List of Chief Ministers of Punjab (India)

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Not to be confused with Chief Minister of Punjab (Pakistan).
Chief Minister of Punjab
Seal of Punjab.gif
Seal of Punjab
ParkashSinghBadal.JPG
Incumbent
Parkash Singh Badal

since 1 March 2007
Appointer Governor of Punjab
Inaugural holder Gopi Chand Bhargava
Formation 15 August 1947

The Chief Minister of Punjab, a north Indian state, is the head of the Government of Punjab. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Punjab is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Punjab Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1947, 15 people have been Chief Minister of Punjab. Serving since 2007, Parkash Singh Badal of the Shiromani Akali Dal party is the current incumbent and longest-serving chief minister with over 15 years in office.

Chief Ministers of Punjab[edit]

Colour key for parties
No Name Took office Left office Party[a] Tenure in days
1 Gopi Chand Bhargava 15 August 1947 13 April 1949 Indian National Congress 608
2 Bhim Sen Sachar 13 April 1949 18 October 1949 189
(1) Gopi Chand Bhargava [2] 18 October 1949 20 June 1951 611
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
20 June 1951 17 April 1952 N/A
(2) Bhim Sen Sachar [2] 17 April 1952 23 January 1956 Indian National Congress 1376
(total 1565)
3 Pratap Singh Kairon 23 January 1956 21 June 1964 3072
(1) Gopi Chand Bhargava [3] 21 June 1964 6 July 1964 16
(total 1235)
4 Ram Kishan 7 July 1964 5 July 1966 728
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
5 July 1966 1 November 1966 N/A
5 Giani Gurmukh Singh Mussafir 1 November 1966 8 March 1967 Indian National Congress 128
6 Gurnam Singh 8 March 1967 25 November 1967 Shiromani Akali Dal 263
7 Lachhman Singh Gill 25 November 1967 23 August 1968 273
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
23 August 1968 17 February 1969 N/A
(6) Gurnam Singh [2] 17 February 1969 27 March 1970 Shiromani Akali Dal 404
(total 667)
8 Parkash Singh Badal 27 March 1970 14 June 1971 444
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
14 June 1971 17 March 1972 N/A
9 Zail Singh 17 March 1972 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress 1870
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 April 1977 20 June 1977 N/A
(8) Parkash Singh Badal [2] 20 June 1977 17 February 1980 Shiromani Akali Dal 974
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
17 February 1980 6 June 1980 N/A
10 Darbara Singh 6 June 1980 10 October 1983 Indian National Congress 1223
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
10 October 1983 29 September 1985 N/A
11 Surjit Singh Barnala 29 September 1985 11 June 1987 Shiromani Akali Dal 620
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
11 June 1987 25 February 1992 N/A
12 Beant Singh 25 February 1992 31 August 1995 Indian National Congress 1284
13 Harcharan Singh Brar 31 August 1995 21 January 1996 143
14 Rajinder Kaur Bhattal 21 January 1996 11 February 1997 387
(8) Parkash Singh Badal [3] 12 February 1997 26 February 2002 Shiromani Akali Dal 1840
15 Amarinder Singh 26 February 2002 1 March 2007 Indian National Congress 1831
(8) Parkash Singh Badal [4] 1 March 2007 Incumbent Shiromani Akali Dal 2,771
(total 6,029)

Notes & References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
References
  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Punjab as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External links[edit]