List of consorts of rulers of China

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The following is a list of consorts of rulers of China. This is a list of the consorts of Chinese monarchs. China has periodically parted in kingdoms as well as united in empires, and there has been consorts with the title Queen as well as Empress. The title Empress could also be given posthumously. Note that this is a list for the main consort of the monarch and holder of the title Empress or Queen.

Empress Consorts[edit]

The title of Empress could also be given posthumously. The posthumous Empresses are listed separately by the year they were given the title.

Zhou Dynasty[edit]

Western Han Dynasty[edit]

Xin Dynasty[edit]

Eastern Han Dynasty[edit]

Three Kingdoms Period[edit]

Cao Wei Dynasty[edit]

Shu Han Dynasty[edit]

Eastern Wu Dynasty[edit]

Jin Dynasty[edit]

Huan Chu Dynasty[edit]

Sixteen Kingdoms[edit]

Liu Song Dynasty[edit]

Southern Qi Dynasty[edit]

Northern Wei[edit]

Western Wei[edit]

Eastern Wei[edit]

Northern Qi[edit]

Liang Dynasty[edit]

Northern Zhou[edit]

Sui Dynasty[edit]

Tang Dynasty[edit]

Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period[edit]


Former Shu[edit]


Later Liang[edit]

Southern Han[edit]

Later Tang[edit]



Southern Tang[edit]

Later Jin[edit]


Later Han[edit]

Later Zhou[edit]

Northern Han[edit]

Song Dynasty[edit]

Yuan Dynasty[edit]

Ming Dynasty[edit]

Southern Ming Dynasty[edit]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Empress Dowagers[edit]

The title of Empress Dowager was not a title automatically given to a former Empress Consort and widow of an Emperor. The title Empress Dowager could be granted a widow of an Emperor even when she had not been the Empress Consort during the reign of her spouse. Therefore, a separate list is given of the Empress Dowagers, which in some cases equals the list of Empress Consorts, and in other cases not.

Han dynasty[edit]

Northern Dynasties[edit]

Tang Dynasty[edit]

Song Dynasty[edit]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

Empresses whose titles were granted posthumously[edit]

Sui Dynasty[edit]

Song Dynasty[edit]

Yuan Dynasty[edit]

Ming Dynasty and Southern Ming Dynasty[edit]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

See also[edit]