List of Carnatic composers

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List of composers of Carnatic music, a sub-genre of Indian classical music.

Pre-Trinity Composers (Before 18th Century)[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Signature
(Insignia)
Other Info
Nayanmars 7th to 9th century Tamil 'pre carnatic ancient sangam music[pannicai]'
Azhwars 7th to 9th century Tamil 'pre carnatic ancient sangam music[pannicai]'
Akka Mahadevi 12th century Kannada 'carnatic music[transformation of sangam music[pannicai] into present carnatic music started at this time Sanskrit names were adopted for Tamil panns'
Purandara Dasa 1484 - 1564 Kannada, Sanskrit 400,000, of which only around 2000 have come down to us Purandara Vittala Set the Carnatic music in its present form; composed basic exercises for practice like sarali and janta varisai
Kanaka Dasa 1509 - 1609 Kannada 1,000 Adi Keshava
Annamacharya 1408 - 1503 Telugu, Sanskrit 36,000 Venkatachala
Sripadaraya 1404 - 1502 Kannada Ranga Vittala
Arunachala Kavi 1711 - 1788 Tamil 320
Arunagirinathar 1480- Tamil 760 Composed Tiruppugazh
Basavanna 12th century Kannada Kudala Sangama Deva Composed Vachanagalu
Jayadeva 12th century Sanskrit 50 Composed Geetha Govindam
Bhadraachala Raama daasu 1620 - 1688 Telugu 500
Kshetragna 1600 - 1680 Telugu 100 Muvvagopala
Marimutthu Pillai 1717 - 1787 Tamil 42
Muthu Thandavar 1525 - 1625 Tamil 165
Narayana Teertha 1650 - 1745 Telugu, Sanskrit 200 Vara Naaraayana Teertha Composed Krishna leelaa Tarangini
Paidala Gurumurti Sastri 17th century Telugu
Papanasa Mudaliar 1650 - 1725 Tamil
Sarangapani 1680-1750 Telugu 220
Vijaya Dasa 1682 - 1755 Kannada 25,000 Vijaya Vittala
Jagannatha Dasa 1728 - 1809 Kannada 260 Jagannatha Vittala
Gopala Dasa 1722 - 1762 Kannada Gopala Vittala

Trinity-Age Composers (18th Century)[edit]

These composers lived during the time of the Trinity and there are recorded instances of their interaction with the Trinity.

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Other Info
Ghanam Krishna Iyer 1790 - 1854 Tamil 85
Iraiyamman Tampi 1782 - 1856 Malayalam, Sanskrit 40
Kavi Kunjara Bharati 1810 - 1896 Tamil 200
Muthuswami Dikshitar 1775 - 1835 Sanskrit, Mani Pravaalam 400
Oottukkadu Venkata Kavi 1700-1765 Sanskrit, Tamil 200
Pacchimiriam Adiyappa 18th century Telugu
Thanjavur Quartet 1801-1856 Sanskrit, Tamil
Tiruvarur Ramaswami Pillai 1798 - 1852 Tamil
Thyagaraja Swami 1767 - 1847 Telugu, Sanskrit 24000 of which only 700 are available today
Sadasiva Brahmendra 18th century Sanskrit 95
Syama Sastri 1762 - 1827 Telugu, Sanskrit, Hindi, Malalayam 400

Post-Trinity Composers - 19th Century[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Other Info
Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathiyar 1882 - 1921 Tamil 230
Annamalai Reddiyar 1865 - 1891 Tamil 40
Anai Ayya brothers 19th Century Telugu 20
Dharmapuri Subbarayar 1900- Telugu 50 Composed many Jaavalis
Ennappadam Venkatarama Bhagavatar 1880 - 1961 [1]
Gopalakrishna Bharathi 1811 - 1896 Tamil 395
Koteeswara Iyer 1870 - 1940 Tamil, Sanskrit 200 Composed in all 72 Melakarta raagas
Kurainadu Natesa Pillai 1830 - 1925
Krishnarajendra Wodeyar III 1799 - 1868 Sanskrit, Kannada
Maha Vaidyanatha Iyer 1844 - 1893 Sanskrit 100 Composed 72-Melakarta raaga maalika
Manambuchavadi Venkatasubbayyar 19th century Telugu 50 Desciple of Thyagaraja
Mayuram Viswanatha Sastri 1893 - 1958 Telugu, Sanskrit 160
Muthiah Bhagavatar 1877 - 1945 Telugu, Sanskrit 390
Mysore Sadasiva Rao b. 1790 Telugu, Sanskrit 100
Mysore Vasudevacharya 1865 - 1961 Telugu, Sanskrit 250
Neelakanta Sivan 1839 - 1900 Tamil 300
Pallavi Seshayyar 1842 - 1905 Telugu 75
Papanasam Sivan 1890 - 1973 Tamil, Mani Pravaalam 535
Patnam Subramania Iyer 1845 - 1902 Telugu 100
Pattabhiramayya c 1863
Poochi Srinivasa Iyengar 1860 - 1919' Telugu 100
Shuddhananda Bharati 1897 - 1990 Tamil, Sanskrit 1090 Composed 72-Melakarta
Subbarama Dikshitar 1839 - 1906 Telugu 50
Subbaraya Sastri 1803 - 1862 Telugu 12 Son of Syama Sastri
Tiruvottriyur Tyagayyar 1845 - 1917 Tamil 80
Veena Kuppayyar 1798 - 1860 Telugu 100 Desciple of Thyagaraja

