List of courts in England and Wales

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The Central Criminal Court, better known as the Old Bailey

This is a list of Courts in England and Wales. For information about the different types of Courts see Courts of England and Wales.

Civil Courts[edit]

The Highest Court of Appeal is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, followed by the Court of Appeal. The Highest Court in which originating process may be issued is the High Court of England and Wales. The High Court has several district registries as well as the Central Office located at the Royal Courts of Justice.

District Registries of the High Court[edit]

England[edit]

Wales[edit]

County Courts[edit]

When the county court system was created as a result of the County Courts Act 1846, there were 491 county courts in England and Wales. As of 2008, there are now 217 county courts, including the Patents County Court.

Criminal Courts[edit]

Crown Courts[edit]

The Crown Court deals with serious criminal charges and with less serious charges where the accused has elected trial at the Crown Court instead of trial at a magistrates' court. The Crown Court also hears appeals against conviction and sentence from magistrates.[1] There are 91 locations in England and Wales at which the Crown Court regularly sits.[2] Crown Court centres are designated in one of three tiers: first-tier centres are visited by High Court judges for criminal and also for civil cases (in the District Registry of the High Court); second-tier centres are visited by High Court judges for criminal work only; and third-tier centres are not normally visited by High Court judges. High Court judges hear 2% of cases at the Crown Court, but 27% of the most serious (Class 1) cases. Circuit Judges and Recorders sit at all three tiers, hearing 88% and 10% of the cases respectively. When the Crown Court is conducting a trial, the judge sits with a jury of twelve; when hearing appeals from magistrates, the judge sits with two (or sometimes four) magistrates.[1]

The Crown Court system was established by the Courts Act 1971, which came into force on 1 January 1972, following the recommendations of a Royal Commission chaired by Lord Beeching. Previously, criminal cases that were not dealt with by magistrates were heard by Assize courts and Quarter Sessions courts, in a system that had changed little in the preceding centuries.[3] The Crown Court system is administered by Her Majesty's Courts Service, an Executive Agency of the Ministry of Justice. England is divided into six regions by HMCS (London, Midlands, North East, North West, South East and Western), with the whole of Wales forming a seventh region.[4]

Section 78 of the Supreme Court Act 1981 provides that the Crown Court can conduct business at any location in England and Wales, in accordance with directions given by the Lord Chancellor.[5] This power is sometimes used to enable court sittings to take place away from one of the regular Crown Court venues. For example, in 2007, a sitting of the Crown Court was held at one of the oldest court buildings in England or Wales, the former courthouse in Beaumaris, Anglesey, which was built in 1614 and closed in 1997.[6]

Magistrates' Courts[edit]

Andover Magistrates' Court
Bedford Magistrates' Court
Birmingham Magistrates' Court
Brighton Magistrates' Court
Crawley Magistrates' Court
Doncaster Magistrates' Court
Kidderminster Magistrates' Court
Nottingham Magistrates' Court
Llandudno Magistrates' Court
Sutton Magistrates' Court
Thames Magistrates' Court
Tower Bridge Magistrates' Court

See: local justice areas.

