List of CubeSats

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The following is a list of CubeSats, nanosatellites used primarily by universities for research missions, typically in low Earth orbits.

Research and development[edit]

  • AAU CubeSat, by Aalborg University: The Danish students in this project, beginning in the summer of 2001, designed a satellite that would evaluate the technology and demonstrate the capabilities of the CubeSat concept. In order to successfully show the technology to the public, the team installed a camera on board the spacecraft, and outfitted it with a magnetically based attitude control system. But upon reaching orbit, the radio signals were weaker than expected and the batteries failed after only one month of semi-operational activity.[1]
  • AAUSAT-II is the second student-built CubeSat built and operated by students from Aalborg University in Denmark. It was launched 28 April 2008 05:54 UTC from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in India on a PSLV rocket. AAUSAT-II carries a radiation sensor.
  • AAUSAT3 is the third student-built CubeSat from Aalborg University in Denmark. The primary payload is an Automatic Identification System (AIS) receiver which primary task is to receive AIS data from ships around Greenland. Launched 25 February 2013 on the Indian PSLV C20. AAUSAT3 is the very first student satellite operating AIS receivers and the first demonstration of the AAU developed CSP communication protocol - internally on CANBUS on spacelink at UHF (FSK, 9600/19200). The mission has been very successful with more than 1 mio ships detected during the first half year.
  • PW-Sat, by Warsaw University of Technology: This experiment revolves around CubeSats themselves. The test will involve developing a method to deorbit CubeSats by engaging an atmospheric drag device.[2] The mission's focus will be the testing of this foil device; its deployment to intentionally bring the satellite back into the thicker portion of Earth's atmosphere to bring the mission to an end.[3] If successful the satellite will be Poland's first.[4] The satellite was delivered to orbit on the maiden flight of the European Space Agency's new launch vehicle in 2012.[5]
  • OUFTI-1, by the University of Liège and I.S.I.L (Haute École de la Province de Liège): This is a 1-unit CubeSat that is being built by Belgian students. The name is an acronym for Orbital Utility For Telecommunication Innovation. The Belgian satellite was planned to launch on the maiden flight of Vega. The goal of the project is to develop experience in the different aspects of satellite design and operation. In the communications portion of the device, the academic team will be experimenting with the D-STAR digital voice mode and communications protocol that is popular with amateur radio operators.[2][6] The satellite has a mass of just 1 kilogram and will utilize a UHF uplink and a VHF downlink.[7]
  • CubeSat TestBed 1, by Boeing: Boeing successfully completed all of its design and operational goals with its first nanosatellite. It was built and flown to explore the possibilities with the new CubeSat standard.[8] Boeing satellites are usually much larger; a Boeing 601 or 702 satellite has 1,000 times the mass of their 1 kilogram CubeSat.[9]
  • InnoSAT, by Astronautic Technology Sdn Bhd: This CubeSat will test attitude control and navigation technologies developed by five Malaysian universities.[10]
  • XSAS, by University of Michigan: This project, based on graduate research, will house an accordion folded solar array inside a 1U CubeSat. The array will extend into a long solar panel once in orbit, thereby increasing by many times the power available to an attached CubeSat.[11]
  • Clyde Space is a company that started development of subsystems for CubeSats in 2005, including electrical power systems, attitude control systems, and pulsed-plasma thruster propulsion systems. In 2010 the UK Space Agency awarded Clyde Space the UK's first CubeSat mission, UKube-1, a 3U CubeSat due to launch mid-2013.[12]
  • Aerojet began developing a propulsion system for cubesats in 2011 that occupies a 1U baseline volume and readily integrates with other CubeSat platforms to create modular, fully mobile cubesats. Dubbed "CHAMPS", this system utilizes chemical propulsion and offers significantly more total impulse compared to cold gas propulsion systems.[13]
  • Alta SpA develops electric and chemical propulsion systems suited for satellites of various size. A critical analysis of different electric propulsion systems was carried out by the company in 2011.[14] The IL-FEEP thruster, a field emission, linear slit propulsion system based on the FEEP heritage, is specially suited for CubeSats and is provided in a compact, 1U version for use on 2U or 3U missions.[15]
  • The Vermont Lunar CubeSat launched by Vermont Technical College and funded in part by a grant from Vermont Space Grant Consortium and NASA.[16]
  • OPUSAT was launched to test Lithium-ion capacitor technology in space.
  • e-st@r (Educational Satellite @ Polytechnic University of Turin) is a miniaturized satellite built by the Polytechnic University of Turin. It was launched into Low Earth Orbit on the maiden flight of Arianespace's Vega rocket on the 13th Feb 2012. It is a 1-U CubeSat design weighing 1 kg. The launch was a multi-payload mission shared with LARES, ALMASat-1, Goliat, MaSat-1, PW-Sat, ROBUSTA, UniCubeSat-GG and Xatcobeo.

