List of Confederate States Army officers educated at the United States Military Academy

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The United States Military Academy (USMA) is an undergraduate college in West Point, New York that educates and commissions officers for the United States Army. Confederate President Jefferson Davis, himself a former officer and West Point graduate (class of 1828), preferred West Point trained officers for the Confederate States Army (CSA). This article lists those alumni. Also included are a number of officers who were cadets at West Point but for reason unknown never graduated, such as Lewis Armistead. There are several (indicated) familiar relations between the officers, so we e.g. have several members of the Lee family of Virginia. Other notable Confederate officers include James Longstreet (class of 1842), Stonewall Jackson (class of 1846), and J.E.B. Stuart (class of 1854).

Confederate States Army officers[edit]

Note: "Class year" refers to the class year of the individual alumnus, which usually is the same year he graduated. In times of war classes often graduate early.
Note: A "-" before a class year in brackets means that the individual alumnus was part of this class, but did not graduate.
Note: Alumni who graduated in the same class are listed according to class rank, highest to lowest, with non-graduates listed alphabetically at the end.
Name Class year Notability References
DeRussy, Lewis GustavusLewis Gustavus DeRussy 1814 Major USA, Colonel USV, Major General of Louisiana Militia, Colonel CSA; War of 1812 and Mexican–American War; namesake for 3 forts, oldest West Point graduate in the Confederate States Army a[›][1]
Chase, William HenryWilliam Henry Chase 1815 Major USA, Major General of Florida Militia; served as civil and military engineer a[›]c[›]
Cooper, SamuelSamuel Cooper 1815 Colonel USA, General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; Adjutant General of the US Army; Adjutant General and Inspector General of the Confederate States Army a[›]b[›]c[›]
Lee II., Richard BlandRichard Bland Lee II. 1817 Major USA, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War; served in the Commissary Dept. (both USA and CSA); cousin of Robert E. Lee a[›]
McDonald, Angus WilliamAngus William McDonald 1817 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; commander of the 7th Virginia Cavalry a[›]
Winder, John H.John H. Winder 1820 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; commanded the Confederate Bureau of Prison Camps a[›]b[›]c[›]
Dimmock, CharlesCharles Dimmock 1821 Captain USA, Colonel of Virginia Militia, Captain CSA; Superintendent (USA) of the Virginia State Armory; designed the defences at Petersburg a[›]c[›]
Gwynn, WalterWalter Gwynn 1822 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; civil, fortifications, and railroad engineer a[›]b[›]c[›][2]
Trimble, Isaac R.Isaac R. Trimble 1822 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; civil and railroad engineer; wounded and captured at the Battle of Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›][3]
Donelson, Daniel SmithDaniel Smith Donelson 1825 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Tennessee Militia, Major General CSA; commanded Department of East Tennessee, died of diarrhea on April 17, 1863 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Huger, BenjaminBenjamin Huger 1825 Major USA, Major General CSA; Mexican-American War; was relieved of field command during the American Civil War and assigned to staff duty a[›]b[›]c[›]
Street, Nathaniel H.Nathaniel H. Street 1825 2nd Lieutenant USA a[›]
Johnston, Albert SidneyAlbert Sidney Johnston 1826 Brigadier General USA, General CSA; Texas War of Independence, Mexican-American War, Utah War; killed at the Battle of Shiloh, probably by one of his own men a[›]b[›]c[›]
White, Edward BrickellEdward Brickell White 1826 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; civil engineer; commanded the 3rd (Palmetto) South Carolina Light Artillery Btln a[›]
Dancy, Francis L.Francis L. Dancy 1826 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel USV, Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars; citrus grower; served as Quartermaster General of Florida a[›]
Grayson, John B.John B. Grayson 1826 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War; died of tuberculosis and pneumonia on October 21, 1861 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Archer, JohnJohn Archer 1826 1st Lieutenant USA, Captain CSA; planter; appointed to the regular confederate army, served as a staff officer in the Eastern Theater a[›]
Bradford, James A.J.James A.J. Bradford 1827 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; commanded the 1st North Carolina Artillery, died of disease on September 7, 1863 a[›]
Polk, LeonidasLeonidas Polk 1827 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant General CSA; resigned his commission soon after graduating from the Academy to enter Virginia Theological Seminary; founder of University of the South; killed in combat during the Battle of Marietta; Fort Polk named in his honor, uncle of fellow Confederate Lucius E. Polk and relative of Marshall T. Polk a[›]b[›]c[›]
Rains, Gabriel J.Gabriel J. Rains 1827 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican-American War, Yakima War; commanded the Confederate Torpedo Bureau, brother of George W. Rains a[›]b[›]c[›]
Mercer, Hugh W.Hugh W. Mercer 1828 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; commanded the District of Georgia, pressed slaves and free blacks into confederate service a[›]b[›]c[›]
Locke, Joseph L.Joseph L. Locke 1828 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; served in the Commissary Dept. a[›]
Drayton, Thomas F.Thomas F. Drayton 1828 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; railroad engineer; fought against his brother Percival Drayton at the Battle of Port Royal a[›]b[›]c[›][4]
Lee, Robert E.Robert E. Lee 1829 Colonel USA, General CSA; graduated second in his class at the Academy, without demerits; son George Washington Custis Lee, class of 1829 graduated first in class; Commander, Army of Northern Virginia (1862–1865); General-in-Chief, Confederate States Army (1865); President, Washington and Lee University (1865–1870) a[›]b[›]c[›][5]
Johnston, Joseph E.Joseph E. Johnston 1829 Brigadier General USA, General CSA; Mexican–American War, Seminole Wars; highest-ranking U.S. Army officer to resign and join the Confederate States of America a[›]b[›]c[›]
Blanchard, Albert G.Albert G. Blanchard 1829 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Holmes, Theophilus H.Theophilus H. Holmes 1829 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; commanded coastal defenses and military districts during most of the American Civil War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Humphreys, Benjamin G.Benjamin G. Humphreys -
(1829)
Brigadier General CSA; expelled from West Point for his role inthe Eggnog Riot; Senator & Governor of Mississippi; commanded an infantry brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia a[›]c[›]
Pendleton, William N.William N. Pendleton 1830 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; educator and Episcopal priest; served as Robert E. Lee's chief of artillery during most of the American Civil War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Magruder, John B.John B. Magruder 1830 Major USA, Major General CSA, Major General in Imperial Mexican Army; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; noted for his deceptive delaying tactics during the Peninsula Campaign a[›]b[›]c[›][6]
Bledsoe, Albert TaylorAlbert Taylor Bledsoe 1830 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Episcopal priest, university professor; served as Confederate Assistant Secretary of War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Clark, Sr., Meriwether LewisMeriwether Lewis Clark, Sr. 1830 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major USV, Brigadier General of Missouri State Guard, Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War; architect; served as Confederate Assistant Secretary of War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Beall, Lloyd J.Lloyd J. Beall 1830 Major USA, Colonel CSA; Black Hawk War, 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; served as the only Colonel-Commandant of the Confederate States Marine Corps a[›]c[›]
Heyward, William C.William C. Heyward 1830 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; his plantation was destroyed during the Raid at Combahee Ferry, commanded the 11th South Carolina Infantry a[›]
