List of Carthusian monasteries

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This is a list of Carthusian monasteries, or charterhouses, containing both extant and dissolved monasteries of the Carthusian Order for monks and nuns, arranged by location under their present countries. Also listed are the "houses of refuge" used by the communities expelled from France in the early 20th century.

Since the establishment of the Carthusians in 1084 there have been more than 300 monastic foundations,[1] and this list aims to be complete. Dates of foundation and suppression are given where known. The 25 extant charterhouses, 19 for monks and 6 for nuns, are indicated by bold type.

La Grande Chartreuse, from which the Carthusian Order took its name, mother house of all charterhouses
Charterhouse at Jerez de la Frontera

Charterhouses[edit]

Argentina[edit]

Austria[edit]

Gaming Charterhouse, original building
Gaming Charterhouse

Belarus[edit]

Belgium[edit]

  • Antwerp:
    • St. Catherine's Charterhouse, Antwerp, also known as Kiel Charterhouse (Kartuize t’Kiel or Kartuize Sint-Katharina-op-de-Berg-Sinai) (1324–1543, when relocated in Lier)
    • St. Sophia's Charterhouse, Antwerp (Kartuize Sint-Sophia, Antwerpen) (1625–1783)
    • see also Sheen Anglorum
  • Bruges, see (1) Genadedal; and (2) Sheen Anglorum
  • Brussels Charterhouse (Kartuize Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe van Gratie), Brussels (1588–1783; transferred from Scheut)
  • Enghien, see Herne
  • Genadedal or Genadendal Charterhouse (Kartuize Genadedal or Genadendal), Sint Kruis (1383–1584); relocated in Bruges (1584–1783)
  • Ghent, see Koningsdal
  • Herne Charterhouse (Kartuize Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe-Kapelle), Herne (Flemish Brabant) near Enghien (Hainaut) (1314-1783)
  • Koningsdal Charterhouse (Kartuize Koningsdal or 's-Koningsdale; Chartreuse Val-Royal), Rooigem[2] (1328–1584); relocated in Ghent (1584–1783)
  • Kortrijk, see Koningsdal
  • Lier Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Katharina-op-de-Berg-Sinai), Lier (Antwerp) (1543–1783; transferred from Kiel, Antwerp)
  • Leuven or Louvain Charterhouse (Kartuize Maria-Magdalena-onder-het-Kruis op de Calvarieberg or Chartreuse Sainte-Marie-Madeleine-sous-la-Croix) (c. 1489/91-1783) (see also Sheen Anglorum)
  • Liège Charterhouse, also known as Mont Cornillon Charterhouse (Chartreuse des douze apôtres du Mont-Cornillon or Kartuize Twaalf Apostelen op de Mont Cornillon), Liège (1357-1796)
  • Malines, see Sheen Anglorum
  • Mont-Saint-André Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Andreasberg or Chartreuse Mont-Saint-André), Chercq near Tournai (c. 1376/77-1783)
  • Namur, see Sheen Anglorum
  • Nieuwpoort Charterhouse, also known as Sheen Anglorum (Kartuize Nieuwpoort) (1626–1783; in other towns in Belgium from 1559): see Sheen Anglorum
  • Scheut Charterhouse (Kartuize Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe van Gratie), Scheut near Anderlecht (1454–1588; relocated in Brussels)
  • Sheen Anglorum Charterhouse (Charterhouse of Jesus of Bethlehem): English Carthusians in exile, located successively in Bruges (Val-de-Grâce) (1559–69), Bruges (Sinte-Clarastraat) (1569–1578), Namur (1578), Louvain (1578-nk), Antwerp (nk-1591), Malines (1591–1626) and Nieuwpoort (1626–1783)
  • Sint-Martens-Bosch Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Martens-Bosch), Sint-Martens-Lierde, Geraardsbergen (1329-1783)
  • Tournai, the order's printing press: moved to Parkminster 1913-54
  • Zelem Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Jansberg or Sint-Jansdal), Zelem, Diest (1328-1796)
  • Zepperen Castle, Sint-Truiden (1901–1905; house of refuge for exiled French community from Glandier)

Brazil[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

  • Brno Charterhouse, Královo Pole Charterhouse, or Königsfeld Charterhouse (Holy Trinity), Brno (1370-1782)
  • Dolany Charterhouse (Our Lady of the Valley of Jehosaphat), Dolany near Olomouc (1389–1437; moved here from Litomyšl; moved to Olomouc in 1437, when the monastery was ruined by Hussites)
  • Litomyšl Charterhouse (Kartause Mariae Dornbusch [Our Lady of the Thornbush]), Tržek near Litomyšl (Leutmeritz) in Okres Svitavy (1378–1390; moved to Dolany)
  • Mariengarten, see Prague
  • Olomouc or Olmütz Charterhouse (Our Lady of the Valley of Jehosaphat), Olomouc (1437-1782; settled by the displaced community from Dolany)
  • Poděbrady or Podiebrad Charterhouse, at Poděbrady near Prague (1360–1369)
  • Prague Charterhouse (Kartause Mariengarten), Smichow, Prague (1342–1419)
  • Štípa Charterhouse, near Fryšták, Zlín (Moravia) (1617–20; destroyed by Protestants during Thirty Years' War; refounded at Walditz)
  • Tržek, see Litomyšl
  • Valdice, Walditz or Karthaus-Walditz Charterhouse (Kartause Marienfeld, later Mariae Himmelfahrt), Valdice near Jičín (Bohemia) (1627–1782; settled by the displaced community from Štípa)

Denmark[edit]

  • Asserbo Charterhouse, to the north of Roskilde (1162 or 1163-c. 1169; site abandoned)
  • Elvedgaard Charterhouse, Søndersø, island of Fyn (proposed 1475; not proceeded with because of insufficient endowment, and founded instead as a hospital of the Order of the Holy Ghost)
  • Glenstrup Charterhouse, Glenstrup, Mariagerfjord (Benedictine monks; Carthusian foundation here proposed c. 1428-30, but formally abandoned for lack of funds in 1446. The project was for a time under the management of the Bishop of Aarhus, and the proposed charterhouse here was also sometimes referred to as Aarhus Charterhouse).

