List of Chief Ministers of Nagaland
|Chief Minister of Nagaland|
|Appointer||Governor of Nagaland|
|Inaugural holder||P. Shilu Ao|
|Formation||1 December 1963|
The Chief Minister of Nagaland is the chief executive of the northeast Indian state of Nagaland. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Nagaland Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Since 1963, nine people belonging to seven parties have served as Chief Minister of Nagaland. The first three belonged to the Naga Nationalist Organisation, including the inaugural officeholder P. Shilu Ao. The current incumbent is T. R. Zeliang of the Nagaland People's Front, in office since 24 May 2014.
|No[a]||Name||Term of office||Party[b]||Days in office|
|1||P. Shilu Ao||1 December 1963||14 August 1966||Naga Nationalist Organisation||987 days|
|2||T.N. Angami||14 August 1966||22 February 1969||924 days|
|3||Hokishe Sema||22 February 1969||26 February 1974||1831 days|
|4||Vizol Angami||26 February 1974||10 March 1975||United Democratic Front||378 days|
|5||John Bosco Jasokie||10 March 1975||20 March 1975||Naga National Democratic Party||11 days|
|20 March 1975||25 November 1977||N/A|
|(4)||Vizol Angami||25 November 1977||18 April 1980||United Democratic Front||876 days [total 1254 days]|
|6||S. C. Jamir||18 April 1980||5 June 1980||United Democratic Front—Progressive||49 days|
|(5)||John Bosco Jasokie||5 June 1980||18 November 1982||Naga National Democratic Party||897 days [total 908 days]|
|(6)||S. C. Jamir||18 November 1982||28 October 1986||United Democratic Front—Progressive||1440 days|
|(3)||Hokishe Sema||29 October 1986||7 August 1988||Indian National Congress||648 days [total 2479 days]|
|7 August 1988||25 January 1989||N/A|
|(6)||S. C. Jamir||25 January 1989||10 May 1990||Indian National Congress||471 days|
|7||K. L. Chishi||16 May 1990||19 June 1990||Indian National Congress||36 days|
|8||Vamuzo Phesao||19 June 1990||2 April 1992||Nagaland People's Council||653 days|
|2 April 1992||22 February 1993||N/A|
|(6)||S. C. Jamir||22 February 1993||6 March 2003||Indian National Congress||3665 days [total 5625 days]|
|9||Neiphiu Rio||6 March 2003||3 January 2008||Nagaland People's Front||1764 days|
|3 January 2008||12 March 2008||N/A|
|(9)||Neiphiu Rio||12 March 2008||24 May 2014||Nagaland People's Front||6 years, 73 days|
|10||T. R. Zeliang||24 May 2014||Incumbent||0 years, 60 days|
- A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Nagaland as well.
- "General Information, Nagaland". Information & Public Relations department, Nagaland government.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.