Lea, Albert MillerAlbert Miller Lea 1831 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Iowas Militia, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Chief Clerk & Acting U.S. Secretary of War; served as an engineer in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]
Northrop, Lucius B.Lucius B. Northrop 1831 Captain USA, Colonel CSA, Brigadier General CSA (unconfirmed); 2nd Semonole War; served as the confederate Chief Commissary General of Subsistence a[›]c[›]
Williams, James S.James S. Williams 1831 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Black Hawk War; civil engineer; served as an engineer in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]
Stokes, Montford S.Montford S. Stokes -
(1831)
Midshipman USN, Major USV, Colonel CSA; left West Point in 1828; Mexican-American War; commanded the 1st North Carolina Infantry, mortally wounded at the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek [7][8]
Ewell, Benjamin S.Benjamin S. Ewell 1832 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; college professor and civil engineer; commanded the 32nd Virginia Infantry, served as staff officer, brother of Richard Stoddert Ewell a[›]d[›]
Cocke, Philip St. GeorgePhilip St. George Cocke 1832 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; shot himself on December 26, 1861 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Fain, Richard G.Richard G. Fain 1832 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Tennessee Militia, Colonel CSA; raised the 63rd Tennessee Infantry a[›]
Tilghman, TenchTench Tilghman 1832 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General of Maryland Militia; Black Hawk War a[›]
Crittenden, George B.George B. Crittenden 1832 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Major General CSA; Black Hawk War, Army of the Republic of Texas, Mexican-American War; reduced in rank from Major General to Colonel in October 1862 a[›]b[›]c[›][9]
Gatlin, Richard C.Richard C. Gatlin 1832 Major USA, Colonel USV, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican-American War and Utah War; served as Adjutant General and Inspector General of North Carolina a[›]b[›]c[›]
Marshall, HumphreyHumphrey Marshall 1832 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel USV, Brigadier General CSA; Black Hawk War, Mexican–American War and Utah War; U.S. Representative from Kentucky (1849–1852), (1855–1859); resigned from the Confederate Army in June 1863, member of Second Confederate Congress a[›]b[›]c[›][10]
Bonner, William G.William G. Bonner -
(1832)
Major CSA; left West Point in 1831; served as Chief Engineer to his classmate Gen. Humprey Marshall [11][12]
Smith, Francis HenneyFrancis Henney Smith 1833 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General of Virginia Militia, Colonel CSA; was Superintendent of the Virginia Military Institute from 1839 to 1889 a[›]c[›]
Harris, David BullockDavid Bullock Harris 1833 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; farmer; served as engineer on Beauregard's staff a[›]d[›]
Lee, Roswell W.Roswell W. Lee 1833 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant in the Army of the Republic of Texas, Colonel CSA; Indian Wars; commanded Indian units a[›]
Davis, J. LuciusJ. Lucius Davis 1833 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel of Virginia Militia, Colonel CSA; commanded the 10th Virginia Cavalry a[›]
Myers, Abraham C.Abraham C. Myers 1833 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; serves as the confederate Quartermaster-General a[›]
Ruggles, DanielDaniel Ruggles 1833 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminola War and Mexican-Aermican War; noted for his service at the Battle of Shiloh a[›]b[›]c[›]
Du Bose, Benjamin EusebiusBenjamin Eusebius Du Bose 1833 2nd Lieutenant USA a[›]
Williamson, Thomas H.Thomas H. Williamson -
(1833)
Brig. Gen. of Virginia Militia, Colonel CSA; was found deficinent in 1830; tought at the VMI; served as Chief Engineer to Beauregard and Jackson c[›]d[›]
Allen, Robert T.P.Robert T.P. Allen 1834 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Kentucky Militia, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War; found the Kentucky Military Institute; commanded the 4th and the 17th Texas Infantry a[›]
Stockton, William T.William T. Stockton 1834 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Florida Militia, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War; served in the 1st Florida Cavalry, captured at the Battle of Missionary Ridge a[›]
Fuller, Charles A.Charles A. Fuller 1834 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Kentucky Militia, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War; served as an artillery officer a[›]
Cooper, James FairlieJames Fairlie Cooper 1834 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served in the 7th Georgia Infantry a[›]
Barnwell, Thomas O.Thomas O. Barnwell 1834 2nd Lieutenant USA a[›]
Bryan, GoodeGoode Bryan 1834 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; served in several prominent Civil War battles, including the Battle of the Wilderness b[›]c[›][13]
Magruder, Allan B.Allan B. Magruder -
(1834)
Colonel CSA; dismissed from West Point in 1831; served in the Commissary Dept., brother of Gen. John B. Magruder d[›]
Griffin, William H.William H. Griffin 1835 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; civil engineer; commanded Griffin's Battalion of Texas Infantry, later commanded the 21st Texas Infantry a[›]
Gaillard, Peter C.Peter C. Gaillard 1835 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of South Carolina Militia, Colonel CSA; commanded the 27th South Carolina Infantry a[›]
Wells, James M.James M. Wells 1835 Captain USA, Major USV, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminola War and Mexican-Aermican War; commanded the 23rd Mississippi Infantry a[›]
Withers, Jones M.Jones M. Withers 1835 Colonel USV, Colonel USA, Colonel of Alabama Militia, Major General CSA; Indian Wars and Mexican-American War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Smith, LarkinLarkin Smith 1835 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Aroostook War, 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; served as Assistant Quartermaster General and head of the Tax-in-kind Bureau a[›]c[›]
McLeod, HughHugh McLeod 1835 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Texas Militia, Colonel CSA; Indian Wars and Mexican-American War; commanded the 1st Texas Infantry, died of pneumonia on January 2, 1862 a[›]c[›]
Leadbetter, DanvilleDanville Leadbetter 1836 Captain USA, Colonel of Alabama Militia, Brigadier General CSA; served as an engineer in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Anderson, Joseph R.Joseph R. Anderson 1836 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Superintendent of the Tredegar Iron Works a[›]b[›]c[›]
Tompkins, Christopher Q.Christopher Q. Tompkins 1836 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel of Virginia Militia, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; iron manufacturer; commanded the 22nd Virginia Infantry, relinquished field command and transferred to the Ordnance Dept. in 1862 a[›]
Tilghman, LloydLloyd Tilghman 1836 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; captured then released at the Battle of Fort Henry; killed at the Battle of Champion Hill a[›]b[›]c[›][14]
Bragg, BraxtonBraxton Bragg 1837 Lieutenant Colonel USA, General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican–American War; a principal commander in the Western Theater of the American Civil War; Fort Bragg is named after him a[›]b[›]c[›][15]
Mackall, William W.William W. Mackall 1837 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel USA (declined), Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; served as Chief of Staff of the Army of Tennessee several times a[›]b[›]c[›]
Jones, Robert T.Robert T. Jones 1837 1st Lieutenant USA, Captain of Alabama Militia, Colonel CSA; Indian Wars; commanded the 12th Alabama Infantry, killed at the Battle of Seven Pines a[›]
Early, Jubal AndersonJubal Anderson Early 1837 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Seminole Wars, Mexican–American War; never surrendered, escaping to Mexico and Canada until pardoned in 1868; established the Lost Cause point of view by writing articles for the Southern Historical Society in the 1870s a[›]b[›]c[›][16]
Bradford, EdmundEdmund Bradford 1837 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican-American War; served as an Inspector General and Quartermaster General a[›]d[›]
Pemberton, John C.John C. Pemberton 1837 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Seminole Wars snf Mexican–American War; defeated at the Siege of Vicksburg a[›]b[›]c[›][17]