France[edit]

Bosserville Charterhouse
La Verne Charterhouse
La Verne Charterhouse, ruins of a monk's house
Champmol Charterhouse, church portal
Le Glandier Charterhouse in Beyssac, about 1840
  • Abbeville Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Honoré d'Abbeville), Abbeville (Somme) (1300-1791)
  • Aillon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame d'Aillon) in Aillon-le-Jeune, Le Châtelard, (Savoie) (1178-1793)[5]
  • Aix Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Marthe d'Aix) in Aix-en-Provence (Bouches-du-Rhône) (1623–1791)
  • Apponay Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame d’Apponay), Rémilly (Nièvre)(1185-1790)
  • Arvières Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame d'Arvières), Lochieu (Ain) (1132-1791)
  • Auray Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Michel-du-Champ d'Auray), Auray, Brech, (Morbihan) (1480-1791; built as a men's collegiate foundation soon after 1364; bought in 1810 by two priests for a school for deaf mutes)
  • Basseville Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Val-Saint-Jean, Basseville) in Pousseaux (Nièvre) (1328-1791)
  • Bellary Charterhouse (Chartreuse de l'Annonciation de la Sainte-Vierge), Châteauneuf-Val-de-Bargis, Donzy (Nièvre) (1209-1791)
  • Bellevue Charterhouse, Beauvoir Charterhouse or Belvezer Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-de-Bellevue), Saix, Castres (Tarn) (1361–1567; 1647–1791)
  • Bonlieu Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Bonlieu), Bonlieu, Saint-Laurent-en-Grandvaux (Jura) (1171-1791)
  • Bonnefoy Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Bonnefoy) in Le Béage (Ardèche) (1156-1791)[6]
  • Bonpas Charterhouse[7] (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Bonpas or Bompas), Caumont-sur-Durance (Vaucluse) (1318-1792; previously a house of the Knights Hospitallers from 1281)
  • Bordeaux Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Miséricorde), Bordeaux (Gironde) (1383–1460; 1605–1790)
  • Bosserville Charterhouse (Chartreuse de l'Immaculée Conception, Bosserville), Art-sur-Meurthe (Meurthe-et-Moselle) (1666–1792; noviciate house 1835-1901; exiled to Saxon 1901 and moved to Pleterje in 1903)
  • Bourbon-lès-Gaillon Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Bourbon-lès-Gaillon, Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Bonne-Espérance), Aubevoye near Gaillon (Eure) (1572–1791)[8][9]
  • Bourgfontaine Charterhouse (Chartreuse Fontaine-Notre-Dame de Bourgfontaine), Pisseleux, Villers-Cotterêts (Aisne) (1325-1792)
  • La Boutillerie Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-des-Sept-Douleurs), Fleurbaix (Pas-de-Calais) (1618–1792)
  • Bouvante Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Val-Sainte-Marie), Bouvante (Drôme) (1144-1791)
  • Bugey, see Saint-Sulpice
  • Cahors Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-du-Temple de Cahors), Cahors (Lot) (1328-1791)
  • Carcassonne, see La Loubatiere
  • Chalais Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Chalais), Voreppe (Isère) (Benedictines 1170-1303, Carthusians 1308-1791, Dominicans 1844-1901, Dominican Sisters from 1961)
  • Champmol Charterhouse (Chartreuse de la Sainte-Trinité de Champmol), Dijon (Côte-d'Or) (1383-1791)
  • La Correrie, see La Grande Chartreuse
  • Currières Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Currières), Saint-Pierre-de-Chartreuse (Isère) (1296-1791; acted as the infirmary for the nearby Grande Chartreuse)
  • Douai Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saints-Joseph-et-Morand), Douai (Nord) (1654–1791)
  • Durbon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre Dame de Durbon), Saint-Julien-en-Beauchêne (Hautes-Alpes) (monks 1116-1791; nuns, originally from Bertaud, occupied the dependencies 1446-1601)
  • Les Écouges Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-des-Surveillants des Écouges), Saint-Gervais, Vinay (Isère) (1116-1422)
  • Fontenay Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Fontenay), Beaune (Côte-d'Or) (1328-1791)
  • Fourvoirie in Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, the order's distillery of chartreuse: built 1860; moved to Tarragona 1903, returned 1933; destroyed by a landslide in 1935, and re-established at Voiron, where it remains)
  • Le Glandier Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Glandier), Beyssac (Corrèze) (1219-1791; 1869–1901)
  • Gosnay, see Val Saint-Esprit
  • Isles Charterhouse (Chartreuse d'Isles), near Troyes (possibly Isle Aumont) (1325–1428; moved to Troyes (La Prée))
  • Koenigshoffen Charterhouse (Chartreuse Mont-Sainte-Marie de Koenigshoffen), Koenigshoffen near Strasbourg (Bas-Rhin) (1355–1591; destroyed by Protestants; the community settled at Molsheim)
  • Largentière Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre Dame de la Pré or de la Prée), Troyes (Aube) (1325–1428 in Troyes (Isles or Isle Aumont), 1428-1620 in Troyes (La Prée), 1620-1792 in Troyes (Largentière))
  • Le Liget Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame et Saint-Jean-Baptiste du Liget), Chemillé-sur-Indrois (Indre-et-Loire) (1178-1791)
  • La Loubatière Charterhouse (Chartreuse de la Loubatière, Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Beaulieu), Lacombe (Aude)(1320–1427)
  • Lugny Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Lugny), Leuglay (Côte-d’Or) (1170-1791)
  • Lyon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-du-Lys-du-Saint-Esprit de Lyon), Lyon (Rhône) (1584–1791; between 1810 and 1901 the buildings accommodated the diocesan missionary society, known as the Société des Chartreux de Lyon)
  • Macourt, see Valenciennes
  • Maillard Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Maillard), Amillis (Seine-et-Marne) (1504–1509)
  • Marienfloss Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Marienfloss), Marienfloss near Sierck (Moselle) (1415–1431)
  • Marly, see Valenciennes
  • Marseille Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Marie-Madeleine de Marseille), Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône) (1633–1791)
  • Meyriat Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Meyriat), Vieu-d'Izenave (Ain) (1116-1792)
  • Molsheim Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Molsheim), Molsheim (Bas-Rhin) (1600–1792; settled by the displaced community of Koenigshoffen)
  • Mont-Dieu Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Mont-Dieu), Le Mont-Dieu, Raucourt (Ardennes) (1134-1791)
  • Montmerle Charterhouse (Chartreuse Montmerle, Chartreuse Notre-Dame-du-Val-Saint-Étienne), formerly Montmerle Priory, Lescheroux (Ain) (Benedictines from 1070; Carthusians 1210-1792)
  • Montreuil Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-des-Prés) Neuville-sous-Montreuil, Montreuil-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais) (1323-1791; 1870–1901, when exiled to Parkminster; buildings now occupied by the Famille monastique de Bethléem)[10]
