List of Croatian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

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A middle-aged man with short black hair talking at a press conference.
Vinko Brešan's films were submitted for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2000 and 2003.

Independent Croatia has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1992. The award is handed out annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.[1] It was not created until the 1956 Academy Awards, in which a competitive Academy Award of Merit, known as the Best Foreign Language Film Award, was introduced for non-English speaking films, and has been given annually since.[2]

Since achieving independence from Yugoslavia, Croatia has submitted 22 films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film as of 2013, but none have been nominated for an Oscar. Croatia also unsuccessfully tried to submit a film in 1991 while the country was in the process of achieving international recognition.[3] Since independence, four Croatian directors have had multiple films submitted to the Academy for review. Directors Branko Schmidt and Arsen Anton Ostojić had three of their films selected, and two other directors had two films submitted – Vinko Brešan and Zrinko Ogresta.

Prior to independence, Croatian actors and filmmakers participated in the Yugoslav film industry and several films made by Croatian filmmakers or produced by Croatian-based film studios were submitted for Oscar consideration representing Yugoslavia.[4] Of these films, two received a nomination: The Road a Year Long directed by Giuseppe De Santis in 1958 (co-produced by Croatian film companies Croatia Film and Jadran Film), and The Ninth Circle directed by France Štiglic in 1960 (produced by Jadran Film).[4]

Submissions[edit]

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has invited the film industries of various countries to submit their best film for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1956.[2] The Foreign Language Film Award Committee oversees the process and reviews all the submitted films. Following this, they vote via secret ballot to determine five nominees for the award.[1]

According to Academy rules, the selection of each country's official submission has to be made by "one organization, jury or committee that should include artists and/or craftspeople from the field of motion pictures".[1] In Croatia's case the selection committee and procedure are organized by the Film Artists' Association of Croatia (Hrvatsko društvo filmskih djelatnika or HDFD).[5] Film producers and directors can submit a film for consideration to HDFD, which verifies the completeness of the application and compliance with Academy rules. According to the latest revision of the HDFD criteria in 2007, these include that the film must have had its cinema release between 1 October and 30 September in the preceding year and that the application enclosed must contain a written statement confirming that all financial obligations to performers and craftspeople involved with the film's production have been fulfilled.[5] A 17-member committee composed of HDFD members then proceeds to vote for nominated films in a secret ballot.[5]

Below is a list of the films that have been submitted by Croatia for review by the Academy by year and the respective Academy Awards ceremony.

