List of Chagatai khans

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The Chagatai Khans were the heads of the Chagatai ulus from Chagatai Khan's inheritance of the state in 1227 to their removal from power by the Dzungars and their vassals in 1687. The power of the Chagatai Khans varied; from its beginning, the khanate was one of the weakest of the Mongol states, and often its rulers were merely figureheads for ambitious conquerors (see Kaidu and Timur).

Note: The following list is incomplete and, at times, possibly slightly inaccurate. It also excludes several collateral lines that ruled over minor territories and were relatively unimportant.

Khans of Chagatai Khanate[edit]

Titular Name Personal Name Reign
Khan
خان
Chagatai Khan
چغتائی خان
1226–1242 CE
Khan
خان
Qara Hülëgü
قارا ہلاکو
1242–1246 CE 1st Reign
Khan
خان
Yesü Möngke
یہسو مونکو
1246–1252 CE
Khan
خان
Qara Hülëgü
قارا ہلاکو
1252 CE 2nd Reign
Khan
خان
Mubarak Shah
مبارک شاہ
His mother Orqina Khatun was regent during this time
1252–1260 CE 1st Reign
Khan
خان
Alghu bin Baidar
الغو
1260–1266 CE
Khan
خان
Mubarak Shah
مبارک شاہ
1266 CE 2nd Reign
Khan
خان
Ghiyas-ud-din Baraq
غیاث الدین باراق
1266–1270 CE
Kaidu bin Kashin and his son Chapar bin Kaidu ruled as defacto Khans from 1270 until 1304.The Chagatai Khans during this period were appointed by them but still rebelled when they tried to exert their authority.
Khan
خان
Negübei
نہگوبائی
Under Kaidu bin Kashin
1270–1272 CE
Khan
خان
Buqa Temür
بغا تیمور بن قداقچی
Under Kaidu bin Kashin
127?–1282 CE
Khan
خان
Duwa
دووا
Under Kaidu bin Kashin & Chapar bin Kaidu
1282–1306 CE
Restoration of Chagatai Khanate independence.
Khan
خان
Duwa
دووا
1306–1307 CE
Khan
خان
Könchek
کونچہک
1307–1308 CE
Khan
خان
Taliqu
تالقو بن قداقچی
1308–1309 CE
Khan
خان
Kebek
قبق بن دووا
1309–1310 CE 1st Reign
Khan
خان
Esen Buqa I
ایشان بغا
1310–1318 CE
Khan
خان
Kebek
قبق بن دووا
1318–1325 CE 2nd Reign
Khan
خان
Eljigidey
 ?
1325–1329 CE
Khan
خان
Duwa Temür
دووا تیمور
1329–1330 CE
Khan
خان
Ala-ad-din Tarmashirin
علاء الدین تارماشیریں
1331–1334 CE
Khan
خان
Buzan
بوزان
1334–1335 CE
Khan
خان
Changshi
چانگشی
1335–1338 CE
Khan
خان
Yesun Temur
یسون تیمور
1338–1342 CE
Khan
خان
Ali Sultan
علی سلطان
1342 CE
Khan
خان
Muhammad I ibn Pulad
محمد ابن پلاد
1342–1343 CE
Khan
خان
Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur
غازان خان
1343–1346 CE
Qazan's death signified the end of the effective power of the Chagatai khans within the ulus; subsequent khans were rulers in name only. Qazaghan took the title of Amir and to legitimize himself conferred the title of khan on descendants of Genghis Khan of his own choosing.
Khan
خان
Danishmendji
دانشمندجی
Under Amir Qazaghan
1346–1348 CE
During Amir Qazaghan's reign the Chagatai Khanate devolved into a loose confederation of tribes. This resulted in the Division of the Empire in 1347 CE into the Western Chagatai Khanate and Eastern part known as Moghulistan under Tughlugh Timur.
    • Blue rows signifies nominal rule.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Godrich, L. Carrington; Fang, Chaoying, eds. (1976), "Ḥājjī `Ali", Dictionary of Ming Biography, 1368–1644. Volume I (A-L), Columbia University Press, pp. 479–480, ISBN 0-231-03801-1 
  • Kutlukov M About foundation of Yarkant Khanate (1465-1759), "Pan" publishing house. Almata, 1990
  • Shah Mahmud Churas Chronicles (written in 1670 in Yarkand in 118 chapters) Translation and research by Akimushkin O.F. Publishing house of eastern literature "Nauka". Moscow, 1976