List of Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople

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Bishops of Byzantium (until 330)[edit]

On May 11, 330 the town of Constantinople was consecrated by the Roman emperor Constantine I on the site of an already-existing city, Byzantium, thus becoming the capital of the East Roman Empire (known also as Byzantine Empire).

Archbishops of Constantinople (330–451)[edit]

Patriarchs of Constantinople (since 451)[edit]

451–998[edit]

999–1453[edit]

On May 29, 1453 occurred the Fall of Constantinople, thus marking the end of the Byzantine Empire. The Ecumenical Patriarchate became subject to the Ottoman Empire.

1453–1466[edit]

There are different suggestions by scholars for the succession of the Patriarchs from 1462 to 1466. The main positions are the following:

1466–1833[edit]

  • 165. Dionysius I (end 1466–1471)
    • Symeon I of Trebizond (1471–1475), restored 1st time
  • 166. Raphael I (1475–1476)
  • 167. Maximus III (1476–1482)
    • Symeon I of Trebizond (1482–1486), restored 2nd time
  • 168. Nephon II (1486–1488)
    • Dionysius I (1488–1490), restored
  • 169. Maximus IV (1491–1497)
    • Nephon II (1497–1498), restored 1st time
  • 170. Joachim I (1498–1502)
    • Nephon II (1502), restored 2nd time
  • 171. Pachomius I (1503–1504)
    • Joachim I (1504), restored
    • Pachomius I (1504–1513), restored
  • 172. Theoleptus I (1513–1522)
  • 173. Jeremias I (1522–1524)
  • 174. Joannicius I (1524–1525)
    • Jeremias I (1525–1546), restored
  • 175. Dionysius II (1546–1556)
  • 176. Joasaph II (1556–1565)
  • 177. Metrophanes III (1565–1572)
  • 178. Jeremias II Tranos (1572–1579)
    • Metrophanes III (1579–1580), restored
    • Jeremias II Tranos (1580–1584), restored 1st time
  • 179. Pachomius II (1584–1585)
  • 180. Theoleptus II (1585–1586)
    • Jeremias II Tranos (1587–1595), restored 2nd time
  • 181. Matthew II (1596)
  • 182. Gabriel I (1596)
    • Theophanes I Karykes (locum tenens, 1596)
    • Meletius I Pegas (locum tenens, 1597)
  • 183. Theophanes I Karykes (1597)
  • 184. Meletius I Pegas (locum tenens, 1597–1598)
    • Matthew II (1598–1602), restored 1st time
  • 185. Neophytus II (1602–1603)
    • Matthew II (1603), restored 2nd time
  • 186. Raphael II (1603–1607)
    • Neophytus II (1607–1612), restored
  • 187. Cyril I Lucaris (locum tenens, 1612)
  • 188. Timothy II (1612–1620)
    • Cyril I Lucaris (1620–1623), restored 1st time
  • 189. Gregory IV (1623)
  • 190. Anthimus II (1623)
    • Cyril I Lucaris (1623–1633), restored 2nd time
  • 191. Cyril II Kontares (1633)
    • Cyril I Lucaris (1633–1634), restored 3rd time
  • 192. Athanasius III Patelaros (1634)
    • Cyril I Lucaris (1634–1635), restored 4th time
    • Cyril II Kontares (1635–1636), restored 1st time
  • 193. Neophytus III of Nicaea (1636–1637)
    • Cyril I Lucaris (1637–1638) restored 5th time
    • Cyril II Kontares (1638–1639), restored 2nd time
  • 194. Parthenius I (1639–1644)
  • 195. Parthenius II (1644–1646)
  • 196. Joannicius II (1646–1648)
    • Parthenius II (1648–1651), restored
    • Joannicius II (1651–1652), restored 1st time
  • 197. Cyril III (1652–1652)
    • Athanasius III (1652), restored
  • 198. Paisius I (1652–1653)
    • Joannicius II (1653–1654), restored 2nd time
    • Cyril III (1654), restored
    • Joannicius II (1655–1656), restored 3rd time
  • 199. Parthenius III (1656–1657)
  • 200. Gabriel II (1657)
  • 201. Parthenius IV (1657–1659)
  • 202. Theophanes II (1659)
    • vacant (1659–1662)
  • 203. Dionysius III (1662–1665)
    • Parthenius IV (1665–1667), restored 1st time
  • 204. Clement (1667)
  • 205. Methodius III (1668–1671)
    • Parthenius IV (1671), restored 2nd time
  • 206. Dionysius IV Muselimes (1671–1673)
  • 207. Gerasimus II (1673–1674)
    • Parthenius IV (1675–1676) restored 3rd time
    • Dionysius IV Muselimes (the Muslim) (1676–1679), restored 1st time
  • 208. Athanasius IV (1679)
  • 209. James (1679–1682)
    • Dionysius IV Muselimes (the Muslim) (1682–1684), restored 2nd time
    • Parthenius IV (1684–1685) restored 4th time
    • James (1685–1686), restored 1st time
    • Dionysius IV Muselimes (the Muslim) (1686–1687), restored 3rd time
    • James (1687–1688), restored 2nd time
  • 210. Callinicus II (1688)
  • 211. Neophytus IV (1688)
    • Callinicus II (1689–1693), restored 1st time
    • Dionysius IV Muselimes (the Muslim) (1693–1694), restored 4th time
    • Callinicus II (1694–1702), restored 2nd time
  • 212. Gabriel III (1702–1707)
  • 213. Neophytus V (1707)
  • 214. Cyprianus I (1707–1709)
  • 215. Athanasius V (1709–1711)
  • 216. Cyril IV (1711–1713)
    • Cyprianus I (1713–1714), restored
  • 217. Cosmas III (1714–1716)
  • 218. Jeremias III (1716–1726)
  • 219. Paisius II (1726–1732)
    • Jeremias III (1732–1733), restored
  • 220. Serapheim I (1733–1734)
  • 221. Neophytus VI (1734–1740)
    • Paisius II (1740–1743), restored 1st time
    • Neophytus VI (1743–1744), restored
    • Paisius II (1744–1748), restored 2nd time
  • 222. Cyril V (1748–1751)
    • Paisius II (1751–1752), restored 2nd time
    • Cyril V (1752–1757), restored 1st time
  • 223. Callinicus IV (1757)
  • 224. Serapheim II (1757–1761)
  • 225. Joannicius III (1761–1763)
  • 226. Samuel I Chatzeres (1763–1768)
  • 227. Meletius II (1769–1769)
  • 228. Theodosius II (1769–1773)
    • Samuel I Chatzeres (1773–1774), restored
  • 229. Sophronius II (1774–1780)
  • 230. Gabriel IV (1780–1785)
  • 231. Procopius I (1785–1789)
  • 232. Neophytus VII (1789–1794)
  • 233. Gerasimus III (1794–1797)
  • 234. Gregory V (1797–1798)
    • Neophytus VII (1798–1801), restored
  • 235. Callinicus V (1801–1806)
    • Gregory V (1806–1808), restored 1st time
    • Callinicus V (1808–1809), restored
  • 236. Jeremias IV (1809–1813)
  • 237. Cyril VI (1813–1818)
    • Gregory V (1818–1821), restored 2nd time
  • 238. Eugenius II (1821–1822)
  • 239. Anthimus III (1822–1824)
  • 240. Chrysanthus I (1824–1826)
  • 241. Agathangelus I (1826–1830)
  • 242. Constantius I (1830–1834)