  • Aberdare
  • Abergavenny
  • Accrington
  • Acton
  • Aldershot
  • Alton
  • Amersham
  • Andover
  • Ashford
  • Aylesbury
  • Banbury
  • Bangor
  • Barking and Dagenham
  • Barnet
  • Barnsley
  • Barnstaple
  • Barrow-in-Furness
  • Barry
  • Basildon
  • Basingstoke
  • Batley and Dewsbury
  • Bath
  • Bedford and Mid Beds
  • Belmarsh
  • Berwick upon Tweed
  • Beverley
  • Bexley
  • Bicester
  • Bingley
  • Birmingham
  • Bishop Auckland
  • Blackburn
  • Blackpool
  • Blandford Forum
  • Bodmin
  • Bolton
  • Boston
  • Bourne
  • Bournemouth
  • Bow Street Magistrates' Court
  • Bracknell
  • Bradford
  • Brent
  • Brentford
  • Bridgend
  • Bridgnorth and Telford
  • Bridlington
  • Bridport
  • Brighton
  • Bristol
  • Bromley
  • Bromsgrove and Redditch
  • Burnley
  • Burton upon Trent
  • Bury
  • Bury St Edmunds
  • Caernarfon
  • Caerphilly
  • Caistor
  • Camberwell Green
  • Camborne
  • Cambridge
  • Cannock
  • Canterbury
  • Cardiff
  • Carlisle
  • Carmarthen
  • Ceredigion
  • Chatham
  • Chelmsford
  • Cheltenham
  • Chepstow
  • Cheshunt
  • Chester, Ellesmere Port and Neston
  • Chester-le-Street
  • Chichester
  • Chippenham
  • Chorley
  • Cirencester
  • City of London
  • Coalville
  • Colchester
  • Coleford
  • Consett
  • Corby
  • Coventry
  • Crawley
  • Cromer
  • Croydon
  • Cwmbran
  • Darlington
  • Dartford
  • Daventry
  • De Brycheiniog
  • De Maldwyn
  • Denbigh
  • Derby
  • Didcot
  • Dolgellay
  • Doncaster
  • Dorking
  • Dover
  • Dudley
  • Durham
  • Ealing
  • East Berkshire
  • Eastbourne
  • Ely
  • Enfield
  • Epping
  • Exeter
  • Fareham
  • Feltham
  • Flax Bourton
  • Fleetwood
  • Flint
  • Folkestone
  • Furness
  • Gainsborough
  • Gateshead
  • Gloucester
  • Goole
  • Grantham
  • Grays
  • Great Yarmouth
  • Greenwich
  • Grimsby
  • Guildford
  • Guisborough
  • Halesowen
  • Halifax
  • Halton
  • Haringey
  • Harlow
  • Harrogate
  • Harrogate and Skipton
  • Harrow
  • Hartlepool
  • Harwich
  • Hastings
  • Hemel Hempstead
  • Hendon
  • Hereford Magistrates Court
  • Hertford
  • High Peak
  • High Wycombe
  • Highbury Corner
  • Hinckley
  • Holyhead
  • Honiton
  • Horncastle
  • Horseferry Road Magistrates' Court
  • Horsham
  • Houghton-le-Spring
  • Huddersfield
  • Hull and Holderness
  • Huntingdon
  • Ilkeston
  • Ipswich
  • Isles of Scilly
  • Keighley
  • Kendal
  • Kettering
  • Kidderminster Magistrates Court
  • King's Lynn
  • Kingston-upon-Hull
  • Kingston upon Thames
  • Knowsley
  • Lancaster
  • Launceston
  • Leamington Spa
  • Leeds District
  • Leicester
  • Leigh and Wigan
  • Lewes
  • Leyland
  • Lincoln
  • Liskeard
  • Liverpool
  • Llandudno
  • Llanelli
  • Llangefni
  • Llwynypia
  • Long Sutton
  • Loughborough
  • Louth
  • Lowestoft
  • Ludlow
  • Luton and South Bedfordshire
  • Lyndhurst
  • Macclesfield
  • Maidenhead (East Berkshire)
  • Maidstone
  • Manchester City
  • Mansfield
  • Margate
  • Market Drayton
  • Market Harborough
  • Marylebone Road
  • Medway
  • Melton Mowbray
  • Mendip
  • Merthyr Tydfil
  • Mid Sussex
  • Middlesbrough
  • Mildenhall
  • Milton Keynes
  • Minehead
  • Mold
  • Neath
  • Newark and Southwell
  • Newbury West Berkshire
  • Newcastle under Lyme
  • Newcastle upon Tyne
  • Newport (Isle of Wight)
  • Newport
  • Newton Abbot
  • Newton Aycliffe