Rutledge, Arthur M.Arthur M. Rutledge 1837 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; 2nd Seminole War; served as an artillery officer a[›]
Elzey (Jones), ArnoldArnold Elzey (Jones) 1837 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Indian Wars and Mexican–American War; was promoted to Brigadier General on the battlefield of Manassas by Jefferson Davis a[›]b[›]c[›]
Walker, William H.T.William H.T. Walker 1837 Major USA, Major General of Georgia Militia, Major General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; Commandant of Cadets at West Point; killed at the Battle of Atlanta a[›]b[›]c[›]
Chilton, Robert H.Robert H. Chilton 1837 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Wars and Mexican–American War; served as Inspector General and Chief of Staff to Robert E. Lee for most of the war a[›]b[›]c[›]
Beauregard, P.G.T.P.G.T. Beauregard 1838 Major USA, General CSA; military engineer; ordered the firing of shots at Fort Sumter, South Carolina that started the Civil War a[›]b[›]c[›][18]
Trapier, James H.James H. Trapier 1838 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel of South Carolina Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; served in the Western Theater and in South Carolina a[›]b[›]c[›]
Blair, William B.William B. Blair 1838 Captain USA, Colonel of Virginia Militia, Major CSA; Mexican–American War; served in the Commissary Dept. a[›]
Wayne, Henry C.Henry C. Wayne 1838 Captain USA, Major General of Georgia Militia, Brigadier General CSA (declined); Mexican–American War; commanded the United States Camel Corps; served as Adjutant General of Georgia a[›]c[›]
Haynes, Milton A.Milton A. Haynes 1838 2nd Lieutenant USA, Captain USV, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Indian Wars and Mexican-American War; served as an artillery officer a[›]
Hardee, William J.William J. Hardee 1838 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Lieutenant General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican–American War; noted military tactician; fought in several battles during the American Civil War b[›]c[›][19]
Sibley, Henry HopkinsHenry Hopkins Sibley 1838 Major USA, Major General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican–American War, Utah War; leader of the failed New Mexico Campaign; court martialed and censured in 1863 a[›]b[›]c[›][20]
Johnson, EdwardEdward Johnson 1838 Major USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War, Seminole Wars, Utah War; captured twice during the American Civil War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Reynolds, Alexander W.Alexander W. Reynolds 1838 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; served in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Stevenson, Carter L.Carter L. Stevenson 1838 Captain USA, Major General CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican–American War, Third Seminole War, Utah War; served mostly in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›][21]
Liddell, St. John R.St. John R. Liddell -
(1838)
Brigadier General CSA; left West Point in 1835; commanded an infantry brigade and later a division in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]c[›]d[›]
Gilmer, Jeremy F.Jeremy F. Gilmer 1839 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; served as the Chief Engineer of the Confedereate States Army a[›]b[›]c[›]
Lawton, AlexanderAlexander Lawton 1839 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; graduated from Harvard Law School (class of 1842); seriously wounded at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862 and served as the Confederacy's second Quartermaster General for the remainder of the war; became president of the American Bar Association in 1882; served as minister to Austria-Hungary (1887–1889) a[›]b[›]c[›][22]
Wickliffe, CharlesCharles Wickliffe 1839 Major USA, Colonel CSA; Mexican–American War; commanded the 7th Kentucky Mounted Infantry a[›]
Armistead, Lewis AddisonLewis Addison Armistead -
(1839)
Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Indian Wars; expelled from West Point for a fight in which he broke a plate over the head of fellow cadet Jubal Early, later commissioned in the Regular Army; killed while leading a brigade at Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›][23]
Hébert, Paul OctavePaul Octave Hébert 1840 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; Governor of Louisiana (1853–1856); served at the Siege of Vicksburg and in Texas; cousin to Louis Hébert a[›]b[›]c[›][24]
Gilham, William H.William H. Gilham 1840 1st Lieutenant USA, Major of Virginia Militia, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; Commandant of Cadets at the VMI, author of "Manual of Instruction for the Volunteers and Militia of the United States" a[›]
McCown, John P.John P. McCown 1840 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Seminole Wars, Mexican–American War and Utah War; served in the Western Theater during the Civil War; court-martialled by General Braxton Bragg for disobedience of orders in March 1863 and suspended from duty for six months; subsequently served in North Carolina a[›]b[›]c[›]
Ewell, Richard S.Richard S. Ewell 1840 Captain USA, Lieutenant General CSA; performed escort duty along the Santa Fe Trail and Oregon Trail, Mexican–American War; left leg was amputated after the Second Battle of Bull Run, served in numerous battles in the East, brother of Benjamin Stoddert Ewell a[›]b[›]c[›][25]
Martin, James GreenJames Green Martin 1840 Captain USA, Major General of North Carolina Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Aroostock War, Mexican–American War and Utah War; served as Adjutant General of North Carolina and afterwards in the East a[›]b[›]c[›]
Johnson, BushrodBushrod Johnson 1840 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Tennessee Militia, Major General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; served with distinction in many key battles such as the Battle of Chickamauga and Siege of Petersburg a[›]b[›]c[›][26]
Campbell, Reuben P.Reuben P. Campbell 1840 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; 2nd Seminole War, Mexican–American War and Utah War; commanded the 7th North Carolina Infantry, killed at the Battle of Gaines's Mill a[›]
Steele, WilliamWilliam Steele 1840 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Waras and Mexican–American War and Utah War; served as a cavalry officer in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]b[›]c[›]
Maclay, Robert PlunketRobert Plunket Maclay 1840 Captain USA, Major of Louisiana Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Wars, Mexican–American War and Utah War; served in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]c[›]
Jordan, ThomasThomas Jordan 1840 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War and Mexican–American War; operated a pro-Southern spy network in Washington, D.C. prior to the American Civil War and turned control of it over to Rose O'Neal Greenhow after the war began; served as staff officer in the Western Theater and in the defense of Charleston; afterwards served as General-in-Chief of the Cuban Liberation Army a[›]b[›]c[›][27]
Stovall, Marcellus A.Marcellus A. Stovall -
(1840)
Colonel of Georgia Militia, Brigadier General CSA; resigned from West Point in 1837 due to poor health; 2nd Seminole War; served as artillery and infantry commander in the Southern & Western Theaters and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]c[›]
Stansbury, SmithSmith Stansbury 1841 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; clerk; served in the Ordnance Dept., died because of sickness on April 26, 1864 a[›]
Gorgas, JosiahJosiah Gorgas 1841 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; served as confederate Chief of Ordnance a[›]b[›]c[›][28]
Fremont, Sewall L.Sewall L. Fremont 1841 Captain USA, Colonel of North Carolina Militia, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars and Mexican-American War; civil and military engineer a[›]d[›]
Anderson, Samuel S.Samuel S. Anderson 1841 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War and 3rd Seminole War; served as Adjutant General to Huger, Kirby Smith and Taylor a[›]d[›]
Jones, SamuelSamuel Jones 1841 Captain USA, Major General CSA; defended the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad and vital salt mines, commanded Department of Florida and South Georgia a[›]b[›]c[›]
Garnett, Robert S.Robert S. Garnett 1841 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War and Indian Wars; Commandant of Cadets at West Point (1852-1854); first general officer killed in the American Civil War; cousin of Richard B. Garnett a[›]b[›]c[›][29]
