List of Chief Ministers of Odisha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chief Minister of Odisha
(ଓଡିଶା ମୁଖ୍ୟ ମନ୍ତ୍ରୀ)
Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik.jpg
Incumbent
Naveen Patnaik

since 5 March 2000
Appointer Governor of Odisha
Inaugural holder Harekrushna Mahatab
Formation 23 April 1946

The Chief Minister of Odisha, an eastern Indian state, is the head of the Government of Odisha. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Odisha Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1946, Odisha has had 14 chief ministers. The first was Harekrushna Mahatab of the Indian National Congress. Serving since 2000, Naveen Patnaik of the Biju Janata Dal is the incumbent chief minister, and the longest-serving one in Odisha's history.

Premiers of Orissa[edit]

No Name Term of office Party Days in office
1 Krushna Chandra Gajapati 1 April 1937 19 July 1937 Independent 80 days
2 Biswanath Das 19 July 1937 4 November 1939 Indian National Congress
(1) Krushna Chandra Gajapati 29 November 1941 29 June 1944 Independent

Chief Ministers of Odisha[edit]

Colour key for parties
No Name Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 Harekrushna Mahatab 23 April 1946 12 May 1950 Indian National Congress 1002 days
2 Nabakrushna Choudhury 12 May 1950 20 Feb 1952 2352 days
20 Feb 1952 19 Oct 1956
(1) Harekrushna Mahatab 19 October 1956 6 Apr 1957 1591 days [Total 2593 days]
6 Apr 1957 22 May 1959
22 May 1959 25 Feb 1961
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
25 February 1961 23 June 1961 N/A
3 Biju Patnaik 23 June 1961 2 October 1963 Indian National Congress 832 days
4 Biren Mitra 2 October 1963 21 February 1965 509 days
5 Sadashiva Tripathy 21 February 1965 8 March 1967 746 days
6 Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo 8 March 1967 9 January 1971 Swatantra Party 1403 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
11 January 1971 3 April 1971 N/A
7 Biswanath Das 3 April 1971 14 June 1972 Independent 439 days
8 Nandini Satpathy 14 June 1972 3 March 1973 Indian National Congress 263 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
3 March 1973 6 March 1974 N/A
(8) Nandini Satpathy 6 March 1974 16 December 1976 Indian National Congress 1016 days [Total 1279 days]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
16 December 1976 29 December 1976 N/A
9 Binayak Acharya 29 December 1976 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress 123 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 April 1977 26 June 1977 N/A
10 Nilamani Routray 26 June 1977 17 February 1980 Janata Party 968 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
17 February 1980 9 June 1980 N/A
11 Janaki Ballabh Patnaik 9 June 1980 10 Mar 1985 Indian National Congress 3469 days
10 Mar 1985 7 Dec 1989
12 Hemananda Biswal 7 December 1989 5 March 1990 89 days
(3) Biju Patnaik 5 March 1990 15 March 1995 Janata Dal 1837 days [Total 2669 days]
(11) Janaki Ballabh Patnaik 15 March 1995 17 February 1999 Indian National Congress 1437 days [Total 4906 days]
13 Giridhar Gamang 17 February 1999 6 December 1999 291 days
(12) Hemananda Biswal 6 December 1999 5 March 2000 91 days [Total 180 days]
14 Naveen Patnaik 5 March 2000 16 May 2004 Biju Janata Dal 5253 days
(14 years, 140 days)
16 May 2004 21 May 2009
21 May 2009 21 May 2014
21 May 2014 Incumbent
Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Odisha as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.