List of ETA attacks

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This page is a list of attacks undertaken (or believed to have been undertaken) by the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), an armed Basque separatist movement, mainly in Spain. The list includes attacks by all the branches and divisions that ETA has had through its history, as well as some kale borroka attacks. Important failed attacks are also included.

Since 1961, ETA has conducted many attacks against a variety of targets. Because these attacks number in the hundreds over a span of more than 45 years, not all can be included here. This incomplete list may include attacks noted for being the first of their kind made by the organization, first in a particular area, notability of targets, large number of victims, unique method of attack, or other historic significance. The list is of those attacks described above between 1961 and 2011.

Overview[edit]

ETA deaths by status of victim[1]
Status No.
Civilian 343
Members of security forces 486
of whom:
Guardia Civil 203
Cuerpo Nacional de Policía 146
Spanish Army 98
Policia Municipal 24
Ertzaintza 13
Mossos d'Esquadra 1
French National Gendarmerie 1
Total
829 people killed

The number of people killed by ETA is sometimes highly disputed. The Spanish Interior Ministry, the Basque government, and major news agencies state that 829 people have been killed in ETA attacks. Some victims' organizations such as the Asociación de Víctimas del Terrorismo and the Colectivo de Víctimas del Terrorismo en el País Vasco place the death toll of ETA's victims at 952, including in the list DRIL's victim[2][3][4][5] Begoña Urroz (regarded by some sources as ETA's first victim)[6] and several unresolved attacks such as the Hotel Corona de Aragón fire.[7]

From 1968 until 2002, there had been more than 3,300 ETA attacks, which have also left more than 2,000 people injured.[8]

Chronology[edit]

1961-1969[edit]

  • July 18, 1961: In the organization's first known attack, ETA activists unsuccessfully attempt to derail trains carrying Franco supporters to commemorative celebrations in San Sebastián.[9]
  • September 24, 1965: An ETA unit intercepts and robs a bank courier.[10]
  • April, 1967: ETA activists assault the Banco Guipuzcoano in Villabona, taking over one million pesetas in ETA's first direct bank robbery.[11]
  • December 1967: An ETA squad attempts to blow up buildings in Eibar and Elgoibar (both in Gipuzkoa). During the getaway, an exchange of gunfire with the members of the Guardia Civil at a roadblock wounds two of the ETA activists.[12]
  • June 7, 1968: A gunfight between ETA activists and the Guardia Civil at a roadblock near Aduna (Gipuzkoa) kills Guardia Civil member José Pardines,. It is the first death attributed to ETA. Following the incident, the two ETA activists are shot at another roadblock. The first, Txabi Etxebarrieta, is killed, while the second, Iñaki Sarasqueta, is wounded.[12]
  • August 2, 1968: An ETA squad shoots and kills Melitón Manzanas, commander of the francoist political police division in San Sebastián, as he returns to his home in Irun (Gipuzkoa). It is ETA's first planned assassination. The Franco government declares a "state of exception" in the province the next day.[13]

1970-1979[edit]