Garnett, Richard B.Richard B. Garnett 1841 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War, Indian Wars and Utah War; killed during Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg; cousin of Robert S. Garnett a[›]b[›]c[›]
Sears, Claudius W.Claudius W. Sears 1841 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Seminole Wars; served in the Eastern Theater in 1861 and 1862, then served with the Army of Tennessee a[›]b[›]c[›]
Jones, John M.John M. Jones 1841 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Utah War; Second Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg, killed at Battle of the Wilderness a[›]b[›]c[›][30]
Murray, EdwardEdward Murray 1841 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars and Mexican-American War; served with the 49th Virginia Infantry a[›]
Buford, AbrahamAbraham Buford 1841 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War; performed escort duty along the Santa Fe Trail; commanded cavalry brigades and divisions in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Rains, George W.George W. Rains 1842 Captain USA, Brigadier General of Georgia Militia, Colonel CSA; Mexican–American War; managed iron works; served in the Ordnance Dept., managed arsenals and powder works, brother of Gabriel J. Rains a[›]c[›]
Smith, Gustavus WoodsonGustavus Woodson Smith 1842 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; engineer; streets commissioner of New York City (1858–1861); commander of the Army of Northern Virginia prior to Robert E. Lee taking command a[›]b[›]c[›]
Lovell, MansfieldMansfield Lovell 1842 1st Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; participated in planning a filibuster expedition to Cuba in 1853/1854; commanded New Orleans until it´s capture, afterwards served in the Western Theater and in Georgia a[›]b[›]c[›]
Stewart, Alexander P.Alexander P. Stewart 1842 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major of Tennessee Militia, Lieutenant General CSA; college professor; one of the most dependable commanders in the West, commanded the (division sized) remnants of the Army of Tennessee in 1865 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Smith, Martin L.Martin L. Smith 1842 Captain USA, Major General CSA; civil and military engineer, planned defences and commanded a division at Vicksburg, served as Chief Engineer of the ANV and the AoT a[›]b[›]c[›]
Hill, Daniel HarveyDaniel Harvey Hill 1842 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; served in numerous battles in the Eastern and Western Theaters, later was sidelined because of his cantankerous personality and his outspoken quarrels by President Davis a[›]b[›]c[›][31]
Rust, Armistead T.M.Armistead T.M. Rust 1842 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; performed escort duty along the Santa Fe Trail; commanded the 19th Virginia Infantry a[›]
Anderson, Richard H.Richard H. Anderson 1842 Captain USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War and Utah War; served in the Army of Northern Virginia, wounded at the Battle of Antietam a[›]b[›]c[›]
Lay, George W.George W. Lay 1842 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War; served as Adjutant General and Inspector General for Bonham and Joe Johnston, later served in the Bureau of Conscription a[›]d[›]
McLean, Eugene E.Eugene E. McLean 1842 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War; served as Quartermaster General for A.S. Johnston, Joe Johnston, Bragg and P.G.T. Beauregard a[›]d[›]
McLaws, LafayetteLafayette McLaws 1842 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War and Utah War; inconsistent performance as a combat leader led court-martial, but the verdict was overturned a[›]b[›]c[›][32]
Van Dorn, EarlEarl Van Dorn 1842 Major USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War and Indian Wars; defeated at the Battle of Pea Ridge and Second Battle of Corinth; murdered on May 7, 1863 a[›]b[›]c[›][33]
Longstreet, JamesJames Longstreet 1842 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; ambassador to the Ottoman Empire (1897–1904); served in the ANV and in Tennessee, Senior Lieutenant General of the Confederacy a[›]b[›]c[›]
Goggin, James M.James M. Goggin -
(1842)
1st Lieutenant in the Army of the Republic of Texas, Major CSA, Brigadier General CSA (Special); left West Point in 1839; served as Adjutant-General in the ANV, temporary commanded a brigade in Kershaw`s division a[›]c[›]
Ripley, Roswell S.Roswell S. Ripley 1843 Major USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War, Seminole Wars; fought in many battles with the Army of Northern Virginia, severely wounded at the Battle of Antietam, also served as a commander of coastal defenses a[›]b[›]c[›][34]
French, Samuel G.Samuel G. French 1843 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican-American War; served as division commander in the Eastern and Western Theaters a[›]b[›]c[›]
Gardner, FranklinFranklin Gardner 1843 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican-American War, Indian Wars and Utah War; served in the cavalry until 1862, known for his masterful defence of Port Hudson a[›]b[›]c[›]
Holloway, Edmunds B.Edmunds B. Holloway 1843 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War; commanded the 1st Missouri State Guard Infantry, was accidentally shot by his own men on May 16, 1861 a[›]
Frost, Daniel M.Daniel M. Frost 1844 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Missouri Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Indian Wars; when his family fled to Canada in 1863 he deserted and joined them a[›]b[›]c[›]
Thomas, Francis J.Francis J. Thomas 1844 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War and Indian Wars; original commander of the 1st Maryland Infantry, relieved, killed at the First Battle of Bull Run while serving as Johnston's Chief of Ordnance a[›]b[›]c[›]
Buckner, Simon BolivarSimon Bolivar Buckner 1844 Captain USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; Battle of Fort Donelson, Battle of Perryville, Battle of Chickamauga, captured and released in a prisoner exchange; Governor of Kentucky (1887–1891) a[›]b[›]c[›][35]
Whiting, William H.C.William H.C. Whiting 1845 Captain USA, Major General CSA; graduated first in his class; commanded a division in the ANV, later served in North Carolina, died because of dysentry on March 10, 1865 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Hébert, LouisLouis Hébert 1845 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Louisiana Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Chief Engineer of Louisiana and North Carolina, served in the Western Theater; cousin of Paul Octave Hébert a[›]b[›]c[›]
Rhett, Thomas G.Thomas G. Rhett 1845 Major USA, Colonel in the Egyptian Army, Brigadier General of South Carolina Militia, Colonel CSA; served on Joe Johnston's staff, later served as Chief of Artillery of the Trans-Mississipi Dept. a[›]c[›]d[›]
Smith, Edmund KirbyEdmund Kirby Smith 1845 Major USA, General CSA; Mexican–American War and Indian Wars; commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department a[›]b[›]c[›][36]
Hawes, James MorrisonJames Morrison Hawes 1845 Captain USA, Colonel USV, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Utah War; Chief of Cavalry for A.S. Johnston until the Battle of Shiloh, afterwards served with infantry and cavalry in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]b[›]c[›]
Radford, Richard C.W.Richard C.W. Radford 1845 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War and Indian Wars; commanded the 2nd Virginia Cavalry, probably sidelined because J.E.B. Stuart, resigned in 1862, later commanded the 1st Regiment Virginia State Line a[›]
Bee, Barnard E.Barnard E. Bee 1845 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel of Utah Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Utah War; killed at the First Battle of Bull Run, brother of fellow confederate General Hamilton P. Bee a[›]b[›]c[›]
Brown, John A.John A. Brown 1846 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars; served as Chief of Artillery to E. Kirby Smith and classmate Dabney H. Maury a[›]d[›]
Jackson, Thomas J.Thomas J. Jackson 1846 Major USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican–American War; professor of natural and experimental philosophy and artillery at Virginia Military Institute (1851–1861); excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the First Battle of Bull Run where he received his nickname; accidentally shot by his own troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville and died of complications eight days later a[›]b[›]c[›]