  • Montrieux Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Montrieux), Méounes-lès-Montrieux (Var) (extant) (1117-1790, 1861–1901, and 1929- )[11]
  • Mortemart Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Mortemart), Mortemart, Mézières-sur-Issoire (Haute-Vienne) (1335–1413; thereafter Augustinians)
  • Mougères Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame-de-Pitié de Mougères), Caux (Hérault) (1825–1901, 1936–1977; thereafter Dominicans)
  • Moulins Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Joseph de Moulins) in Moulins (Allier) (1623–1790)
  • Nancy Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Anne de Nancy), Laxou, Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) (1632–1666; transferred to Bosserville)
  • Nantes Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saints-Donatien-et-Rogatien de Nantes) in Nantes (Loire-Atlantique) (1446-1791)
  • Noyon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Mont-Saint-Louis, Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Mont-Renaud), Passel, Noyon (Oise) (1308-1791)
  • Oiron Charterhouse otherwise Oyron Charterhouse (Chartreuse d'Oyron or d'Oiron), Oiron (Deux-Sèvres) (1396–1446)
  • Orléans Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Lazare), Orléans (Loiret) (1622–1790)
  • Le Parc Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Parc en Charnie or Chartreuse Sainte-Marie d'Orques), Saint-Denis-d'Orques (Sarthe) (1236-1791)
  • Paris, see Vauvert
  • Parisot, Hermits of St. Bruno (Ermites de Saint-Bruno), Parisot, Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne) (founded 1975; extant)
  • Passel, see Noyon
  • Petit Quevilly, Rouen (Seine-Maritime):
    • Chartreuse Notre Dame de la Rose (1384–1682; transferred to St. Julien)
    • Chartreuse Saint Julien (1667–1791; leper hospital from before 1183; Benedictine monks from 1600; Carthusians from 1667)
  • Pierre-Châtel Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Pierre-Châtel), Virignin (Ain) (1384-1791)
  • Le Pin, see La Sylve-Bénite
  • Pomier Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Pomier), Pomier, Présilly (Haute-Savoie) (1170-1793)[12]
  • Port-Sainte-Marie Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Port-Sainte-Marie), Chapdes-Beaufort, Pontgibaud (Puy-de-Dôme) (1219-1792)
  • Portes Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Portes), Bénonces (Ain) (extant; 1115-1791; 1855-1901 (exiled to Saxon); 1971-today)
  • La Prée (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de la Prée), Troyes (1325–1428 in Isles, 1428-1620 in Troyes (La Prée), 1620-1792 in Troyes (Largentière))
  • Le Puy Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Charensac), Brives-Charensac, Le Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire) (1628–1791)
  • Le Reposoir Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Reposoir), Le Reposoir (Haute-Savoie) (1151-1793, 1846–1855, 1860–1901; exiled to Loèche; Carmelites since 1932)
  • Rettel Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Sixte de Rettel), Rettel, Sierck (Moselle) (1431-1792)
  • Ripaille Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saints-Maurice-et-Lazare et Annonciade de Ripaille), Thonon-les-Bains (Haute-Savoie) (1624–1793)
  • Rodez Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame d’Aveyron), Rodez, Aveyron (1511–1791)
  • Romans Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Romans), Romans (Drôme) (1791–1813; the monks of Val-Sainte-Marie, Bouvantes, took refuge here during the Revolution)
  • Saint-Sulpice Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Sulpice en Bugey), Thézillieu (Ain) (1120–1130; opted to become Cistercian, and settled from Pontigny)
  • Sainte-Croix-en-Jarez Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Croix-en-Jarez), Sainte-Croix-en-Jarez (Loire) (1280-1792)
  • Seillon Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Seillon), Péronnas (Ain) (Carthusians to 1169; Franciscans 1178-1792)
  • Sélignac Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Sélignac or Chartreuse du Val-Saint-Martin de Sélignac), Simandre-sur-Suran (Ain) (1202-1792 and 1929–2001; continues to operate as a lay house, Maison St Bruno, within the Order[13])
  • La Sylve-Bénite Charterhouse (Chartreuse de la Sylve-Bénite), Le Pin, Virieu (Isère) (1116-1792)
  • Toulouse Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Toulouse), Toulouse (Haute-Garonne) (1569–1791; today a parish church)
  • Troyes, see Isles, La Prée and Largentière
  • Val Saint-Esprit Charterhouse (Chartreuse Val Saint Esprit), Gosnay, Béthune (Pas-de-Calais) (1329-1791) (double monastery with Mont Sainte-Marie in Gosnay)
  • Val Saint-Georges Charterhouse (Chartreuse Val Saint-Georges), Pouques-Lormes (Nièvre) (1234-1792)
  • Val Saint-Hugon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Val Saint-Hugon), Arvillard, La Rochette (Savoie) (1172-1793; today a Buddhist centre)
  • Val Saint-Pierre Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Val Saint-Pierre), Braye-en-Thiérache (Aisne) (1140-1791)
  • Val Sainte-Aldegonde Charterhouse (Chartreuse Val Sainte-Aldegonde), Longuenesse (Pas-de-Calais) (1298-1791)
  • Chartreuse du Val-de-Bénédiction in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (Gard) (1356-1792)
  • Val-Dieu Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Val-Dieu), Feings (Orne) (1170-1791)
  • Valbonne Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Valbonne) in Saint-Paulet-de-Caisson (Gard) (1203-1792; Protestant 1836-1901)
  • Valenciennes Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Valenciennes), Valenciennes (Nord) (1288 in Val St. Paul; moved to Valenciennes 1293; moved to Macourt-lez-Marly xxxx - 1794)
  • Vallon Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Vallon), Bellevaux (Haute-Savoie) (1138-1628; moved to Ripaille)
  • Valprofonde Charterhouse (Chartreuse Valprofonde), Béon (Yonne) (1301-1791)
  • Vauclaire Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Vauclaire), Montignac, Montpon-Ménestérol (Dordogne) (1328-1790, 1858–1901)
  • Vaucluse Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Vaucluse), Onoz (Jura) (1125 or 1139 -1791)
  • Chartreuse de Vauvert in Paris (founded 1257 in Gentilly; moved 1258 to the site of the abandoned Château de Vauvert, adjacent to the site of the present Jardin du Luxembourg; dissolved 1792)[14]
  • La Verne Charterhouse (Chartreuse de la Verne), Collobrières (Var) (1170-1791; from 1983 Congregation of Bethlehem)
  • Villefranche Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saint-Sauveur de Villefranche), Villefranche-de-Rouergue (Aveyron) (1450-1791)
  • Voiron (distillery), see Fourvoirie

