List of Diwans of Mysore

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The Kingdom of Mysore has always been a centre of attraction for the Westerners since they learnt about India in the 1600's. The Maharajas of Mysore founded the kingdom in 1399 with a brief interrupt in the last two decades of the 18th century. After Tipu Sultan, the concept of Diwans was conceived in the Kingdom, with Diwan Purnaiah as the first ever Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Mysore, who was a diwan for Tipu Sultan, and after the end of the Sultans, to the Maharaja of Mysore His Highness Krishnaraja Wadiyar III - the heroic king who restored the kingdom that was halved by Tipu Sultan losing most of its parts to the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Marathas, and the British in the Third Anglo-Mysore War. The word Dewan (in Urdu) means the Prime Minister of a kingdom; more precisely, a royal adviser to the monarch.

The following lists the Diwans of Kingdom of Mysore through 1799 to 1947. The most notable of the diwans are: Diwan Purnaiah, Diwan Sir C. V. Rungacharlu, Diwan Sir K. Seshadri Iyer, Diwan Sir P. N. Krishnamurti, Diwan V. P. Madhava Rao (the most stringent, disciplined, and eligible diwan), Diwan T. Ananda Rao, Diwan Sir M. Visveswarayya, Diwan M. Kantaraj Urs, and Diwan Sir Mirza Ismail (the most benevolent and noblest in the history of Mysore Diwans). Many of the diwans are associated with several industrial and educational initiatives undertaken during their terms. These initiatives include almost all works assigned/ directed by the king, permeating activities like setting up and maintaining industries like Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Hydroelectric Power Plants on Shivanasamudra Falls. A total of 26 diwans have decorated the office since 1799.

Name Portrait Took office Left office Term Maharaja
1 Purnaiah Purniya, Chief Minister of Mysore.tif 4 May 1799 29 December 1782 1 Tipu Sultan BL.jpg

Tipu Sultan

(Began the culture of diwans in Mysore Kingdom; a ruler - sultan - from outside the family of the Maharajas of Mysore)

30 December 1782 April 1811 Krishnaraja Wodeyar III.jpg

Krishnaraja Wadiyar III

2 Bargir Bakshi Balaji Rao April 1811 January 1812 1
3 Savar Bakshi Rama Rao February 1812 October 1817 1
4 Babu Rao November 1817 April 1818 1
5 Siddharaj Urs May 1818 February 1820 1
(4) Babu Rao March 1820 August 1821 2
6 Lingaraj Urs November 1821 November 1822 1
(4) Babu Rao December 1822 November 1825 3
Direct rule by Krishnaraja Wadiyar III November 1825 May 1827
7 Venkata Urs May 1827 October 1831 1
8 Venkataramanaiya October 1831 14 May 1832 1
(4) Babu Rao May 1832 19 April 1834 4
9 Kollam Venkata Rao 20 April 1834 1838 1
10 Surappaya 1838 1840 1
(9) Kollam Venkata Rao 1840 1844 2
11 Kola Krishnama Naidu 1844 1858 1
12 Kola Vijayarangam Naidu 1858 1864 1
13 Arunachala Mudaliar 1864 1866 1
Direct rule by Krishnaraja Wadiyar III 1866 1868
Temporary rule of the British Raj 1868 20 March 1881 Subsidiary Alliance between the Kingdom of Mysore and the British East India Company
14 Sir C. V. Rungacharlu[1] C. V. Rungacharlu.jpg 25 March 1881 20 January 1883 1 Chamaraja Wodeyar 1863-94.jpg

Chamarajendra Wadiyar X

15 Sir K. Seshadri Iyer Seshadri Iyer.jpg 21 January 1883 28 December 1894 1
28 December 1894 11 August 1990 Maharaja Sir Sri Krishnaraja Wodiyar 1906 by 1906 K Keshavayya.jpg

Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV

16 T. R. A. Thumboo Chetty
(acting for Iyer)
No image.png 11 August 1900 18 March 1901 1
17 Sir P. N. Krishnamurti No image.png 18 March 1901 30 June 1906 1
18 Sir V. P. Madhava Rao V. P. Madhava Rao.jpg 30 June 1906 31 March 1909 1
19 Sir T. Ananda Rao T. Ananda Rao.jpg 1 April 1909 September 1912 1
20 Sir M. Visveswarayya No image.png 10 November 1912 8 December 1918 1
21 Sir M. Kantaraj Urs No image.png 10 December 1918 5 February 1922 1
22 Sir A. R. Banerjee No image.png 6 March 1922 25 April 1926 1
23 Sir Mirza Ismail Sir Ismail Mirza.JPG 1 May 1926 3 August 1940 1
4 August 1940 1941 Court portrait of Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore.jpg

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar

24 M. N. Krishna Rao
(acting)
No image.png 1941 1941 1
25 Sir N. Madhava Rao No image.png 1941 1946 1
26 Sir A. R. Mudaliar ARMudaliar.jpg 1946 15 August 1947 1

After His Highness Sir Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar acceded his kingdom to the newly formed Union of India, he became the Rajpramukh of Mysore Kingdom between 1947 and 1956 - a position that was held only by the then royal kings. K. Chengalaraya Reddy became the first Chief Minister of Mysore Kingdom, a position equal to the diwan of Mysore Kingdom. The following are the chief ministers of Mysore Kingdom:

Chief Ministers of Mysore Kingdom (later Mysore State) after the formation of the Union of India
CM Name Portrait Term
(Tenure length)
Party Rajpramukh
27 1 K. Chengalaraya Reddy 25 October 1947 – 30 March 1952
(4 years, 157 days)
Indian National Congress Court portrait of Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore.jpg

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar

28 2 K. Hanumanthaiah Kengal Hanumanthaiah.jpg 30 March 1952 – 19 August 1956
(4 years, 142 days)
29 3 Kadidal Manjappa 19 August 1956 – 31 October 1956
(0 years, 73 days)

Later on, the position of Rajpramukh was abolished owing to the implementation States Reorganisation Act in 1956. His Highness was made the governor of the newly formed Mysore State after reorganisation on linguistic basis. He served as governor for eight years - between 1956 and 1964, after which he served as the governor of the then Madras State (Tamil Nadu) for a brief period of six months. However, the notion of chief minister was retained, but most state affairs were rolled in from Rajpramukh. The newly formed position of governor was only titular and for decorum. Governor is engaged in attending state and national functions and ceremonies. Apart from that, he signs bills passed in the legislative assemblies and final formalities of state political affairs. The following lists Chief Ministers of Mysore State during the period of 1956 to 1972.

Chief Ministers of Mysore State (after States Reorganisation Act in 1956)
CM Name Portrait Term
(Tenure length)
Party Governor Titular king
30 4 S. Nijalingappa 1 November 1956 – 16 May 1958
(1 year, 197 days)
Indian National Congress Court portrait of Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore.jpg

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar

Court portrait of Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore.jpg

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar

31 5 B. D. Jatti 16 May 1958 – 9 March 1962
(3 years, 297 days)
32 6 S. R. Kanthi 14 March 1962 – 20 June 1962
(0 years, 98 days)
(30) (4) S. Nijalingappa 21 June 1962 – 4 May 1964
4 May 1964 - 2 April 1965 S M Srinagesh
2 April 1965 - 13 May 1967

V. V. Giri

13 May 1967 - 28 May 1968
(in total, 5 years, 342 days)

Gopal Swarup Pathak

31 7 Veerendra Patil 29 May 1968 – 30 August 1969
30 August 1969 - 18 March 1971
(2 years, 293 days)
Sir Dharma Vira
(President's rule) Flag of the President of India.svg 19 March 1971 – 20 March 1972
(1 year, 1 day)
N/A MohanlalSukhadia.jpg

Mohan Lal Sukhadia

Mysore State was renamed Karnataka State in 1973. However, the positions of chief ministers and governors continue to prevail.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diwans Takeover". The Hindu. 15 August 2002. Retrieved 29 October 2012. 

External links[edit]