List of Cincinnati Reds no-hitters

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The Cincinnati Reds are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Cincinnati, Ohio. They play in the National League Central division. Also known in their early years as the "Cincinnati Red Stockings" (1882–89) and "Cincinnati Redlegs" (1954–59)[1] pitchers for the Reds have thrown 16 no-hitters in franchise history.[2] A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) retires each batter on the opposing team during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings".[3] No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form.[4] A no-hitter is relatively rare, but only one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat.[a] On September 16, 1988, Tom Browning threw the only perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, in Reds history.[5] As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game."[3]

While Dick Burns of the Outlaw Reds hurled the first no-hitter in Cincinnati baseball history,[6] Bumpus Jones threw the first no-hitter in Reds history on October 15, 1892. The most recent no-hitter was thrown by Homer Bailey on July 2, 2013.[5] Six left-handed starting pitchers have thrown no-hitters in franchise history and the other seven pitchers were right-handed. Eleven Reds no-hitters were thrown at home and only five on the road. They threw two in April, three in May, four in June, three in July, one in August, two in September, and one in October. The longest interval between no-hitters in franchise history was between the games pitched by Browning and Bailey, encompassing over 24 years. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the two consecutive games pitched by Johnny Vander Meer, encompassing merely 4 days from June 11, 1938 till June 15, 1938.[5] The team against whom the Reds have thrown the most no-hit games (three) is the Atlanta Braves (formerly "Boston Braves"), who were defeated by Vander Meer (first no-hitter in 1938), Clyde Shoun (in 1944), and Ewell Blackwell (in 1947). There are two no-hitters which the team allowed at least a run. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter was by Jim Maloney (in 1965), who allowed 11. Of the 16 no-hitters, five have been won by a score of 1–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a Reds no-hitter was an 11–0 win by Ted Breitenstein in 1898. The smallest margin of victory was 1–0 in wins by Fred Toney in 1917, Shoun in 1944, Maloney in 1965, Browning in 1988, and Bailey in 2012.

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted Ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a Ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final."[7] Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which "is defined as that area over homeplate [sic] the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap."[7] These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter.[8] 14 different umpires presided over each of the Reds' 16 no-hitters.

The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager is to determine the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game.[9] Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would lead to a no-hitter.[citation needed] 12 different managers have led to the Reds' 16 no-hitters.

List of no-hitters in Reds history[edit]

