List of Cleveland Spiders managers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Patsy Tebeau managed the most games in Cleveland Spiders history, and is the only manager with a winning record.

The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball team that played in Cleveland, Ohio. They played in the American Association when it was considered a major league from 1887 through 1888 and in the National League from 1889 through 1899.[1] From 1887 through 1888 the team was named the Cleveland Blues.[1] During their time as a Major League team, the Spiders employed 7 managers.[2] The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.[3][4]

The Spiders' first manager was Jimmy Williams, who managed the team as the Cleveland Blues in 1887 and the beginning of the 1888 season.[2] Williams managed a total of 197 games for the team, winning just 59 against 136 losses for a winning percentage of .303.[5] This low winning percentage would prove one of the best in team history.

After Tom Loftus, Gus Schmelz and Robert Leadley handled the managerial duties from the middle of the 1888 season though the middle of the 1891 season, first baseman Patsy Tebeau became the Spiders' player-manager 69 games into the 1891 season.[2] Tebeau would manage the Spiders through the end of the 1898 season.[2] Tebeau holds the Spiders' records for most games managed, with 1040, most wins as manager, with 579, most losses as manager, with 436, and highest winning percentage, with .570.[2] Tebeau is in fact the only Spiders' manager to have won more games than he lost.[2] In 1894 and 1895, Tebeau had the distinction of managing his brother George Tebeau, who played outfield and first base for the team.[6][7][8]

In 1899, third baseman Lave Cross became the Spiders' player-manager.[2] The Spiders won just 8 of 38 games under Cross, for a winning percentage of just .211, before Cross was replaced as player-manager by second baseman Joe Quinn.[2][9] The Spiders performed even more poorly under Quinn, winning just 12 games and losing 104, for a winning percentage of .103.[2][10] The Spiders' 1899 record of 20 wins and 134 losses under Cross and Quinn is the worst in professional baseball history, and the team was dropped from the Major Leagues after the season.[11][12]

Table key[edit]

#
A running total of the number of Spiders managers. Any manager who has two or more separate terms is only counted once.
G
Number of regular season games managed; may not equal sum of wins and losses due to tie games
W
Number of regular season wins in games managed
L
Number of regular season losses in games managed
WPct
Winning percentage: number of wins divided by number of games managed
PA
Playoff appearances: number of years this manager has led the franchise to the playoffs
PW
Playoff wins: number of wins this manager has accrued in the playoffs
PL
Playoff losses: number of losses this manager has accrued in the playoffs
LC
League Championships: number of League Championships, or pennants, achieved by the manager
WS
World Series: number of World Series victories achieved by the manager
Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame

Managers[edit]

# Manager Seasons G W L WPct PA PW PL LC WS Ref
1 Williams, JimmyJimmy Williams 18871888 197 59 136 .303 [5]
2 Loftus, TomTom Loftus 18881889 207 91 110 .453 [13]
3 Schmelz, GusGus Schmelz 1890 78 21 55 .276 [14]
4 Leadley, RobertRobert Leadley 18901891 126 57 67 .460 [15]
5 Tebeau, PatsyPatsy Tebeau 18911898 1040 579 436 .570 [6]
6 Cross, LaveLave Cross 1899 38 8 30 .211 [9]
7 Quinn, JoeJoe Quinn 1899 116 12 104 .103 [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cleveland Spiders Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Cleveland Spiders Managerial Register". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  3. ^ "Manager: Definition | Dictionary.com". Dictionary.Reference.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  4. ^ Dickson, P. (2009). The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (Third Edition ed.). W.W. Norton & Co. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-393-06681-4. 
  5. ^ a b "Jimmy Williams Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  6. ^ a b "Patsy Tebeau Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  7. ^ "1894 Cleveland Spiders Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  8. ^ "1895 Cleveland Spiders Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  9. ^ a b "Lave Cross Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  10. ^ a b "Joe Quinn Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  11. ^ "Indians History Overview: The Early Years". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  12. ^ "Hard To Believe How Bad They Were: The 1899 Cleveland Spiders make the 1962 Mets seem like world-beaters". Sports Illustrated. April 19, 1999. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  13. ^ "Tom Loftus Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  14. ^ "Gus Schmelz Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  15. ^ "Bob Leadley Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2009-07-26.