Germany[edit]

Former Carthusian church in Cologne, now St. Barbara's Church

Hungary[edit]

  • Ercsi Charterhouse, at Ercsi, island of Csepel (1238–1253; formerly a Benedictine abbey, founded end of 12th century; buildings given to Cistercians 1253)
  • Lővőld Charterhouse (St. Michael's Valley), at Varoslőd, near Lake Balaton (1347–1552)
  • Tárkány or Felsőtárkány Charterhouse, at Tárkány near Eger (1330–1543)

Ireland[edit]

  • Kinalehin Charterhouse (House of God), near Abbey, in the parish of Duniry (Co. Galway), diocese of Clonfert [1249 x 1256] - 1341; house surrendered to the bishop of Clonfert; and granted in 1371 to the Friars Minor or Franciscans)

[16]

Italy[edit]

Farneta Charterhouse
Montebenedetto Charterhouse
Pavia Charterhouse
  • Albenga Charterhouse or Toirano Charterhouse (Certosa di San Pietro dei Monti di Toirano or Certosa di Monte San Pietro), Albenga (Savona) (1315-1799; previously a Benedictine monastery, San Pietro dei Monti, united in 1315 to Casotto Charterhouse; became autonomous c.1320; transferred to buildings further down the same valley in 1495)
  • Allerengelberg, see Schnals
  • Asti Charterhouse (Certosa d'Asti), Asti (1387-1801; previously a Vallombrosan monastery)
  • Avigliana Charterhouse (Certosa della Santa Trinità di Avigliana), Avigliana (1598–1630; originally a house of the Humiliati; given to the Carthusians of Banda in 1595, whose community moved here in 1598; requisitioned and destroyed for military purposes in 1630, and the community transferred temporarily to Montebenedetto; given Collegno Charterhouse as a replacement for Avigliana in 1642)
  • Banda Charterhouse (Certosa di Banda), Villar Focchiardo (Val di Susa (Piedmont) (1498–1598; settled by the displaced community from Montebenedetto Charterhouse; moved to Avigliana)
  • Belriguardo Charterhouse (Certosa della Purificazione di Marìa), Siena (1345–1636)
  • Bologna Charterhouse (Certosa di San Girolamo di Bologna), Bologna (1334-1804)
  • Calci, see Pisa
  • Capri Charterhouse (Certosa di San Giacomo), Capri (1370-1808)
  • Casotto Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Marìa di Casotto), Garessio (Asti) (1170 or 1183-1802)[17]
  • Catania Charterhouse (Certosa Dominae Nostrae Novae Lucis), Catania, Sicily (1360–1381)
  • Cervara Abbey or La Cervara (Abbazia della Cervara, Abbazia di San Girolamo al Monte di Portofino), Santa Margherita Ligure (1901–1936; a former Benedictine abbey converted to a college of the Somaschi Fathers, the Collegio di San Girolamo, used as a house of refuge for the exiled French communities from Montrieux and Mougères)
  • Chiaramonte Charterhouse (Certosa di Chiaramonte, Certosa del Valle di San Nicolò), Chiaramonte (1392-1808)
  • Collegno Charterhouse (Certosa dell'Annunciazione di Collegno), Collegno, Turin (1642–1855; settled by the displaced community of Avigliana from temporary accommodation at Montebenedetto; after 1855, the community remained together at La Safforona, until dispersed in 1863)
  • Farneta Charterhouse (Certosa di Farneta), Lucca (extant since 1338)
  • Ferrara Charterhouse (Certosa San Cristoforo), Ferrara (1452-1801)
  • Florence Charterhouse (Certosa di Firenze or Certosa San Lorenzo del Galluzzo), Galluzzo near Florence (founded 1345, dissolved as a charterhouse in the 1960s; from 1960s onwards occupied by Cistercian monks)
  • Galluzzo, see Florence
  • Garegnano Charterhouse (Certosa di Garegnano), Milan (1349-1779)
  • Genoa Charterhouse (Certosa di San Bartolommeo di Genova), Rivarolo Ligure, Genoa (1297-1798)
  • Gorgona Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Marìa e San Gorgonio di Gorgona), island of Gorgona (Livorno) (1373–1425; abandoned in 1425, and community united with that of Pisa; sold in 1776)