  • North Avon
  • North East Derbyshire & Dales
  • North Pembrokeshire
  • North Sefton
  • North Tyneside
  • Northallerton and Richmond
  • Northampton
  • Norwich
  • Nottingham Magistrates' Court
  • Nuneaton
  • Okehampton
  • Oldham
  • Ormskirk
  • Oswestry
  • Oxford and Southern Oxfordshire
  • Penrith
  • Pentonville
  • Penzance
  • Peterborough
  • Peterlee
  • Pickering
  • Plymouth
  • Pontefract
  • Pontypridd
  • Poole
  • Port Talbot
  • Portsmouth
  • Prestatyn
  • Preston
  • Pwllheli
  • Radnorshire and North Brecknock
  • Rawtenstall
  • Reading
  • Redbridge
  • Redditch Magistrates Court
  • Redhill
  • Reedley
  • Retford
  • Richmond-upon-Thames
  • Rochdale
  • Rotherham
  • Rugby
  • Runcorn
  • Salford
  • Salisbury
  • Scarborough
  • Scunthorpe
  • Sedgemoor
  • Selby
  • Sevenoaks
  • Sheffield
  • Sherborne
  • Shrewsbury
  • Sittingbourne
  • Skegness
  • Sleaford
  • Snaresbrook
  • Solihull
  • South Cheshire
  • South East Northumberland
  • South Pembrokeshire
  • South Sefton
  • South Somerset
  • South Tyneside
  • South Western
  • South Worcestershire
  • Southampton
  • Southend
  • Southern Derbyshire
  • Southport
  • Spalding
  • St Albans
  • St Helens
  • Stafford
  • Staines
  • Stamford
  • Stevenage
  • Stockport
  • Stoke-on-Trent
  • Stourbridge and Halesowen
  • Stratford
  • Stratford upon Avon
  • Stroud
  • Sudbury
  • Sunderland
  • Sutton Coldfield
  • Sutton
  • Swaffham (Central Norfolk)
  • Swansea
  • Swindon
  • Tameside
  • Tamworth
  • Taunton
  • Teesside
  • Telford
  • Tewkesbury
  • Thames
  • Thetford (South Norfolk)
  • Torquay
  • Totnes
  • Towcester
  • Tower Bridge
  • Trafford
  • Tredegar
  • Truro
  • Tunbridge Wells
  • Uxbridge
  • Vale of Glamorgan
  • Vale Royal
  • Wakefield
  • Walsall and Aldridge
  • Waltham Forest
  • Wantage
  • Wareham
  • Warley (Oldbury)
  • Warrington
  • Watford
  • Wellingborough
  • Wells
  • Welshpool
  • West Berkshire
  • West Bromwich
  • West London
  • West Somerset
  • Weston-super-Mare
  • Wetherby
  • Weymouth
  • Whitby
  • Whitehaven
  • Widnes
  • Wigan and Leigh
  • Wimbledon
  • Wimborne
  • Wirral
  • Wisbech
  • Witham
  • Witney
  • Woking (Closed 2011)
  • Wolverhampton
  • Woodspring
  • Woolwich
  • Worcester Magistrates Court
  • Workington
  • Worksop and Retford
  • Worthing
  • Wrexham
  • Wycombe
  • Yate
  • Yeovil
  • York

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Judicial and Court Statistics 2007, Chapter 6" (pdf). Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  2. ^ http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200708/cmhansrd/cm071204/text/71204w0025.htm |chapter-url= missing title (help). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 4 December 2007. col. 1179W–1181W. 
  3. ^ Zander, Michael (2007). Cases and Materials on the English Legal System. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-521-67540-6. 
  4. ^ "HMCS Framework Document" (pdf). HMCS. April 2008. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  5. ^ Jackson, Richard Meredith; Spencer, J. R. (1989). Jackson's Machinery of Justice. Cambridge University Press. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-521-31767-2. 
  6. ^ "Historic court reopens for a day". BBC News. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 

External links[edit]