List of Chinese dishes

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Dishes by ingredient[edit]

Grain-based dishes[edit]

Noodles[edit]

English traditional chines Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Chinese noodles 麵條 面条 miàntiáo plain noodles
Chow mein 炒麵 炒面 chǎomiàn
Noodle soup 湯麵 汤面 tāngmiàn
Zhajiangmian 炸醬麵 炸酱面 zhájiàngmiàn noodles mixed with sauce
Lamian 拉面 lamian pulled noodles

Rice[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin
White Rice 米飯 米饭
Fried Rice 炒飯 炒饭

Pork-based dishes[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Dongpo pork 東坡肉 东坡肉 Dōngpō ròu
Sweet and sour pork 咕咾肉 咕咾肉 gǔlǎoròu
Twice cooked pork 回鍋肉 回锅肉 huíguōròu
Char siu 叉燒 叉烧 chāshāo Chinese barbecued pork

Poultry-based dishes[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Century egg 皮蛋 皮蛋 pídàn
Duck's head 鸭头 鴨頭 yātóu A famous snack in parts of China
Kung Pao chicken 宮保雞丁 宫保鸡丁 gōngbǎo jīdīng
Peking Duck 北京烤鴨 北京烤鸭 Běijīng kǎoyā the trademark dish of Beijing
Soy egg 滷蛋 卤蛋 lǔdàn hard boiled egg
Tea egg 茶葉蛋 茶叶蛋 cháyèdàn

Vegetable-based dishes[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Buddha's delight 羅漢齋 罗汉斋 luóhàn zhāi a vegetarian dish popular among Buddhists
Pickled vegetables 醬菜 酱菜 jiàngcài

Dishes by cooking method[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Double steaming / double boiling dùn a Chinese cooking technique to prepare delicate and often expensive ingredients. The food is covered with water and put in a covered ceramic jar, and is then steamed for several hours.
Red cooking 紅燒 红烧 hóngshāo several different slow-cooked stews characterized by the use of soy sauce and/or caramelised sugar and various ingredients.
Stir frying 炒 / 爆 炒 / 爆 chǎo / bào two fast Chinese cooking techniques.

Dumplings[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Baozi 包子 包子 bāozǐ steamed buns with fillings
Dim sum 點心 点心 diǎnxīn a staple of Cantonese cuisine
Guotie 鍋貼 锅贴 guōtiē fried dumplings
Jiaozi 餃子 饺子 jiǎozǐ steamed or boiled dumplings
Mantou 饅頭 馒头 mántóu steamed buns
Wonton 餛飩 / 雲吞 馄钝 / 云吞 húntún / yúntūn sphere-shaped dumplings usually served boiled in broth or deep-fried
Xiaolongbao 小籠包 小笼包 xiǎolóngbāo soup dumplings, a specialty of Shanghai cuisine
Zongzi 粽子 粽子 zòngzǐ glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves, usually with a savory or sweet filling

Pastry[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Longevity buns 長壽包 长寿包 chángshòubāo steamed buns filled with bean paste and shaped like peaches, usually served on birthdays
Cong you bing 蔥油餅 葱油饼 cōngyóubǐng scallion pancakes
Mooncake 月餅 月饼 yuèbǐng usually eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival
Sachima 沙琪瑪 沙琪玛 shāqímǎ a sweet pastry
Shaobing 燒餅 烧饼 shāobǐng a flaky baked or pan-seared dough pastry
Youtiao 油條 油条 yóutiáo long strips of deep-fried dough

Soups, stews and porridge[edit]

English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Congee zhōu Chinese rice porridge
Hot and sour soup 酸辣湯 酸辣汤 suānlàtāng
Hot pot 火鍋 火锅 huǒguō
Tong sui 糖水 糖水 tángshuǐ a sweet soup served as dessert in Cantonese cuisine

Dishes by region[edit]

Anhui[edit]