Earth remote sensing[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Earth remote sensing.

Space tether[edit]

NASA's GeneSat 1
For more details on tethers in space, see Tether satellite.
For more details on space missions using tethers, see Space tether missions.
  • MAST, by Tethers Unlimited: The Multi-Application Survivable Tether experiment, based in the United States, was launched 17 April 2007 aboard a Dnepr rocket. This 1 km multistrand, interconnected tether (Hoytether) is being used to test and prove the long-term survivability for tethers in space. The three MAST pico-satellites ejected from the P-POD successfully, but the communications system had difficulties,[22][23] and the separation mechanism did not function properly, preventing full deployment of the tether.[24] Nonetheless, the experiment operated for over a month and downloaded over 2 MB of data on tethered satellite dynamics as well as images of the tether. While Stanford University formed the academic portion of the team, Tethers Unlimited, from Seattle, Washington, formed the commercial portion of the team.[25]
  • STARS (Kukai), by the Kagawa Satellite Development Project at Kagawa University, Japan: The Space Tethered Autonomous Robotic Satellite (STARS) mission launched 23 January 2009 as a secondary payload on a H-IIA launch. After launch, the satellite was named KUKAI, and consisted of two subsatellites, "Ku" and "Kai," to be linked by a 5-meter tether. It was successfully separated from the rocket and transferred into the planned orbit.[26] See also STARS-II microsatellite follow-up with longer (300m) tether.
  • Tempo3, by The Mars Society: This operation is called the Tethered Experiment for Mars inter-Planetary Operations and is meant to demonstrate the generation of artificial gravity. The project seeks to enhance knowledge about long term space flight.[27]


  • GeneSat 1, by the NASA Ames Research Center: In December 2006, a Minotaur launch vehicle carried this satellite into orbit from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility to carry out a genetics experiment. The team assembled the biological growth and analysis systems to perform experiments with E. coli bacteria.[28] The project is not cheap by CubeSat standards: the total spent on the satellite and its experiments were $6 million before the launch took place. The goal is to establish methods for studying the genetic changes that come from being exposed to a space environment.[29] The satellite was outfitted with a UHF beacon.

Other uses[edit]

  • StudSat, first Indian satellite of Pico-Category was developed by a group of 35 students from Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, India, and was launched 12 July 2010 by Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle.[30]
  • Cubesat ROBUSTA, by Montpellier 2 University: A mission to test the effects of radiation on electronics.[2] The goal is to specifically check the deterioration of electronic components based on bipolar transistors when exposed to the space radiation environment. The results of this experiment will be used to validate a test method proposed in the laboratory. The French satellite launched on the maiden flight of Vega in early 2012.[5]
  • TJ³Sat, by Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, Alexandria, Va., which was the first CubeSat ever launched by high school students on November 19, 2013.[31]
  • Xatcobeo, by University of Vigo and Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial: The goal for this project is to test software defined radio and to experiment with solar panel deployment.[2] The Spanish satellite launched on the maiden flight of Vega.[2][5]
  • CINEMA, a collaborative effort between the UC Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory, Imperial College London, Kyung Hee University, and the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico. The project's goal is to develop a cubesat that monitors space weather using a combination of magnetometers and particle detectors.[32]
  • A CubeSat Inflatable Deorbit Device, by Old Dominion University - This study describes a deployable aerodynamic drag device that can be incorporated in basic 1U CubeSat units that can meet the 25-year orbital lifetime constraint for initial orbit perigees of up to 900 km.[33]
  • The NEE-01 Pegaso launched by the Ecuadorian Space Agency in early 2013 was the first known cubesat able to transmit real time video from orbit and broadcast the live feed over the internet [34]
  • INVADER (Artsat-1) - launched by JAXA in 2014 to provide voice broadcast from orbit.

