List of Chief Ministers of Assam

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Chief Minister of Assam
(Assam Mukhya Mantri)
Seal of Assam.png
Seal of Assam
Tarun Gogoi - Kolkata 2013-02-10 4891 Cropped.JPG
Incumbent
Tarun Gogoi

since 17 May 2001
Appointer Governor of Assam
Inaugural holder Gopinath Bordoloi
Formation 11 February 1946

The Chief Minister of Assam, a northeast Indian state, is the head of the Government of Assam. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Assam Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1946, Assam has had 14 chief ministers. The first was Gopinath Bordoloi of the Indian National Congress. Serving since 2001, Congressman Tarun Gogoi is the longest-serving-chief minister.

Chief Ministers of Assam[edit]

No Name Term of office[2] Party[a] Days in office
1 Gopinath Bordoloi 11 February 1946 6 August 1950 Indian National Congress 1,638
2 Bishnu Ram Medhi 9 August 1950 27 December 1957 2,698
3 Bimala Prasad Chaliha 28 December 1957 6 November 1970 4,696
4 Mahendra Mohan Choudhry 11 November 1970 30 January 1972 446
5 Sarat Chandra Sinha 31 January 1972 12 March 1978 2,232
6 Golap Borbora 12 March 1978 4 September 1979 Janata Party 542
7 Jogendra Nath Hazarika 9 September 1979 11 December 1979 94
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
12 December 1979 5 December 1980 N/A 359
8 Anowara Taimur 6 December 1980 30 June 1981 Indian National Congress 207
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 June 1981 13 January 1982 N/A 197
9 Kesab Chandra Gogoi 13 January 1982 19 March 1982 Indian National Congress 66
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
19 March 1982 27 February 1983 N/A 345
10 Hiteswar Saikia 27 February 1983 23 December 1985 Indian National Congress 1,031
11 Prafulla Kumar Mahanta 24 December 1985 28 November 1990 Asom Gana Parishad 1,799
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
28 November 1990 30 June 1991 N/A 214
12 Hiteswar Saikia [2] 30 June 1991 22 April 1996 Indian National Congress [Total 2,788] 1,757
13 Bhumidhar Barman 22 April 1996 14 May 1996 23
Prafulla Kumar Mahanta [2] 15 May 1996 17 May 2001 Asom Gana Parishad [Total 3,628] 1,829
14 Tarun Gogoi 17 May 2001 Incumbent Indian National Congress 4,817
Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Assam as well.
  2. ^ Chief Ministers from the Assam Assembly website
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.