List of Carnegie libraries in Pennsylvania
The following list of Carnegie libraries in Pennsylvania provides detailed information on United States Carnegie libraries in Pennsylvania, where 59 public libraries were built from 27 grants (totaling $5,169,587) awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York from 1886 to 1917. Notably, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania contains the first Carnegie libraries ever donated by the philanthropist, owing to his personal connection to the Pittsburgh area. Architectural Critic Patricia Lowry calls them "Pittsburgh's most significant cultural export".
Five out of the first seven, six of the first ten, and seven of the first twelve libraries that Carnegie commissioned in America are in Allegheny County. Also, eleven of the first fourteen Carnegie funded libraries to open in America were in Allegheny County. In all, 19 libraries were commissioned in the county and several of them are more than just libraries but are cultural centers as well.
Also among the libraries built were 25 in Philadelphia which are listed separately. In addition to public libraries, academic libraries were built for 9 institutions, more than any other state. These grants totaled $441,000. In addition Carnegie founded two entire colleges in Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute of Technology and Margaret Morrison College for Women. Both are today part of Carnegie Mellon University.
Building still operating as a library
Building standing, but now serving another purpose
Building no longer standing
National Register of Historic Places Building listed on the
|1||Allegheny||North Side of Pittsburgh, formerly known as Allegheny||1886||$481,012||6 Allegheny Square East||The first Carnegie Library in the USA to be commissioned and the second to open. Dedicated by Carnegie and U.S. President Benjamin Harrison on February 20, 1890. Also houses the first Carnegie Music Hall in the USA, which is now used by the Hazlett Theater.|
|2||Beaver Falls||Beaver Falls, Beaver County||Aug 15, 1899||$50,000||1301 7th Ave.||The 20th Carnegie Library in the U.S. to be commissioned.|
|3||Braddock||Braddock||1887||$357,782||419 Library St.
||The first Carnegie Library in the USA to open and the second to be commissioned. Dedicated by Carnegie and U.S. President Benjamin Harrison on March 30, 1889. Originally, it was not a publicly supported library but was fully funded by the Carnegie Steel Co. and governed by its officials. The first of four such libraries in the USA to be fully endowed. An 1893 expansion doubled the size of the building and includes the third Carnegie Music Hall in the USA, a Gymnasium, and a swimming pool (currently out of use).|
|4||Bradford||Bradford, McKean County||Jan 19, 1900||$40,000||27 Congress St.||Now a restaurant|
|5||Butler||Butler, Butler County||May 3, 1917||$37,000||218 N. McKean St.||The last library commissioned by Carnegie in Pennsylvania and among the last in the entire country. Opened 1921; renovated 1966 and 2003|
|6||Carnegie||Carnegie||Apr 26, 1898||$310,000||300 Beechwood Ave.||The seventh Carnegie Library in the USA commissioned and the third to be fully endowed. Opened May 1, 1901. Official name: Andrew Carnegie Free Library. Of the 2,509 libraries built by Andrew Carnegie, it was the only public library granted permission to use both his first and last names. In addition to the library, it includes a 788-seat Music Hall, 140-seat Lecture Hall, Civil War Museum, and a small in-town park.|
|7||Connellsville||Connellsville, Fayette County||Apr 22, 1899||$75,000||299 S. Pittsburgh St.||The 13th library in the USA to receive a grant.|
|8||Corry||Corry, Erie County||Nov 9, 1916||$15,000||203 N. Center St.||Now a restaurant|
|9||Duquesne||Duquesne||Jan 23, 1901||$310,000||The fourth and final library to be fully endowed. Carnegie had a Steel Mill here. Demolished in June 1968|
|10||Easton||Easton, Northampton County||Jul 4, 1901||$57,500||515 Church St.|
|11||Edgewood||Edgewood||May 8, 1914||$12,500||1 Pennwood Ave.||C.C. Mellor Memorial Library, opened September 1, 1916. Named for Charles C. Mellor, one of the original trustees, appointed by Andrew Carnegie, of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.|
|12||Hamburg||Hamburg, Berks County||Feb 20, 1903||$10,000||35 N. 3rd St.|
|13||Homestead||Munhall||Nov 27, 1896||$322,067||510 E. 10th Ave.||The sixth Carnegie Library in the USA to be commissioned and the second to be fully endowed. It was the 7th to open -- the Lawrenceville branch of Pittsburgh, commissioned at the same time as its main branch, opened 6 months earlier. Also contains a Carnegie Music Hall, a lecture hall, a gymnasium, a swimming pool, and a bowling alley.|
|14||Johnstown||Johnstown, Cambria County||Mar 9, 1890||$55,332||304 Washington St.||The fourth Carnegie Library commissioned in the USA and the first outside of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Now the Johnstown Flood Museum.|
|15||Mansfield||Mansfield, Tioga County||Mar 29, 1911||$5,000||71 N. Main St.|
|16||McKeesport||McKeesport||Apr 2, 1899||$50,000||1507 Library Ave.||The 12th library in the USA to receive a grant.|
|17||Midland||Midland, Beaver County||May 8, 1914||$20,000||61 9th St.|
|18||North Bessemer||Penn Hills||May 1, 1901||$20,600||Demolished in the 1950s|
|19||Oakmont||Oakmont||Jan 24, 1899||$25,000||700 Allegheny River Blvd.||The tenth library in the USA to receive a grant.|