Complete table[edit]

There are four types of CubeSats; 0.5U, 1U, 2U and 3U. The number corresponds to the length of the CubeSat in decimetres. Width and Depth are always ten centimetres, or one decimetre.

Name Type Organisation Mission Launch Date (UTC) Rocket COSPAR ID Status Decay date Remarks
CanX-1 1U UTIAS Technology demonstration[35] 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031H[37] Failed No signal from spacecraft[38]
DTUsat 1U DTU Tether research[39] 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031C[37] Failed No signal from spacecraft[39]
AAU CubeSat[40] 1U Aalborg University Imaging[41] 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031G[37] Failed Battery problems, deactivated on 22 September 2003[42]
QuakeSat 3U Stanford University Earthquake detection[43] 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031F[37] Active
CUTE-I (Oscar 55) 1U Tokyo Institute of Technology Amateur radio 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031E[37] Active[44][45]
Cubesat XI-IV (Oscar 57) 1U University of Tokyo Amateur radio 2003-06-30, 14:15[36] Rokot/Briz-KM 2003-031J[37] Active[46]
Cubesat XI-V (Oscar 58) 1U University of Tokyo Amateur radio 2005-10-27, 14:15[47][48] Kosmos-3M 2005-043F[37] Active[49]
nCube-2 1U ARR/NSC Amateur radio 2005-10-27, 14:15[47][48] Kosmos-3M 2005-043H?[37] Failed No signal[50]
UWE-1 1U University of Würzburg Technology/Communications[51] 2005-10-27, 14:15[47][48] Kosmos-3M 2005-043C[37] Failed Contact lost on 17 November 2005[52]
SACRED 1U University of Arizona 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
ION 2U University of Illinois 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
Rincon 1 1U University of Arizona 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
ICE Cube 1 1U Cornell University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
KUTESat 1U University of Kansas 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
NCUBE-1 1U ARR/NSC 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
HAUSAT-1 1U Hankuk Aviation University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
SEEDS-1 1U Nihon University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
CP-2 1U California Polytechnic University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
AeroCube 1 1U Aerospace Corporation 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
MEROPE 1U Montana State University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
Mea Huaka`i (Voyager) 1U University of Hawaii 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
ICE Cube 2 1U Cornell University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
CP-1 1U California Polytechnic University 2006-07-26, 19:43[53] Dnepr-1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure[54]
GeneSat-1 3U NASA/Santa Clara University Biological research
Technology demonstration[55]
2006-12-16, 12:00[56] Minotaur 2006-058C[37] Active 2010-08-04 Primary mission complete[56]
CSTB1 1U Boeing 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012F[37] Active[58][full citation needed]
AeroCube 2 1U Aerospace Corporation 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012R[37] Failed Solar converter malfunction on 18 April 2007[58]
CP-4 1U California Polytechnic University 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012Q[37] Active[58][full citation needed]
Libertad-1 1U Sergio Arboleda University 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012M[37] Successful Deactivated on 9 May 2007[58]
CAPE-1[59] 1U University of Louisiana at Lafayette 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012P[37] Active[58][full citation needed]
CP-3 1U California Polytechnic University 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012N[37] Active[58][full citation needed]
MAST 1U Tethers Unlimited Tether experiments 2007-04-17, 06:46[57] Dnepr-1 2007-012K[37] Failed to deploy, but radio contact made[22][58]
