List of Christopher Wren churches in London

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Churches in the City of London[edit]

Eighty-eight parish churches were burned during the Great Fire of London in 1666. The office of Christopher Wren rebuilt 51 parish churches and St Paul's Cathedral. Many of these churches were demolished as the population of the City of London declined in the 19th century and more were destroyed or damaged during the Blitz.

Survived in original form[edit]

Image Name Location Date Listing Coordinates
St Benet Paul's Wharf, Queen Victoria Street, London EC4 - geograph.org.uk - 1202624.jpg St Benet Paul's Wharf Queen Victoria Street, Queenhithe, City of London 1677-83 Grade I (1950) 51°30′42.01″N 0°5′57.38″W / 51.5116694°N 0.0992722°W / 51.5116694; -0.0992722
St Clement's Church, Clement's Lane, London EC4 - geograph.org.uk - 1062087.jpg St Clement Eastcheap Clement's Lane, Candlewick, City of London 1683-87 Grade I (1950) 51°30′40.77″N 0°5′12.81″W / 51.5113250°N 0.0868917°W / 51.5113250; -0.0868917
St Edmund the King and Martyr, Lombard Street, London EC3 - geograph.org.uk - 1084869.jpg St Edmund, King and Martyr Lombard Street, Langbourn, City of London 1670-79 Grade I (1950) 51°30′44.62″N 0°5′10.68″W / 51.5123944°N 0.0863000°W / 51.5123944; -0.0863000
St James Garlickhythe Church, Garlick Hill, London EC4 - geograph.org.uk - 1085159.jpg St James Garlickhythe Garlick Hill, Vintry, City of London 1676-83 Grade I (1950) 51°30′39.99″N 0°5′37.54″W / 51.5111083°N 0.0937611°W / 51.5111083; -0.0937611
St Margaret, Lothbury, London EC2 - geograph.org.uk - 1197730.jpg St Margaret Lothbury Lothbury, Coleman Street Ward and Broad Street Ward, City of London 1686-90 Grade I (1950) 51°30′52.91″N 0°5′19.92″W / 51.5146972°N 0.0888667°W / 51.5146972; -0.0888667
St Margaret Pattens, Eastcheap, London EC3 - geograph.org.uk - 1077034.jpg St Margaret Pattens Eastcheap, Billingsgate, City of London 1684-87 Grade I (1950) 51°30′38.75″N 0°4′58.74″W / 51.5107639°N 0.0829833°W / 51.5107639; -0.0829833
St Martin, Ludgate Hill, London EC4 - geograph.org.uk - 1196972.jpg St Martin, Ludgate Ludgate Hill, Farringdon Within, City of London 1677-84 Grade I (1950) 51°30′50.55″N 0°6′6.99″W / 51.5140417°N 0.1019417°W / 51.5140417; -0.1019417
St Mary Abchurch, Abchurch Lane, London EC4 - Spire - geograph.org.uk - 1067745.jpg St Mary Abchurch Abchurch Lane, Candlewick, City of London 1681-86 Grade I (1950) 51°30′42.02″N 0°5′18.05″W / 51.5116722°N 0.0883472°W / 51.5116722; -0.0883472
City parish churches, St. Mary Aldermary (rear view) - geograph.org.uk - 560482.jpg St Mary Aldermary Queen Victoria Street, Cordwainer, City of London 1679-82 Grade I (1950) 51°30′46″N 0°05′36″W / 51.51278°N 0.09333°W / 51.51278; -0.09333
St Michael, Cornhill, London EC3 - Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1077409.jpg St Michael's Cornhill Cornhill, Cornhill, City of London 1669-72 Grade I (1950) 51°30′47.50″N 0°5′7.68″W / 51.5131944°N 0.0854667°W / 51.5131944; -0.0854667
St Paul's - geograph.org.uk - 1013223.jpg St Paul's Cathedral St Paul's Churchyard, Castle Baynard, City of London 1675-1711 Grade I (1950) 51°30′49″N 0°05′53″W / 51.51361°N 0.09806°W / 51.51361; -0.09806
St Peter upon Cornhill, Cornhill, London EC3 - geograph.org.uk - 1767455.jpg St Peter upon Cornhill Cornhill, Cornhill, City of London 1677-84 Grade I (1950) 51°30′47.7″N 0°5′4.5″W / 51.513250°N 0.084583°W / 51.513250; -0.084583
St Stephen Walbrook1.jpg St Stephen Walbrook Walbrook, Walbrook, City of London 1672-79 Grade I (1950) 51°30′45.46″N 0°5′23.71″W / 51.5126278°N 0.0899194°W / 51.5126278; -0.0899194

