List of Cyrillic letters

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Variants of Cyrillic are used by the writing systems of many languages, especially languages used in the former Soviet Union. The tables below show the primary sounds represented by the letters in many languages – see the articles on the languages for more detail. The highlighted letters are those of the basic Cyrillic alphabet (the original Cyrillic alphabet without the letters no longer used by any language).

Usage of letters in various languages
Language families Slavic languages Other Indo-European Uralic Caucasian
Alphabet ru be uk rue sr bg mk mo os tg sjd mhr mrj udm kca yrk ab kbd ce
А а /a/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /ɑ/ /ɑ/ /ɑ/ /a/ /a/ /ɑ/ // //
Ӑ ӑ  
Ӓ ӓ /ʲa/ /æ/ /ɐ/  
Ә ә /ɤ~ʌ/  
Ӛ ӛ /ɘ/  
Ӕ ӕ /ɐ/  
Б б /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /β, b/ /β, b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/
В в /v/ /v/ /ʋ~w/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/ /v/
Г г /g/ /ɦ/ /ɦ/ /ɦ/ /g/ /g/ /g/ /g/ /g/ /g/ /g/ /ɣ, g/ /ɣ, g/ /g/ /ɣ, g/ /g/ /g/ /ɣ/ /g/
Ґ ґ /g/ /g/  
Ѓ ѓ /ɟ/  
Ғ ғ /ʁ/  
Ӷ ӷ /ɣ~ʁ/  
Ҕ ҕ /ɣ/  
Д д /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /ð, d/ /ð, d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/
Ђ ђ //  
Е е /je/ /je/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /je, ʲe/ /e/ /e/ /je, ʲe/ /e, ʲe, je/ /je, ʲe, e, ɤ/ /ɛ/ /e, ja, aj/ /e, ɛː, je, ie/
Ѐ ѐ /e/ *  
Ё ё /jo/ /jɔ/ /jɔ/ /jo/ /jɒ/ /jo, ʲo/ /jo/ /jo/ /jo, ʲo/ /jo, ʲo/ /jo, ʲo/ /jo/
Ӗ ӗ  
Ҽ ҽ //  
Ҿ ҿ /ʈ͡ʂʼ/  
Є є /je/ /je/  
Ж ж /ʐ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/
Ӂ ӂ //  
Җ җ  
Ӝ ӝ /d͡ʒ/  
З з /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z~ʒ/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/
Ҙ ҙ  
Ӟ ӟ /dʲʑ/  
Ӡ ӡ /dz/  
Ѕ ѕ /dz/  
И и /i/ /ɪ/ /ɪ/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i~ɨ/ /i/
Ѝ ѝ /i/ * /i/ *  
Ӥ ӥ /i/  
Ӣ ӣ /iː/ /iː/  
І і /i/ /i/ /i/  
Ї ї /ji/ /ji/  
Ӏ ӏ /ʔ/ /ʢ/
Й й /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/
Ҋ ҋ //  
Ј ј /j/ /j/ //  
К к /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ // /k/ /k/
Қ қ /q/ /kʰ/  
Ҟ ҟ //  
Ҡ ҡ  
Ӄ ӄ /q/  
Ҝ ҝ  
Л л /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l~ɫ/ /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l~ɫ/ /l/ /l/ /l~ɮ/ /l/
Ӆ ӆ //  
Љ љ /ʎ/ /l/  
М м /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/
Ӎ ӎ //  
Н н /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/
Ӊ ӊ //
Ң ң
Ӈ ӈ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/
Ҥ ҥ /ŋ/
Њ њ /ɲ/ /ɲ/
О о /o/ /ɔ/ /ɔ/ /o/ /o/ /ɔ/ /ɔ/ /o/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /o/
Ӧ ӧ /ø/ /ø/ /ʌ/ /ø/  
Ө ө /ŏ/  
Ӫ ӫ /ɵ~ɞ/  
Ҩ ҩ /ɥ/  
П п /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ // /p/ /p/
Ҧ ҧ /pʰ/  
Р р /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r~ɾ/ /r~ɾ/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/
Ҏ ҏ //  
С с /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s~ʃ/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/
Ҫ ҫ  
Т т /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ // /t/ /t/
Ҭ ҭ /tʰ/  
Ћ ћ //  
Ќ ќ /c~/  
У у /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ [u]; /w/ [u]; /w/ /u/
Ў ў /w/  
Ӳ ӳ  
Ӱ ӱ /y/ /y/ /y/  
Ӯ ӯ /ɵ~ø/  
Ү ү  
Ұ ұ  
Ф ф /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/