Cute-1.7 + APD II 2U Tokyo Institute of Technology Separation system demonstration and Avalanche Photo Diode sensor experiment 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021C Active
COMPASS-1 1U FH Aachen Demonstration of commercial off-the-shelf components and taking photos 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021E Active
AAUSAT-II[60] 1U University of Aalborg, Denmark ADCS system and a gamma ray detector 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021F Active
Delfi-C3 3U Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands On-orbit testing of thin film solar cells (TFSC) and autonomous wireless sun sensor (AWSS), Demonstrating the world's first linear amateur radio transponder on a CubeSat[61] 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021G Active
CanX-2 3U University of Toronto, Canada Technology demonstrator for formation flying 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021H Active
SEEDS-2 1U Nihon University, Japan Amateur radio experiments and preprogrammed message sending 2008-04-28, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2008-021J Active
PREsat 3U NASA Technology 2008-08-03, 03:34 Falcon 1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure
NanoSail-D 3U NASA Technology 2008-08-03, 03:34 Falcon 1 N/A Failed N/A Launch failure
PharmaSat 3U NASA Ames Research Center, Santa Clara University, UTMB Measured the effect of antifungal countermeasures on yeast strains in microgravity. ~96 hour experiment.[62] 2009-05-19, 23:55 Minotaur I 2009-028B Active
CP-6 1U California Polytechnic University 2009-05-19, 23:55 Minotaur I 2009-028C 2011-10-06
HawkSat I 1U HISS 2009-05-19, 23:55 Minotaur I 2009-028D 2011-09-04
AeroCube 3 1U Aerospace Corporation 2009-05-19, 23:55 Minotaur I 2009-028E 2011-01-06
SwissCube-1 1U Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Upper atmospheric science 2009-09-23, 06:21[63][64] PSLV-CA 2009-051B Active First Swiss satellite
BeeSat-1 1U Berlin Institute of Technology Reaction wheel technology qualification 2009-09-23, 06:21[63][64] PSLV-CA 2009-051C Active
UWE-2 1U Universität Würzburg ADCS technology demonstrator 2009-09-23, 06:21[63][64] PSLV-CA 2009-051D Active
ITUpSAT1 1U Istanbul Technical University Imagery, technology 2009-09-23, 06:21[63][64] PSLV-CA 2009-051E Active
Hayato 1U Kagoshima University 2010-05-20, 21:58 H-IIA 202 2010-020A Failed[citation needed] 2010-06-28
Waseda-SAT2 1U Waseda University 2010-05-20, 21:58 H-IIA 202 2010-020B Unclear[citation needed] 2010-07-12
Negai☆'' 1U Soka University 2010-05-20, 21:58 H-IIA 202 2010-020C Successful[citation needed] 2010-06-26
TIsat-1 1U SUPSI 2010-07-12, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2010-035E Active[citation needed]
StudSat 1U StudSat 2010-07-12, 03:53 PSLV-CA 2010-035B Inactive[citation needed] First Indian picosatellite
RAX-1 3U University of Michigan 2010-11-19 STP-S26
O/OREOS 3U 2010-11-19 STP-S26
NanoSail-D2 3U 2010-11-19 STP-S26
Perseus 000, 001, 002, 003 1.5U each[65] Los Alamos National Laboratory[65] Developing a rapid-response satellite capability to enable many different mission types[65] 2010-12-08[65] Falcon 9[65]
QbX1 3U NRL Technology demonstration 2010-12-08 Falcon 9 2010-066F Successful 2011-01-06
QbX2 3U NRL Technology demonstration 2010-12-08 Falcon 9 2010-066B Successful 2011-01-16
SMDC-ONE 3U 2010-12-08 Falcon 9
Mayflower 3U 2010-12-08 Falcon 9
KySat-1[66] 1U Kentucky Space Educational, technology testing, amateur radio 2011-03-04, 10:09:43 Taurus-XL TBD Failed N/A Launch failure[67]
Hermes 1U University of Colorado at Boulder 2011-03-04, 10:09:43 Taurus-XL TBD Failed N/A Launch failure[67]
Explorer-1 [Prime] 1U MSU 2011-03-04, 10:09:43 Taurus-XL TBD Failed N/A Launch failure[67]
Jugnu[68] 3U IIT Kanpur Micro-imaging system, near infrared camera to observe vegetation, GPS Receiver to aid tracking 2011-10-12, 05:30 PSLV-CA 2011-058B Active