Substantially altered before the Blitz[edit]

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
Flickr - Duncan~ - St Magnus vs The Shard.jpg St Magnus-the-Martyr Lower Thames Street, Bridge, City of London 1671-87 Grade I (1950) altered after London Bridge was widened in 1762 51°30′33.41″N 0°5′10.81″W / 51.5092806°N 0.0863361°W / 51.5092806; -0.0863361
St Mary at Hill, St Mary at Hill, Cheapside, London EC3 - geograph.org.uk - 717975.jpg St Mary-at-Hill Lovat Lane, Billingsgate, City of London 1670-76 Grade I (1950) altered in 1787-88 and 1826-1827 51°30′36″N 0°05′01″W / 51.510069°N 0.08374°W / 51.510069; -0.08374

Substantially rebuilt after the Blitz[edit]

The Blitz in 1940-1941 damaged nearly all the churches in the City of London and many were nearly destroyed leaving just the outer walls and tower. However most of them were rebuilt to Wren's original design.

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1172752.jpg St Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe Queen Victoria Street, Castle Baynard, City of London 1685-95 Grade I (1950) rededicated in 1961 51°30′44.44″N 0°6′4.89″W / 51.5123444°N 0.1013583°W / 51.5123444; -0.1013583
St Andrew's Church, St Andrew Street EC1 - geograph.org.uk - 1274102.jpg St Andrew, Holborn Holborn Viaduct, Farringdon Without, City of London 1686-87 Grade I (1950) re-opened in 1961 51°31′2.10″N 0°6′24.14″W / 51.5172500°N 0.1067056°W / 51.5172500; -0.1067056
The tower of the Church of St. Anne and St. Agnes - geograph.org.uk - 1137533.jpg St Anne and St Agnes Gresham Street, Aldersgate, City of London 1676-87 Grade I (1950) rededicated in 1966 51°30′59″N 0°5′47″W / 51.51639°N 0.09639°W / 51.51639; -0.09639
St Bride, Fleet Street, London EC4 - geograph.org.uk - 1213683.jpg St Bride's Church Fleet Street, Castle Baynard, City of London 1670-84 Grade I (1950) rededicated in 1957 51°30′50″N 0°6′21″W / 51.51389°N 0.10583°W / 51.51389; -0.10583
St Lawrence Jewry, Gresham Street, London EC2 - geograph.org.uk - 1208656.jpg St Lawrence Jewry Gresham Street, Cheap, City of London 1670-86 Grade I (1950) restored in 1957 51°30′55″N 0°05′33″W / 51.5152°N 0.0925°W / 51.5152; -0.0925
The Church of St. Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside, EC2 - geograph.org.uk - 1137446.jpg St Mary-le-Bow Cheapside, Cordwainer, City of London 1670-83 Grade I (1950) reconsecrated in 1964 51°30′50″N 0°05′37″W / 51.51389°N 0.09361°W / 51.51389; -0.09361
City parish churches, St. Michael (Paternoster) Royal - geograph.org.uk - 491255.jpg St Michael Paternoster Royal College Hill, Dowgate, City of London 1686-94 Grade I (1950) restored in 1966–8 51°30′40.22″N 0°5′31.76″W / 51.5111722°N 0.0921556°W / 51.5111722; -0.0921556
City parish churches, St. Nicholas Cole Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 491083.jpg St Nicholas Cole Abbey Queen Victoria Street, Bread Street Ward, City of London 1671-81 Grade I (1950) reconsecrated in 1962 51°30′43″N 0°5′48″W / 51.51194°N 0.09667°W / 51.51194; -0.09667
St Vedast Foster Lane.jpg St Vedast Foster Lane Foster Lane, Cheap, City of London 1670-97 Grade I (1950) restored by 1962 51°30′53.56″N 0°5′46.08″W / 51.5148778°N 0.0961333°W / 51.5148778; -0.0961333

