Coastal defences of Australia during World War II

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Leighton Battery in Fremantle, Western Australia in 1943

The following is a List of Coastal Batteries in Australia and Territories during World War II. The main threat came early in the war from German raiders and threat of Japanese raids or invasion, and hence all available ordnance was pressed into service, including some obsolete guns and field guns adapted for coast defence.

Queensland[edit]

Brisbane[edit]

Cairns[edit]

Townsville[edit]

One of two 4.7 inch coastal defence gun emplacements built at Cape Pallarenda, Townsville in 1943

Torres Strait[edit]

New South Wales[edit]

Newcastle[edit]

Port Stephens[edit]

Sydney[edit]

Middle Head Fortifications, Sydney Harbour

Note: A 6 pounder 10cwt battery was under construction.

Port Kembla[edit]

Media related to Kembla Fortress at Wikimedia Commons

Illowra Battery, Port Kembla, New South Wales

Northern Territory[edit]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Lae[edit]

Port Moresby[edit]

Rabaul[edit]

South Australia[edit]

Tasmania[edit]

Western Australia[edit]

Albany[edit]

Fremantle[edit]

Media related to Fremantle Fortress at Wikimedia Commons

Note: A 9.2in Mark Xv battery was under construction.

Geraldton[edit]

Victoria[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Horner, David (1995). The Gunners. A History of Australian Artillery. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86373-917-3. 
  • Palazzo, Albert (2001). The Australian Army. A History of its Organisation 1901—2001. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-551507-2. 
  • Spethman, David (2008). The Garrison Guns of Australia 1788–1962. Inala, Queensland: Ron H Mortensen. ISBN 978-0-9775990-8-0.