Adams, JohnJohn Adams 1846 Captain USA, Colonel of Minnesota Militia, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Indian Wars; served in the cavalry, shot and killed by nine bullets at the Second Battle of Franklin a[›]b[›]c[›]
Smith, William DuncanWilliam Duncan Smith 1846 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and Utah War; served in Georgia and South Carolina, died of yellow fewer on October 4, 1862 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Maury, Dabney H.Dabney H. Maury 1846 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War, cavalry officer in Oregon and Texas; Battle of Pea Ridge, Battle of Corinth, Siege of Vicksburg; United States Ambassador to Colombia (1887–1889) a[›]b[›]c[›][37]
Jones, David R.David R. Jones 1846 1st Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; Mexican-American War; served in the Army of Northern Virginia, died of heart failure on January 15, 1863; cousin to fellow confederate Richard Taylor and Jefferson Davis a[›]b[›]c[›]
Wilcox, Cadmus M.Cadmus M. Wilcox 1846 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; Seven Days Battles, Battle of Gettysburg; federal railroad chief after the American Civil War a[›]b[›]c[›]
Gardner, William M.William M. Gardner 1846 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War; served in the Eastern Theater, later served in the Bureau of Prisons a[›]b[›]c[›]
Maxey, Samuel B.Samuel B. Maxey 1846 1st Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; Battle of Shiloh, Siege of Port Hudson; United States Senator from Texas (1875–1887) a[›]b[›]c[›][38]
Pickett, GeorgeGeorge Pickett 1846 Major USA, Major General CSA; Mexican–American War; Pig War; gained national notoriety during Mexican-American war for bravery at Battle of Chapultepec; best known for his division's ill-fated charge at Battle of Gettysburg best known as Pickett's Charge; cousin to fellow confederate officer Robert Johnston a[›]b[›]c[›][39]
Fry, Birkett D.Birkett D. Fry -
(1846)
1st Lieutenant USA, General in William Walker's Army, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican–American War and Walker's War in Nicaragua; dropped out of West Point in 1844 when he failed in mathematics; served in the Eastern Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Beltzhoover, Daniel M.Daniel M. Beltzhoover 1847 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Mexican–American War; served in the staff of Twiggs in 1861, afterwards served as artillery and brigade commander in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]d[›]
Hill, Ambrose PowellAmbrose Powell Hill 1847 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant General CSA; Mexican-American War, Seminole Wars; rose to corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia by war's end; was killed at Petersburg just seven days before Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House a[›]b[›]c[›][40]
Blake, Edward D.Edward D. Blake 1847 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Mexican-American War; served as Inspector General to Leonidas Polk and Hardee a[›]d[›]
Heth, HenryHenry Heth 1847 Captain USA, Major General CSA; Mexican-American War and American Indian Wars; wrote the Army's first marksmanship manual in 1858; was the first confederate commander in contact with Union cavalry at Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›][41]
Stevens, Walter H.Walter H. Stevens 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; served as an engineer in the Eastern Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Jones, William E.William E. Jones 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; nicknamed "Grumble Jones"; served in the cavalry in the American West until 1857; fought in the largest cavalry engagement of the war, the Battle of Brandy Station, and at the Battle of Gettysburg, killed in action at the Battle of Piedmont a[›]b[›]c[›][42]
Gill, William G.William G. Gill 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars; originally from New Jersey he served as Chief of Ordnance to Robert E. Lee in 1861, then he was Chief of Ordnance and Artillery to Beauregard, died on June 7, 1862 a[›]d[›]
Rhett, Thomas S.Thomas S. Rhett 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars; served as Inspector of the Ordnance Dept. in Richmond a[›]d[›]
Bryan, Edward B.Edward B. Bryan 1848 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel of South Carolina Militia; died on April 28, 1861 a[›]
Tyler, Charles H.Charles H. Tyler 1848 Captain USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Utah War; served on the staff of Richard Ewell and J.E.B. Stuart, later served with the cavalry in the Wester Theater, reputation as a drunkard a[›]d[›]
Booth, John C.John C. Booth 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA, appointed Captain in Regular CSA; Seminole Wars; commanded the Fayetteville Arsenal, died on September 6, 1862 a[›]
Jackson, Thomas K.Thomas K. Jackson 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; Indian Wars; Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics at West Point; served as Commissary General to A.S. Johnston and Joe Johnston a[›]d[›]
Beall, WilliamWilliam Beall 1848 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Wars; served with the cavalry and at the Siege of Port Hudson, while a POW he was appointed as supplying agent to the POWs and started to sell cotton in New York City a[›]b[›]c[›][43]
Mechling, William T.William T. Mechling 1848 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; Indian Wars; served as Adjutant General in the Western Theater a[›]d[›]
Evans, Nathan GeorgeNathan George Evans 1848 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Wars; nicknamed "Shanks"; noted for his exemplary services during the battles of Bull Run and Ball's Bluff, alleged drunkenness kept him away from field commands from 1863 on a[›]b[›]c[›]
Steuart, George H.George H. Steuart 1848 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Indian Wars and Utah War; nicknamed "Maryland Steuart" to distinguish him from J.E.B. Stuart; was a strict disciplinarian and prone to sneaking through his own lines past unwitting sentries in order to test their vigilance, on one occasion was pummeled and beaten by a sentry who later claimed not to have recognized the general, commanded the Maryland units in the ANV a[›]b[›]c[›][44]
Moore, John CreedJohn Creed Moore 1849 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; 2nd Seminole War; served in the Western Theater, resigned in 1864 and was recommissioned a Lieutenant Colonel, commanded various arsenals a[›]b[›]c[›]
Withers, John T.John T. Withers 1849 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Assistant Adjutant General of the Confederate States Army in the office next to Gen. Cooper a[›]c[›]d[›]
Robertson, Beverly H.Beverly H. Robertson 1849 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; participated in several battles during the American Civil War, including the Battle of Gettysburg and Battle of Fredericksburg a[›]b[›]c[›]
Field, Charles W.Charles W. Field 1849 Captain USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars; fought in numerous battles in the Eastern Theater, including the Valley Campaign, Peninsula Campaign, Second Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg a[›]b[›]c[›][45]
Barton, SethSeth Barton 1849 Lieutenant Colonel USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; Valley Campaign, captured at the Siege of Vicksburg but released in a prisoner exchange, relieved of command after the Battle of Drewry's Bluff a[›]b[›]c[›][46]
Green, Duff CyrusDuff Cyrus Green 1849 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Alabama Militia; served as Quartermaster General of Alabama a[›]c[›]
Williams, Thomas GreenhowThomas Greenhow Williams 1849 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Assistant Commissary General of the Confederate States Army and of the State of Virginia a[›]c[›]d[›]
Washington, Thornton A.Thornton A. Washington 1849 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Asst. Instructor of Infantry Tactics at West Point; served as Adjutant General to Robert E. Lee a[›]d[›]
Frazer, John W.John W. Frazer 1849 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; his promotion to Brigadier was rejected by the Congress in response to his bloodless surrender in the Battle of the Cumberland Gap (1863) a[›]c[›]
