List of Chief Ministers of Meghalaya
|Chief Minister of Meghalaya|
|Appointer||Governor of Meghalaya|
|Inaugural holder||Williamson A. Sangma|
|Formation||2 April 1970|
The Chief Minister of Meghalaya is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Meghalaya. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1970, eleven people have served as Chief Minister of Meghalaya. Six of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including the inaugural officeholder Williamson A. Sangma and the current incumbent Mukul Sangma, in office since 20 April 2010.
|No[a]||Name||Term of office||Party[b]||Days in office|
|1||Williamson A. Sangma||2 April 1970||21 January 1972||All Party Hill Leaders Conference||842 Days|
|21 January 1972||18 March 1972||58 Days|
|18 March 1972||21 November 1976||1710 Days|
|22 November 1976||3 March 1978||Indian National Congress||437 Days|
|2||Darwin Diengdoh Pugh||10 March 1978||21 February 1979||All Party Hill Leaders Conference||348 Days|
|21 February 1979||6 May 1979||75 Days [Total 423 Days]|
|3||B. B. Lyngdoh||7 May 1979||7 May 1981||732 Days|
|(1)||Williamson A. Sangma||7 May 1981||24 February 1983||Indian National Congress||657 Days|
|(3)||B. B. Lyngdoh||2 March 1983||31 March 1983||All Party Hill Leaders Conference||30 Days|
|(1)||Williamson A. Sangma||2 April 1983||5 February 1988||Indian National Congress||1769 Days [Total 5199 Days]|
|4||P. A. Sangma||6 February 1988||25 March 1990||779 Days|
|(3)||B. B. Lyngdoh||26 March 1990||10 October 1991||HPU||564 Days|
|11 October 1991||5 February 1992||N/A|
|5||D.D. Lapang||5 February 1992||19 February 1993||Indian National Congress||381 Days|
|6||S. C. Marak||19 February 1993||27 February 1998||1835 Days|
|27 February 1998||10 March 1998||13 Days [Total 1848 Days]|
|(3)||B. B. Lyngdoh||10 March 1998||8 March 2000||United Democratic Party||729 Days [Total 2055 Days]|
|7||E. K. Mawlong||8 March 2000||8 December 2001||275 Days|
|8||Flinder Anderson Khonglam||8 December 2001||4 March 2003||Independent||452 Days|
|(5)||D. D. Lapang||4 March 2003||15 June 2006||Indian National Congress||1230 Days|
|9||J. D. Rymbai||15 June 2006||10 March 2007||268 Days|
|(5)||D. D. Lapang||10 March 2007||4 March 2008||360 Days|
|4 March 2008||19 March 2008||16 Days|
|10||Donkupar Roy||19 March 2008||18 March 2009||United Democratic Party||365 Days|
|18 March 2009||12 May 2009||N/A|
|(5)||D. D. Lapang||13 May 2009||19 April 2010||Indian National Congress||341 Days [Total 2328 Days]|
|11||Mukul Sangma||20 April 2010||5 March 2013||5 years, 13 days|
|5 March 2013||Incumbent|
- A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Meghalaya as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.