List of Columbia Law School alumni

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This is a partial list of individuals who have attended Columbia Law School. For a list of individuals who have attended or taught at Columbia University, see the list of Columbia University people.


Government[edit]

United States Government[edit]

Executive branch[edit]

Presidents[edit]
Cabinet members and cabinet-level officers[edit]
Directors of Central Intelligence[edit]
White House Counsel[edit]
Presidential advisors[edit]
Commissioners and agency heads, subcabinet members[edit]
Solicitors general[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Supreme Court[edit]
Court of Appeals[edit]
U.S. District Court[edit]
Other federal courts[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

Senators[edit]
Representatives[edit]

United States diplomats[edit]

Military[edit]

Miscellaneous United States government[edit]

State Government[edit]

Governors[edit]
State Attorneys General[edit]
State judges, politicians and others[edit]

City and county government[edit]

Non-U.S. government[edit]

Prominent political figures[edit]

Prominent judicial figures[edit]

Academia[edit]

University presidents[edit]

Legal academia[edit]

Arts and letters[edit]

Performing arts[edit]

Business and philanthropy[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Private legal practice[edit]

Religion[edit]

Activism[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Fictitious alumni[edit]

Notes[edit]

¹ Studied law at Columbia University prior to the founding of the Law School.

² Failed to complete the law degree.

³ Received the LL.D.

References[edit]