  • Guglionesi Charterhouse (Certosa di San Giovanni Battista i della Porta del Paradiso di Guglionesi, or Charterhouse of St. John the Baptist and the Gate of Paradise), Guglionesi near Termoli (Campobasso) (1338–1420; united to Naples)
  • Losa Charterhouse (Certosa della Losa), Losa in Gravere, Susa Valley, Piedmont (1189–1197; community moved to Montebenedetto Charterhouse)
  • Maggiano Charterhouse (Certosa di Maggiano), Siena (1314-1785)
  • Mantua Charterhouse (Certosa della Santa Trinità di Mantua), Mantua (1408-1782)
  • Milan, see Garegnano
  • Monbracco Charterhouse (Certosa di Monbracco) (1282–1303, established as a men's house under the short-lived women's charterhouse at Belmonte di Busca; 1325-1642 as an independent monastery; ruined by war and plague; its assets were given to Collegno)
  • Monte Oliveto, Pinerolo (Turin) (1903–1904; Olivetan monastery; house of refuge for the exiled French community of La Grande Chartreuse, previously at Rosière; moved on to Farneta)
  • Monte San Pietro, see Albenga
  • Montello Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Marìa i San Girolamo di Montello), Montebelluna (Treviso) (1349-1810)
  • Montebenedetto Charterhouse (Certosa di Montebenedetto), Villar Focchiardo, Susa Valley, Piedmont (1197-1498, settled by the displaced community from Losa, and moved to Banda Charterhouse; 1630–1642, settled by the displaced community from Avigliana until the completion of the new monastery at Collegno)
  • Naples Charterhouse (Certosa di San Martino), in the Castel Sant'Elmo in Naples (1325-1800; 1836–1921)
  • Padua Charterhouse (Certosa dei Santi Girolamo i Bernardo di Padua), Padua 1448-1534; moved to Vigodarzere (1534–1768)
  • Padula Charterhouse (Certosa di San Lorenzo di Padula), Marsico Nuovo (Salerno) (1306-1807; 1819–1866)
  • Paradigna, see Parma
  • Parma Charterhouse (Certosa di Parma, Certosa di Paradigna or Certosa di Marìa della Schola Dei),[18] Parma (1285-1769)[19]
  • Pavia Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Marìa delle Grazie di Pavia), Pavia (1396-1782; 1843–1881; 1931–1947)
  • Pesio Charterhouse (Certosa di Pesio), Pesio, Piedmont (1173-1802)
  • Pinerolo Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Brigitta di Pinerolo), Pinerolo (Turin) (1418–19; project abandoned on death of the founder)
  • Pisa Charterhouse or Calci Charterhouse (Certosa di Pisa, also Certosa di Calci), Val Graziosa, Pisa (1367-1808, 1814–1969)
  • Pontignano Charterhouse (Certosa di Pontignano or Certosa di San Pietro), Pontignano near Siena (1343-1785)
  • Rivarolo, see Genoa
  • Rome:
    • Certosa dell Santa Croce di Gerusalemme or Santa Croce in Urbe (1363–1561; moved to Santa Marìa dei Angeli)
    • Certosa di Santa Marìa dei Angeli (1561-1884)[20]
  • La Safforona, see Collegno
  • Savona Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa Marìa di Loreto di Savona), Savona (1492-1801)
  • Schnals Charterhouse (Kartause Allerengelberg), Schnals in South Tyrol (1325-1782)
  • Serra San Bruno Charterhouse (Certosa Serra San Bruno), formerly San Stefano del Bosco, Serra San Bruno (Catanzaro) (1090–1197; 1197-1514, Cistercians; 1514–1808 ; resettled in 1856, still extant)
  • Toirano, see Albenga
  • Trisulti Charterhouse (Certosa di Trisulti), Collepardo near Frosinone (1204-1946)
  • Turin, see Collegno
  • Val Graziosa, see Pisa
  • Vedana Charterhouse (Certosa di San Marco di Vedana), Mas di Sedico, later Sedico itself (Belluno) (1456-1768, community of Carthusian monks, established in a former hospice and suppressed in 1768 by the Republic of Venice; re-established as a community of monks 1882-1977; 1977–1994, nuns from San Francesco; 1998-, nuns from Riva: see below under women's foundations)
  • Venice Charterhouse (Certosa di San Andrea del Lido di Venezia), Venice (1422-1810)
  • Vigodarzere, see Padua

Netherlands[edit]