Luis Carrero Blanco
  • January 17, 1972: ETA kidnaps Lorenzo Zabala Suinaga, the ethnic Basque director of a factory where striking workers were recently fired. ETA demands that the factory make concessions to its workers. These conditions are largely met on January 22, the strikers return to work, and Zabala is found unharmed in a rural area on the night of January 24.[14]
  • August 29, 1972: ETA activists kill Galdakao policeman Eloy Garcia in a shootout.[15][16]
  • January 16, 1973: An ETA commando kidnaps Navarran industrialist Felipe Huarte from his home. ETA demands 50 million pesetas and concessions to striking workers at a factory owned by Huarte. With payment of the ransom and resolution of the labor dispute, Huarte is released on January 26.[17][18]
  • January 31, 1973: ETA activists assault a powder magazine near Hernani (Gipuzkoa) and take 3,000 kilograms of explosives, later hiding them in the same "safe house" near San Sebastián where Felipe Huarte had been kept.[19]
  • December 20, 1973: Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco is killed along with his driver and a bodyguard when ETA detonates explosives under his passing vehicle on a Madrid street as Carrero Blanco returns from Mass. The tunnel in which the explosives were placed had been prepared over nearly two weeks.[20]
  • September 13, 1974: The Cafetería Rolando bombing. Located near the Dirección General de Seguridad (Directorate-General of Security) and another police building, the explosion inside the cafe kills and wounds an unclear number of patrons (reported as nine and fifty-six, respectively, by The New York Times). ETA officially denies responsibility, but several leftists are arrested and charged with the crime later claim the organization provided the explosives and expertise for the bombing.[21]
  • December 18, 1974: An ETA squad unsuccessfully attempts to steal 25 million pesetas from a factory near Urduliz, wounding two members of the Guardia Civil while escaping.[22]
  • December 28, 1974: ETA activists rob the Banco de Bilbao in Vitoria, taking six million pesetas.[22]
  • March 30, 1975: A police inspector named José Diaz Linares is killed in San Sebastián by ETA.[23]
  • April 22, 1975: A policeman named Morán is killed by ETA in Algorta.[23]
  • May 14, 1975: ETA kills a Guardia Civil lieutenant in Guernica.[24]
  • October 5, 1975: Three agents of the Guardia Civil are killed when an ETA bomb destroys their vehicle while on patrol in the mountains of Gipuzkoa.[25][26][27][28]
  • November 24, 1975: In the organization's first attack since the death of Franco on November 20, ETA assassinates Antonio Echeverría, the mayor of Oyarzun (Gipuzkoa) and alleged police informer.[29]
  • January 15, 1976: ETA activists kidnap José Luis Arrasate, son of a Basque industrialist, from his home in Berriz. The family is unable to pay the ransom, and amid condemnation from various Basque groups, Arrasate is released unharmed on February 15.[30]
  • February 1976: Victor Legoburu, mayor of Galdakao and alleged police informer, is killed by ETA.[29]
  • April 1976: ETA claims responsibility for the killings of two Spanish policemen in Southern France. Later in the month, the group electrocutes guardia civil Miguel Gordo Garcia when he attempts to remove a booby-trapped Basque flag in Barakaldo.[29][31] In the same month, ETA kidnaps and kills Angel Berazadi, a Basque industrialist.[30]
  • October 4, 1976: Assassination of Juan María De Araluce Villar. In a daytime machine gun attack on the streets of San Sebastián, ETA activists kill Juan María De Araluce Villar, president of the Provincial Assembly of Gipuzkoa and member of the Council of the Realm, along with his driver and three police guards. Ten bystanders are wounded.[32][33]
  • October 8, 1977: In Guernica, ETA gunmen kill Augusto Guillermo Unceta Barrenechea, president of the Provincial Assembly of Vizcaya, along with two guardia civil who had been escorting him.[34][35][36][37]
  • May 9, 1978: In Pamplona, a bomb concealed in a streetlight explodes as a Guardia Civil vehicle passes, killing agent Manuel Lopez Gonzalez.[38][39]
  • September 25, 1978: ETA gunmen kill two guardia civiles in San Sebastián, then hijack a taxi while making their escape.[40][41][42]
  • October 22, 1978: ETA gunmen ambush four civil guards, killing three of them and wounding the fourth in an attack in Getxo.[43]
  • July 28, 1979: three bombs in Barajas Airport and Atocha and Chamartín train stations, kill 7 people and injured a further 100. The attacks came a day after attacks in Bilbao and San Sebastian had killed four people.[44]

1980-1989[edit]

  • 1980: ETA kills more people than any other year,[45] with the greatest number of casualties in an attack at Ispaster, where 6 Civil Guards and 2 ETA members were killed during a gun and grenade attack.
  • 13 July 1980: In an ambush in Orio, ETA attempts a repeat of the attack in Ispaster earlier in the year and kills 2 Civil Guards, however a subsequent gun fight results in the death of 2 ETA members.
  • 20 September 1980: Four civil guards are killed in attack in a bar in Markina
  • 1980: ETA's second deadliest attack of the year sees 5 people, four of them civil guards, killed in a gun attack in a bar in Zarautz
  • 1981: A bomb exploded in the hull, near the boiler area of the Spanish destroyer Marqués de la Ensenada (D-43) while anchored in the port city of Santander, Cantabria, Spain.[46]
  • 1982: ETA's deadliest attack of the year occurs in Rentería, where they ambush and kill four police officers.
  • September 1985: First ETA car bomb in Madrid kills an American citizen and wounds 16 Civil Guards.
  • February 6, 1986: Rear Admiral Cristóbal Colón de Carvajal y Maroto and his driver;[47] the Rear Admiral, descended from Cristóbal Colón.
  • July 14, 1986: Plaza República Dominicana bombing. A car bomb on República Dominicana square in Madrid explodes at the passing of a small bus carrying young Civil Guards, killing 12 of them and injuring 50 people.
  • June 19, 1987: 1987 Hipercor bombing: A car bomb explodes in the underground car park of an Hipercor supermarket in Barcelona, killing 21 civilians and injuring 45, amongst them several small children.
  • December 11, 1987: 1987 Zaragoza Barracks bombing: 250 kg of explosives inside a car bomb explode next to the Civil Guard's Barracks in Zaragoza, killing 11 people and injuring 88.