Cumming, AlfredAlfred Cumming 1849 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Utah War; served in the Eastern and Western Theaters; became a member of the American Military Commission to Korea in 1888 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Reynolds, Samuel H.Samuel H. Reynolds 1849 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; commanded the 31st Virginia Infantry until he resigned in December 1861 a[›]
McIntosh, James M.James M. McIntosh 1849 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars and Bleeding Kansas; killed at the Battle of Pea Ridge leading McCullock's division after the later was killed himself a[›]b[›]c[›]
Culbertson, JacobJacob Culbertson 1850 1st Lieutenant USA, Captain CSA; Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at West Point; served as an artillery officer a[›]d[›]
Bowen, AchillesAchilles Bowen 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; civil and military engineer; served as an engineer on the staff of S.R. Anderson, resigned in 1861 a[›]d[›]
Magruder, William T.William T. Magruder 1850 Captain USA, Captain CSA; American Indian Wars; served in the Union Army until October 1862, served as a cavalry officer, killed at the Battle of Gettysburg a[›]
Flewellen, James PersonsJames Persons Flewellen 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; served as Superintendent of Conscription in Texas a[›][47]
Walker, Lucius M.Lucius M. Walker 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; commanded infantry and cavalry in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept., mortally wounded in a duel with fellow confederate general and West Point graduate John S. Marmaduke a[›]b[›]c[›][48]
Ransom, RobertRobert Ransom 1850 Captain USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars and Bleeding Kansas; Asst. Instructor of Cavalry Tactics at West Point; commanded infantry and cavalry in the Eastern Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Winder, Charles SidneyCharles Sidney Winder 1850 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; commanded the Stonewall Brigade, killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain a[›]b[›]c[›]
Calhoun, William RansomWilliam Ransom Calhoun 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of South Carolina Militia, Colonel CSA; commanded the 1st South Carolina Artillery Regiment, killed in a duel by fellow officer Alfred Rhett on September 5, 1862; nephew of John C. Calhoun a[›]
Johnston, RobertRobert Johnston 1850 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Utah War and American Indian Wars; commanded the 3rd Virginia Cavalry, served on the staff of his cousin, Gen. George Pickett a[›]d[›]
Bingham, ThomasThomas Bingham 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA a[›]
Cabell, William LewisWilliam Lewis Cabell 1850 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; captured by Union forces during Price's Raid; held as a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island and Fort Warren; a civil engineer and attorney after the war; later elected to four terms as mayor of Dallas, Texas; served four years as a US Marshall a[›]b[›]c[›][49]
Wilson, James H.James H. Wilson 1850 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served in the 8th Arkansas Infantry Regiment, resigned his post in 1862 a[›]
Cole, Robert GrandersonRobert Granderson Cole 1850 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Chief Commissary General for the ANV during the war a[›]d[›]
Mouton, AlfredAlfred Mouton 1850 Captain USA, Brigadier General of Louisiana Militia, Brigadier General CSA; served in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept., killed at the Battle of Mansfield a[›]b[›]c[›]
Corley, James L.James L. Corley 1850 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; Utah War; served as Chie Quartermaster General for the ANV during the war a[›]d[›]
Stith, Donald C.Donald C. Stith 1850 Captain USA, Colonel CSA; Utah War; served as an Adjutant General and Inspector General on numerous staffs a[›]d[›]
Anderson, Charles DeWittCharles DeWitt Anderson -
(1850)
1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA, (Acting) Brigadier General CSA; first Texan appointed to West Point, but resigned in 1846 when he was found deficient in math and french; commanded the 21st Alabama Infantry, surrendered at the Siege of Fort Gaines a[›]c[›]d[›]
Welcker, William T.William T. Welcker 1851 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; Yakima War, served on the staff of Gen. Earl van Dorn a[›]
Huse, CalebCaleb Huse 1851 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Alabama Militia, Major CSA; Asst. Professor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology at West Point; served as one of the Confederacy's foremost weapons purchase agents in Europe a[›]
Helm, Benjamin HardinBenjamin Hardin Helm 1851 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Kentucky Militia, Brigadier General CSA; commanded the famous Kentucky Orphan Brigade, killed at the Battle of Chickamauga; brother-in-law of Abraham Lincoln a[›]b[›]c[›]
Daniel, JuniusJunius Daniel 1851 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; served in the Battle of Gettysburg, killed in action at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House a[›]c[›][50]
Smith, MelancthonMelancthon Smith 1851 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; commanded corps artillery in the Western Theater a[›]d[›]
Palfrey, Edward A.Edward A. Palfrey 1851 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Louisiana Militia, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as assistant to Gen. Cooper at Richmond a[›]d[›]
Shaaff, John ThomasJohn Thomas Shaaff 1851 1st Lieutenant USA, Captain CSA; served as Commissary General to Gen. Villepigue a[›]d[›]
Baker, Laurence S.Laurence S. Baker 1851 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; served as a cavalry officer, served in North Carolina after getting wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›]
Ives, Joseph C.Joseph C. Ives 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; served as engineer on the staff of R.E. Lee in South Carolina, later on the staffs of John C. Pemberton and President Davis a[›]d[›]
Anderson, George B.George B. Anderson 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; served in the Eastern Theater, mortally wounded at the Battle of Antietam a[›]b[›]c[›]
de Veuve, HenryHenry de Veuve 1852 2nd Lieutenant USA, Captain CSA; served as engineer on the staff of Loring a[›]d[›]
Cosby, George B.George B. Cosby 1852 Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; served as staff officer and cavalry command in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]d[›]
Thomas, Robert B.Robert B. Thomas 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General of Florida Militia, Colonel CSA; Seminole Wars; served as staff officer and on prison duty a[›]d[›]
Davis, Matthew L.Matthew L. Davis 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; American Indian Wars; serves as staff officer, commanded the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry for 11 days when he died on April 23, 1862 of pneumonia while en route to his new command a[›]d[›]
Forney, John HoraceJohn Horace Forney 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars and Utah War; served in all theaters; cousin to fellow Confederate generals Robert D. Johnston, Robert Hoke and Stephen D. Ramseur a[›]b[›]c[›]
Polk, Jr., Marshall TateMarshall Tate Polk, Jr. 1852 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; American Indian Wars; served as Chief of Artillery for his relative Leonidas Polk; nephew and legal ward of President James K. Polk,relative of fellow Confederate Lucius E. Polk a[›]d[›]
Rundell, Charles H.Charles H. Rundell 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; American Indian Wars; served on the staff of Gabriel J. Rains, later worked with torpedoes in Texas a[›][1]
Stockton, PhilipPhilip Stockton 1852 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; American Indian Wars and Bleeding Kansas; served as staff officer in the Western Theater and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]d[›]
Bagby, Arthur P.Arthur P. Bagby 1852 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA, Major General CSA (unconfirmed); served in the Trans-Mississippi Dept, promotions to Brigadier General and Major General by E. Kirby Smith were unconfirmed, boarded and captured the USS Harriet Lane during the Battle of Galveston a[›]c[›]
Bonneau, Richard VanderhorstRichard Vanderhorst Bonneau 1852 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; American Indian Wars; served in the Commissarry Dept. a[›][51]
Boggs, William R.William R. Boggs 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; civil and military engineer; served as Chief Engineer of Georgia and as E.K. Smith's Chief of Staff a[›]b[›]c[›]