  • Amsterdam Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Andries-ter-Zaliger-Haven), Amsterdam (c. 1392/93-1579)
  • Cadzand Charterhouse (Kartuize Cadzand), island of Cadzand, Oostburg: charterhouse proposed by charter of King Edward III of England in 1364, but not proceeded with
  • Delft Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Bartolomaeusdal in Jerusalem), Delft (1470–1572)
  • Hertogenbosch Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Sophie te Constantinopel), Vught near Hertogenbosch (1466–1640)
  • Holland Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Joseph van Holland), Tubbergen, Overijssel (1951–61)
  • Kampen Charterhouse or Sonnenberg Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Maarten op de Sonnenberg), Oosterholt in IJsselmuiden, Kampen (1485–1581)
  • Monnikhuisen Charterhouse (Kartuize Beatae Mariae), Arnhem (c. 1335/42-c. 1585)
  • Noordgouwe Charterhouse or Mount Zion Charterhouse (Kartuize Sionsberg) near Schouwen-Duiveland on the Zierikzee (1433/34-1578)
  • Raamsdonk Charterhouse (Het Hollandse Huis), Raamsdonk near Geertruidenberg (1336–1573)
  • Roermond Charterhouse (Kartuize Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe van Bethlehem or Bethlehem Mariae), Roermond (1376-1783)
  • Utrecht Charterhouse (Kartuize Nieuwlicht or Nova Lux; also Kartuize Sint Salvator), in Bloemendaal, Utrecht (1391–1583)

Poland[edit]

Portugal[edit]

  • Cartuxa Santa María de Scala Coeli (Escada do Céu) in Évora (extant since 1587)
  • Lisbon Charterhouse or Laveiras Charterhouse (Cartuxa Santa María de Valle Misericordiae), Laveiras, Lisbon (1594–1833; moved from Lisbon to Laveiras in 1598)

Romania[edit]

  • Oradea Charterhouse (St. Stephen's Charterhouse), at Oradea (also known as Grosswardein and Nagyvárad) (1494–1498; formerly a Premonstratensian canonry; royal foundation suppressed by the local bishop for the sake of its assets)

Slovakia[edit]

  • Lechnica Charterhouse, also Kláštor Červený ("Red Monastery"[24]), at Lechnica (Carthusians 1320-1563; Camaldolese 1711-1782)
  • Letanovce Charterhouse (also known as Kláštorisko or Lapis Refugii) at Letanovce, otherwise Lethenkow (1299–1543)[25]

Slovenia[edit]

South Korea[edit]

  • Kartusio Sudowon, Sangju (extant since 2004)

Spain[edit]

Ruins of the Scala Dei Charterhouse, La Morera del Montsant
Miraflores Charterhouse, Burgos
Valldemossa Charterhouse, Majorca
  • Aniago Charterhouse (Cartuja de Aniago), Aniago, Villanueva de Douro, Valladolid (Castile) (1442-1808; 1815–1835)
  • Charterhouse of the Annunciation (Cartuja de la Annonciade), at Micer Bas near Valencia (1442–45; unsuccessful foundation from Porta Coeli)
  • Ara Christi Charterhouse (Cartuja de Ara Christi), Puzol, Sagunto near Valencia (1585–1808; 1815–1835)
  • Ara Coeli Charterhouse (Cartuja de Ara Coeli), Lerida (1588–1596)
  • Aula Dei Charterhouse (Cartuja de Aula Dei), Saragossa (extant since 1564: 1564-1808, 1815–1835; 1901- ; re-purchased in 1901 for the exiled French communities of Valbonne and Vauclaire, who arrived in that year in Cardeña and occupied Aula Dei in 1902)
  • Baja Charterhouse, also known as Baxa Charterhouse (Cartuja de Baja or Baxa) near Saragossa (1651–1835)
  • La Cartuja, see Santa María de las Cuevas
  • Cazalla Charterhouse (Cartuja de Cazalla (de la Sierra)), founded from Santa María de las Cuevas (1477–1834)
  • Las Fuentes Charterhouse (Cartuja de Las Fuentes), Monegros near Lanaja, Cariñena (Huesca) (1507–1558; 1589–1808; 1814–1835)
  • Granada Charterhouse (Cartuja de Granada), Granada (1516-1835)
  • Jerez Charterhouse (Cartuja Jerez de la Frontera or Cartuja Santa María de la Defensión), Jerez de la Frontera (1463-1835; 1948–2001)
  • Maresme Charterhouse (Cartuja de San Pablo del Mar de Maresme), Maresme, Arenys de Mar (Barcelona) (1269–1433; a Benedictine priory of Lérins Abbey founded no later than the 10th century; fell into ruin and bought by the Carthusians in 1265; settled from Scala Dei 1269; community moved to Montalegre with the former community of Vallparaíso, into which it was merged)
  • Miraflores Charterhouse (Cartuja de Miraflores), Burgos (extant since 1441)[27]
  • Montalegre Charterhouse (Cartoixa Santa-Maria de Montalegre), Tiana near Barcelona (extant; canonesses regular to 1362, charterhouse 1415-1808, 1814–1820, 1823–1835, (1867-) 1901-1939, 1944-)
  • El Paular Charterhouse (Cartuja de Santa Maria de El Paular), Rascafría near Madrid (1390-1835; part of the premises have been occupied by Benedictine monks since 1954; the remainder is a hotel)
  • Porta Coeli Charterhouse (Cartuja de Porta Coeli) near Valencia (extant since 1272)
  • Santa María de las Cuevas Charterhouse (Cartuja de Santa María de las Cuevas), on the island of La Cartuja on the Guadalquivir near Seville ( 1398-1810, established in a former Franciscan friary; 1816–1820; 1823–1835)
  • Scala Dei Charterhouse (Cartoixa Scala Dei or Escaladei), La Morera de Montsant (1285-1769)
  • Tarragona Distillery, Tarragona (1903–1933; distillery of chartreuse established here in 1883; exiled French distiller monks from Fourvoirie moved here in 1903 and began production in 1904; returned to Fourvoirie in 1933; but a small community of 3-4 continued distillation at Tarragona until 1989)
  • Vall de Cristo Charterhouse (Cartuja Vall de Cristo) (1385-1835)
  • Valldemossa Charterhouse (Cartuja Valldemossa), Valldemossa (Majorca) (1339-1835)
  • Vallparadís or Vaparaíso Charterhouse (Cartoixa de Vallparadís), Terrassa near Barcelona (1345–1415)
  • Via Coeli Charterhouse (Cartuja de Santa María Via Coeli), Orihuela (Alicante) (1640–1681) (unable to find suitable premises, and foundation eventually abandoned)

