List of Chinese flags

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

National flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1949– Flag of the People's Republic of China A red field, with a large yellow star at the canton, with four smaller stars to the right. This flag is flown in Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1928- Flag of the Republic of China A red field, with a blue canton containing a 12-ray white sun. This flag flew over Mainland China until 1949, and is presently flown in Taiwan and other islands under the control of the ROC. This flag can be sometimes seen in Mainland China, for historical and unofficial use.

Imperial flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1862.png 1862–1890 The flag of Qing Dynasty Same as national flag.
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg 1890–1912 The flag of Qing Dynasty Square version of above flag.
Standard of the Ching Emperor.gif  ?-? Standard of the Qing Dynasty's Emperor

Proposed national flags of the People's Republic of China[edit]

In July 1949, a contest was announced for a national flag for the newly founded People's Republic of China. From a total of about 3,000 proposed designs, 38 finalists were chosen. In September, the current flag, submitted by Zeng Liansong, was officially adopted.[1]

Selection of proposals[edit]

Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China[edit]

Main articles: Flag of Hong Kong and Flag of Macau
Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Hong Kong.svg 1997– Flag of Hong Kong A white, five-petal Bauhinia blakeana on a red field
Flag of Macau.svg 1999– Flag of Macau A lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars on a green field

Political divisions[edit]

Cities of the People's Republic of China[edit]

As of 18 November 1997, the Government of the People's Republic of China banned localities from making and using local flags and emblems.[2] Despite this law, some cities have adopted their own flag that often shows the local Emblem as shown below.

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the City of Harbin.svg May 1997–January 1998 Flag of Harbin[3] A white, five-petal flower surrounding a snowflake on a dark green field
Flag of the City of Suzhou.svg December 1995– Flag of Suzhou[4]
Flag of the City of Nanjing (1988-1997).svg December 1986–December 1997 Flag of Nanjing[5]
Flag of the City of Shangrao.png March 2009– Flag of Shangrao
Flag of the City of Kaifeng.svg March 2006– Flag of Kaifeng

Military flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Tibet.svg Since Qianlong era Flag of the Tibetan Army approved by the Qing imperial court Used by modern Tibetan independence movement as its symbol
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1862.png 1862–1890 Used on Qing Dynasty naval ships for identification Same as national flag.
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg 1890–1912 The flag of the Qing Beiyang fleet Square version of above flag.
Flag of Fleet Commander of the Beiyang Fleet.svg 1888-1895 The flag of the Fleet Commander of the Beiyang fleet.
People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Flag of the People's Liberation Army A red field with a yellow star at the canton, and the Chinese numerals for "8" and "1", the date of the PLA's establishment on 1 August 1927.
Ground Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Flag of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force The PLA flag with a green stripe at the bottom.
Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svg Ensign of the People's Liberation Army Navy The PLA flag with 5 horizontal lines, 3 blue and 2 white at the bottom, representing the sea.
Air Force Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Flag of the People's Liberation Army Air Force The PLA flag with a blue stripe at the bottom.
Republic of China Army Flag.svg Flag of the Republic of China Army (formerly National Revolutionary Army) The Blue Sky with a White Sun with a red border.
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China Navy Identical to the Kuomintang flag (see below).
Republic of China Air Forces Flag.svg Republic of China Air Force
Republic of China Marine Corps Flag.svg Republic of China Marine Corps
Republic of China Military Police Flag.svg Republic of China Military Police

Non-state flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Naval Jack of the Republic of China.svg 1895– Kuomintang flag. The "Blue Sky with a White Sun", 12 rays of the sun represent progressive ideals.
Flag of the Chinese Communist Party.svg 1921– Flag of the Communist Party of China Communist hammer and sickle
Commander-in-Chief Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1929– Standard of the President of the Republic of China
Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China.svg 1947–1986 Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China Abolished with Act of Ensign of the Republic of China Navy (海軍旗章條例) on Jan. 3rd, 1986.
Civil Ensign of the Republic of China.svg 1929–1966 Civil Ensign of the Republic of China Four serrated yellow stripes are added to the flag of the Republic of China for use as a civil ensign at sea. Present civil ensign is national flag.
Chushi Gangdruk-flag.svg 1957- Flag of Chushi Gangdruk