M-Cubed 1U University of Michigan Obtaining a mid resolution image to date of Earth with at least 60% land mass and a maximum of 20% cloud coverage from a single CubeSat platform[69] 2011-10-28 ELaNa 3/NPP Delta II
DICE 1.5U 2011-10-28 ELaNa 3/NPP Delta II
Explorer-1 [Prime] Unit 2 1U 2011-10-28 ELaNa 3/NPP Delta II
RAX-2 3U University of Michigan 2011-10-28 ELaNa 3/NPP Delta II
AubieSat-1 1U 2011-10-28 ELaNa 3/NPP Delta II Active First CubeSat from Auburn University
ROBUSTA 1U Université Montptellier 2 Radiation effects on bipolar-transistor-based circuits 2012-02-13 Vega Failed 2014 First French CubeSat
e-st@r[70] 1U Politecnico di Torino Development and test of an active ADCS
Test of COTS
2012-02-13 Vega N/A Tumbling[71]
MaSat-1 1U BME Technological demonstration 2012-02-13 Vega TBD Active First Hungarian satellite
Xatcobeo[72] 1U University of Vigo[73] Verification of a new system for measuring the amount of ionizing radiation (RDS)
Development of a new Software defined reconfigurable radio (SRAD) system
Experimental solar panel deployment system (PDM)
2012-02-13 Vega N/A Active
Goliat 1U University of Bucharest Romania Earth imaging and space environment measuring [74][75] 2012-02-13 Vega First Romanian satellite
PW-Sat 1U Warsaw University of Technology Poland Technology experiments 2012-02-13 Vega First Polish satellite
UniCubeSat-GG 1U GAUSS team-Sapienza University of Rome Italy Deployable powered boom for gravity gradient libration study 2012-02-13 Vega First Italian CubeSat (together with e-st@r)
F-1[76] 1U FPT University Training for students and young engineers/Education
Test of 3-axis SDTM magnetometer
Will be the first Vietnamese satellite developed domestically
2012-07-21, 02:21 H-IIB N/A On the way to the ISS[77]
TechEdSat 1U San Jose State University SPA hardware and software, inter-satellite communication link analysis 2012-07-21, 02:06[78] H-IIB
CSSWE 3U University of Colorado Boulder / LASP Space Weather Research 2012-09-13, 21:39 [79] Atlas V 401 [80] Active[81] Expected 2028 Extended Mission Complete
FITSAT-1 (NIWAKA)[82] 1U Fukuoka Institute of Technology The main mission objective is to demonstrate the developed high-speed transmitter. 2012-10-04, 15:44 ISS N/A Active
AAUSAT3[83] 1U University of Aalborg, Denmark Double AIS system for tracking ships in Arctic regions. 2013-02-25 PSLV-CA C20 2013-009B Active Denmark's CubeSat number 4
BeeSat-2 1U Berlin Institute of Technology Reaction wheel technology qualification 2013-04-19, 10:00 Soyuz Active
BeeSat-3 1U Berlin Institute of Technology Reaction wheel technology qualification 2013-04-19, 10:00 Soyuz Active
SOMP 1U Dresden University of Technology, Germany Education, testing software defined radio, measuring atomic oxygen concentration, demonstrating TFSC 2013-04-19 Soyuz [84]
PhoneSat 1.0 (Graham) 1U NASA Ames Research Center ongoing NASA project, part of the Small Spacecraft Technology Program, of building nanosatellites using unmodified consumer-grade off-the-shelf smartphones 2013-04-21 21:00 UTC Antares 110 A-ONE Reentry on 2013-04-27 First PhoneSat Launch
PhoneSat 1.0 (Bell) 1U NASA Ames Research Center ongoing NASA project, part of the Small Spacecraft Technology Program, of building nanosatellites using unmodified consumer-grade off-the-shelf smartphones 2013-04-21 21:00 UTC Antares 110 A-ONE Reentry on 2013-04-27 First PhoneSat Launch
PhoneSat 2.0.beta (Alexander) 1U NASA Ames Research Center ongoing NASA project, part of the Small Spacecraft Technology Program, of building nanosatellites using unmodified consumer-grade off-the-shelf smartphones 2013-04-21 21:00 UTC Antares 110 A-ONE Reentry on 2013-04-27 First PhoneSat Launch
NEE-01 Pegasus[85][86] 1U Ecuadorian Space Agency Technological demonstration/Education
Test of real time video transmission
Test of Thermal/Radiation shield
Test of multiphase solar array
Test of passive antenna deployment
