List of Commelinaceae genera

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This is a list of Commelinaceae genera as of 2010. This list includes all genera recognised as current by the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Genera list[edit]

Inflorescence of Palisota pynaertii
A species of Tradescantia being visited by a wasp.
Belosynapsis kewensis in cultivation
Aneilema aequinoctiale from Tanzania
Genus
Authority
Year Classification Type species # of species Distribution
Cartonema
R.Br.[1]
1810
Cartonema spicatum
R.Br.
11 Australia
Triceratella
Brenan[2]
1961
Triceratella drummondii
Brenan
1 Zimbabwe & Mozambique
Palisota
Rchb. ex Endlicher[3]
1836 Palisota ambigua
(P.Beauv.) C.B.Clarke
18 Africa
Streptolirion
Edgew.[4]
1845 Streptolirion volubile
Edgew.
1 or 2 Himalayas to Japan
Spatholirion
Ridl.[5]
1896 Spatholirion ornatum
Ridl.
3 Thailand to China
Aëtheolirion
Forman[6]
1962 Aetheolirion stenolobium
Forman
1 Thailand
Belosynapsis
Hassk.[7]
1871 Belosynapsis kewensis
Hassk.
4 Madagascar,
India to New Guinea
Cyanotis
D.Don[8]
1825 Cyanotis barbata
D.Don
50 Paleotropics
Coleotrype
C.B.Clarke[9]
1881 Coleotrype natalensis
C.B.Clarke
9 Africa, Madagascar
Amischotolype
Hassk.[10]
1863 Amischotolype glabrata[N 2]
Hassk.
15 Central Africa,
India to New Guinea
Porandra
D.Y.Hong[11]
1974 Porandra ramosa
D.Y.Hong
3 China to Thailand
Siderasis
Raf.[12]
1837
("1836")
Siderasis acaulis[N 3]
Raf.
2-3 Brazil
Dichorisandra
J.C.Mikan[13]
1820 Dichorisandra thyrsiflora
J.C.Mikan
25 Neotropics
Cochliostema
Lem.[14]
1859 Cochliostema odoratissimum
Lem.
2 Nicaragua to Ecuador
Geogenanthus[N 4]
Ule[15]
1913 Geogenanthus wittianus[N 5]
(Ule) Ule
5 Western South America
Plowmanianthus
Faden & C.R.Hardy[16]
2004 Plowmanianthus perforans
Faden & C.R.Hardy
5 Panama to
Amazonian Bassin
Tinantia
Scheidw.[17]
1839 Tinantia fugax[N 6]
Scheidw.
13 Texas to Neotropics
Thyrsanthemum
Pichon[18]
1946 Thyrsanthemum floribundum
(M.Martens & Galeotti) Pichon
3 Mexico
Gibasoides
D.R.Hunt[19]
1978 Gibasoides laxiflora
(C.B.Clarke) D.R.Hunt
1 Mexico
Weldenia
Schult.f.[20]
1829 Weldenia candida
Schult.f.
1 Mexico and Guatemala
Matudanthus
D.R.Hunt[19]
1978 Matudanthus nanus
(M.Martens & Galeotti) D.R.Hunt
1 Mexico
Elasis
D.R.Hunt[19]
1978 Elasis hirsuta
(Kunth) D.R.Hunt
1 Ecuador
Gibasis
Raf.[12]
1839 Gibasis pulchella
(Kunth)Raf.
11 Neotropics
Tradescantia
L.[21]
1753 Tradescantia virginiana
L.
70 New World
Callisia
Loefl.[22]
1758 Callisia repens
(Jacq.) L.
20 New World
Tripogandra
Raf.[12]
1837 Tripogandra multiflora
(Sw.) Raf.
22 Neotropics
Sauvallea
C.Wright[23]
1871 Sauvallea blainii
C.Wright
1 Cuba
Stanfieldiella
Brenan[24]
1960 Stanfieldiella imperforata
(C.B.Clarke) Brenan
4 Africa
Floscopa
Lour.[25]
1790 Floscopa scandens
Lour.
20 Pantropical
Buforrestia
C.B.Clarke[9]
1881 Buforrestia mannii
C.B.Clarke
3 West and Central Africa
Murdannia
Royle[26]
1840 ("1839") Murdannia scapiflora[N 7]
(Roxb.) Royle
50 Pantropcal
Anthericopsis
Engl.[27]
1895 Anthericopsis fischeri[N 8]
Engl.