Х х /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /h/ /χ/ /χ/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /χ/ /x/ /x/
Ҳ ҳ /h/ /ħ/  
Һ һ /ʰ~h/  
Ц ц /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/ /ts/
Ҵ ҵ /tsʼ/  
Ч ч // // // // // // // // // // // // // // // // /ʰ/ // //
Ӵ ӵ //  
Ҷ ҷ // /tʃʼ/  
Ӌ ӌ  
Ҹ ҹ  
Џ џ // // /ɖʐ/  
Ш ш /ʂ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ~ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/
Щ щ /ɕː/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃt/ /ʃ/ (/ʃ/) /ç/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ɕ(ː)/ /ʃ/ /ɕː/ /ɕ/
Ъ ъ * * /ɤ~ɐ/ * /ʔ/ * * * * * * /ˠ/ /ʔ/
Ы ы [ɨ] [ɨ] /ɨ/ /ɨ/ /ɨ/ (/i/) /ɨ/ /ɤ/ /ɤ/ /ɨ~ɯ/ /ɨ/ /ɨ/ /ɨ/ /ə/ (/i/)
Ӹ ӹ /ɯ~ə/  
Ь ь /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ (/ʲ/) (/ʲ/) /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ /ʲ/ *
Ҍ ҍ /ʲ/  
Э э [ɛ] /ɛ/ /ə/ (/e/) /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e/ /e, ɛː /e, æ/ /e/
Ӭ ӭ /ʲe/  
Ю ю /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/ /ju/
Я я /ja/ /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja/ /ja/
Alphabet ru be uk rue sr bg mk mo os tg sjd mhr mrj udm kca yrk ab kbd ce
Usage of letters in various languages
Language families Turkic languages Other Altaic Chi.
Alphabet az tk kk ky krc ba tt alt kjh sah tyv uz ug cv evn bua mn xal dng
А а /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /ɑ/ /a/, /æ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /ɑ/ /ɑ/ /a/ /ɑ/ /a~æ/ /ɑ/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ А А
Ӑ ӑ /ə/  
Ӓ ӓ  
Ә ә /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /æ/ /ɤ/
Ӛ ӛ  
Ӕ ӕ  
Б б /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /b~p/ /b/ /b/ /b/ /w/ /b/ /p/ Б Б
В в /v/ /β/ (/v/) (/v/) /v/ /w/ /w/, /v/ (/v/) /v/ (/v/) (/v/) /v/, /w/ /w/ (/v/) /ʋ/ /v/ (/w~β/) // В В
Г г /ɡ/ /ɡ~ʁ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɣ/ /ɡ/, /ɣ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɣ/ /ɡ/ /ɡ/, /ɢ/ Г Г
Ґ ґ  
Ѓ ѓ  
Ғ ғ /ɣ/ /ʁ/ /ɣ/ /ɣ/ /ɣ/ /ʁ/  
Ӷ ӷ  
Ҕ ҕ /ɣ~ʁ/  
Д д /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d~t/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /d/ /t/ Д Д
Ђ ђ  
Е е /e/ /e/ /iɘ/ /je, e/ /e/ /e/ /e/, /je/, /jɤ/ /e/ /je, e/ (/e/, /je/) /e, je/ /ɛ/, /jɛ/ /e/ /ɛ/ /je/ /je/ /ji~jo/ Е Е
Ѐ ѐ  
Ё ё /jo/ (/jo/) /jo/ /ø/ /jo/ /jo/ (/jo/) /jo/ (/jo/) (/jo/) (/jɔ/) (/jo/) /jo/ /jo/ /jɔ/ Ё
Ӗ ӗ /ɘ/  
Ҽ ҽ  
Ҿ ҿ  
Є є  
Ж ж /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ // //, /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ (/ʒ/) /ʒ/ // /ʒ/ /ʐ/ /ʒ/ /ʒ/ // Ж Ж
Ӂ ӂ  
Җ җ // /ʑ/ // /dʒ/ /tʂ~tɕ/
Ӝ ӝ  
З з /z/ /ð/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ (/z/) /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /z/ /ts/ З З
Ҙ ҙ /ð/  
Ӟ ӟ  
Ӡ ӡ  
Ѕ ѕ  
И и /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /ɪ/ /ɪ/, /ɯ/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ И И
Ѝ ѝ  
Ӥ ӥ  
Ӣ ӣ  
І і /ɘ/ /ɪ/
Ї ї  
Ӏ ӏ  
Й й /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/, /ȷ̃/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /i/ Й Й
Ҋ ҋ  
Ј ј /j/ /ɟ/  
К к /c/ (/k/) /k~q/ /k/ /k~q/ /k/ /k/ /k/, /q/ /k/ /k/ /k~q/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ /k/ (/k/) (/kʰ~x/) К К
Қ қ /q/ /q/ /q/  
Ҟ ҟ  
Ҡ ҡ /q/  
Ӄ ӄ  
Ҝ ҝ /ɟ/  
Л л /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ /ɮ/ Л Л
Ӆ ӆ  
Љ љ  
М м /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ М М