Test of carbon nanotubes thermal control system
2013-04-25, 04:13 Long March 2D 2013-018B Active First Ecuadorian satellite, first CubeSat to transmit real-time video
SkyCube 1U Southern Stars LLC Crowdfunding, messaging, imaging, balloon inflation 2014-01-09 Cygnus CRS Orb-1 TBD Awaiting deployment from ISS TBD First crowdfunded satellite with inflatable balloon
ESTCube-1[87] 1U University of Tartu Space test of the electric solar wind sail 2013-05-07, 02:06:31 Vega 2013-021C Active[88][89] First Estonian satellite
UAPSAT[90] 1U University Alas Peruanas Technology demonstration 2013-12-15 Falcon 9 ready to be launched
OPUSAT 1U Osaka Prefecture University technology 2014-01-24 H-IIA 202 late 2014
ITF-1 (Yui) 1U Tsukuba University amateur radio 2014-01-24 H-IIA 202 late 2014
INVADER (Artsat-1) 1U Tama Art University art, voice broadcast 2014-01-24 H-IIA 202 late 2014
KSAT2 (Hayato-2) 1U Kagoshima University climatology research 2014-01-24 H-IIA 202 August 2014
VELOX-P 1U Satellite Research Center, Nanyang Technological University Undergraduate Satellite Program. Technology demonstration for in house development of the sensors. 2012-10 Confidential TBD Preparation for launch TBD
NEE-02 Krysaor[91] 1U Ecuadorian Space Agency Technological demonstration / Education
Orbital debris and small asteroids monitoring
2013-11-21, 07:10 (planned) Dnepr-1 N/A Completed on 15 July 2012 Will be the second Ecuadorian satellite in constellation with NEE-01
PUCPSAT-1[92] 1U Universidad Católica del Perú Technology demonstration 2013-11-21 Dnepr/GAUSS Srl deployer
CubeSTAR[93] 2U University of Oslo Measure the structures of electron clouds in the ionosphere using Langmuir probe 2013 (planned) Under development
LightSail-1 3U The Planetary Society Demonstrating increased orbital energy with controlled solar sailing in Earth orbit 2012 (planned) TBD TBD S/C complete summer 2011, awaiting launch availability
Politech.1 3U Universidad Politecnica de Valencia Spain Atmospheric research 2013 (project)
ERPSat01 1U Sfax School of Engineering, Tunisia Communication 2013 (planned) TBD TBD Awaiting launch availability [94]
OUFTI-1 1U University of Liège and I.S.I.L (Haute École de la Province de Liège, Belgium Testing radio protocol in space 2013-06 (planned) TBD TBD Awaiting Vega launch availability [74]
Aalto-1 3U Aalto University and Finnish Meteorological Institute, Finland Technical demonstration of a miniaturized spectral imager, a radiation monitor and a plasma brake 2015 (planned) TBD TBD Awaiting launch availability [4]
ExoplanetSat 3U Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA)[95] A Nanosatellite Space Telescope for Detecting Transiting Exoplanets[96] 2012 (planned)[97] TBD TBD Under development ExoplanetSat demonstrates the graduated growth of a constellation, with the final phase being 100 satellites surveying bright stars for other Earths[97]
OSIRIS 1U SSPL In situ measurements of temporal and spacial characteristics of ionospheric space weather 2013 spring (planned) TBD N/A Under development Constellation of three 1U spacecraft launched simultaneously and orbiting in linear formation
CubeMessenger[98] 1U BOREAS Space Technological demonstration 2013 (planned) Haas 2C N/A Under development
STRaND-1 3U Surrey Space Centre (SSC), University of Surrey, & Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd (SSTL) STRaND: Surrey Technology Research & Nanosatellite Demonstrator. Various payloads: high precision AOCS system, pulsed plasma thrusters (PPTs) & smart-phone technology demonstration. 2013-02-25 PSLV Operational First in STRaND Programme
CHASQUI - I 1U UNI[99] Technology demonstration 2014 (project) From the ISS Under development
DynaCube 1U Denel Dynamics Engineering Academy of Learning Graduate Development Program. Capture of Images as well as Electromagnetic Radiation Mapping and Structural Temperature Analysis. Late 2012 / early 2013 IOS Neptune N9 (planned) TBD Under development TBD
