List of Columbiformes by population

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This is a list of Columbiformes species by global population. While numbers are estimates, they have been made by the experts in their fields. For more information on how these estimates were ascertained, see Wikipedia's articles on population biology and population ecology.

This list is not comprehensive, as not all Columbiformes have had their numbers quantified.

Species by global population[edit]

Common name Binomial name Population Status Trend Notes Image
Negros fruit-dove Ptilinopus arcanus 50[1] CR[1] Decrease[1] Maximum estimate; possibly extinct.[1]
Silvery pigeon Columba argentina 50[2] CR[2] Decrease[2] Preliminary maximum estimate; may be revised upwards.[2] ColumbaGriseaKeulemans.jpg
Sulu bleeding-heart Gallicolumba menagei 50[3] CR[3] Decrease[3] Maximum estimate; may be extinct.[3]
Blue-eyed ground-dove Columbina cyanopis 70 – 400[4] CR[4] Decrease[4]
Mindoro bleeding-heart Gallicolumba platenae 70 – 400[5] CR[5] Decrease[5]
Negros bleeding-heart Gallicolumba keayi 70 – 400[6] CR[6] Decrease[6] PhlegoenasKeayiKeulemans.jpg
Purple-winged ground-dove Claravis geoffroyi 70 – 400[7] CR[7] Decrease[7]
Socorro dove Zenaida graysoni 100[8] EW[8] N/A Not recorded in the wild since 1972. Re-introductions are planned.[8] SocorroGroundDove025.jpg
Polynesian ground-dove Gallicolumba erythroptera 100 – 200[9] CR[9] Decrease[9] PhlegoenasKeulemans.jpg
Grenada dove Leptotila wellsi 130[10] CR[10] Steady[10] Grenadadove1.jpg
Rapa fruit-dove Ptilinopus huttoni 270 – 274[11] VU[11] Steady[11] Estimate dates from 1991.[11]
Marquesan imperial pigeon Ducula galeata 300[12] EN[12] Increase[12] Minimum estimate.[12] Ducula galeata Nuku Hiva.jpg
Lilac-crowned fruit-dove Ptilinopus rarotongensis 350 – 1500[13] VU[13] Steady[13]
São Tomé olive pigeon Columba thomensis 350 – 1500[14] EN[14] Decrease[14]
Sri Lanka wood pigeon Columba torringtoniae 350 – 1500[15] VU[15] Decrease[15] Flickr - Rainbirder - Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon (Columba torringtoni) (1).jpg
Tawitawi brown dove Phapitreron cinereiceps 350 – 1500[16] EN[16] Decrease[16]
Tuxtla quail-dove Geotrygon carrikeri 350 – 1500[17] EN[17] Decrease[17]
White-fronted ground-dove Gallicolumba kubaryi 350 – 1500[18] VU[18] Decrease[18]
Pink pigeon Nesoenas mayeri 360 – 395[19] EN[19] Decrease[19] Pink Pigeon RWD2.jpg
Makatea fruit-dove Ptilinopus chalcurus 444 – 2219[20] VU[20] Steady[20]
Blue-headed quail-dove Starnoenas cyanocephala 1000 – 2499[21] EN[21] Decrease[21] Population may be underestimated.[21]
Chestnut-bellied imperial pigeon Ducula brenchleyi 1000 – 2499[22] VU[22] Decrease[22]
Mindoro imperial pigeon Ducula mindorensis 1000 – 2499[23] EN[23] Decrease[23] CarpophagaMindorensisKeulemans.jpg
Palau ground-dove Gallicolumba canifrons 1000 – 2499[24] NT[24] Steady[24]
Santa Cruz ground-dove Gallicolumba sanctaecrucis 1000 – 2499[25] EN[25] Decrease[25]
Tolima dove Leptotila conoveri 1000 – 2499[26] EN[26] Decrease[26]
Tooth-billed pigeon Didunculus strigirostris 1000 – 2499[27] EN[27] Decrease[27] May be overestimated.[27] Didunculus.jpg
Timor green pigeon Treron psittaceus 1000 – 3000[28] EN[28] Decrease[28] Preliminary estimate.[28]
Christmas imperial pigeon Ducula whartoni 1000 – 10 000[29] NT[29] Steady[29] Numbers may be underestimated.[29] CarpophagaWhartoniKeulemans.jpg
Polynesian imperial pigeon Ducula aurorae 1206[30] EN[30] Increase[30] Preliminary estimate.[30]
Marquesan ground-dove Gallicolumba rubescens 1500[31] VU[31] Steady[31]
Mindanao bleeding-heart Gallicolumba crinigera 1500 – 4000[32] VU[32] Decrease[32] Gallicolumba criniger -Philadelphia Zoo, Pennsylvania, USA-8a.jpg
Plain pigeon Patagioenas inornata 1500 – 6100[33] NT[33] Decrease[33] Patagioenas inornata wetmorei.jpg
Black dove Turacoena modesta 2500 – 9999[34] NT[34] Decrease[34]
Comoros olive pigeon Columba pollenii 2500 – 9999[35] NT[35] Decrease[35] Columba pollenii 1868.jpg
Grey imperial pigeon Ducula pickeringii 2500 – 9999[36] VU[36] Decrease[36]
Grey-fronted quail-dove Geotrygon caniceps 2500 – 9999[37] VU[37] Decrease[37]
Mariana fruit-dove Ptilinopus roseicapilla 2500 – 9999[38] EN[38] Decrease[38] Mariana Fruit Dove RWD5.jpg
Victoria crowned pigeon Goura victoria 2500 – 9999[39] VU[39] Decrease[39] Victoria Crowned Pigeon Jurong.jpg
