List of Corvus species

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The following is a list of all currently recognized species, as well as some and notable subspecies, within the genus Corvus (the crows and ravens').

Living and recently extinct forms[edit]

  • Corvus albicollis - White-necked Raven or Cape Raven (Southern, central and eastern Africa)
  • Corvus albus - Pied Crow (Central African coasts to southern Africa)
  • Corvus bennetti - Little Crow (Australia)
  • Corvus brachyrhynchos - American Crow (United States, southern Canada, northern Mexico)
  • Corvus capensis - Cape Crow or Black Crow or Cape Rook (Eastern and southern Africa)
  • Corvus caurinus - Northwestern Crow (Olympic peninsula to southwest Alaska)
  • Corvus corax - Common Raven or Northern Raven (The Holarctic south throughout middle Europe, Asia, and North America to Nicaragua)
    • Corvus (corax) sinuatus - Western Raven (Holarctic; Arctic, North America, Eurasia, northern Africa, Pacific islands and British Isles)
    • Corvus (corax) varius morpha leucophaeus - Pied Raven an extinct color variant (Holarctic)
  • Corvus corone - Carrion Crow or Eurasian Crow (Western Europe from British Isles to Germany, to eastern Asia
  • Corvus cornix - Hooded Crow (Northern and eastern Europe (North Western Scotland and Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom, mainland Europe and northern Africa
    • Corvus (cornix) capellanus - Mesopotamian Crow or Iraq Pied Crow (Southern Iraq to extreme southwest Iran)
  • Corvus coronoides - Australian Raven (Eastern and southern Australia)
  • Corvus crassirostris - Thick-billed Raven (Ethiopia)
  • Corvus cryptoleucus - Chihuahuan Raven (Southwestern U.S., northwestern Mexico)
  • Corvus dauuricus - Daurian Jackdaw (Eastern Europe to eastern Japan, occasionally Scandinavia)
  • Corvus enca - Slender-billed Crow (Malaysia, Borneo, Indonesia)
    • Corvus (enca) violaceus - Violaceous Crow (Philippines, Ceram, Moluccas)
  • Corvus florensis - Flores Crow (Flores Island)
  • Corvus frugilegus - Rook (Europe, Asia, New Zealand)
  • Corvus fuscicapillus - Brown-headed Crow (New Guinea)
  • Corvus hawaiiensis (formerly C. tropicus) - Hawaiian Crow (Island of Hawaii)
  • Corvus imparatus - Tamaulipas Crow (Gulf of Mexico coast from Nuevo León east to Rio Grande delta, south to Tampico, Tamaulipas)
  • Corvus insularis - Bismarck Crow
  • Corvus jamaicensis - Jamaican Crow (Jamaica)
  • Corvus kubaryi - Mariana Crow or Aga (Guam, Rota)
  • Corvus leucognaphalus - White-necked Crow (Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico)
  • Corvus macrorhynchos - Jungle Crow (Eastern Asia, Himalayas, Philippines)
  • Corvus meeki - Bougainville Crow or Salomon Islands Crow (Northern Salomon Islands)[1]
  • Corvus mellori - Little Raven (Southeastern Australia)
  • Corvus monedula - Jackdaw or Western Jackdaw (British Isles and western Europe, Scandinavia, northern Asia, Northern Africa)
  • Corvus moneduloides - New Caledonian Crow (New Caledonia, Loyalty Islands)
  • Corvus nasicus - Cuban Crow (Cuba, Isla de la Juventud, Grand Caicos Island)
  • Corvus orru - Torresian Crow or Australian Crow (Australia, New Guinea and nearby islands)
  • Corvus ossifragus - Fish Crow (Eastern U.S. coast, southeastern U.S. through Florida, west along major rivers to Oklahoma and Texas)
  • Corvus palmarum - Palm Crow (Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic)
  • Corvus rhipidurus - Fan-tailed Raven (Northeast Africa, Middle East)
  • Corvus ruficollis - Brown-necked Raven or Desert Raven (Northern Africa, Arabia, southeast to eastern Asia)
    • Corvus (ruficolis) edithae - Somali Crow or Dwarf Raven (Northeast Africa)
  • Corvus sinaloae - Sinaloan Crow (Pacific coast from Sonora to Colima)
  • Corvus splendens - House Crow or Indian House Crow (Indian subcontinent, Middle East, east Africa)
  • Corvus tasmanicus - Forest Raven or Tasmanian Raven (Tasmania and adjacent south coast of Australia)
    • Corvus (tasmanicus) boreus - Relict Raven (Northeastern New South Wales)
  • Corvus torquatus - Collared Crow (Eastern China, south into Vietnam)
  • Corvus tristis - Grey Crow or Bare-faced Crow (New Guinea and neighboring islands)
  • Corvus typicus - Piping Crow or Celebes Pied Crow (Sulawesi, Muna, Butung)
  • Corvus unicolor - Banggai Crow (Banggai Island)
  • Corvus validus - Long-billed Crow (Northern Moluccas)
  • Corvus woodfordi - White-billed Crow or Salomon Islands Crow (Southern Salomon Islands)[1]

List sources[2]


Prehistoric and fossil forms[edit]

  • Corvus galushai (fossil: Big Sandy Late Miocene of Wickieup, USA)
  • Corvus larteti (fossil: Late Miocene of France, or C Europe?)
  • Corvus sp. (fossil: Late Miocene of Hungary)
  • Corvus praecorax (fossil: Early Pliocene of Perpignan, France; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus simionescui (fossil: Early Pliocene of Maluşteni-Bereşti, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus sp. (fossil: Late Pliocene of Puebla de Valverde, Spain)
  • Corvus sp. (fossil: Late Pliocene of Slivnica, Bulgaria)
  • Corvus hungaricus (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of S Europe; tentatively placed here)
  • Corvus moravicus (fossil: Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene of C-E Europe; possibly subspecies of C. monedula)
  • Corvus pliocaenus (fossil: Late Pliocene –? Early/Middle Pleistocene of Europe; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus antecorax (fossil: Late Pliocene – Late Pleistocene of Europe; may be C. janossyi, possibly subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus betfianus (fossil: Early Pleistocene of Betfi, Romania; possibly subspecies of C. corone/cornix)
  • Corvus fossilis (fossil: Late Pleistocene Seveckenberg, Germany; probably subspecies of C. corax)
  • Corvus neomexicanus (fossil: Late Pleistocene of Dry Cave, USA)
  • New Zealand Raven, C. antipodum (prehistoric: New Zealand)
  • High-billed Crow, C. impluviatus (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • Chatham Raven, C. moriorum (prehistoric: Chatham Islands, SW Pacific)
  • Puerto Rican Crow C. pumilis (prehistoric: Puerto Rico; possibly a subspecies of C. nasicus/palmarum)
  • Robust Crow, C. viriosus (prehistoric: Hawaii)
  • New Ireland Crow, Corvus sp. (prehistoric: New Ireland, Melanesia)

The taxonomy of the C. antecorax / C. fossilis complex as well as the C. pliocaenus / C. betfianus / C. praecorax / C. simionescui, in particular the temporal succession and relationship to the living relatives is not fully resolved. At least some of these "species" seem to have been direct ancestors of the living forms as listed above.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Note: Both the Bougainville Crow and the White-billed Crow share the same alternate name "Salomon Islands Crow". They both live on the Salomon Islands; the Bougainville Crow in the north, and the White-billed Crow in the south.
  2. ^ John M. Marzluff; Tony Angell (2005). In the Company of Crows and Ravens. Yale University Press. pp. 72–79. ISBN 0-300-10076-0.