1 East Africa
Tricarpelema
J.K.Morton[28]
1966 Tricarpelema thomsonii[N 9]
(C.B.Clarke) J.K.Morton
8 India to Southeast Asia
Pseudoparis
H.Perrier[29]
1936 Pseudoparis cauliflora
H.Perrier
2 or 3 Madagascar
Polyspatha
Benth.[30]
1849 Polyspatha paniculata
Benth.
3 Africa
Dictyospermum
Wight[31]
1853 Dictyospermum montanum
Wight
5 India and Sri Lanka
to New Guinea
Pollia
Thunb.[32]
1781 Pollia japonica
Thunb.
17 Pantropical
Aneilema
R.Br.[1]
1810 Aneilema biflorum
R.Br.
64 Pantropical
Rhopalephora
Hassk.[33]
1864 Rhopalephora blumei[N 10]
Hassk.
4 Madagascar, India to Fiji
Commelina
L.[21]
1753 Commelina communis
L.
170 Cosmopolitan
Tapheocarpa
Conran[34]
1994 Tapheocarpa calandrinioides
(F.Muell.) Conran
1 Australia

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The paper itself was published as Edgeworth, M. Pakenham (1846). "Descriptions of some unpublished Species of Plants from North-Western India". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 20 (1): 23–91. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1846.tb00410.x. 
  2. ^ The correct name for this species is Amischotolype mollissima (Blume) Hassk.
  3. ^ This name is illegitimate; the correct name is Siderasis fuscata (Lodd.) H.E.Moore.
  4. ^ This name was proposed as a replacement for Ule's own Chamaeanthus (Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 50:71, 1909, "1908"), which was predated by Chamaeanthus J.J.Sm. (Orch. Jav.:552, 1905), but the replacement Uleopsis had been published by Friedrich Karl Georg Fedde in the meantime (Just's Bot. Jahresber. 37(2):77, 1911, "1909" ). The correct name is Uleopsis, but is not in current use.
  5. ^ The currently used name for this species is Geogenanthus poeppigii (Miq.) Faden; the correct, but yet unpublished combination would be Uleopsis poeppigii.
  6. ^ A synonym of Tinantia erecta (Jacq.) Fenzl.
  7. ^ This species is currently treated as a synonym of Murdannia edulis (Stokes) Faden.
  8. ^ The correct name for this species is Anthericopsis sepalosa (C.B.Clarke) Engl.
  9. ^ Now a synonym of Tricarpelema giganteum (Hassk.) H.Hara.
  10. ^ This species' correct name is Rhopalephora micrantha (Vahl) Faden.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brown, Robert (1810). Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae et insulae Van-Diemen (in Latin). London: R. Taylor & Co. pp. 270–271. 
  2. ^ Brenan, J.P.M. (1961). "Triceratella: a new genus of Commelinaceae from Southern Rhodesia". Kirkia 1: 14–19. 
  3. ^ Endlicher, Stephan, ed. (1837). Enumeratio plantarum quas in Novae Hollandiae ora austro-occidentali ad fluvium Cygnorumet in sinu Regis Georgii collegit Carolus Liber Baro de Hügel (in Latin). Vienna: Fr. Beck University. p. 125. 
  4. ^ "June 3". Proceedings of the Linnean Society 1 (26): 252–254. 1845.  (Paper summary)[N 1]
  5. ^ Ridley, H.N. (1896). "A New Genus of Commelinaceae". Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 34: 328–329. 
  6. ^ Forman, L.L. (1962). "Aëtheolirion, a New Genus of Commelinaceae from Thailand, with Notes on Allied Genera". Kew Bulletin 26 (2): 209–221. JSTOR 4118819. 
  7. ^ Hasskarl, C. (1871). "De Commelinaceis quibusdam noveis". Flora 54 (17): 257–267. 
  8. ^ Don, David (1825). Prodromus Florae Nepalensis. London: J.Gale. p. 45. 
  9. ^ a b Clarke, C.B. (1881). "Commelinaceae". In de Candolle, Alphonse; de Candolle, Casimir. Monographiaea Phanerogamarum (in Latin) 3. Paris: G.Masson. pp. 113–324. 