Carunculated fruit-dove Ptilinopus granulifrons 3500 – 15 000[40] VU[40] Decrease[40]
Laurel pigeon Columba junoniae 3000 – 7500[41] NT[41] Increase[41] Lorbeertaube15-01-2010.jpg
Flame-breasted fruit-dove Ptilinopus marchei 3500 – 15 000[42] VU[42] Decrease[42]
Flores green pigeon Treron floris 3500 – 15 000[43] VU[43] Decrease[43]
Maranon pigeon Patagioenas oenops 3500 – 15 000[44] VU[44] Decrease[44] Patagioenas oenops-2009-0124.jpg
Mindanao brown dove Phapitreron brunneiceps 3500 – 15 000[45] VU[45] Decrease[45]
New Britain bronzewing Henicophaps foersteri 3500 – 15 000[46] VU[46] Decrease[46] NovitatesZoologicae18 Pl01.png
Nilgiri wood pigeon Columba elphinstonii 3500 – 15 000[47] VU[47] Decrease[47] Columba elphinstonii.jpg
Pemba green pigeon Treron pembaensis 3500 – 15 000[48] VU[48] Decrease[48] Preliminary estimate.[48]
Ring-tailed pigeon Patagioenas caribaea 3500 – 15 000[49] VU[49] Decrease[49]
Pale-capped pigeon Columba punicea 3500 – 15 000[50] VU[50] Decrease[50] ColumbaPunicea.jpg
São Tomé green pigeon Treron sanctithomae 3500 – 15 000[51] VU[51] Decrease[51]
Spotted imperial pigeon Ducula carola 3500 – 15 000[52] VU[52] Decrease[52]
Tongan ground-dove Gallicolumba stairi 3500 – 15 000[53] VU[53] Decrease[53] CaloenasStairiWolf.jpg
Vanuatu imperial pigeon Ducula bakeri 3500 – 15 000[54] VU[54] Decrease[54]
Western crowned pigeon Goura cristata 3500 – 15 000[55] VU[55] Decrease[55] Goura victoria Pengo.jpg
Wetar ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii 3500 – 15 000[56] EN[56] Decrease[56]
Yellow-legged pigeon Columba pallidiceps 3500 – 15 000[57] VU[57] Decrease[57]
Bolle's pigeon Columba bollii 5000 – 20 000[58] LC[58] Increase[58] Lorbeertaube3 3.jpg
Trocaz pigeon Columba trocaz 8500 – 10 000[59] LC[59] Increase[59] Trocaz.jpg
Red-naped fruit-dove Ptilinopus dohertyi 9100[60] VU[60] Decrease[60] PtilinopusDohertyiKeulemans.jpg
Whistling fruit-dove Ptilinopus layardi 10 000[61] NT[61] Steady[61] Minimum estimate.[61] Ptilinopus layardi.jpg
Azuero dove Leptotila battyi 10 000 – 19 999[62] VU[62] Decrease[62] Preliminary estimate.[62]
Southern crowned pigeon Goura scheepmakeri 10 000 – 19 999[63] VU[63] Decrease[63] Crowned Pigeon at Dehiwela Zoo Sri Lanka.jpg
Timor imperial pigeon Ducula cineracea 10 000 – 19 999[64] EN[64] Decrease[64]
Sumba green pigeon Treron teysmannii 14 000[65] NT[65] Decrease[65]
Finsch's imperial pigeon Ducula finschii 15 000 – 30 000[66] NT[66] Decrease[66]
Large green pigeon Treron capellei 15 000 – 30 000[67] VU[67] Decrease[67] TreronCapellii.jpg
Pied cuckoo-dove Reinwardtoena browni 15 000 – 30 000[68] NT[68] Decrease[68]
Red-knobbed imperial pigeon Ducula rubricera 15 000 – 30 000[69] NT[69] Decrease[69]
Yellow-eyed pigeon Columba eversmanni 15 000 – 30 000[70] VU[70] Decrease[70]
Yellowish imperial pigeon Ducula subflavescens 15 000 – 30 000[71] NT[71] Decrease[71]
Caribbean dove Leptotila jamaicensis 20 000 – 49 999[72] LC[72] Steady[72] VioletDove2.jpg
Maroon-chested ground-dove Claravis mondetoura 20 000 – 49 999[73] LC[73] Steady[73]
Ochre-bellied dove Leptotila ochraceiventris 20 000 – 49 999[74] VU[74] Decrease[74]
Grey-chested dove Leptotila cassini 50 000 – 499 999[75] LC[75] Steady[75] Gray-chested Dove.jpg
Long-tailed mountain pigeon Gymnophaps mada 50 000 – 99 000[76] LC[76] Steady[76] ColumbaMadaKeulemans.jpg
Short-billed pigeon Patagioenas nigrirostris 50 000 – 499 999[77] LC[77] Steady[77] Patagioenas nigrirostris.jpg
White-faced quail-dove Geotrygon albifacies 50 000 – 499 999[78] LC[78] Decrease[78] GeotrygonAlbifasciesSmit.jpg
Goliath imperial pigeon Ducula goliath 100 000[79] NT[79] Unknown[79]
Partridge pigeon Geophaps smithii 126 000[80] VU[80] Decrease[80] Numbers are for mature individuals only. Divided into two subspecies: G. smithii smithi (120 000) & G. smithii blaauwi (6000).[80]
Cloven-feathered dove Drepanoptila holosericea 140 000[81] NT[81] Unknown[81] Minimum estimate.[81]
Spectacled imperial pigeon Ducula perspicillata 500 000 – 999 000[82] LC[82] Steady[82]
Black-bellied sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis 500 000 – 4 000 000[83] LC[83] Decrease[83] Pterocles sp.jpg
Blue ground-dove Claravis pretiosa 500 000 – 4 999 999[84] LC[84] Steady[84] Blue Ground-dove 2496236152.jpg