ArduSat 1U Nanosatisfi LLC Allow general public to use the satellite sensors for their own creative purposes. 2013 summer From ISS (planned) TBD Under development TBD
TSat4 ELaNa V Taylor University Low Earth Orbit Plasma Research[100] 2014 (planned)[100] Falcon 9 TBD Under development
TSat3 3U Taylor University Space Communication Research[101] August, 2013 [102] Falcon 9 Operational
TUSat1 1U Taylor University Space Communication Research[101] 2003[103] Russian ICBM booster First Satellite from Indiana [103]
ChargerSat-1 1U University of Alabama in Huntsville Technological demonstration 2013 (planned) TBD Manufacturing flight units Built by the UAH Space Hardware Club.[104]
Vermont Lunar 1U Vermont Technical College Testing navigation components to be used in a follow up 3U ion drive CubeSat to the Moon 2013-11-19 Minotaur I 2013-064AD Active First university satellite from New England. Built by the Vermont Tech CubeSat Lab.[105]
NUTS-1[106] 2U Norwegian University of Science and Technology Student satellite project aiming to design and develop a new CubeSat bus, including using carbon fiber material for the main structure. 2014 (planned) TBD TBD Under development
Azad-1 TBD Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Classified 2014 (planned) TBD TBD Under development
Project BLAST[107] 1U University of Southampton Constructed from off the shelf, commercially available components at TRL7+, specifically a Samsung Galaxy Nexus smartphone. 2015 (planned) TBD N/A Under development
EQUiSat[108] 1U Brown University Open-source satellite to encourage involvement of students and amateurs in aerospace design. 2015 (planned) TBD N/A Under development
Antelsat 2U Antel (Administración Nacional de Telecomunicaciones), FING-IIE (Facultad de Ingeniería de la Universidad de la República, Instituto de Ingeniería Eléctrica) Open source satellite to encourage students, engineers and technicians, to learn and develop space technology. UHF telemetry, VHF telecommand, S-Band download data from color & infrared cameras 2014 (planned) Dnepr-1 N/A Under development TBD First entirely Uruguaian artificial satellite.
CySat I 1U Iowa State University, Softronics Ltd. Wide bandwidth radiometer for measurement of various electromagnetic spectra emanating from cities. Also proof of concept for undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty and industry partners. 2014-2017 (planned) TBD N/A Under development TBD
iCUBE-1 2U Institute of Space Technology Islamabad Pakistan Small satellite designed by the students Launched on 21 November 2013 Active First Pakistani cubesat.
FUNcube-1[109] 1U AMSAT-UK[110] / National Radio Centre[111] Primary/ secondary education (UK) 2013-11-22 [112] Dnepr-1 ? Active
Delfi-n3Xt 3U Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Technology demonstrations of a micro-propulsion system developed by TNO in cooperation with TU Delft and University of Twente called T3µPS and an in-orbit configurable, high-efficient transceiver platform developed by ISIS BV, in cooperation with TU Delft and SystematIC BV called ITRX. 2013-11-22 Dnepr-1 Active
StangSat 1U Merritt Island High School CubeSat[113][114] in partnership with CalPoly Shock and vibration experienced by payloads while in orbit. 2014[115] Falcon 9 on SpaceX-5 Commercial Resupply Services flight (SpX-5/CRS-5) Under development Will be second satellite to launch developed by a high school team. NASA's Launch Services Program sponsors and mentors the team.
ZACUBE-1 (TshepisoSat) 1U French South African Institute of Technology at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology Space weather, technology demonstration, education and human capital development. 2013-11-21[116] Dnepr-1 2013-066B Active[117] Student built satellite. First South African CubeSat[118] -


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