Historical national flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of the Shanghai International Settlement.svg 1842–1943 Flag of Shanghai International Settlement
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1862.png 1862–90 Flag of the Qing Dynasty Naval flag, quasi-national flag on international occasions.
China Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg 1889–1912 Flag of the Qing Dynasty Official national flag since 1889.
Flag of the Republic of China 1912-1928.svg 1912–28 First flag of the Republic of China, or "Five-colored flag" Used mainly in Shanghai and eastern parts of northern China until 1928. This flag was widely flown even before the founding of the Republic of China by Chinese on the eastern coast and garnered the greatest respect at the founding of the ROC. Stripes represent the five great races in China's history, according to Dr. Sun Yat-sen: red for Han Chinese, yellow to represent Manchus, blue as Mongols, white for Chinese Muslims, and black for Tibetans.
Chinese-army Wuhan flag (1911-1928) 18 dots.svg
Chinese-army Wuhan flag (1911-1928) 19 dots.svg
1911–1928 Flag of the Wuchang uprising; army flag of the Republic of China The banner of the Wuchang uprising of October 10, 1911, subsequently used as the flag of the army of the Republic of China, ca. 1913–28.
YuanFlag2.svg
YuanFlag1.svg
1916 Flags of Yuan Shikai's Empire of China. These variations on the initial flag of the Republic of China emphasize Han administration over other ethnicities in China.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Mainland: 1928–49 Flag of the Republic of China Not used in areas administrated by the People's Republic of China except in historical venues. Currently used as the national flag of the Republic of China.
Chinese soviet flag.svg 1931–34 Jiangxi Soviet republic flag Hammer and sickle along with Chinese characters for China Communist (Zhonggong, 中共) written in classical word order, i.e., read from the right.
National Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg 1931–34 Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic National emblem on a red flag.
中國工農紅軍軍旗.svg  ?-? Flag of the Chinese Red Army
Flag of Fujian People's Government.svg 1933–34 Flag of Fujian People's Government

Other historical flags[edit]

Flag Duration Use Description
TibetanFlag-before1912.svg  ?-1912 Flag of Tibet A yellow circle centered red field.
War Ensign of Germany 1892-1903.svg 1897– 1914 Flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[6] Reichskriegsflagge of the German Empire.
Gouverneurflagge.svg 1897– 1914 Flag of the Governor of Tsingtau[7] Gouverneurflagge of the German Empire.
Reichsdienstflagge der Kaiserlichen Marine 1893-1918.svg 1897– 1914 Civil flag of Tsingtau, Kiautschou[8] Reichskriegsflagge der Kaiserliche Marine of the German Empire.
Flag of British Weihaiwei.png 1903-1930 Flag of the British concession of Weihaiwei A British Blue Ensign with two Mandarin ducks standing on a beach.
Flag of Hong Kong 1871.svg 1870–1876 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with a crowned "HK".
Flag of Hong Kong (1876-1910).png 1876–1910 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong 1910.png 1910–1959 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with local waterfront scene.
Flag of Hong Kong (1959).png 1959–1997 Flag of the British colony of Hong Kong A British Blue Ensign with the coat of arms of Hong Kong (1959–1997).
HK Regional Council Logo.svg 1985–1999 Flag of the Regional Council A stylized Bauhinia blakeana leaf outline in white, in the form of a diagonally-tilted capital "R", on a green background, representing the green of the leaves.
HKUrbanCouncil.svg 1960s – 1999 Flag of the Urban Council, Hong Kong A stylized Bauhinia blakeana flower outline in white on a pink background, representing the colour of the flower.
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong (1910).png 1910–1941, 1945–1959 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong
Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong.svg 1959 – 1997 Flag of the Governor of Hong Kong
Flag Portugal (1667).svg 1670–1830 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag Portugal (1830).svg 1830–1911 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal.svg 1911–1999 Flag of Portugal, used in colonial era colony of Macau The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Bandeira do Leal Senado.svg 1975–1999 Flag of the Municipality of Macau, one of two local municipal governments. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Municipality of Macau. This was the flag used at the handover to China in 1999.
Flag of the Government of Portuguese Macau (1976-1999).svg 1975–1999 Flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Government of Macau. During the Portuguese administration this flag also represented the Territory of Macau in the international forums, although it was not the official flag of the Portuguese colony.
Flag of Portuguese Macau Unofficial.svg 1975–1999 (Not Official) Variant flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. Not official variant without the Kingdom of the Algarve castles in the coat of arms. This flag was found at the University of Macau in a photo of International University sports meeting and it was used in the parade. Although this flag was never used officially, some sports media used it instead of the Portuguese Flag to represent the colony.
Flag of Fengtian clique.svg until
Dec 29, 1928
Flag of Fengtian clique. Used by warlords until Chinese reunification (1928).
Flag of Manchukuo.svg 1932–1945 Flag of Manchukuo A yellow field with the red, blue, white, and black stripes of the first flag of the Republic of China (see above) in the canton.
Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing (Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction).svg 1940–1943 Flag of the Republic of China-Nanjing. Used by the Japanese puppet government till 1943 when the pennant was removed and the regular ROC flag took its place. The pennant reads "Peace, Anti-Communism, National Construction".

Note that Hong Kong and Macau were handed over to the People's Republic of China in 1997 and 1999 respectively.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 《中华人民共和国国旗国徽国歌档案》,中央档案馆编,中国档案出版社出版,2009。
  2. ^ 中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于禁止自行制作和使用地方旗、徽的通知 (Chinese Communist Central Governmental Notice to Ban Making and Using Local Flags and Emblems)
  3. ^ 哈尔滨市市旗市徽制作和使用管理暂行办法
  4. ^ 蘇州市城鄉建設檔案館
  5. ^ 市徽图案废止后著作权的归属
  6. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  7. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau
  8. ^ Kiautschou Tsingtau