Bowen, John S.John S. Bowen 1853 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel of Georgia Militia, Major General CSA; commanded a division in the Western Theater, died of disease after the Battle of Vicksburg a[›]b[›]c[›][52]
White, James L.James L. White 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; American Indian Wars; served in the 19th South Carolina Infantry a[›]
Allston, BenjaminBenjamin Allston 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel of South Carolina Militia, Colonel CSA; American Indian Wars; commanded the 4th Alabama Infantry a[›]d[›]
Chambliss, John R.John R. Chambliss 1853 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel of Virginia Militia, Brigadier General CSA; commanded a cavalry brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia, killed at the Second Battle of Deep Bottom a[›]b[›]c[›][53]
Davidson, Henry B.Henry B. Davidson 1853 Sergeant USV, Captain USA, Brigadier General CSA; Mexican-American War and American Indian Wars; served as as staff officer and cavalry commander in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Walker, Henry HarrisonHenry Harrison Walker 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Bleeding Kansas; commanded a brigade in the Eastern Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Hood, John BellJohn Bell Hood 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant General CSA, (Temporary) General CSA; American Indian Wars; infantry commander in the Eastern and Western Theaters, famously wounded in battle on multiple occasions, youngest man on either side to command an Army when he took command of the Army of Tennessee at age 33 in 1864 a[›]b[›]c[›]
Smith, James A.James A. Smith 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars, Bleeding Kansas and Utah War; commanded a division in the Western Theater a[›]b[›]c[›]
Jones, Thomas M.Thomas M. Jones 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; served as Commissary General to Bragg, commanded the 27th Mississippi Infantry a[›]d[›]
Rich, Lucius L.Lucius L. Rich 1853 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; American Indian Wars and Utah War; commanded the 1st Missouri Infantry, mortally wounded at the Battle of Shiloh a[›]
Ross, Reuben R.Reuben R. Ross 1853 Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA, (Acting) Brig. Gen. CSA; served as artillery officer and Inspector General in the Western Theater, killed while resisting arrest at Hopkinsville, KY on December 21, 1864 a[›]c[›]d[›]
Lee, George Washington CustisGeorge Washington Custis Lee 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; graduated first in his class at West Point; son of Robert E. Lee a[›]b[›]c[›][54]
Deshler, JamesJames Deshler 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars and Utah War; commanded a Texan brigade in the Western Theater, killed at the Battle of Chickamauga a[›]b[›]c[›]d[›]
Pegram, JohnJohn Pegram 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Utah War and American Indian Wars; served as Chief Engineer to Beauregard and Bragg, later commanded cavalry and infantry divisions in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. and the Eastern Theater, killed at the Battle of Hatcher's Run a[›]b[›]c[›]d[›]
Rogers, Charles G.Charles G. Rogers 1854 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Inspector General of the Cavalry of the Army of Tennessee a[›]d[›]
Stuart, J.E.B.J.E.B. Stuart 1854 Captain USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars; excelled in several battles during the American Civil War, including the Peninsula Campaign and Maryland Campaign a[›]b[›]c[›][55]
Gracie, ArchibaldArchibald Gracie 1854 2nd Lieutenant USA, Captain of Alabama Militia, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; served as infantry commander in the Western, Southern and Eastern Theaters, killed in the Siege of Petersburg a[›]b[›]c[›]
Lee, Stephen D.Stephen D. Lee 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant General CSA; American Indian Wars; served as artillery officer in the Eastern Theater before he became an ifantry commander in the Trans-Mississippi Dept. and the Western and Southern Theaters, youngest Lieutenant General in the Confederate States Army a[›]b[›]c[›]d[›][56][57]
Pender, William DorseyWilliam Dorsey Pender 1854 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars, served as artillery officer and infantry commander inthe Army of Northern Virginia, mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›][58]
Villepigue, John BordenaveJohn Bordenave Villepigue 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; American Indian Wars; Second Battle of Corinth, died of pneumonia in 1862; his descendent John Canty Villepigue was awarded the Medal of Honor in World War I a[›]b[›]c[›][59]
Smead, AbnerAbner Smead 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; John Brown's Raid; served as staff officer to Jackson and Ewell, later served as artillery officer in the Southern Theater a[›]d[›]
Long, John O.John O. Long 1854 1st Lieutenatn USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as Adjutant General to Magruder a[›]d[›]
Mercer, John T.John T. Mercer 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; commanded the 21 Georgia Infantry Regiment, killed at the Battle of Plymouth a[›]
Mullins, John B.John B. Mullins 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; Bloody Kansas and Utah War; commanded the 19th Mississippi Infantry Regiment a[›]
Randal, HoraceHorace Randal 1854 1st Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA, Brigadier General CSA (unconfirmed); American Indian Wars; served as staff officer and cavalry commander in the Southern and Eastern Theaters and in the Trans-Mississippi Dept., killed at the Battle of Jenkins' Ferry a[›]c[›]d[›]
Black, John LoganJohn Logan Black -
(1854/1855)
Colonel CSA; deficient in math and turned back into the class of 1855, left in 1853; commanded the 1st South Carolina Cavalry Regiment [60][61]
Nicholls, Francis T.Francis T. Nicholls 1855 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Seminole Wars; a cannon shell severed his foot during the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863; served two terms as the Governor of Louisiana, served as a member of the West Point Board of Visitors a[›]b[›]c[›][62][63]
Lee, FitzhughFitzhugh Lee 1856 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; American Indian Wars; First Battle of Bull Run, Battle of Antietam, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Opequon, led the last charge of the Confederates on April 9, 1865 at Farmville, Virginia; Governor of Virginia (1886–1890) a[›]b[›]c[›]
Kirkland, William W.William W. Kirkland -
(1856)
2nd Lieutenant USMC, Brigadier General CSA; resigned from West Point in 1855; served with the infantry in the ANV and in North Carolina, only USMC officer to become a Confederate General; nephew of William J. Hardee a[›]c[›]
Marmaduke, John S.John S. Marmaduke 1857 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; Utah War; Battle of Shiloh, Battle of Cape Girardeau, Red River Campaign, mortally wounded fellow confederate general and West Point graduate Lucius M. Walker in a duel; Governor of Missouri (1885–1887) a[›]b[›]c[›][64]
Alexander, Edward PorterEdward Porter Alexander 1857 2nd Lieutenant USA, Brigadier General CSA; Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg, Siege of Petersburg, officer in charge of the massive artillery bombardment preceding Pickett's Charge on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg a[›]b[›]c[›][65]
Ramseur, Stephen DodsonStephen Dodson Ramseur 1860 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major General CSA; one of the youngest Confederate generals in the American Civil War; served in the Peninsula Campaign, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of the Wilderness; mortally wounded at the Battle of Cedar Creek; cousin to fellow generals Robert Hoke, John H. Forney and Robert D. Johnston a[›]b[›]c[›]
Hoxton, Llewellyn G.Llewellyn G. Hoxton May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as an artillery officer in the Army of Tennessee a[›]d[›]
Chambliss, Nathaniel R.Nathaniel R. Chambliss May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA, 2nd Lieutenant ACSA; served in the Ordnance Dept. in the Western Theater a[›]d[›]
Patterson, Charles E.Charles E. Patterson May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served in the 2nd Arkansas Infantry Regiment, mortally wounded at the Battle of Shiloh a[›]d[›]