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

  • Basle, see St. Margaretenthal
  • Berne, see Thorberg
  • Géronde Charterhouse, Sierre (from before 1233 to 1331, Augustinian Canons; 1331-c. 1355/60, Carthusians; 1425–1644, Carmelites; 1651–60, Jesuits; 1803–05 and 1831–34, Trappists; Dominicans 1870-73)
  • Ittingen Charterhouse in Warth (Thurgau) (from before 1152 to 1461, Augustinian Canons; 1461-1848, Carthusians)
  • La Lance Charterhouse (Chartreuse du Saint-Lieu de la Lance), Concise (Vaud)[28] (1317/20-1538)
  • Loèche, château, Agarn (Valais) (1901–1903; house of refuge for exiled French community from Le Reposoir)
  • Oujon Charterhouse near Arzier (Vaud) (1146/49-1537)
  • La Part-Dieu Charterhouse in Vaudens, Gruyères (Fribourg) (1307-1848)
  • Rosière, château, Grolley (Fribourg) (1902–1904; house of refuge for exiled French community from Grande Chartreuse)
  • St. Margarethental Charterhouse in Basle (1401-1529/36)
  • Saxon, casino and hotel, Saxon (Valais) (1901–1903; house of refuge for exiled French communities from Bosserville, Portes and Sélignac)
  • Thorberg Charterhouse, now Schloss Thorberg, in Krauchthal (Berne) (1397–1528)
  • Val de la Paix Charterhouse (Villa pacis) in Chandrossel (1327-after 1333)
  • La Valsainte Charterhouse near Cerniat (Fribourg) (Carthusians 1294/95-1778; Trappists 1791-98, 1802–12 and 1814–15; Redemptorists 1818-26; recovered by Carthusians 1863, still extant)

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Mount Grace Priory

Scotland[edit]

USA[edit]

Charterhouses for women[edit]

Belgium[edit]

  • Burdinne, château, Huy (Liège) (1906–1928) (house of refuge for exiled French community from Le Gard; moved on to Nonenque)
  • St. Anne's Charterhouse (Kartuize Sint-Anna ter Woestijne or Chartreuse Sainte-Anne-au-Désert; "St. Anne's Charterhouse in the Desert") in Sint-Andries, later Bruges (1348-1783; in Bruges from 1580)

France[edit]

  • La Bastide-Saint-Pierre Charterhouse (Chartreuse Saints-Coeurs-de-Jésus-et-Marie), Labastide-Saint-Pierre (Tarn-et-Garonne) (1854–1903; exiled to Riva, later moved to Pinerolo)
  • Beauregard Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Croix de Beauregard), Coublevie (Isère) (1821/22-1978; founded by survivors of the pre-revolutionary community of Prémol; moved 1978 to Reillanne)
  • Bertaud Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Bertaud or Notre-Dame d'Aurouse), Rabou (Hautes-Alpes) (1188–1446, then moved to Durbon)
  • La Celle-Roubaud Charterhouse, also known as Sainte-Roseline Charterhouse (Chartreuse Sainte-Roseline de la Celle-Roubaud), Les Arcs (Var) (previously Benedictine nuns; 1260-1499 Carthusian nuns; from 1504, Franciscans)
  • Durbon Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre Dame de Durbon), Saint-Julien-en-Beauchêne (Hautes-Alpes) (monks 1116-1791; nuns, originally from Bertaud, occupied the dependencies 1446-1601)
  • Eymeu Charterhouse (Chartreuse Eymeu Bonlieu) in Romans-sur-Isère (Isère) (1300–1309; thereafter Benedictines)
  • Le Gard Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Gard), Belloy-sur-Somme (Somme) (Cistercians 1137-1792; Carthusian nuns 1871-1906; exiled to Burdinne, resettled at Nonenque 1928)
  • Gigondas, see Prébayon and Saint-André
  • Mélan Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Mélan), Taninges (Haute-Savoie) (1283-1793; women's collegiate foundation 1803-1906)
  • Mont Sainte-Marie Charterhouse (Chartreuse Mont Sainte-Marie de Gosnay), Gosnay, Béthune (Pas-de-Calais) (1329-1792) (double monastery with Val Saint-Esprit in Gosnay)
  • Nonenque Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame du Précieux Sang de Nonenque), Marnhagues-et-Latour (Aveyron) (extant; Cistercians 1139-1791; 1927 onwards, Carthusian nuns of the community at Burdinne formerly exiled from Le Gard)
  • Parménie Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Parménie, Chartreuse du Val-Croissant au Mont de Sainte-Marie), Beaucroissant (Isère) (1257–1391, then transferred to Les Écouges)
  • Poleteins Charterhouse (cell) (Chartreuse de la Bienheureuse Marie de Poleteins) in Mionnay (Ain) (c. 1245-1605, when the sole remaining nun was transferred to Salettes and the endowment to Lyon)
  • Prébayon Charterhouse, later Saint-André-de-Ramières Charterhouse (Chartreuse de Prébayon, later known as Chartreuse Saint-André-de-Ramières), Gigondas, Beaumes-de-Venise (Vaucluse) (founded c. 611 as a nunnery under the Rule of Caesarius of Arles; moved site c. 962 to Saint-André-de-Ramières but retained the name of Prébayon until c. 1227; became Carthusian c. 1155; expelled from the Order in 1336 but continued Carthusian practice as an independent house; suppressed in 1734)
  • Prémol Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Prémol), Vaulnaveys-le-Haut (Isère) (1234-1792; survivors of this community founded Beauregard in 1821)
  • Reillanne Charterhouse (Chartreuse Notre-Dame de Reillanne), Reillanne (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) (extant; founded 1978 as a new home for the community of Beauregard)[31]
  • Roubaud, see La Celle-Roubaud
  • Saint-André-de-Ramières, see Prébayon
  • Sainte-Rosaline, see La Celle-Roubaud
  • Salettes Charterhouse (Chartreuse de la Salle [or Cour] de Notre-Dame de Salettes), La Balme-les-Grottes, Crémieu (Isère) (1299-1792)