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  3. ^ HENRY, JAMES S. OFFICIAL CONGRESSIONAL DIRECTORY FOR THE USE OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS. 1911. p. 259. 
  4. ^ Catalogue of the Alpha Delta Phi Society. Executive Council of the Alpha Delta Phi Fraterity, 1899. p. 474. 
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  6. ^ "Charles Evans Hughes". 2014 Cornell University. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ "John Jay". 2002 Columbia University. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
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  10. ^ Newman, Roger K. The Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law. Yale University Press, 2009. p. 374. 
  11. ^ Watson, Thurber, Woolley, Thomas, Magrath, Archibald Robinson, Raymond Dunham, George Ingalls, Hiram, Joseph Walker. Bench and Bar, Volume 38. The Bench and Bar Co., 1916. p. 103. 
  12. ^ "Theodore Roosevelt". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Harlan Fiske Stone". Supreme Court Historical Society. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  14. ^ United States. Congress, Michael, W. H. Official Congressional Directory, Volume 60. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1909. p. 263. 
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  18. ^ "Frank Blake". 2003–2013 Homer TLC, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  19. ^ "J. Reuben Clark". Lewis and Clark Law School. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Eric Hargan". 2014 Greenberg Traurig, LLP. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Harold M. Ickes". Meyer, Suozzi, English and Klein P.C. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  22. ^ "George Lockhart Rives". The New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Franklin Delano Roosevelt". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  24. ^ "John J. Sullivan". United States of America Department of Commerce. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Biographical Directory of Federal Judges Tyler, Harold R. Jr.". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  26. ^ "J. Mayhew Wainwright". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Lawrence Edward Walsh". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  28. ^ "William Colby". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  29. ^ "William Joseph Donovan". 2004 Columbia University. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Lanny A. Breuer". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Charles Ruff". 2013 The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Donald B. Verrilli, Jr.". The United States Department of Justice. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
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  34. ^ a b "Columbia Law School : Professor Trevor Morrison '98 Appointed Associate Counsel to the President". Law.columbia.edu. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
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  36. ^ Benjamin Powell, Findlaw.com. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
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  38. ^ "Stephen Friedman". Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  39. ^ "Ulysses S. Grant, Jr.". 1996–2013 WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
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  41. ^ "John D. Clark". Nndb.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
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  43. ^ "Jonathan W. Daniels". 2014 The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Lynn Forester de Rothschild". 2014, Columbia Law School. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Ken Khachigian". 2014 Asbarez Armenian News. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  46. ^ "John Marshall Kernochan". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Jay Lefkowitz". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  48. ^ "Kathleen McGinty". 2014 Environmental Law Institute. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Columbia Law School Magazine : Brett McGurk '99". Law.columbia.edu. November 9, 1961. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Brett McGurk hosts Ask the White House". Georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. April 10, 2006. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  51. ^ "S. Jay Plager". United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  52. ^ "Richard Stone". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  53. ^ "Tony Blinken". 2014, Columbia Law School. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  54. ^ "William O. Douglas". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  55. ^ "Nathan Feinsinger". 2014 The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  56. ^ "William Dudley Foulke". Morrisson-Reeves Library, Richmond, Indiana U.S.A. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  57. ^ "Harvey Goldschmid". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  58. ^ The Saturday Evening Post, Volume 186, Issue 4. Saturday Evening Post Company, 1914 – Philadelphia (Pa.). p. 27. 
  59. ^ "John D. Hawke, Jr.". 2014 Arnold & Porter LLP. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Edward Hidalgo". 2013 The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  61. ^ "William Kovacic". The George Washington University Law School. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  62. ^ Waas, Lomonaco, Murray, Jeff. The United States V. I. Lewis Libby. Sterling Publishing Company, 2007. p. 44. 
  63. ^ "Charles E. F. Millard". 2013 Broadway Partners Fund Manager, LLC. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Annette Nazareth". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
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  69. ^ The Thirteenth International World Wide Web Conference, NY, NY. May 17–22, 2004. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
  70. ^ "Mary Jo White". 2014, Columbia Law School. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Tracy Voorhees". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  72. ^ "Lloyd Wheaton Bowers". Georgetown University. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  73. ^ "Charles Fried". 2014 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  74. ^ "Daniel M. Friedman". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  75. ^ "Stanley Foreman Reed". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  76. ^ "Donald Verrilli Jr.". 2014, Columbia Law School. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  77. ^ "R. Kent Greenawalt". 2014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  78. ^ a b "Samuel Blatchford". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  79. ^ "Benjamin Nathan Cardozo". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  80. ^ "William O. Douglas". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  81. ^ "Ruth Bader Ginsburg". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  82. ^ "Charles Evans Hughes". Supreme Court Historical Society. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  83. ^ "John Jay". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  84. ^ "Stanley Forman Reed". Supreme Court Historical Society. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  85. ^ "Harlan Fiske Stone". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  86. ^ "Hugh H. Bownes". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  87. ^ "LeBaron Bradford Colt". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  88. ^ "John Patrick Hartigan". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  89. ^ "Peter Woodbury". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  90. ^ "Wilfred Feinberg". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  91. ^ "Paul Raymond Hays". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  92. ^ "Emile Henry Lacombe". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  93. ^ "Gerard E. Lynch". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  94. ^ "J. Daniel Mahoney". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  95. ^ "Martin Manton". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  96. ^ "Julius Marshuetz Mayer". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  97. ^ "Harold Medina". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  98. ^ "Leonard P. Moore". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  99. ^ "Robert D. Sack". The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  100. ^ "Ruth Bader Ginsburg". Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  101. ^ "Harold Leventhal". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  102. ^ "James Marshall Sprouse". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  103. ^ "Richard Wilde Walker, Jr". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  104. ^ "Jerre Stockton Williams". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  105. ^ "James Alger Fee". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  106. ^ "Daniel M. Friedman". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  107. ^ "Jack Miller". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  108. ^ "S. Jay Plager". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  109. ^ "Giles Sutherland Rich". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  110. ^ "Charles L. Brieant". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  111. ^ "Frederick van Pelt Bryan". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  112. ^ "Naomi Reice Buchwald". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  113. ^ "Robert L. Carter". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  114. ^ "Miriam Goldman Cedarbaum". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  115. ^ "Denise Cote". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  116. ^ "Archie Owen Dawson". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  117. ^ "Marvin E. Frankel". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  118. ^ "Lee Parsons Gagliardi". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  119. ^ "Paul G. Gardephe". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  120. ^ "Gerard Louis Goettel". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  121. ^ "Alvin Hellerstein". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  122. ^ "William Bernard Herlands". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  123. ^ "George Chandler Holt". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  124. ^ "Richard J. Holwell". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  125. ^ "Kenneth M. Karas". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  126. ^ "Peter K. Leisure". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  127. ^ "Mary Johnson Lowe". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  128. ^ "John S. Martin, Jr.". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  129. ^ "Charles Miller Metzner". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  130. ^ "Edmund Louis Palmieri". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  131. ^ "Robert P. Patterson, Jr.". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  132. ^ "Milton Pollack". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  133. ^ "Simon H. Rifkind". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  134. ^ President Obama Nominates Seven to the United States District Courts, The White House. Office of the Press Secretary. Posted November 14, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  135. ^ "Harold R. Tyler, Jr". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  136. ^ "Lawrence Edward Walsh". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  137. ^ "John M. Woolsey". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  138. ^ "Joseph Frank Bianco". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  139. ^ "Mortimer W. Byers". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  140. ^ "Thomas Chatfield". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  141. ^ "Nicholas Garaufis". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  142. ^ "Dora L. Irizarry". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  143. ^ "Charles Proctor Sifton". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  144. ^ "Jack B. Weinstein". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  145. ^ "Joseph Carmine Zavatt". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  146. ^ "U. W. Clemon". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  147. ^ "Lawrence K. Karlton". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  148. ^ "Richard G. Seeborg". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  149. ^ "John Foster Symes". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  150. ^ "Alexander Holtzoff". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  151. ^ "Richard W. Roberts". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  152. ^ "The White House, Press Release: "President Obama Names Fives to United States District Court", July 14, 2010". Whitehouse.gov. July 14, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2011. 
  153. ^ "Alexander Harvey II". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  154. ^ "Nathaniel M. Gorton". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  155. ^ "Denise Page Hood". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  156. ^ "Joseph Cross". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  157. ^ "Dickinson Richards Debevoise". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  158. ^ "Walter Herbert Rice". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  159. ^ "Anita B. Brody". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  160. ^ "Ira Lloyd Letts". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  161. ^ "Harry Bennett Anderson". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  162. ^ "Lynn S. Adelman". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  163. ^ "James Edward Doyle". Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
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  165. ^ "Alva B. Adams". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  166. ^ "Johnson N. Camden, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  167. ^ a b "Clifford P. Case". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  168. ^ "LeBaron B. Colt". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  169. ^ "Slade Gorton". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  170. ^ "Frederick Hale". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  171. ^ "Lister Hill". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  172. ^ a b John Kean, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  173. ^ "Richard C. Hunter". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  174. ^ "Luke Lea". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  175. ^ "Thomas E. Martin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  176. ^ "Jack Miller". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  177. ^ "Dwight Morrow". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  178. ^ "Wayne Morse". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  179. ^ "Frank C. Partridge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  180. ^ "John Patton, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  181. ^ "Howard Alexander Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  182. ^ "Richard Stone". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  183. ^ "Arthur Vivian Watkins". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  184. ^ "George P. Wetmore". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  185. ^ "Harrison A. Williams". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  186. ^ "Bella Abzug". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  187. ^ "John J. Adams". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  188. ^ "Homer D. Angell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  189. ^ "Martin C. Ansorge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  190. ^ "Edward Basset". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  191. ^ "Perry Belmont". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  192. ^ "Loring Black". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  193. ^ "Robert William Bonynge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  194. ^ "Frank T. Bow". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  195. ^ "Lloyd Bryce". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  196. ^ "John F. Carew". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  197. ^ "Emanuel Celler". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  198. ^ "Alexander Gilmore Cochran". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  199. ^ "Frederic René Coudert, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  200. ^ "Robert Crosser". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  201. ^ "Colgate Darden". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  202. ^ "P. Henry Dugro". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  203. ^ "Charles T. Dunwell". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  204. ^ "Sidney A. Fine". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  205. ^ "Hamilton Fish II". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  206. ^ "Ashbel P. Fitch". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  207. ^ "Frank T. Fitzgerald". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  208. ^ "Wallace T. Foote, Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  209. ^ "George E. Foss". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
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  211. ^ "Jaime Fuster". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  212. ^ "Ralph A. Gamble". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  213. ^ "Fred Benjamin Gernerd". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  214. ^ "James R. Grover, Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  215. ^ "Ralph W. Gwinn". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  216. ^ "Thomas Hedge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  217. ^ "Lewis Henry". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  218. ^ "Lister Hill". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  219. ^ "Theodore Gaillard Hunt". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  220. ^ "Theodore R. Kupferman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  221. ^ "George P. Lawrence". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  222. ^ "John J. Lentz". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  223. ^ "Montague Lessler". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  224. ^ "Marcus C. Lisle". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  225. ^ "Washington J. McCormick". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  226. ^ "John McKeon". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  227. ^ "Roy H. McVicker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  228. ^ "Thomas E. Martin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  229. ^ "Mitchell May". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  230. ^ "Schuyler Merritt". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  231. ^ "Brad Miller". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  232. ^ "J. Van Vechten Olcott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  233. ^ "William Claiborne Owens". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  234. ^ "Richard W. Parker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  235. ^ "Thomas G. Patten". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  236. ^ "William Walter Phelps". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  237. ^ "Philip J. Philbin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  238. ^ "Otis G. Pike". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  239. ^ "Edward Everett Robbins". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  240. ^ "William Fitts Ryan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  241. ^ "James Scheuer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  242. ^ "Townsend Scudder". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  243. ^ "John F. Seiberling". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  244. ^ "Eugene Siler". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  245. ^ "Percy Hamilton Stewart". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  246. ^ "Jessie Sumner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  247. ^ "Edward Swann". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  248. ^ "James W. Symington". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  249. ^ "Charles Phelps Taft". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  250. ^ "Benjamin I. Taylor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  251. ^ "John A. Thayer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  252. ^ "J. Mayhew Wainwright". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  253. ^ "William C. Wallace". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  254. ^ "Charles Weltner". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  255. ^ "Harrison A. Williams". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  256. ^ "Francis H. Wilson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  257. ^ "Herbert Zelenko". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  258. ^ "Anthony Gardner". Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  259. ^ "Perry Belmont". United States Congress Biographical Directory. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  260. ^ "Lloyd Bryce". United States Congress Biographical Directory. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  261. ^ "Charles Chaille-Long". The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  262. ^ "Reuben Clark". law.lclark.edu. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  263. ^ "William Joseph Donovan". 2004 Columbia University. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
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  268. ^ "Jay Lefkowitz". 014, The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
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