Main article: Anhui cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Bang Tofu 八公山豆腐 八公山豆腐 bāgōngshān dòufǔ
Bright Pearl Abalone 明珠酥鮑 明珠酥鲍 míngzhū sūbào
Caterpillar Fungus Duck 蟲草燉老鴨 虫草炖老鸭 chóngcǎo dùn lǎoyā
Crab and Fish Stomachs 蟹連魚肚 蟹连鱼肚 xièlián yúdù
Crab-apple Flower Cake 海棠酥 海棠酥 hǎitángsū
Dried Pot Tofu 乾鍋素肉 干锅素肉 gānguō sùròu
Five Colours Fish Cake 五彩魚片 五彩鱼片 wǔcǎi yúpiàn
Flower Mushroom Frog 花菇田雞 花菇田鸡 huāgū tiánjī
Fried Pumpkin Dumplings 南瓜蒸餃 南瓜蒸饺 nánguā zhēngjiǎo
Fried Tofu Curd Balls 豆腐渣丸子 豆腐渣丸子 dòufǔzhā wánzi
Fuli Roast Chicken 符離集燒雞 符离集烧鸡 fúlíjí shāojī
Ginger Duck 姜母鴨 姜母鸭 jiāng mǔyā
Hay Wrapped Fragrant Ribs 稻香排骨 稻香排骨 dàoxiāng páigǔ
Jade Rabbit Sea Cucumber 玉兔海參 玉兔海参 yùtù hǎishēn
Lotus Seed Pod Fish 蓮蓬魚 莲蓬鱼 liánpéng yú
Phoenix Tail Shrimp 鳳尾蝦排 凤尾虾排 fèngwěi xiāpái
Potato Croquet 土豆炸餃 土豆炸饺 tǔdòu zhájiǎo
Silver Fish Fried Egg 銀魚煎蛋 银鱼煎蛋 yínyú jiāndàn
Soy Braised Mandarin Fish 紅燒臭鱖魚 红烧臭鱖鱼 hóngshāo chòu guìyú

Beijing[edit]

Main article: Beijing cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Peking Duck 北京烤鴨 北京烤鸭 Běijīng kǎoyā
Zhajiangmian 炸醬麵 炸酱面 zhájiàngmiàn
Xianbing 餡餅 馅饼 xiànbǐng
Crullers 油條 油条 yóutiáo a deep fried strip of dough

Cantonese[edit]

Main article: Cantonese cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Jyutping Notes
Braised abalone 燜鮑魚 焖鲍鱼 mèn bàoyú mun6 baau1 jyu4
Shaved ice 刨冰 刨冰 páobīng paau4 bing1
Beef chow fun 乾炒牛河 干炒牛河 gānchǎo niúhé gon1 caau2 ngau4 ho4
Bird's nest soup 燕窩 燕窝 yànwō jin1 wo1
Black sesame soup 芝麻糊 芝麻糊 zhīmahú zi1 maa4 wu4
Cantonese seafood soup 海皇羹 海皇羹 hǎihuáng gēng hoi2 wong4 gang1
Char siu 叉燒 叉烧 chāshāo caa1 siu1
Crispy fried chicken 炸子雞 炸子鸡 zházǐjī zaa3 zi2 gai1
Duck with taro 陳皮芋頭鴨 陈皮芋头鸭 chénpí yùtóuyā can4 pei4 wu6 tau4 ngaap3
Guilinggao 龜苓膏 龟苓膏 guīlínggāo gwai1 ling4 gou1
Little pan rice 煲仔飯 煲仔饭 bāozǎifàn bou1 zai2 faan6
Red bean soup 紅豆沙 红豆沙 hóngdòushā hung4 dau6 saa1
Roast squab 乳鴿 乳鸽 rǔgē jyu5 gap3
Roast suckling pig 燒乳猪 烧乳猪 shāo rǔzhū siu1 jyu5 zyu1
Sea cucumber 海參 海参 hǎishēn hoi2 saam1
Seafood with bird's nest 海鲜雀巢 海鲜雀巢 hǎixiān quècháo hoi2 sin1 zoek3 caau4
Shark fin soup 魚翅湯 鱼翅汤 yúchì tāng jyu4 ci3 tong1
Snow fungus soup 銀耳湯 银耳汤 yín'ěr tāng ngan4 ji5 tong1
Sour spare ribs 生炒排骨 生炒排骨 shēngchǎo páigǔ saang1 caau2 paai4 gwat1
Spare ribs soup with watercress and apricot kernels 南北杏西洋菜豬骨湯 南北杏西洋菜猪骨汤 nánběixìng xīyángcài zhūgǔ tāng naam4 baak1 hang6 sai1 joeng4 coi3 zyu1 gwat1 tong1
White cut chicken 白切雞 白切鸡 báiqièjī baak6 cit3 gai1
Winter melon soup 冬瓜湯 冬瓜汤 dōngguā tāng dung1 gwaa1 tong1
Wonton noodles 雲吞麵 云吞面 yúntūnmiàn wan4 tan1 min6
Yeung Chow fried rice 揚州炒飯 扬州炒饭 Yángzhōu chǎofàn Joeng4 zau1 caau2 faan6
Youtiao 油條 油条 yóutiáo jau4 tiu4
Zhaliang 炸兩 炸两 zháliǎng zaa3 loeng5