Campbell, Charles C.Charles C. Campbell May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; served as a staff officer in the Western Theater and in the 1st Missouri Infantry Regiment, resigned in April 1862 a[›]d[›]
Rice, Olin F.Olin F. Rice May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Colonel CSA; served as a staff officer and commanded the 2nd Alabama Reserves in the Western Theater a[›]d[›]
Henry, Mathias W.Mathias W. Henry May 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA; served as an artillery officer in the Army of Northern Virginia and the Western Theater a[›]d[›]
Derrick, ClarenceClarence Derrick June 1861 Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; commanded the 23rd Virginia Infantry Battalion; became a Colonel in the Egyptian Army a[›]
Watts, George OwenGeorge Owen Watts June 1861 Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant USA, Major CSA, served in all branches and as staff officer in the Western & Eastern Theaters and the Trans-Mississippi Dept. a[›]d[›]
Reynolds, Frank A.Frank A. Reynolds June 1861 2nd Lieutenant USA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served in the 39th North Carolina Infantry Regiment; became a Colonel in the Egyptian Army a[›]d[›]
Ball, Charles P.Charles P. Ball -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commander of the 8th Alabama Cavalry [66]
Browne, William H.William H. Browne -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commander of the 45th Virginia Infantry, mortally wounded at the Battle of Piedmont [66]
Dearing, JamesJames Dearing -
(1861)
Colonel CSA, Brigadier General CSA (unconfirmed); first in his class at West Point, resigned short of his graduation; served with the artillery and cavalry in the ANV, killed during the Appomattox Campaign a[›]c[›]
Faison, Paul F.Paul F. Faison -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commander of the 56th North Carolina Infantry [66]
Kelly, John H.John H. Kelly -
(1861)
Brigadier General CSA; resigned short of his graduation; served as an infantry officer in the Western Theater, mortally wounded at the Battle of Franklin a[›]c[›]
Lane, JohnJohn Lane -
(1861)
Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served as staff officer and artillery commander in the Eastern Theater [66]
Lea, John W.John W. Lea -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commander of the 5th North Carolina Infantry [66]
Logan, Robert H.Robert H. Logan -
(1861)
Lieutenant Colonel CSA; served in the 45th Virginia Infantry [66]
Moore, Alexander D.Alexander D. Moore -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commanded the 66th North Carolina Infantry, mortally wounded at the Battle of Cold Harbor [66]
Pelham, JohnJohn Pelham -
(1861)
Major CSA, Lieutenant Colonel CSA (posthumously); commanded Stuart's Horse Artillery Btln., killed at the Battle of Kelly's Ford a[›]d[›]
Robertson, Felix H.Felix H. Robertson -
(1861)
Brigadier General CSA; resigned short of his graduation; served as a staff and artillery officer in the Southern and Western Theaters, later commanded a brigade and division of cavalry; last surviving General of the Confederacy a[›]c[›]d[›]
Rosser, Thomas L.Thomas L. Rosser -
(1861)
Major General CSA; resigned short of his graduation; served as an artillery officer and cavalry commander in the ANV; became a Brigadier General USV in the Spanish-American War a[›]c[›]
White, David G.David G. White -
(1861)
Major CSA; served in the 6th Arkansas Cavalry Battalion [66]
Willis, Edward S.Edward S. Willis -
(1861)
Colonel CSA; commanded the 12 Georgia Infantry, killed at the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek [66]
Young, Pierce M.B.Pierce M.B. Young -
(1861)
Major General CSA; resigned short of his graduation; served as a staff officer and cavalry commander in the ANV and the Carolinas c[›]d[›]
Farley, Henry S.Henry S. Farley -
(1862)
Major CSA; resigned in 1860 as first cadet to go south; served as an artillery and staff officer in the Eastern Theater d[›]
Hopkins, Elisha S.Elisha S. Hopkins -
(1864)
2nd Lieutenant CSA; found deficient in 1862; served in the 43rd Tennessee Infantry
Man with short white hair wearing a suit and bow tie
Samuel Cooper (1815)
Man with fleeing hair and whiskers holding a saber
Isaac R. Trimble (1822)
Man with dark hair in a military-style uniform
Albert Sidney Johnston (1826)
Man with light beard in uniform with two vertical columns of buttons
Robert E. Lee (1829)
Thin-bearded man in a dark coat
Joseph E. Johnston (1829)
charcoal drawing of a man in civilian coat
Lloyd J. Beall (1830)
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Lucius B. Northrop (1831)
heavy man in civilian suit
Humphrey Marshall (1832)
long whitebearded man with fleeing hair
Daniel Ruggles (1833)
framed picture with sie profile
Goode Bryan (1834)
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Jones M. Withers (1835)
stocked man in double-breasted light grey uniform
Joseph R. Anderson (1836)
Dark haired heavily bearded man with thick eyebrows in a dark coat
Braxton Bragg (1837)
angry old Man
Jubal Early (1837)
Man wearing a mustache with his head turned to the right in light gray double-breasted light-gray uniform
P.G.T. Beauregard (1838)
Man wearing the grey general double breasted tunic
William J. Hardee (1838)
Heavy-set man with full beard in a light gray coat
Alexander Lawton (1839)
slender man in blue double tunic coat
Paul Octave Hébert (1840)
balding man in double breasted gray
Richard S. Ewell (1840)
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Thomas Jordon (1840)
Oval-framed image of the right side of a dark-bearded man in a light gray coat
Josiah Gorgas (1841)
Old man wearing a high-collared light uniform coat
Abraham Buford (1841)
A man with the light gray double tunic
G.W. Smith (1842)
A close wearing man
D.H. Hill (1842)
A dark-haired man with a long, thick beard in a light gray coat
James Longstreet (1842)
A long bearded sad man
Franklin Gardner (1843)
A middle-aged man in a gray coat with sitting down with a saber laying across his lap
Simon Bolivar Buckner (1844)
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E. Kirby Smith (1845)
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Stonewall Jackson (1846)
man with large whiskers and plain hair
Cadmus M. Wilcox (1846)
A man with a heavy goatee-style beard and collar-length curly hair in a gray uniform
George Pickett (1846)
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A. P. Hill (1847)
spooky guy
Nathan G. Evans (1848)
Man in gray uniform with large and two smaller stars
George H. Steuart (1848)
man eaten by his chins
Charles W. Field (1849)
man in black civilian suit
Alfred Cumming (1849)
Man in uniform with wild tonsur
Robert Ransom (1850)
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William C. Cabell (1850)
stocky built man in grey uniform
Alfred Mouton (1850)
man in grey militia uniform
Benjamin H. Helm (1851)
bulky built man in grey uniform
Junius Daniel (1851)
sitting man highly lighted
John H. Forney (1852)
man in dark uniform
Arthur P. Bagby (1852)
man with a long dark coat with epauletts
John S. Bowen (1853)
Dark-haired man with a long full beard in a dark coat with elaborate embroidery on the sleeves
John Bell Hood (1853)
Dark-haired man with a neatly trimmed beard in a light gray coat
G.W.C. Lee (1854)
man with regulation uniform and colonels stars
Stephen D. Lee (1854)
Dark-haired man with a long thick beard seated with legs crossed wearing tight-kneed cavalry riding boots and a saber at his side
J.E.B. Stuart (1854)
man with uniform and full trimmmed beard
Fitzhugh Lee (1856)
man with civilian tailored uniform
E. Porter Alexander (1857)
Man with short hair and dark beard seated with legs crossed, wearing riding boots and with right hand in his coat breast
Stephen Dodson Ramseur (1860)
Man with beard and navy blue uniform
James Dearing (1861x)
young Man with long uniform coat
John Pelham (1861x)
Man in gray double breasted uniform with hat in hands
Thomas L. Rosser (1861x)
Manwith large moustache
P.M.B. Young (1861x)

References[edit]

General

^ a: Cullum, George W. (1879). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U. S. Military Academy, from 1802 to 1867. West Point, NY: United States Military Academy Library. 
^ b: "Civil War Generals from West Point". University of Tennessee – Knoxville. 2003. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 
^ c: Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. 
^ d: Krick, Robert E.L. (2003). Staff Officers in Gray: A Biographical Register of the Staff Officers in the Army of Northern Virginia. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2788-6. 

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