Tower remaining[edit]

These churches were destroyed in the Blitz or demolished in the 19th century. Only their towers remained with perhaps a short section of the outer wall. They are no longer working churches.

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
Mary somerset godwin.jpg St Mary Somerset Upper Thames Street, Queenhithe, City of London 1686-94 Grade I (1950) Body of the church demolished in 1871. Tower surrounded by small garden 51°30′40.92″N 0°5′48.80″W / 51.5113667°N 0.0968889°W / 51.5113667; -0.0968889
Olave oldjewry godwin.jpg St Olave Old Jewry Ironmonger Lane, Walbrook, City of London 1670-79 Grade I (1950) Body of the church was demolished in 1887. Tower is part of an office building. 51°30′52.15″N 0°5′28.70″W / 51.5144861°N 0.0913056°W / 51.5144861; -0.0913056
Christchurch newgate godwin.jpg Christ Church Greyfriars Newgate Street, Farringdon Within, City of London 1677-91 Grade I (1950) Destroyed in the Blitz. The ruins are a public garden, the tower is private residence 51°30′56.94″N 0°5′56.93″W / 51.5158167°N 0.0991472°W / 51.5158167; -0.0991472
Alban wood godwin.jpg St Alban's, Wood Street Wood Street, Bassishaw, City of London 1682-87 Grade II (1950) Destroyed in the Blitz. The tower is private dwelling 51°30′59.69″N 0°5′38.95″W / 51.5165806°N 0.0941528°W / 51.5165806; -0.0941528
Augustine watling godwin.jpg St Augustine Watling Street Watling Street, Bread Street Ward, City of London 1680-87 Grade I (1950) Destroyed in the Blitz. Tower part of St Paul's Cathedral Choir School 51°30′48.52″N 00°05′49.00″W / 51.5134778°N 0.0969444°W / 51.5134778; -0.0969444
Dunsten east godwin.jpg St Dunstan-in-the-East St Dunstan's Hill, Billingsgate, City of London 1698 Grade I (1950) Rebuilt in 1817-21, but destroyed in the Blitz. Ruins are a public garden 51°30′34.82″N 0°4′57.80″W / 51.5096722°N 0.0827222°W / 51.5096722; -0.0827222

Stones re-used[edit]

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
Hallows lombard godwin.jpg All Hallows Lombard Street Lombard Street, Langbourn, City of London 1686-94 never listed Demolished in 1939, with the tower and interior fittings moved to All Hallows Twickenham 51°30′39.09″N 0°5′5.84″W / 51.5108583°N 0.0849556°W / 51.5108583; -0.0849556
Mary aldermanbury godwin.jpg St Mary Aldermanbury Aldermanbury, Bassishaw, City of London 1670-74 Grade II (1972) Ruined in 1940, and the stones transported to Fulton, Missouri in 1964. Rebuilt as a memorial to Sir Winston Churchill 51°30′59.34″N 0°5′35.06″W / 51.5164833°N 0.0930722°W / 51.5164833; -0.0930722

Demolished due to the Union of Benefices Act (chronological order)[edit]

The population of the City of London declined sharply in the 19th century, and the Union of Benefices Act 1860 reduced the number of parish churches. The surplus churches were demolished.

