Regional Transportation District, or RTD, operates a light rail mass transit network, serving portions of Denver, Colorado, United States, and its surrounding metropolitan area. With the opening of the W Line to Golden in 2013, the 47-mile (76 km) network includes 46 stations on six lines: C, D, E, F, H, and W. In 2013, the system served about 86,900 passengers a day, making the RTD light rail the [1 ] eighth-largest light rail system in the United States in terms of ridership. [2 ] [3 ]
All of the stations are open-air structures featuring passenger canopies for protection from adverse weather conditions.
The RTD has established criteria for station design with the intention of incorporating each station effectively into its surrounding community. [4 ] All stations feature three elements according to the criteria: the platform, its transition plaza and the [5 ] intermodal passenger transport available to and from the facility. Platforms are designed to accommodate four-car trains and may be in either a [5 ] side, island or side center style. [5 ] The transition plaza is the area where passenger services can be found between the platform and where intermodal access is available. [A 1 ] All stations are decorated with works of [5 ] public art as part of the RTD's "art-n-Transit" program. They include independent works as well as pieces incorporated into the canopies, columns, pavers, windscreens, fencing and landscaping. [6 ] [6 ]
Light rail service began on October 8, 1994, with the opening of the initial fourteen station, 5.3-mile (8.5 km) Central Corridor segment from
30th & Downing to I-25 & Broadway. [7 ] The first extension opened on July 14, 2000, and included the completion of an additional 8.7 miles (14.0 km) of rail and five stations through its present southern terminus at [8 ] Littleton/Mineral. [9 ] In 2002, a four station, 1.8-mile (2.9 km) spur through the Central Platte Valley opened between the [10 ] 10th & Osage and Union Station/LoDo/Coors Field stations. [11 ] By November 2006, expansion to the southeast saw the completion of 19 miles (31 km) of rail and thirteen stations between I-25 & Broadway and both [12 ] Nine Mile in Aurora and Lincoln in Lone Tree. [13 ] On April 26, 2013 the [14 ] W Line was opened which added 12.1 miles (19.5 km) of rail and eleven stations between Auraria West Campus and the Jefferson County Government Center in Golden, Colorado. [15 ] [16 ]
The fare structure incorporates a fare zone system used for calculating the price of tickets for travel.
The structure calls for increased fares as one passes through the zones radiating outward from the "A zone" in [17 ] Downtown Denver. As of 2014, travel within one zone or between two zones costs $2.25, across three zones $4 and across four zones $5. These fares correspond to the Local/Limited, Express, and Regional RTD bus fares respectively. [17 ]
Stations [ edit ]
Union Station/LoDo/Coors Field station
University of Denver station
Future Stations [ edit ]
FasTracks is a twelve-year, $6.9 billion public transportation expansion developed by the Regional Transportation District and currently underway. [15 ] The plan calls for six new lines: [22 ] light rail, diesel commuter rail, and electric commuter rail lines with a combined length of 122 miles (196 km) to be opened between 2013 and 2017. The first expansion undertaken was the [22 ] West Corridor between Denver and Golden which opened April 26, 2013. [15 ] [16 ]
As of 2013, the
I-225 light rail expansion, the Gold Line commuter rail, and the East Corridor commuter rail sections are under construction.
^ A side center platform is a configuration utilizing a single side platform on one side and a center platform to service the other track or tracks. [5 ]
References [ edit ]
^ "Light rail system map". Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . May 6, 2013
^ "APTA Ridership Report - Q4 2013 Report" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association (APTA) (via: http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/RidershipArchives.aspx ). February 26, 2014 . Retrieved . 2014-03-14
^ "RTD Facts & Figures". Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ National Research Council; Transportation Research Board (1995). Seventh National Conference on Light Rail Transit Vol. 2. National Academy Press. p. 83. ISBN 0-309-06152-0.
^ a b c d e "Station design criteria" (PDF). RTD Design Guidelines & Criteria, Light Rail Design Criteria. Regional Transportation District. November 2005 . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b "art-n-Transit: A rider's guide to public art on RTD's transit system". Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Roberts, Jeffrey A. (October 9, 1994). "100,000 give light rail a heavy workout". The Denver Post. p. C1.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "RTD: Central Corridor Light Rail Line" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c d e f Medina, Jennifer (July 3, 2000). "Train lovers hop on board new light rail". The Denver Post. p. B1.
^ a b c d e f "RTD: Southwest Corridor Light Rail Line" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c d e Proctor, Cathy (March 22, 2002). "New light rail will provide a critical link". Denver Business Journal . Retrieved . September 28, 2010
^ a b c d e "RTD: Central Platte Valley Light Rail Line" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Leib, Jeffrey (November 21, 2006). "A rail easy commute SE line's regular service debuts smoothly". The Denver Post. p. A1.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "RTD: Southeast Corridor" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c Seward, Jennifer (December 1, 2009). "Heading West RTD’s West Corridor FasTracks construction begins in earnest". Mountain States Construction . Retrieved . September 28, 2010
^ a b "RTD: West Corridor" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b "RTD light rail fares". Regional Transportation District.
^ "How to Select your Light Rail Fare" (PDF). Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ "Alphabetical park-n-Ride List". Regional Transportation District . Retrieved . September 26, 2010
^ a b c d e f g h i j k RTD - West Line Stations
^ Hudson, Kris (December 7, 2004). "City unwraps expanded convention center". The Denver Post. p. B1.
^ a b "FasTracks FAQs". FasTracks Regional Transportation District of Denver . Retrieved . September 30, 2010
^ I225 Corridor - About the Project
Italics denote non-transit streetcar lines, operating only on limited dates and usually not year-round, for tourism or educational purposes.