List of Chinese Nobel laureates

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This is a list of Nobel laureates who are either of Chinese descent or were born in China.[1]

Nobel laureates of Han Chinese ethnicity[edit]

The Nobel Prize committee does not specify the ethnicity of Laureates. This section lists laureates who are of Han Chinese ethnicity. A separate section below lists the one Laureate who is known to be of a non-Han Chinese ethnicity.

Name Year of birth Place of birth Residence or Affiliation at the time of the award[2] Field Year
Tsung-Dao Lee 李政道 1926 Shanghai, China Columbia University,  United States Physics 1957[3]
Chen Ning Yang 楊振寧 杨振宁 1922 Hofei, Anhwei, China† Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton,  United States Physics 1957[3]
Samuel C. C. Ting 丁肇中 1936 Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology,  United States Physics 1976[4]
Yuan T. Lee 李遠哲 李远哲 1936 Hsinchu, Taiwan, Empire of Japan University of California, Berkeley,  United States Chemistry 1986[5]
Steven Chu 朱棣文 1948 St. Louis, Missouri, United States Stanford University,  United States Physics 1997[6]
Daniel C. Tsui 崔琦 1939 Pingdingshan, Henan, China Princeton University,  United States Physics 1998[7]
Gao Xingjian 高行健 1940 Ganzhou, Jiangxi, China  France Literature 2000[8]
Roger Y. Tsien 錢永健 钱永健 1952 New York City, New York, United States University of California, San Diego,  United States
Howard Hughes Medical Institute,  United States
Chemistry 2008[9]
Charles K. Kao 高錕 高锟 1933 Shanghai, China Standard Telecommunication Laboratories,  United Kingdom
Chinese University of Hong Kong,  Hong Kong
Physics 2009[10]
Liu Xiaobo 劉曉波 刘晓波 1955 Changchun, Jilin, China  People's Republic of China Peace 2010[11]
Mo Yan 莫言 1955 Gaomi, Shandong, China  People's Republic of China Literature 2012[12]

† Now spelled "Hefei, Anhui" using Hanyu Pinyin transliteration.

Tibetan Nobel laureates[edit]

The following Laureate was born in the Republic of China and is Tibetan, a non-Han ethnicity that predominantly resides within Tibet.

Name Year of Birth Place of Birth Residence at the time of the award[2] Field Year
14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) 1935 Taktser, Tibet, China. †  India (see note below) Peace 1989[13]

Taktser is a village located in Qinghai (spelled Tsinghai at the time), which was under the Nationalist Government of the Republic of China. Although Tibet itself was not directly controlled by the Republic of China government, Tsinghai (Qinghai) province was under the authority of the government of the Republic of China.[14] The Nobel Prize website indicates residence at the time of the award was Tibet.[15] At the time of the award, the 14th Dalai Lama was holding a special travel document issued by the Government of India for Tibetan refugees.[citation needed] Before he left Tibet, he was a national of the People's Republic of China. He has never claimed to renounce this nationality, and the Government of the People's Republic of China has never announced his loss of nationality.[citation needed]

Non-Chinese Nobel laureates born in China[edit]

The Laureates below were born in China but are not Han Chinese nor a member of a recognized minority nationality of China.

Name Year of birth Place of birth Affiliation at the time of the award[2] Field Year
Walter Houser Brattain 1902 Amoy, China[16] Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman Instruments, Inc.,  United States Physics 1956
Edmond H. Fischer 1920 Shanghai, China[17] University of Washington,  United States Medicine/Physiology 1992
Ei-ichi Negishi 1935 Changchun, Jilin, China[18] Purdue University,  United States Chemistry 2010
  • Amoy, now known as Xiamen, is a city in Fujian Province.
  • Changchun was named Hsinking in 1935 under the Japanese-controlled state Manchukuo. At the time most countries did not recognise the separation of Manchuria, which includes Jilin, from the Republic of China.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chronological list of All Nobel Laureates on the official website of the Nobel Prize committee.
  2. ^ a b c The Nobel website lists the country of Residence at the time of the award for both the Literature and Peace (if goes to a person) prizes; see "Facts" information of the individuals at [1] and [2]. While the prizes for Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, and Economic Sciences are listed by Affiliation at the time of the award; see "Facts" information of the individuals at [3], [4], [5], and [6]. The official Nobel website only lists the country of the person's affiliated insititions for Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, and Economic Sciences prizes, and not the citizenship of the person itself.
  3. ^ a b The Nobel Prize in Physics 1957
  4. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physics 1976
  5. ^ Yuan T. Lee (The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986) Autobiography indicates Lee was born in Hsinchu, Taiwan and is ethnic Chinese.
  6. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 indicates Chu was born in St. Louis, Missouri, USA in 1948.
  7. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 indicates Tsui was born in Henan, China in 1939.
  8. ^ The Nobel Prize in Literature 2000 indicates Gao was born in Ganzhou, China in 1940.
  9. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008.
  10. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009 indicates Kao was born in Shanghai, China in 1933.
  11. ^ Liu Xiaobo (The Nobel Prize in Peace 2010).
  12. ^ The Nobel Prize in Literature 2012.
  13. ^ The Nobel Peace Prize 1989 indicates Dalai Lama was born in Tibet in 1935.
  14. ^ The Tsinghai Province was established as early as 1928, and Taktser since then has been a city within its region; see also the 1930 national map of the Republic of China (ROC), and the 1936 political regional map of the ROC in Wikimedia Commons.
  15. ^ http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/lama.html
  16. ^ Walter H. Brattain (The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956) Biography indicates Brattain was born in Amoy, China in 1902,.
  17. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1992 indicates Fischer was born in Shanghai, China in 1920.
  18. ^ Ei-ichi Negishi (The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010) Biography shows Negishi was born in Changchun, China in 1935,.