Image Name Location Date Comment Coordinates
Benet gracechurch godwin.jpg St Benet Gracechurch Gracechurch Street, Bridge, City of London 1681-87 demolished in 1868 51°30′42″N 0°5′6″W / 51.51167°N 0.08500°W / 51.51167; -0.08500
Mildred poultry godwin.jpg St Mildred, Poultry Poultry, Cheap, City of London 1670-77 demolished in 1872 51°30′49″N 0°5′24″W / 51.51361°N 0.09000°W / 51.51361; -0.09000
St antholin godwin.jpg St Antholin, Budge Row Watling Street, Cordwainer, City of London 1678-84 demolished in 1875 51°30′45″N 0°05′31″W / 51.51250°N 0.09194°W / 51.51250; -0.09194
Michael queenhithe godwin.jpg St Michael Queenhithe Upper Thames Street, Queenhithe, City of London 1676-86 demolished in 1876 51°30′40″N 0°5′42″W / 51.51111°N 0.09500°W / 51.51111; -0.09500
Hallows bread godwin.jpg All Hallows Bread Street Bread Street, Bread Street Ward, City of London 1681-1698 demolished in 1878 51°30′47″N 0°05′42″W / 51.5131°N 0.0951°W / 51.5131; -0.0951
Dionis backchurch godwin.jpg St Dionis Backchurch Fenchurch Street, Langbourn, City of London 1670-77 demolished in 1878 51°30′43″N 0°5′2″W / 51.51194°N 0.08389°W / 51.51194; -0.08389
Matthew friday godwin.jpg St Matthew Friday Street Friday Street, Bread Street Ward, City of London 1682-85 demolished in 1885 51°30′49″N 0°5′44″W / 51.51361°N 0.09556°W / 51.51361; -0.09556
Magdalen fish godwin.jpg St Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street Old Change, Castle Baynard, City of London 1683-87 demolished in 1893 51°30′45″N 0°5′51″W / 51.51250°N 0.09750°W / 51.51250; -0.09750
Hallows great godwin.jpg All-Hallows-the-Great Upper Thames Street, Dowgate, City of London 1677-84 demolished in 1894 51°30′36″N 0°05′25″W / 51.5100°N 0.0902°W / 51.5100; -0.0902
Michael woodstreet godwin.jpg St Michael Wood Street Wood Street, Cripplegate, City of London 1670-75 demolished in 1897 51°30′56″N 0°5′41.5″W / 51.51556°N 0.094861°W / 51.51556; -0.094861

Demolished for other reasons (chronological order)[edit]

Image Name Location Date Demolition Reason Coordinates
Christopher le stocks.jpg St Christopher le Stocks Threadneedle Street, Broad Street Ward, City of London 1670-71 demolished in 1782 to provide space for the extension of the Bank of England 51°30′51″N 0°05′19″W / 51.5141°N 0.0886°W / 51.5141; -0.0886
Michael crooked lane.jpg St Michael, Crooked Lane Miles's Lane, Candlewick, City of London 1687 demolished in 1831 wider approaches were needed for the rebuilt London Bridge 51°30′39″N 0°05′14″W / 51.51070°N 0.087280°W / 51.51070; -0.087280
St Bartholomews by the Exchange Exterior.jpg St Bartholomew-by-the-Exchange Bartholomew Lane, Broad Street Ward, City of London 1675-83 demolished in 1840 to provide space for the widening of Threadneedle Street 51°30′50″N 0°05′14″W / 51.51376°N 0.0873°W / 51.51376; -0.0873
Benet fink godwin.jpg St Benet Fink Threadneedle Street, Broad Street Ward, City of London 1670-75 demolished between 1841 and 1846 to improve the site of the Royal Exchange 51°30′50″N 0°5′10″W / 51.51389°N 0.08611°W / 51.51389; -0.08611
Michael bassishaw godwin.jpg St Michael Bassishaw Basinghall Street, Bassishaw, City of London 1675-79 demolished in 1900 judged structurally unsafe in 1892 51°31′0.1″N 0°5′30″W / 51.516694°N 0.09167°W / 51.516694; -0.09167
George botolph godwin.jpg St George Botolph Lane Botolph Lane, Billingsgate, City of London 1671-76 demolished in 1904 judged structurally unsafe and closed 1901 51°30′38″N 0°5′7″W / 51.51056°N 0.08528°W / 51.51056; -0.08528