Year
(Ceremony)
Film title used in nomination Original title Director(s) Result References[nb 1]
1992
(65th)
Story from Croatia Priča iz Hrvatske Papić, KrstoKrsto Papić Not Nominated [6][7]
1993
(66th)
Countess Dora Kontesa Dora Berković, ZvonimirZvonimir Berković Not Nominated [8][9]
1994
(67th)
Vukovar: The Way Home Vukovar se vraća kući Schmidt, BrankoBranko Schmidt Not Nominated [10][11]
1995
(68th)
Washed Out Isprani Ogresta, ZrinkoZrinko Ogresta Not Nominated [12][13]
1996
(69th)
Nausikaya Nausikaja Ruić, VickoVicko Ruić Not Nominated [14][15]
1997
(70th)
Lapitch the Little Shoemaker CudnovateČudnovate zgode Šegrta Hlapića Blažeković, MilanMilan Blažeković Not Nominated [16][17]
1998
(71st)
Transatlantic Transatlantik Juran, MladenMladen Juran Not Nominated [18][19]
1999
(72nd)
Red Dust Crvena prašina Ogresta, ZrinkoZrinko Ogresta Not Nominated [20][21]
2000
(73rd)
Marshall Tito's Spirit Maršal Brešan, VinkoVinko Brešan Not Nominated [22][23]
2001
(74th)
Queen of the Night Kraljica noći Schmidt, BrankoBranko Schmidt Not Nominated [24][25]
2002
(75th)
Fine Dead Girls Fine mrtve djevojke Matanić, DaliborDalibor Matanić Not Nominated [26][27]
2003
(76th)
Witnesses Svjedoci Brešan, VinkoVinko Brešan Not Nominated [28][29]
2004
(77th)
Long Dark Night Duga mračna noć Vrdoljak, AntunAntun Vrdoljak Not Nominated [30][31]
2005
(78th)
WonderfulA Wonderful Night in Split Ta divna splitska noć Ostojić, Arsen AntonArsen Anton Ostojić Not Nominated [32][33]
2006
(79th)
Libertas Libertas Bulajić, VeljkoVeljko Bulajić Not Nominated [34][35]
2007
(80th)
Armin Armin Sviličić, OgnjenOgnjen Sviličić Not Nominated [36][37]
2008
(81st)
No One's Son Ničiji sin Ostojić, Arsen AntonArsen Anton Ostojić Not Nominated [38][39]
2009
(82nd)
Donkey Kenjac Nuić, AntonioAntonio Nuić Not Nominated [40][41]
2010
(83rd)
BlacksThe Blacks Crnci Goran Dević & Zvonimir Jurić Not Nominated [42][43]
2011
(84th)
72 Days Sedamdeset i dva dana SzerbedzijaDanilo Šerbedžija Not Nominated [44][45]
2012
(85th)
Vegetarian Cannibal Ljudožder vegetarijanac Schmidt, BrankoBranko Schmidt Not Nominated [46]
2013
(86th)
Halima's Path Halimin put Ostojić, Arsen AntonArsen Anton Ostojić Not Nominated [47]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Each heading citation is used to reference individual submissions and each citation following it is for lists of Academy's nominee shortlists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Rule Thirteen: Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  2. ^ a b "History of the Academy Awards". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  3. ^ "Film News & Notes". Los Angeles Daily News. 6 December 1991. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Škrabalo, Ivo (May 2011). "Croatian Film in the Yugoslav Context in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century". KinoKultura (Special Issue 11). ISSN 1478-6567. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Pravilnik Hrvatskog društva filmskih djelatnika o izboru hrvatskog kandidata za nagradu Oscar Američke filmske akademije". hdfd.hr (in Croatian). Film Artists' Association of Croatia. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  6. ^ Marx, Andy (3 December 1992). "Foreign Oscar entries submitted". Variety. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Croatia Film - Production - Awards and Recognitions". Croatia-Film.hr. Croatia Film. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Epstein, Robert (11 February 1995). "Croatian Film Joins the Ranks : Movies: A record 45 foreign films are being considered for Oscar nominations, including Branko Schmidt's 'Vukovar.'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  11. ^ "The 67th Academy Awards (1995) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  12. ^ "Zrinko Ogresta, redoviti profesor" (in Croatian). Academy of Dramatic Art, University of Zagreb. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  13. ^ "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  14. ^ "Vicko Ruić". Film.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "The 69th Academy Awards (1997) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  16. ^ "44 Countries Hoping for Oscar Nominations" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 24 November 1997. Archived from the original on 13 February 1998. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "The 70th Academy Awards (1998) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  18. ^ "Transatlantic". Film.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "The 71st Academy Awards (1999) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  20. ^ "Crvenoj prašini velika nagrada u SAD-u!" (in Croatian). Vjesnik. 15 November 1999. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  21. ^ "The 72nd Academy Awards (2000) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  22. ^ "Record 46 Countries in Race for Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 20 November 2000. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  23. ^ "The 73rd Academy Awards (2001) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "51 Countries In Race For Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 19 November 2001. Archived from the original on 14 December 2004. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  25. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  26. ^ "Fine mrtve djevojke". DaliborMatanic.com (in Croatian). Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  27. ^ "The 75th Academy Awards (2003) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  28. ^ "Hrvatski film trbuhom za kruhom". Filmski.net (in Croatian). 2 February 2004. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  29. ^ "The 76th Academy Awards (2004) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  30. ^ "50 Countries in Competition for Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 22 October 2004. Archived from the original on 7 February 2005. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  31. ^ "The 77th Academy Awards (2005) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  32. ^ ""Ta divna splitska noć" otvorila "Queens Film Festival" u New Yorku" (in Croatian). Index.hr. 18 November 2005. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  33. ^ "The 78th Academy Awards (2006) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  34. ^ Sneider, Jeff (19 October 2006). "Oscar race counts 61 countries". Variety. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  35. ^ "The 79th Academy Awards (2007) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  36. ^ Halfyard, Kurt (18 October 2007). "Foreign Language Oscar Submissions". Twitch Film. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  37. ^ "The 80th Academy Awards (2008) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  38. ^ "67 Countries Vying for 2008 Foreign Language Film Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  39. ^ "The 81st Academy Awards (2009) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  40. ^ "65 Countries in Competition for 2009 Foreign Language Film Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 15 October 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  41. ^ "The 82nd Academy Awards (2010) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  42. ^ "65 Countries in Competition for 2009 Foreign Language Film Oscar" (Press release). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 
  43. ^ "The 83rd Academy Awards (2011) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  44. ^ "Film 72 dana hrvatski kandidat za Oscara". vjesnik.hr (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  45. ^ "9 Foreign Language Films Vie for Oscar". oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  46. ^ "Ljudožder vegetarijanac hrvatski je kandidat za Oscara". Večernji list (in Croatian). 14 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  47. ^ "Oscars: Croatia Submits 'Halima's Path' for Best Foreign Category". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 

External links[edit]