|20||Oil City||Oil City, Venango County||Apr 12, 1900||$44,000||2 Central Ave.|
|21||Phoenixville||Phoenixville, Chester County||Mar 9, 1901||$20,000||183 2nd Ave.|
|22||Pittsburgh Main||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||$1,160,614||4400 Forbes Ave.||The third Carnegie Library commissioned in the USA and the first to have multiple branches. Main library dedicated November 5, 1895, at which time Carnegie announced an additional gift to enlarge the building. The mammoth structure in the Oakland neighborhood of Pittsburgh contains the Main Library, Carnegie Music Hall (the fourth to open in the USA), Carnegie Museum of Natural History, and Carnegie Museum of Art.|
|23||Pittsburgh East Liberty||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||Opened 1905, demolished in the 1960s|
|24||Pittsburgh Hazelwood||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||4748 Monongahela St.||Open 1900–2004|
|25||Pittsburgh Homewood||Pittsburgh||?||$160,500 ||7101 Hamilton Ave.||Opened in 1910, this library was not part of Carnegie's original grant to Pittsburgh but rather part of a later gift. It was the last library Carnegie built in the city of Pittsburgh and is much bigger than a typical branch building. It was the library featured in episodes of the PBS show Mr. Rogers Neighborhood. Includes 300 seat auditorium. Renovated 2004.|
|26||Pittsburgh Lawrenceville||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||279 Fisk St.||Opened May 10, 1898. The 6th Carnegie Library to open in the USA, it was the first 'self-service' library using an open-stacks policy. It was planned so one librarian could oversee the entire operation with a circulation desk flanked by turnstiles that admitted readers to the open stacks one at a time. Also the first library to have a room for children. The reading rooms were separated by walls that became glass partitions above waist level -- under the watchful eye of the librarian. |
|27||Pittsburgh Mount Washington||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||315 Grandview Ave.||Opened 1900|
|28||Pittsburgh South Side||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||2205 E. Carson St.||Opened 1908|
|29||Pittsburgh West End||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||47 Wabash St.||Opened January 31, 1899. The eighth Carnegie funded library to open in America. It was Carnegie's second library (after Lawrenceville branch) to have open shelves for patrons and second neighborhood branch -- which he scaled down considerably from the huge structures built as central libraries and cultural centers such as Braddock, Allegheny, Homestead, and Pittsburgh Main Branch.|
|30||Pittsburgh Wylie Avenue||Pittsburgh||Feb 6, 1890||—||1911 Wylie Ave.||Open 1899–1982, now a mosque|
|31||Pottsville||Pottsville, Schuylkill County||Jan 28, 1916||$45,000||215 W. Market St.|
|32||Reading||Reading, Berks County||Apr 16, 1910||$111,180||100 S. 5th St.||Dedicated May 15, 1913|
|33||Ridley Park||Ridley Park, Delaware County||Jun 24, 1911||$10,000||107 E. Ward St.||Dedicated July 4, 1912|
|34||Swissvale Boro||Swissvale||Nov 17, 1914||$25,000||1800 Monongahela Ave.|
|1||Bucknell University||Lewisburg, Union County||Mar 10, 1904||$30,000||Now houses the history department|
|2||College of Physicians||Philadelphia||Mar 4, 1903||$100,000||19 S. 22nd St.
|3||Grove City College||Grove City, Mercer County||Apr 28, 1900||$32,000||Now the alumni center|
|4||Institute for Colored Youth||Cheyney||Jul 12, 1905||$10,000|
|5||Juniata College||Huntingdon, Huntingdon County||Mar 15, 1905||$28,000||Now an art museum|
|6||Lebanon Valley College||Annville||Feb 5, 1904||$20,000||Now the admissions office|
|7||Pennsylvania State College||State College||Jun 26, 1902||$150,000||Now the College of Communications|
|8||Perkiomen Seminary||Pennsburg||Apr 24, 1906
Jan 2, 1913
|9||Swarthmore College||Swarthmore||Feb 2, 1906||$50,000||Open 1907–1967, burned September 16, 1983|
- Patricia Lowry; http://old.post-gazette.com/ae/20030302carnegie2.asp
- At various times, Bobinski and Jones disagree on these numbers. In these cases, Jones' numbers have been used due to both a more recent publication date and a more detailed gazetteer of branch libraries, which are often where the discrepancies occur.
- Grants for multiple libraries (Pittsburgh) are listed only by their total amount, not broken down for each branch.
- Includes cost of central library, which is a part of the Carnegie Institute.
- Patricia Lowry; http://old.post-gazette.com/ae/20030302carnegie2.asp
- Margaret Henderson Floyd; "Architecture After Richardson"; 1994
- Miller, pp. 38–40
- Anderson, Florence (1963). Carnegie Corporation Library Program 1911–1961. New York: Carnegie Corporation. OCLC 1282382.
- Bobinski, George S. (1969). Carnegie Libraries: Their History and Impact on American Public Library Development. Chicago: American Library Association. ISBN 0-8389-0022-4.
- Jones, Theodore (1997). Carnegie Libraries Across America. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-14422-3.
- Miller, Durand R. (1943). Carnegie Grants for Library Buildings, 1890–1917. New York: Carnegie Corporation of New York. OCLC 2603611.
Note: The above references, while all authoritative, are not entirely mutually consistent. Some details of this list may have been drawn from one of the references without support from the others. Reader discretion is advised.