladeshi 13,080 11,295 1,785
Flemish 11,665 2,325 9,345
Caribbean, n.i.e. 10,990 4,295 6,695
Fijian 10,035 5,115 4,920
Khmer 10,000 710 295
Brazilian 9,710 3,185 6,525
Indonesian 9,700 2,080 7,620
Guatemalan 9,550 6,435 3,120
Nigerian 9,530 6,570 2,960
Argentinian 9,095 2,970 6,125
Central/South
American Indian
8,965 1,865 7,100
West Asian, n.i.e. 8,805 7,245 1,565
East/Southeast
Asian, n.i.e.
8,795 8,465 330
Ecuadorian 8,785 5,960 2,830
New Zealander 8,600 1,160 7,435
Grenadian 7,995 4,315 3,680
Hispanic 7,850 5,460 2,390
Vincentian/Grenadinian 7,450 3,875 3,575
Eritrean 7,165 6,265 900
Bengali 7,020 5,465 1,560
Assyrian 6,980 4,570 2,410
Thai 6,965 2,810 4,160
Dominican, n.o.s. 6,865 3,255 3,610
Slav (European) 6,810 2,790 4,020
Sudanese 6,525 4,495 2,030
Congolese, n.o.s. 6,235 5,005 1,230
Cuban 6,200 2,195 4,005
Nicaraguan 6,190 4,340 1,850
Malaysian 6,095 1,570 4,520
Israeli 6,060 1,395 4,665
Venezuelan 5,925 2,320 3,600
Berber 5,570 3,350 2,220
Tunisian 5,325 3,425 1,890
Byelorussian 5,115 1,490 3,620
Tibetan 5,000 1,000 4,000
Goan 3,865 1,630 2,235
Uruguayan 3,800 1,695 2,105
Jordanian 3,760 2,320 1,435
Sinhalese 3,560 2,195 1,370
Frisian 3,175 670 2,500
Rwandan 3,060 2,430 630
Honduran 3,025 1,955 1,070
Kenyan 2,990 1,540 1,455
Maya 2,875 685 2,190
Burmese 2,840 1,070 1,770
Gujarati 2,805 1,180 1,620
St. Lucian 2,765 1,420 1,345
Mauritian 2,720 1,145 1,575
Basque 2,715 395 2,320
Gypsy (Roma) 2,590 390 2,205
Sicilian 2,465 420 2,045
Antiguan 2,435 1,025 1,405
Luxembourger 2,390 450 1,945
East African 2,270 1,000 1,270
Maghrebi, n.i.e. 2,270 1,125 1,145
Ugandan 2,125 1,115 1,005
Panamanian 2,075 1,055 1,020
Cameroonian 2,070 1,615 455
Cypriot 2,060 590 1,470
Asian, n.o.s. 2,010 960 1,045
Hawaiian 1,955 110 1,840
Burundian 1,900 1,535 360
Zairian 1,885 1,390 495
Yoruba 1,875 1,340 535
Tanzanian 1,865 830 1,030
Ashanti 1,860 1,325 540
Bermudan 1,845 205 1,640
Bolivian 1,795 865 935
Polynesian 1,745 310 1,435
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,730 730 1,000
Mongolian 1,675 545 1,130
Senegalese 1,675 1,045 630
Costa Rican 1,615 770 845
Bahamian 1,585 360 1,225
Azerbaijani 1,445 470 975
Yemeni 1,445 685 760
Singaporeans 1,390
Carib 1,330 70 1,255
Maori 1,305 135 1,170
Afrikaner 1,250 310 935
Zimbabwean 1,250 585 660
Igbo 1,200 850 355
Kosovar 1,200 960 245
Libyan 1,180 795 390
Nepali 1,170 770 405
Ivoirean 1,120 655 465
Guinean, n.o.s. 1,120 710 415
Angolan 1,110 615 490
Saudi Arabian 1,080 660 420
Montenegrin 1,055 230 820
Puerto Rican 1,045 130 915
Pashtun 1,040 540 500
Oromo 1,030 710 320
"Texan" 1,000 700 300
Seychellois 980 605 370
Georgian 970 385 580
Tatar 875 370 505
Kuwaiti 855 585 275
Malian 815 480 340
Malagasy 780 415 365
Paraguayan 760 125 640
Togolese 755 480 275
Akan 750 505 240
Belizean 725 225 500
Martinique 605 140 460
Hmong 595 455 140
Sierra Leonean 565 350 220
Kashmiri 480 210 275
Pacific Islander, n.i.e. 390 125 265
Cornish (see Cornish people) 365 N/A 1,550
Manx (see Manx people) 350 N/A N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source: "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-01-16.  Additional data: "2006 Census release topics". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-01-16. 
  2. ^ "Population and growth components (1851-2001 Censuses)". Statistics Canada. 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-19. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Population by selected ethnic origins, by province and territory (2006 Census)". statcan.gc.ca. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  4. ^ All citizens of Canada are classified as "Canadians" as defined by Canada's nationality laws. However since 1996 "Canadian" as an ethnic group has been added to census questionnaires for possible ancestry. The majority of respondents to this selection are from the eastern part of the country that was first settled. Respondents generally are visibly European (Anglophones and Francophones), however no-longer self identify with their ethnic ancestral origins. This response is attributed to a multitude and/or generational distance from ancestral lineage. Source 1: Jack Jedwab (April 2008). "Our ‘Cense’ of Self: the 2006 Census saw 1.6 million ‘Canadian’". Association for Canadian Studies. Retrieved 2011-03-07.  Source 2: Don Kerr (April 2007). The Changing Face of Canada: Essential Readings in Population. Canadian Scholars' Press. pp. 313–317. ISBN 978-1-55130-322-2. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  5. ^ The category "North American Indian" includes respondents who indicated that their ethnic origins were from a Canadian First Nation, or another, non-Canadian aboriginal group (excluding Inuit and Métis) Source: "How Statistics Canada Identifies Aboriginal Peoples". 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]