List of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle

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The following is a list persons who have held the Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. The number of chaired positions, and their subject areas, have evolved since the creation of the original twelve chairs, some being subdivided into two positions and others removed. (Titles translated)

  • Human Anatomy
    • 1793 to 1832 : Antoine Portal.
    • 1832 to 1838 : Pierre Flourens. This Chair was renamed Anatomy and Natural History of Man.
      • Anatomy and Natural History of Man
        • 1839 to 1855 : Etienne Serres. This Chair was renamed Anthropology.
          • Anthropology
            • 1855 to 1892 : Jean Louis Armand de Quatrefages de Bréau.
            • 1892 to 1908 : Ernest Hamy.
            • 1909 to 1927 : René Verneau.
            • 1928 to 1936 : Paul Rivet. This Chair was renamed Ethnology of Modern Man and Fossilized Man when the Musée de l'Homme was created.
              • Ethnology of Modern Man and Fossilized Man
                • 1937 to 1940 : Paul Rivet.
                • 1941 to 1944 : Henri Vallois.
                • 1945 to 1949 : Paul Rivet.
                • 1950 to 1959 : Henri Vallois.
                • 1960 to 1967 : Henri Vallois. This Chair was renamed Anthropology and Ethnology.
                  • Anthropology and ethnology
                    • 1968 to 1970 : Robert Gessain. This Chair was renamed Anthropology.
                      • Anthropology
                        • 1970 to 1979 : Robert Gessain.
                        • 1980 to 1983 : Yves Coppens.
                        • 1983 to 1985 : unknown.
  • Botany in the Museum
    • 1793 to 1833 : René Desfontaines.
    • 1833 to 1857 : Adolphe Brongniart. This Chair was renamed Botany and Plant Physiology
      • Botany and Plant Physiology
        • 1857 to 1874 : Adolphe Brongniart. This Chair was renamed Botany, Organology and Plant Physiology.
          • Botany, Organology and Plant Physiology
            • 1874 to 1876 : Adolphe Brongniart.
            • 1876 to 1879 : unknown.
            • 1879 to 1914 : Philippe Van Tieghem.
            • 1914 to 1918 : unknown.
            • 1919 to 1932 : Julien Noël Costantin.
            • 1933 : unknown. This Chair was renamed Comparative Anatomy of Current Plants and Fossils and was removed in 1934. It was restored in 1937.
              • Comparative Anatomy of Current Plants and Fossils
      • Plant Physics
  • Botany (Classification and Natural Families)
    • 1874 to 1905 : Édouard Bureau. After the creation of the Chair of Botany (Classification and Natural Families of Cryptogams), this Chair was reduced to the Phanerogams (Spermatophytes).
      • Botany (Classification and Natural Families of Phanerogams
      • Botany (Classification and Natural Families of Cryptogams

Zoology (Insects, Worms and Microscopic Animals) [1]

  • Entomology of Colonial Agriculture
    • 1942 to 1958 Paul Vayssière. This Chair was then renamed Entomology of Tropical Agriculture.
      • Entomology of Tropical Agriculture
        • 1958 to 1960 Paul Vayssière. This Chair was then removed.
  • Natural Iconography or the Art of Drawing and Painting all the Things of Nature

References[edit]

  1. ^ See: Jean Lhoste (1987), French entomologists (1750-1950). Editions INRA/OPIE. (In French)
  • Jean Dorst (dir.), Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, 253 p., Fernand Nathan, Paris, 1980, ISBN 2-09-290195-8
  • Yves Laissus, Le Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Gallimard, Paris, 1995
  • Stéphane Déligeorges, Alexandre Gady et Françoise Labalette, Le Jardin des Plantes et le Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Monum, Paris, 2004, 64 p, ISBN 2-85822-601-6
  • Annuaire et sites du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, 40 p., MNHN, Paris, rééditions décennales.