Ӎ ӎ  
Н н /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ Н Н
Ӊ ӊ
Ң ң /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ Ң Ң
Ӈ ӈ /ŋ/
Ҥ ҥ /ŋ/ /ŋ/
Њ њ  
О о /o/ /o/ /uʊ/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /o/ /ɔ/ /o/ /o/ /ɔ/ /ɔ/ /ɔ/ О О
Ӧ ӧ /ø/ /ø/  
Ө ө /ø/ /ø/ /yʉ/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /ø/ /o/ Ө  
Ӫ ӫ  
Ҩ ҩ  
П п /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p~pʰ/ /p/ /p/ /p/ /p/ (/p/) (/pʰ/) П П
Ҧ ҧ  
Р р /ɾ/ /r/ /ɾ/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /ɾ/ /r/ /ɾ/ /ɾ/ /ɾ/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ /r/ Р Р
Ҏ ҏ  
С с /s/ /θ/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ /s/ С С
Ҫ ҫ /θ/ /ɕ/  
Т т /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t~tʰ/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /t/ /tʰ/ Т Т
Ҭ ҭ  
Ћ ћ  
Ќ ќ  
У у /u/ /u/ /w/, /ʊw/, /ʉw/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/, /w/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /ʊ/ У У
Ў ў /w/ /o/ Ў
Ӳ ӳ /y/  
Ӱ ӱ /y/ /y/  
Ӯ ӯ  
Ү ү /y/ /y/ /ʉ/ /y/ /y/ /y/, /w/ /y/ /y/ /ʏ/ /y/ /u/ Ү Ү
Ұ ұ /ʊ/  
Ф ф /f/ /ɸ/ (/f/) (/f/) /f/ /f/ /f/ /f/ /ɸ/ (/f/) (/f/) /f~ɸ/ (/f/) /f/ /f/ (/f/) (/f~pʰ/) Ф  
Х х /x~χ/ /h~x/ (/x/) (/x/) /h/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /x/ /χ/ /x/ /x/ /x/ Х Х
Ҳ ҳ /h/  
Һ һ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ /h/ Һ  
Ц ц (/ts/) (/ts/) (/ts/) (/ts/) /ts/ /ts/ (/ts/) /ts/ (/ts/) (/ts/) (/ts/) (/ts/) /ts/ (/ts/) /tsʰ/ Ц Ц
Ҵ ҵ  
Ч ч // // (//) // // // /ɕ/ (/tʃ/) // /c/ // // // // // (/tʃ/) /ʰ/ Ч Ч
Ӵ ӵ  
Ҷ ҷ  
Ӌ ӌ //  
Ҹ ҹ //  
Џ џ  
Ш ш /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ (/ʃ/) /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʂ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ /ʃ/ Ш Ш
Щ щ (/ʃ/) (/ɕ/) /ʃ, ʃː/ (/ʃ/) /ɕ/ /ʃɕ/ (/ʃtʃ/) /ɕː/ (/ɕː/) (/ʃ/) (/ʃ/) (/ɕː/, /ɕ/) (/ʃ/) (/ʃtʃ/) (/ʃ/) Щ
Ъ ъ * (*) (*) (/j/) * /ʔ/ (*) (*) (*) (*) /ʔ/ (*) (*) (*) (*) Ъ
Ы ы /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /ə/ /ɯ/ /ɨ/ /ɯ/ /ɤ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /i/ /ʉ/ /i/ Ы
Ӹ ӹ  
Ь ь * (/ʲ/) (*) (/ʲ/) /ʲ/ /ʔ/ (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) (*) /ʲ/ /ʲ/ Ь Ь
Ҍ ҍ  
Э э /e/ (/e/) /e/ /e/, /æ/ /e/ /e/, /ʔ/ (/e/) /e/ /e/ /e/ /ɛ/ /e/ /e/ /ɛ/ /e/ Э Э
Ӭ ӭ  
Ю ю /ju/ /jʉw/, /jʊw/ /ju, jy/ /y/ /ju/ /ju/, /jy/ (/ju/) /ju/ (/ju/) (/ju/) (/ju/) (/ju/) (/ju/) /ju/ /ju/ /ju, jʊ/ Ю Ю
Я я /ja/ /jɑ/ /ja, jɑ/ /æ/ /ja/ /ja/, /jæ/ (/jɑ/) /ja/ (/ja/) (/ja/) (/ja/) (/jɑ/) (/ja/) /ja/ /ja/ /ja/ Я Я
Alphabet az tk kk ky krc ba tt alt kjh sah tyv uz ug cv evn bua mn xal dng

Notes[edit]

  • There are many languages that use two or more scripts, for example Latin or Arabic.
  • ѐ and ѝ are variants of е and и which are used in South Slavic languages for preventing ambiguity.
  • In Belarusian and Ukrainian there is an apostrophe to indicate de-palatalization of the preceding consonant.
  • Azerbaijani has the apostrophe as a letter.
  • Nenets has the apostrophe ʼ and double apostrophe ˮ as letters.
  • In Russian, Rusyn, Kildin Sami, Meadow and Hill Mari, Udmurt, Khanty, and Nenets, ъ indicates that the preceding consonant is not iotated.
  • In Ossetian, ъ is combined with consonants to indicate new phonemes, most commonly ejective consonants.
  • In Chechen, ь is combined with both consonants and vowels to indicate various new phonemes.

See also[edit]