List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

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The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (UP), a north Indian state, is the head of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. The post of Chief Minister is known in Hindi as Mukhyamantri. Following elections to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1] In the case where a chief minister's term of office is terminated early or during the absence of the chief minister, President's rule is imposed in state.

There have been 20 chief ministers of Uttar Pradesh. the introduction of the post in 1950. The post was established when India was declared as a republic with the adoption of the Indian constitution. Apart from these twenty, three acting chief ministers have also been in office for short periods of time. The current chief minister is Akhilesh Yadav elected 15 March 2012.

United Provinces[edit]

The United Provinces, headquartered in Allahabad was a province of British India that comprised present day Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It was established in 1902 to be the headquarters of the English settlements on North India. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council.

No Name Term of office[2] Party
1 Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan Chhatari 3 April 1937 16 July 1937 Independent
2 Govind Ballabh Pant 17 July 1937 2 November 1939 Indian National Congress
Vacant
(2) Govind Ballabh Pant 1 April 1946 25 January 1950 Indian National Congress

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

After India's independence, the United Provinces were reorganised as Uttar Pradesh in 1957. On 26 January 1950 Govind Ballabh Pant, Premier of United Provinces, became the first Chief Minister of the newly renamed Uttar Pradesh.

Parties

      President's rule       Indian National Congress       Samajwadi Party       Bahujan Samaj Party       Bharatiya Janata Party       Janata Dal       Janata Party

No Name
Constituency
Term of office[2][3] Party[a] Assembly[4]
(Election)
Ref
1 Govind Ballabh Pant
Barreilly Municipality
26 January 1950 20 May 1952 Indian National Congress Not yet created
20 May 1952 27 December 1954 First Assembly (1952–57)
(1951 election)
[5]
2 Sampurnanand
Varanasi City South
28 December 1954 9 April 1957
10 April 1957 6 December 1960 Second Assembly (1957–62)
(1957 election)
[6]
3 Chandra Bhanu Gupta
Ranikhet South
7 December 1960 14 March 1962
14 March 1962 1 October 1963 Third Assembly (1962–67)
(1962 election)
[7]
4 Sucheta Kriplani
Mendhwal
2 October 1963 13 March 1967
(3) Chandra Bhanu Gupta [2]
Ranikhet
14 March 1967 2 April 1967 Fourth Assembly (1967–68)
(1967 election)
[8]
5 Charan Singh
3 April 1967 25 February 1968 Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
25 February 1968 26 February 1969 N/A Dissolved
(3) Chandra Bhanu Gupta [3]
Ranikhet
26 February 1969 17 February 1970 Indian National Congress Fifth Assembly (1969–74)
(1969 election)
[10]
(5) Charan Singh [2]
Chaprauli
18 February 1970 1 October 1970 Bharatiya Kranti Dal
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
1 October 1970 18 October 1970 N/A
6 Tribhuvana Narayana Singh
18 October 1970 3 April 1971 Indian National Congress
7 Kamlapati Tripathi
Chandauli
4 April 1971 12 June 1973
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
12 June 1973 8 November 1973 N/A
8 Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna
Bara
8 November 1973 4 March 1974 Indian National Congress
5 March 1974 29 November 1975 Sixth Assembly (1974–77)
(1974 election)
[11]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 November 1975 21 January 1976 N/A
9 N. D. Tiwari
Kashipur
21 January 1976 30 April 1977 Indian National Congress
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
30 April 1977 23 June 1977 N/A Dissolved
10 Ram Naresh Yadav
23 June 1977 27 February 1979 Janata Party Seventh Assembly (1977–80)
(1977 election)
[12]
11 Banarsi Das
Hapur
28 February 1979 17 February 1980
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
17 February 1980 9 June 1980 N/A Dissolved
12 V. P. Singh
Tindwar
9 June 1980 18 July 1982 Indian National Congress Eighth Assembly (1980–85)
(1980 election)
[13]
13 Sripati Mishra
19 July 1982 2 August 1984
(9) N. D. Tiwari [2]
Kashipur
3 August 1984 10 March 1985
11 March 1985 24 September 1985 Ninth Assembly (1985–89)
(1985 election)
[14]
14 Vir Bahadur Singh
Paniara
24 September 1985 24 June 1988
(9) N. D. Tiwari [3] 25 June 1988 5 December 1989
15 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Jaswantnagar
5 December 1989 24 June 1991 Janata Dal Tenth Assembly (1989–91)
(1989 election)
[15]
16 Kalyan Singh
Atrauli
24 June 1991 6 December 1992 Bharatiya Janata Party Eleventh Assembly (1991–92)
(1991 election)
[16]
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
6 December 1992 4 December 1993 N/A Dissolved
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [2]
Jaswantnagar
4 December 1993 3 June 1995 Samajwadi Party Twelfth Assembly (1993–95)
(1993 election)
[17]
17 Mayawati
3 June 1995 18 October 1995 Bahujan Samaj Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
18 October 1995 17 October 1996 N/A Dissolved
17 October 1996 21 March 1997 Thirteenth Assembly (1996–2002)
(1996 election)
[18]
(17) Mayawati [2]
Harora
21 March 1997 21 September 1997 Bahujan Samaj Party
(16) Kalyan Singh [2]
Atrauli
21 September 1997 12 November 1999 Bharatiya Janata Party
18 Ram Prakash Gupta 12 November 1999 28 October 2000
19 Rajnath Singh
Haidargarh
28 October 2000 8 March 2002
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
8 March 2002 3 May 2002 N/A Fourteenth Assembly (2002–07)
(2002 election)
[19]
(17) Mayawati [3]
Harora
3 May 2002 29 August 2003 Bahujan Samaj Party
(15) Mulayam Singh Yadav [3] 29 August 2003 13 May 2007 Samajwadi Party
(17) Mayawati [4]
None (MLC)
13 May 2007 7 March 2012 Bahujan Samaj Party Fifteenth Assembly (2007–12)
(2007 election)
[20]
20 Akhilesh Yadav
None (MLC)
15 March 2012 Incumbent Samajwadi Party Sixteenth Assembly (2012–17)
(2012 election)
[21]
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Uttar Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ a b Chief Ministers. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  3. ^ President's rule. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  4. ^ Date of Constitution & Dissolution of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 27 July 2013.
  5. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1951, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1957, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  7. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1962, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  8. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1967, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  9. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1969, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1974, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  12. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1977, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1980, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1985, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1989, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  16. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1991, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  17. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1993, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 1996, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2002, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  20. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2007, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.
  21. ^ "Statistical Report on General Election, 2012, to the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh" [pdf]. Election Commission of India. Retrieved on 28 July 2013.

External links[edit]