  10. ^ Hasskarl, J.K. (1863). "Adumbrationes Commelinacearum quarundam, quas in Africae orientalis littore, Mozambique reperit Prof. Peters et amplius in hujus opere "Reise etc." descripsit". Flora (in Latin) 46 (25): 385–393. 
  11. ^ Hong, De-Yuan (1974). "Revisio Commelinacearum Sinicarum". Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (in Chinese) 12 (4): 459–488;462. 
  12. ^ a b c Rafinesque (1836). Flora Telluriana (in Latin) 3. Philadelphia: H. Probasco. p. 67. 
    • Gibasis, p. 2:16
    • Siderasis, p. 3:67
    • Tripogandra, p. 2:16
  13. ^ Mikan, J. C. (1820). Delectus Florae et Faunae Brasiliensis. Vienna: Antonii Strauss. plate 3. 
  14. ^ Lemaire, Ch. (1859). "Cochliostema". L'Illustration Horticole (in French) 6 (Misc.): 70. 
  15. ^ Ule, E. (1913). "Berichtigung". Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (in German) 11 (31-33): 524. doi:10.1002/fedr.19130113107. 
  16. ^ Hardy, Christopher R; Robert B. Faden (2004). "Plowmanianthus, a New Genus of Commelinaceae with Five New Species from Tropical America". Systematic Botany 29 (2): 316–333. doi:10.1600/036364404774195511. JSTOR 25063964. 
  17. ^ Scheidweiler, M. (1839). "Eines Neuen Genus aus der Familie der Commelinaceen". Allgemeine Gartenzeitung (in German) 7 (46): 365–366. 
  18. ^ Pichon, M. (1946). "Sur les Commélinacées". Notulae Systematica (in French) 12 (3-4): 217–243;224. 
  19. ^ a b c Hunt, D.R. (1978). "Three New Genera in Commelinaceae: American Commelinaceae: VI". Kew Bulletin 33 (2): 331–334. JSTOR 4109587. 
  20. ^ Schultes, J.H. (1829). "Weldenia, eine neue Pflanzengattung". Flora 12 (1): 1–9. 
  21. ^ a b Linnaeus (1753). Species Plantarum (in Latin). 
  22. ^ Löfling, Pehr (1758). Iter Hispanicum. Stockholm: Ttryckt på Direct. Lars Salvii Kostnad. p. 305. 
  23. ^ Sauvalle, Francisco A. (October 1871). "Flora Cubana". Anales de la Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas y Naturales de la Habana (in Latin) 7: 607–611.  (The Flora was published in numerous unnumbered parts over vols. 5-8)
  24. ^ Brenan, J.P.M. (1960). "Notes on African Commelinaceae: II. The Genus Buforrestia C. B. Cl. and a New related Genus, Stanfordiella". Kew Bulletin 14 (2): 280–286. JSTOR 4114811. 
  25. ^ de Loureiro, João (1790). Flora Cochinchinensis (in Latin). Lisbon: Typis, et expensis academicis. p. 192. 
  26. ^ Royle, J.Forbes (1839). Illustrations of the botany and other branches of the natural history of the Himalayan Mountains 1. London: Wm. H. Allen. p. 403. 
  27. ^ Engler, Adolf (1895). "Juncaceae". Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete (in German) C. Berlin: D. Reimer. pp. 137–145. 
  28. ^ Morton, J.K. (1966). "A revision of the genus Aneilema R. Brown (Commelinaceae) with a cytotaxonomic account of the West African species". Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 59 (380): 431–478. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1966.tb00073.x. 
  29. ^ Perrier de la Bâthie, H. (1936). "Commelinacées de Madagascar". Notulae Systematica (in French) 5 (3): 173–216;176. 
  30. ^ Hooker, J.D.; Bentham, George (1849). Flora Nigritiana. London: H. Bailliere. p. 543. 
  31. ^ Wight, Robert (1853). Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis 6. Madras: J.B. Pharoah. p. 29. 
  32. ^ Thunberg, C.P. (1781). Nova Genera Plantarum 1. p. 11. 
  33. ^ Hasskarl, J.C. (1864). "Rhopalephora, eine neue Commelinaceen-Gattung". Botanische Zeitung 22 (8): 58–61. 
  34. ^ Conran, J.G. (1994). "Tapheocarpa (Commelinaceae) a new Australian genus with hypogeous fruits". Australian Systematic Botany 7 (6): 585–589. doi:10.1071/SB9940585. 

External links[edit]