 ¶  Indicates a perfect game
 £  Pitcher was left-handed
 *  Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
# Date Pitcher Final score Base-
runners
Opponent Catcher Plate umpire Manager Notes Ref
1 October 15, 1892 Jones, BumpusBumpus Jones 7–1 5 Pittsburgh Pirates Schreck, OsseeOssee Schreck McQuaid, JackJack McQuaid Comiskey, CharlieCharlie Comiskey
  • First career game
  • Final game of the season
  • First no-hitter in franchise history
  • First Reds no-hitter at home
  • First right-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • First Reds no-hitter while allowing a run
  • Latest calendar date of Reds no-hitter
[10]
2 April 22, 1898 Breitenstein, TedTed Breitenstein£ 11–0 3 Pittsburgh Pirates Peitz, HeinieHeinie Peitz (1) O'Day, HankHank O'Day (1) Ewing, BuckBuck Ewing
  • First left-handed pitcher to throw a no-hitter in franchise history
  • First of two on the same day
  • Largest margin of victory in a Reds no-hitter
  • Earliest calendar date of Reds no-hitter
[11]
3 July 12, 1900 Hahn, NoodlesNoodles Hahn£ 4–0 1 Philadelphia Phillies Peitz, HeinieHeinie Peitz (2) Terry, AdonisAdonis Terry Allen, BobBob Allen [12]
4 May 2, 1917 Toney, FredFred Toney 1–0 (10) 1 @ Chicago Cubs Wingo, IveyIvey Wingo Orth, AlAl Orth Mathewson, ChristyChristy Mathewson
  • Smallest margin of victory in a Reds no-hitter (tie)
  • Double no-hitter
  • First Reds no-hitter on the road
[13]
5 May 11, 1919 Eller, HodHod Eller 6–0 1 St. Louis Cardinals Rariden, BillBill Rariden O'Day, HankHank O'Day (2) Moran, PatPat Moran [14]
6 June 11, 1938 Vander Meer, JohnnyJohnny Vander Meer£ (1) 3–0 3 Boston Braves Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi (1) Magerkurth, GeorgeGeorge Magerkurth McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie (1)
  • First of two no-hitters in back-to-back starts
[15]
7 June 15, 1938 Vander Meer, JohnnyJohnny Vander Meer£ (2) 6–0 8 @ Brooklyn Dodgers Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi (2) Stewart, BillBill Stewart McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie (2)
  • Only pitcher in baseball history to throw two consecutive no-hitters
  • First-ever night game at Ebbets Field
  • Shortest interval between Reds no-hitters
[16]
8 May 15, 1944 Shoun, ClydeClyde Shoun£ 1–0 1 Boston Braves Mueller, RayRay Mueller Reardon, BeansBeans Reardon McKechnie, BillBill McKechnie (3)
  • Smallest margin of victory in an Reds no-hitter (tie)
[17]
9 June 18, 1947 Blackwell, EwellEwell Blackwell 6–0 4 Boston Braves Lamanno, RayRay Lamanno Barlick, AlAl Barlick Neun, JohnnyJohnny Neun
  • Against the Brooklyn Dodgers four days later, Blackwell nearly duplicated Vander Meer's double no-hit feat but had this bid broken up in the ninth
[18]
10 August 19, 1965 Maloney, JimJim Maloney (1) 1–0 (10) 11 @ Chicago Cubs Edwards, JohnnyJohnny Edwards Steiner, MelMel Steiner Sisler, DickDick Sisler
  • First game of a doubleheader
  • Smallest margin of victory in an Reds no-hitter (tie)
  • Most baserunners allowed in a Reds no-hitter
[19]
11 July 29, 1968 Culver, GeorgeGeorge Culver 6–1 8 @ Philadelphia Phillies Corrales, PatPat Corrales Wendelstedt, HarryHarry Wendelstedt Bristol, DaveDave Bristol (1) [20]
12 April 30, 1969 Maloney, JimJim Maloney (2) 10–0 5 Houston Astros Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench Secory, FrankFrank Secory Bristol, DaveDave Bristol (2)
  • First game of a two-game series, in which both were no-hitters
[21]
13 June 16, 1978 Seaver, TomTom Seaver* 4–0 4 St. Louis Cardinals Werner, DonDon Werner Tata, TerryTerry Tata Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson
  • Seaver finally pitched a no-hitter after having two previous bids broken up in the ninth as a Met, including a perfect game bid in 1969
[22]
14 September 16, 1988 Browning, TomTom Browning£¶ 1–0 0 Los Angeles Dodgers Reed, JeffJeff Reed Quick, JimJim Quick Rose, PetePete Rose
  • First and only perfect game in Reds history and 12th in MLB history
  • The Dodgers would go on to win the 1988 World Series
[23]
15 September 28, 2012 Bailey, HomerHomer Bailey (1) 1–0 2 @ Pittsburgh Pirates Hanigan, RyanRyan Hanigan (1) Hickox, EdEd Hickox Speier, ChrisChris Speier
  • Smallest margin of victory in a Reds no-hitter (tie)
  • Longest interval between Reds no-hitters
[24]
16 July 2, 2013 Bailey, HomerHomer Bailey (2) 3–0 1 San Francisco Giants Hanigan, RyanRyan Hanigan (2) Johnson, AdrianAdrian Johnson Baker, DustyDusty Baker
  • Most recent Reds no-hitter
  • Bailey becomes the fifth pitcher to have thrown both of MLB's two most recent no-hitters, following Nolan Ryan (twice, in June 1975 and September 1974 and in May and June 1973, Warren Spahn in April 1961 and September 1960, Allie Reynolds in September and July 1951, and Johnny Vander Meer (see above)
[25]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cincinnati Reds Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Cincinnati Reds Franchise History". ESPN. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  4. ^ Kurkjian, Tim (June 29, 2008). "No-hit win makes no sense, except in baseball". ESPN. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c "Cincinnati Reds on Baseball Almanac". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Burns Outdoes Himself". scsr.org. Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved September 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Umpires: Rules of Interest". MLB.com. Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  8. ^ Bronson, Eric. Baseball and Philosophy: Thinking Outside the Batter's Box, Pgs 98–99. ISBN 0-8126-9556-9. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Manager". Wikipedia. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  10. ^ "1892 Reds season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  11. ^ "1898 Reds season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  12. ^ "1900 Reds season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  13. ^ "1917 Reds season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  14. ^ "1919 Reds season schedule, box scores, and splits". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  15. ^ "June 11, 1938 Boston Braves at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  16. ^ "June 15, 1938 Cincinnati Reds at Brooklyn Dodgers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  17. ^ "May 15, 1944 Boston Braves at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  18. ^ "June 18, 1947 Boston Braves at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  19. ^ "August 19, 1965 Cincinnati Reds at Chicago Cubs Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  20. ^ "July 29, 1968 Cincinnati Reds at Philadelphia Phillies Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  21. ^ "April 30, 1969 Houston Astros at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  22. ^ "June 16, 1978 St. Louis Cardinals at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  23. ^ "September 16, 1988 Los Angeles Dodgers at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved November 29, 2010. 
  24. ^ "September 28, 2012 Cincinnati Reds at Pittsburgh Pirates Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  25. ^ "July 2, 2013 San Francisco Giants at Cincinnati Reds Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 

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