Chief Minister of Delhi
|Chief Minister of National Capital Territory of Delhi
दिल्ली राष्ट्रीय राजधानी क्षेत्र के मुख्य मंत्री
(Dillī Rāṣţrīya Rājadhānī Kṣētra kē Mukhya Maṃtrī)
Emblem of Delhi
|Residence||No official residence|
|Appointer||Lieutenant Governor of Delhi|
|Term length||5 years,
no renewable limit
|Inaugural holder||Chaudhary Brahm Prakash|
The Chief Minister of Delhi (Hindi: दिल्ली के मुख्यमंत्री, Dillī kē Mukhyamaṃtrī) is the chief of government, head of the Council of Ministers and the leader of the majority party in the Delhi assembly. The Chief Minister leads the executive branch of the Government of Delhi.
The leader of the party with the largest representation of seats in the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Delhi usually takes on the role. Delhi and Puducherry are the only union territories of India, which have been given partial statehood according to the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution in which Delhi is defined as National Capital Territory of India or NCT-Delhi. Due to this special right of partial statehood, unlike other union territories which are governed by special administrators appointed by the President of India, governments of Delhi and Puducherry both are headed by their respective chief ministers and Lieutenant Governors, appointed by the president acting as the head of state. The former chief minister, Sheila Dikshit, is India’s longest serving woman chief minister.
Assembly election and appointment of Chief Minister
Every five years the Delhi State Election Commission, under the supervision of the Election Commission of India, conducts assembly elections in the National Capital Territory of Delhi by universal adult suffrage, in which Delhi's electorate choose the members of the Vidhan Sabha (or Legislative/State Assembly). An aspirant member is either the nominee of any political party or runs as an independent candidate. As of 2013[update], only two political parties, BJP and Congress, have governed Delhi.
Appointment of Cabinet and Chief Minister
To form a government, any party must have won a majority of assembly seats (at present, at least 36). The Lieutenant Governor then invites the party concerned to form a government within a specified time limit, during which time the majority party has to nominate appointees for the post of chief minister and other members of the cabinet. The selected member of the assembly is appointed as Chief Minister by the Lieutenant Governor, who also administers the oath of office. The Chief Minister is appointed by the President of India.
Article 84 of the Constitution sets the principal qualifications one must meet to be eligible to the office of the Chief Minister. A Chief Minister must be:
A person shall not be eligible for election as Chief Minister if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India, the Government of any State, or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.
Role and power of the Chief Minister
On January 2, 1992 after passing the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi act in parliament, the central government approved more autonomy for Delhi's government, which made it able to make its own law and regulations. Certain categories of bills, however, still require the prior approval of the central government for introduction in the legislative assembly. Some bills passed by the legislative assembly of Delhi are required to be reserved for consideration and assent of the President.
The chief minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a legislative assembly. The chief minister selects and can dismiss other members of the cabinet, allocates posts to members within the Government, is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet and is responsible for bringing proposals for legislation.
List of Chief Ministers of Delhi
This is a complete list of the chief ministers of Delhi who assumed office from 1952 until present.
Indian National Congress
Bharatiya Janata Party
|#||Name||Took Office||Left Office||Political Party|
|1||Chaudhary Brahm Prakash||1952||1955||Indian National Congress|
|2||G N Singh||1955||1956||Indian National Congress|
|†||President's Rule||1956||1993||State ceased to exist, became a centrally administered union territory (President's Rule)|
|3||Madan Lal Khurana||1993||1996||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|4||Sahib Singh Verma||1996||1998||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|5||Sushma Swaraj||1998||1998||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|6||Sheila Dikshit||1998||2003||Indian National Congress|
|(6)||Sheila Dikshit||2003||2008||Indian National Congress|
|(6)||Sheila Dikshit||2008||2013||Indian National Congress|
|†||President's Rule||2013||?||After the 2013 Delhi legislative assembly election, BJP and AAP emerged as the two largest parties respectively, but no party won a clear majority.|
- Government of Delhi
- Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Delhi state assembly elections, 2008
- List of current Indian chief ministers
- Chief Minister (India)
- "Union Territories". Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "Sheila Dikshit is India's longest serving woman CM". IBN Live. 2008-12-09. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "The Government of NCT of Delhi Act, 1991". Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- "States of India since 1947". Retrieved March 9, 2011.