Post-Trinity Composers - 20th Century and up[edit]

Composer Years Languages Approx. Number of Compositions Other Info
Dandapani Desikar 1908 - 1972 55
GN Balasubramaniam 1910 - 1965 Sanskrit, Telugu, Tamil 90
K. R. Kedaranathan 1925 - 2007
Lalgudi Jayaraman 1930 - 2013 60 [2]
Maharajapuram Santhanam
M. Balamuralikrishna b. 1930 Telugu, Sanskrit 200 Composed in all 72 Melakarta raagas
M. D. Ramanathan 1923 - 1984 Sanskrit 300 Mudra: Varadadasa
Mysore V. Ramarathnam 1917 - 2008 Kannada, Telugu & Sanskrit '26' 'mudra rAma', "[3]"
K. Ramaraj b. 1936 Tamil, Sanskrit & Telugu" 200 approximately. raga mudra in all compositions
L. Subramaniam b. 1947
N. Ramani b. 1934 10
N. Ravikiran b. 1967 Sanskrit, Tamil 50
Nallan Chakravartula Krishnamaachaaryulu 1925 - 2006 Sanskrit 30
Periyasaamy Thooran 1908 - 1987 Tamil 305
S. Ramanathan 1917 - 1988 Tamil 50
R.K. Padmanabha 1949 - Present Kannada 150
Neduntheevu Ponn Suhir 1965 - Present Tamil 30 Mudra: Neduntheevan/Tamilampahl
Vinjamuri Varadaraja Iyengar 1915 - 1991 Telugu,Sanskrit 15 Mudra: Varadaraja
Balayogi Avadhuta Nirmalananda Swami 1956 - Present Sanskrit 549 Carnatic Classical Music Composer, Composed in All 72 Melakarta +36 new Melakarta Total 108 Melakarta Raagas

Other Composers[edit]

Other Composers in Mysore Kingdom[edit]

  • Vaikunta Dasaru (1680)
  • Veena Venkata Subbiah (1750)
  • Shunti Venkataramaniah (1780)
  • Aliya Lingaraja Urs (1823 – 1874)
  • Chinniah (1902)
  • Krishnappa
  • Veena Chikka Lakshminaranappa
  • Veene Krishnappa
  • Piteelu Seenappa
  • Bhairavi Lakshminaranappa (1878 – 1934)
  • Pedda Lakshminaranappa
  • Devalapurada Nanjunda
  • Veena Shamanna (1832 – 1908)
  • Veena Padmanabiah (1842 – 1900)
  • Veene Sheshanna (1852 – 1926)
  • Mysore Karigiri Rao (1853 – 1927)
  • Veena Subbanna (1861 – 1939)
  • Bidaram Krishnappa (1866 – 1931)
  • Tiruppunandal Pattabhiramiah (1863)
  • Sosale Ayya Shastry (1854 – 1934)
  • Rallapalli Anantha Krishna Sharma (1893 – 1979)[2]
  • Jayarayacharya (1846–1906)
  • Giribhattara Tammayya (1865 – 1920)
  • Nanjangud Subba Shastry (1834 – 1906)
  • Chandrashekara Shastry
  • Veena Subramanya Iyer (1864 – 1919)
  • Veena Shivaramiah (1886 – 1946)
  • Veena Venkatagiriappa (1887 – 1952)
  • Belakawadi Srinivasa Iyengar (1888 – 1952)
  • Chikka Ramarao (1891 – 1945)
  • Mysore T. Chowdiah (1894 – 1967)
  • Jayachamaraja Wodeyar (1919 – 1974)
  • Dr. B. Devendrappa (1899 – 1986)
  • Gotuvadyam Narayana Iyengar (1903 – 1959)
  • Tiruvayyar Subramanya Iyer
  • Anavatti Rama Rao (1860)
  • Tiger Varadachariar (1876 – 1950)
  • Chennakeshaviah (1895 – 1986)
  • Titte Krishna Iyengar (1902 – 1997)
  • S.N. Mariappa (1914 – 1986)
  • Chintalapalli Ramachandra Rao (1916 – 1985)
  • R.N.Doreswamy (1916 – 2002)
  • H.M. Vaidyalinga Bhagavatar (1924 – 1999)
  • Bellary M Seshagiri Achar (1935 – 1985)

Other composers - Bhakti Saints[edit]

In addition to the above composers, various Bhakti saints of medieval India also composed devotional hymns, verses and songs. First six composer used ancient Tamil music[pannicai] which later evolved to the Carnatic musical tradition over the centuries.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hindu.com/fr/2009/01/02/stories/2009010251030500.htm
  2. ^ http://aboutindianmusic.blogspot.com/p/classical-musicians-of-india.html
  3. ^ http://mysorevramarathnam.org//page7.html