List of Chief Ministers of Haryana
|Chief Minister of Haryana
(Haryana ka Mukhya Mantri)
|Appointer||Governor of Haryana|
|Inaugural holder||B. D. Sharma|
|Formation||1 November 1966|
The Chief Minister of Haryana is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Haryana. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Haryana Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1966, seven people have served as the Chief Minister of Haryana. The first was B. D. Sharma of the Indian National Congress party. His partymate Bansi Lal is Haryana's longest-serving chief minister; he held office for over 12 years, the last 3 of which came as a leader of the Haryana Vikas Party. Chaudhary Devi Lal, the fifth Chief Minister of Haryana, went on to twice serve as Deputy Prime Minister of India under prime ministers V. P. Singh and Chandra Shekhar. His son Om Prakash Chautala has served the most number of discontinuous stints as Chief Minister (four), as a member of three different parties.
Chief Ministers of Haryana
|No[a]||Name||Term of office||Party[b]||Days in office|
|1||Bhagwat Dayal Sharma||1 November 1966||23 March 1967||Indian National Congress||143 Days|
|2||Rao Birender Singh||24 March 1967||2 November 1967||Vishal Haryana Party||224 Days|
|2 November 1967||22 May 1968||N/A|
|3||Bansi Lal||22 May 1968||30 November 1975||Indian National Congress||2749 Days|
|4||Banarsi Das Gupta||1 December 1975||30 April 1977||517 Days|
|30 April 1977||21 June 1977||N/A|
|5||Chaudhary Devi Lal||21 June 1977||28 June 1979||Janata Party||738 Days|
|6||Bhajan Lal||29 June 1979||22 January 1980||208 Days|
|22 January 1980||5 July 1985||Indian National Congress||1992 Days|
|(3)||Bansi Lal||5 July 1985||19 June 1987||Indian National Congress||715 Days|
|(5)||Chaudhary Devi Lal||17 July 1987||2 December 1989||Janata Dal||870 Days [Total 1608 Days]|
|7||Om Prakash Chautala||2 December 1989||22 May 1990||172 Days|
|(4)||Banarsi Das Gupta||22 May 1990||12 July 1990||52 Days [Total 569 Days]|
|(7)||Om Prakash Chautala||12 July 1990||17 July 1990||6 Days|
|8||Hukam Singh||17 July 1990||21 March 1991||248 Days|
|(7)||Om Prakash Chautala||22 March 1991||6 April 1991||Samajwadi Janata Party||16 Days|
|6 April 1991||23 July 1991||N/A|
|(6)||Bhajan Lal||23 July 1991||9 May 1996||Indian National Congress||1752 Days [Total 3952 Days]|
|(3)||Bansi Lal||11 May 1996||23 July 1999||Haryana Vikas Party||1169 Days [Total 4633 Days]|
|(7)||Om Prakash Chautala||24 July 1999||4 March 2005||Indian National Lok Dal||2051 Days [Total 2245 Days]|
|9||Bhupinder Singh Hooda||5 March 2005||Present||Indian National Congress||3322+ Days|
- A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Haryana as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.