Italy[edit]

  • Belmonte di Busca Charterhouse (Certosa Belmonte di Busca), Busca near Cuneo (c.1274-c.1285)
  • Bricherasio Charterhouse (Certosa di Bricherasio), Bricherasio (c.1277-1303; apparently governed together with Buonluogo; became Cistercian in 1303)
  • Buonluogo Charterhouse (Certosa di Santa María di Buonluogo), Pinerolo (1223–1303; became Cistercian in 1303)
  • Dego Charterhouse (Certosa della Trinità), Dego (extant since 1994; settled by community from San Francesco)
  • Motta Grossa, see Riva
  • Riva Charterhouse (Certosa di Riva, formerly Certosa di Motta Grossa), castle of Motta Grossa, Riva di Pinerolo (Turin) (1903–1998; house of refuge for the exiled French community of La-Bastide-Saint-Pierre; became an autonomous charterhouse in 1936; name changed from Motta Grossa to Riva in 1971; community moved to Vedana in 1998)
  • San Francesco Charterhouse (Certosa di San Antonio di Padua), Giaveno (Turin) (1904–1994; former Franciscan convent; house of refuge for the exiled French community from Beauregard; autonomous charterhouse from 1912; moved to Dego 1994)
  • Vedana Charterhouse (Certosa de Vedana), Sospirolo (1456-1977 as monastery; when the monks left in 1977, nuns from San Francesco moved here, and after they moved to Dego in 1998, were replaced by nuns from Riva; extant)

South Korea[edit]

  • Charterhouse of the Annunciation, near Sangju (planned, as at 2008)

Spain[edit]

  • Cartuja Santa María de Benifasar, Puebla de Benifasar near Vinaroz (Castellón) (extant since 1967)
  • Murviedro Charterhouse (Cartuja del Espíritu Santo di Murviedro) Murviedro (now Sagunto) (Valencia) (c.1389-c.1610)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Analecta Cartusiana website: see below
  2. ^ originally intended to be founded in Kortrijk
  3. ^ Musée de la Grande Chartreuse website
  4. ^ La Correrie, the former lower monastery, is now the Museum of the Grande Chartreuse [1]
  5. ^ Aillons-Margériaz website: Aillon Charterhouse)
  6. ^ Bonnefoy Charterhouse special interest website
  7. ^ also known as Bompas Charterhouse
  8. ^ construction started in 1562
  9. ^ Bourbon Charterhouse
  10. ^ Balades en Pays d'Opale website: Chartreuse Notre-Dame des Prés (French)
  11. ^ Montrieux Charterhouse official website
  12. ^ Chartreuse de Pomier website
  13. ^ Maison St Bruno, Sélignac: website
  14. ^ Minimal.Explorographies.com: history of the Chartreuse de Vauvert (French)
  15. ^ now Fort Grossfürst Konstantin
  16. ^ Kinaleghin: A Forgotten Irish Charterhouse of the Thirteenth Century Dom Andrew Gray The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Vol. 89, No. 1 (1959), pp. 35-58
  17. ^ later used as the castle of the Kings of Sardinia
  18. ^ sometimes given as Stola Dei
  19. ^ the eponym of Stendhal's novel "La Chartreuse de Parme"
  20. ^ the former Baths of Diocletian
  21. ^ also known as Karthaus Charterhouse and Marienparadies Charterhouse
  22. ^ named after the Carthusians, like the former German name, Karthaus
  23. ^ now Świdwin, Poland
  24. ^ because of the colour of its roof tiles
  25. ^ Lapis Refugii Charterhouse website
  26. ^ Pleterje Charterhouse website
  27. ^ Cartuja de Miraflores official website
  28. ^ La Lance Charterhouse official website
  29. ^ founded at Hatherop, Gloucestershire. 1222, moved to Hinton in 1227
  30. ^ St. Hugh's Charterhouse official website
  31. ^ Diocese of Digne, Riez and Sisteron website: Reillanne Charterhouse

References[edit]

  • Aniel, Jean-Pierre, 1983: Les maisons de Chartreux des origines à la chartreuse de Pavie. Arts et métiers graphiques: Paris, 1983
  • Nouvelle bibliographie cartusienne. Grande-Chartreuse, 2006.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]