List of Chief Ministers of Himachal Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh
(Himachal Pradesh Mukhya Mantri)
Virbhadra Singh HP1.jpg
Virbhadra Singh

since 25 December 2012
Appointer Governor of Himachal Pradesh
Inaugural holder Yashwant Singh Parmar
Formation 8 March 1952

The Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh is the chief executive of the north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1952, five people have been Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh. Three of these belonged to the Indian National Congress party, including inaugural office-holder Yashwant Singh Parmar. After his first term ended in 1956, Himachal Pradesh was made a union territory, and the office of Chief Minister ceased to exist. In 1963, Parmar once again became Chief Minister, and during his reign, in 1971, Himachal regained full statehood. He remains the state's longest-serving chief minister. Since 1993, the chief ministership has changed hands every five years between Virbhadra Singh of the Congress and Prem Kumar Dhumal of the Bharatiya Janata Party. The former is the current incumbent, having been sworn in on 25 December 2012.

Chief Ministers of Himachal Pradesh[edit]

Key: INC
Indian National Congress
Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party
# Name Took Office[2] Left Office Party Days in Office
1 Yashwant Singh Parmar
8 March 1952 31 October 1956 Indian National Congress 1699 Days
State ceased to exist 31 October 1956 1 July 1963 The state was converted into a Union Territory
2 Yashwant Singh Parmar [2]
1 July 1963 28 January 1977 Indian National Congress 4961 Days [Total 6660 Days]
3 Thakur Ram Lal
Thakur Ram Lal.jpg
28 January 1977 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress 93 Days
- 30 Apr 1977 22 Jun 1977 President's rule
4 Shanta Kumar 22 June 1977 14 February 1980 Janata Party 968 Days
5 Thakur Ram Lal [2]
Thakur Ram Lal.jpg
14 February 1980 7 April 1983 Indian National Congress 1148 Days [Total 1241 Days]
6 Virbhadra Singh
Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
8 April 1983 8 March 1985 Indian National Congress 700 Days
7 Virbhadra Singh [2]
Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
8 March 1985 5 March 1990 Indian National Congress 1824 Days
8 Shanta Kumar [2] 5 March 1990 15 December 1992 Bharatiya Janata Party 1017 Days [Total 1985 Days]
- 15 Dec 1992 03 Dec 1993 President's Rule
9 Virbhadra Singh [3]
Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
3 December 1993 23 March 1998 Indian National Congress 1572 Days
10 Prem Kumar Dhumal [1] 24 March 1998 5 March 2003 Bharatiya Janata Party 1807 Days
11 Virbhadra Singh [4]
Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
6 March 2003 30 December 2007 Indian National Congress 1761 Days [Total 5857 Days]
12 Prem Kumar Dhumal [2] 30 December 2007 25 December 2012 Bharatiya Janata Party 1817 Days [Total 3624 Days]
13 Virbhadra Singh [5]
Virbhadra Singh HP.jpg
25 December 2012 Present Indian National Congress


  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Himachal Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ "Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly". Legislative Bodies in India website. Retrieved 10 January 2010. 

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