Destroyed in the Blitz[edit]

These churches were destroyed in the Blitz and their ruins demolished afterwards.

Image Name Location Date Demolition Coordinates
Stephen coleman godwin.jpg St Stephen Coleman Street Coleman Street, Coleman Street Ward, City of London 1677 1940 51°30′56″N 0°05′25″W / 51.5155°N 0.0904°W / 51.5155; -0.0904
Mildred bread godwin.jpg St Mildred, Bread Street Bread Street, Bread Street Ward, City of London 1677-83 1941 51°30′44″N 0°05′43″W / 51.5123°N 0.0952°W / 51.5123; -0.0952
Swithin londonstone godwin.jpg St Swithin, London Stone Cannon Street, Walbrook, City of London 1678 1962 51°30′42″N 0°5′22″W / 51.51167°N 0.08944°W / 51.51167; -0.08944

Interior refurbished by Christopher Wren[edit]

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
Temple reredos godwin.jpg Temple Church Fleet Street, Farringdon Without, City of London 1682-83 Grade I (1950) During the restoration after the Blitz Wren's wooden altar was discovered in a museum and was restored to its original position 51°30′47.52″N 0°06′37.44″W / 51.5132000°N 0.1104000°W / 51.5132000; -0.1104000

Churches built outside the City of London[edit]

These churches were outside the area of the Great Fire of London.

Image Name Location Date Listing Comment Coordinates
Annes soho harrison.jpg St Anne's Church, Soho Dean Street, Soho, City of Westminster 1677-85 Grade II (1958) The body of the church by Wren and William Talman was destroyed in the Blitz and later totally demolished; the preserved tower was built by S.P. Cockerell in 1801-03 51°30′45″N 0°07′56″W / 51.5124°N 0.1323°W / 51.5124; -0.1323
St Clement Danes - geograph.org.uk - 397147.jpg St Clement Danes The Strand, City of Westminster 1680-82 Grade I (1958) Destroyed in 1941; reconsecrated in 1958 after the Blitz. 51°30′47″N 0°06′50″W / 51.513107°N 0.113898°W / 51.513107; -0.113898
Church of St Jamess Piccadilly (5123795031).jpg St James's Church, Piccadilly Piccadilly, St James's, City of Westminster 1676-84 Grade I (1958) Destroyed in 1940; restored in 1947-54 after the Blitz 51°30′31″N 0°8′12″W / 51.50861°N 0.13667°W / 51.50861; -0.13667
The Chapel2, Royal Hospital, Chelsea.jpg Chapel of the Royal Hospital Chelsea Royal Hospital Road, Chelsea, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea 1682-87 Grade I (1969) Wren designed the rest of the Hospital, as well. 51°29′11″N 0°9′28″W / 51.48639°N 0.15778°W / 51.48639; -0.15778

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Betjeman, John (1992) [1967], Sovereign City of London Churches, Andover: Pitkin, ISBN 0-85372-565-9 
  • Godwin, George (1839), Churches of London, Vols.1-2, C. Tilt
  • Huelin, G (1996), Vanished Churches of the City of London, London: Guildhall Library Publications, ISBN 0-900422-42-4 
  • Reynolds, H (1922), The Churches of the City of London, London: The Bodley Head Limited 

External links[edit]