Scaled pigeon Patagioenas speciosa 500 000 – 4 999 999[85] LC[85] Decrease[85] Patagioenas speciosa -Zooparque Itatiba, Sao Paulo State, Brazil -adult-8a.jpg
Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita 500 000 – 4 999 999[86] LC[86] Increase[86] Zenaida Dove, St. Thomas.jpg
Stock dove Columba oenas 1 700 000 – 3 000 000[87] LC[87] Steady[87] Columba oenas1.jpg
Pale-vented pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis 5 000 000 – 50 000 000[88] LC[88] Steady[88] Patagioenas cayennensis.jpg
Plain-breasted ground-dove Columbina minuta 5 000 000 – 50 000 000[89] LC[89] Steady[89] Columbina1.jpeg
Ruddy quail-dove Geotrygon montana 5 000 000 – 50 000 000[90] LC[90] Decrease[90] Geotrygon montana Parc des Mamelles Guadeloupe 2010-04-04.jpg
Eurasian collared dove Streptopelia decaocto 20 000 000 – 50 000 000[91] LC[91] Increase[91] Streptopelia decaocto -balcony -two-8.jpg
European turtle dove Streptopelia turtur 20 000 000 – 100 000 000[92] LC[92] Decrease[92] 2006 1031turturduva0224.JPG
Common wood pigeon Columba palumbus 30 000 000 – 70 000 000[93] LC[93] Increase[93] Preliminary estimate.[93] Columba palumbus -garden post-8.jpg
Rock dove Columba livia 260 000 000[94] LC[94] Decrease[94] Rock dove - natures pics.jpg
Mourning dove Zenaida macroura 475 000 000[95]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Ptilinopus arcanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Columba argentina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Gallicolumba menagei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  4. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Columbina cyanopis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  5. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Gallicolumba platenae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  6. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Gallicolumba keayi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  7. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Claravis geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  8. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Zenaida graysoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  9. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Gallicolumba erythroptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  10. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Leptotila wellsi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  11. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Ptilinopus huttoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  12. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Ducula galeata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  13. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ptilinopus rarotongensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  14. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Columba thomensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  15. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Columba torringtoniae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  19. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Nesoenas mayeri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  20. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ptilinopus chalcurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  21. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Starnoenas cyanocephala". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  34. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Turacoena modesta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  37. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Geotrygon caniceps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  52. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ducula carola". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  53. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Gallicolumba stairi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  55. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Goura cristata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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  81. ^ a b c d BirdLife International (2012). "Drepanoptila holosericea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. IUCN. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
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