On July 23, 1833 the Church of Greece declared itself autocephalous. It was followed by the Romanian Orthodox Church in 1864, Bulgarian Exarchate in 1872, Serbian Church in 1879, thus reducing the extension of the Ecumenical Patriarchate

1834–1923[edit]

On July 24, 1923 the Ottoman Empire dissolved, replaced by the Republic of Turkey.

1923–present[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vailhé, S. (1908). Constantinople. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved August 2, 2014 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04301a.htm
  2. ^ Kiminas, Demetrius (2009). The Ecumenical Patriarchate. Wildside Press LLC. pp. 30–51. ISBN 978-1-4344-5876-6. 
  3. ^ Vitalien, Laurent (1968). "Les premiers patriarches de Constantinople sous la domination turque (1454-1476)". Revue des études byzantines (26): 229–263. doi:10.3406/rebyz.1968.1407. 
  4. ^ Σαρδεων Γερμανος (1933–38). "Συµβολή εις τους πατριαρχικούς καταλόγους Κωνσταντινουπόλεως από της αλώσεως και εξής". Ορθοδοξια (8-13). (Greek)
  5. ^ sometimes not counted among the patriarchs
  • different spelling on same names:

left column: names as seen on Patriarchate.org

  • Timotheus=Timothy
  • Germanus=Germanius
  • Stephanus=Stephen
  • Demetrios=Demetrius
  • Theòdøros=Theodore

See also[edit]

External links[edit]