Chaozhou[edit]

Main article: Teochew cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Yusheng 魚生 鱼生 yúshēng
Popiah 薄餅 薄饼 báobǐng

Fujian[edit]

Main article: Fujian cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Pe̍h-ōe-jī Notes
Buddha jumps over the wall 佛跳牆 佛跳墙 fótiàoqiáng hu̍t-thiàu-chhiûⁿ
Fried rice in Fujian style 福建式炒飯 福建式炒饭 Fújiàn shì chǎofàn
Oyster omelette 蚵仔煎 蚵仔煎 hézǎijiān
Popiah 薄餅 薄饼 báobǐng pȯh-piáⁿ
Yanpi 燕皮 燕皮 yànpí

Hainan[edit]

Main article: Hainan cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Hainanese chicken rice 海南雞飯 海南鸡饭 Hǎinán jīfàn
Wenchang chicken 文昌雞 文昌鸡 Wénchāng jī

Hunan[edit]

Main article: Hunan cuisine

Jiangsu[edit]

Main article: Jiangsu cuisine

Shandong[edit]

Main article: Shandong cuisine

Sichuan[edit]

Main article: Sichuan cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Chongqing spicy deep-fried chicken 重庆辣子雞 重庆辣子鸡 Chóngqìng làzǐjī
Dandan noodles 擔擔麵 担担面 dàndànmiàn
Fuqi Feipian 夫妻肺片 夫妻肺片 fūqī fèipiàn
Sichuan hotpot 四川火鍋 四川火锅 Sìchuān huǒguō
Kung Pao chicken 宮保雞丁 宫保鸡丁 gōngbǎo jīdīng
Mapo tofu 麻婆豆腐 麻婆豆腐 mápó dòufǔ
Shuizhu 水煮 水煮 shuǐzhǔ
Twice cooked pork 回鍋肉 回锅肉 huíguōròu
Zhangcha duck 樟茶鴨 樟茶鸭 zhāngchá yā

Yunnan[edit]

Main article: Yunnan cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Over Bridge Rice Noodles 過橋米線 过桥米线 guòqiáo mǐxiàn

Zhejiang[edit]

Main article: Zhejiang cuisine
English Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Pinyin Notes
Beggar's Chicken 叫化雞 叫化鸡 jiàohuā jī
Braised Sliced Pork with Preserved Vegetables 干菜燜肉 干菜焖肉 gāncài mènròu
Cold Chicken Cooked in Wine 糟雞 糟鸡 zāojī
Dongpo Braised Pork 東坡肉 东坡肉 dōngpō ròu
Fish Ball in Light Soup 清湯魚圓 清汤鱼圆 qīngtāng yúyuán
Fried Eel Slices 生爆鱔片 生爆鳝片 shēngbào shànpiàn
Fried Pigeon with Spiced Salt 椒鹽乳鴿 椒盐乳鸽 jiāoyán rǔgē
Fried Shrimps with Longjing Tea 龍井蝦仁 龙井虾仁 Lóngjǐng xiārén
Fried Stuffed Bean Curd Paste 干炸響鈴 干炸响铃 gānzhá xiǎnglíng
Fried Sweet and Sour Pork 糖醋里脊 糖醋里脊 tángcù lǐji
Hangzhou-Style Duck Pickled in Soy Sauce 杭州醬鴨 杭州酱鸭 Hángzhōu jiàngyā
Old Duck Stewed with Bamboo Root & Ham 笋干老鴨煲 笋干老鸭煲 sǔngān lǎoyā bāo
Red-Stewed Duck 滷鴨 卤鸭 lǔ yā
Sauteed Broad Beans with Ham 火腿蠶豆 火腿蚕豆 huǒtuǐ cándòu
Sauteed Shrimps 油爆蝦 油爆虾 yóubào xiā
Sizzling Rice in Tomato Sauce 番茄鍋巴 番茄锅巴 fānqié guōbā
Steamed Pork with Rice Flour in Lotus Leaf 荷葉粉蒸肉 荷叶粉蒸肉 héyèfěn zhēngròu
Stewed Spring Bamboo Shoots 油燜春笋 油焖春笋 yóumèn chūnsǔn [1]
Stir-Fried Spring Chicken with Chestnuts 栗子炒子雞 栗子炒子鸡 lìzi chǎo zǐjī
West Lake Fish in Vinegar Sauce 西湖醋魚 西湖醋鱼 xīhú cùyú

See also[edit]

References[edit]