1990-1999[edit]

  • December 8, 1990: A car bomb explodes in the town of Sabadell (Barcelona) killing 6 Policía Nacional officers and injuring 10 people, including two other police officers. The officers died when a car bomb went off as the officer's van passed.[48]
  • May 29, 1991: A car bomb loaded with 70 kg of explosives is detonated inside the Civil Guard's Casa Cuartel in Vic (Barcelona), which was located next to a school. 10 people are killed (4 of them children) and 44 are injured. The day after the bombing, two members of the ETA cell which carried out the attack, were killed by the Civil Guard in a raid on a house at Lliçà d'Amunt, near Barcelona.[49]
  • September 16, 1991: in the Mutxamel bombing, ETA attempts to repeat the Vic bombing, with a car bomb attack on the Civil Guard barracks in Mutxamel near Alicante, but the car bomb fails to hit its target. After being towed away as an abandoned vehicle, the car bomb explodes, killing a tow truck driver and two policemen.[50]
  • February 6, 1992: in their deadliest attack of the year, an ETA car bomb kills 4 soldiers and 1 civilian employee of the army in Plaza de la Cruz Verde, 200 metres from the army headquarters in Madrid.
  • June 21, 1993: A car bomb explodes at the passing of a military van at the junction of López de Hoyos and Joaquín Costa streets in Madrid, killing 6 soldiers, 1 civilian and injuring 20 people.
  • 1995: Assassination plot on King Juan Carlos of Spain failed.
  • April 19, 1995: Unsuccessful attempt to kill José María Aznar, the leader of Spain's right-wing opposition and future Prime Minister. A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of explosives is detonated at the passing of his official car. He is saved by his vehicle's armor plating but a bystander is killed in the blast.
  • December 11, 1995: A car bomb explodes at the passing of military van in the Vallecas district of Madrid, killing 6 civilians who worked for the Army. The explosion also left 17 people injured and great damage around the area.
  • January 17, 1996: Abduction of José Antonio Ortega Lara, civil servant in a prison in Logroño. ETA demands the relocation of imprisoned ETA members for the restoration of his freedom. Ortega Lara is rescued by the police 532 days later on July 1, 1997. This has been the longest kidnapping ever in Spain.[citation needed]
  • July 10, 1997: Abduction of Basque councilor Miguel Angel Blanco, prompting six million Spaniards to join mass demonstrations against ETA. The organization asks the government to relocate all imprisoned ETA members in prisons closer to the Basque Country in 48 hours. When the government does not accept this demand, Miguel Angel Blanco is shot and dies the 13 July.[citation needed]
  • December 21–22, 1999: The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a Madrid-bound van driven by ETA members and loaded with 950 kg of explosives near Calatayud (Zaragoza); the next day, another van loaded with 750 kg is found not far from there. The incident is known as "la caravana de la muerte" (the convoy of death). Shortly after 9/11, ETA confirmed their plan had been to use those 1,700 kg to blow down Torre Picasso (online report with video in Spanish).

2000-2009[edit]

2000[edit]

Demonstration in Madrid against the killing of Pedro Antonio Blanco Garcia
  • January 21: ETA ends a 19-month lull in their guerrilla war with two massive car bombs in Madrid that kill Spanish army officer Pedro Antonio Blanco Garcia. Four people were reported injured, including one child. No injuries were reported for the second blast. A police officer was reported to have died in a shootout after the attack.[51][52]
  • February 22: An ETA car bomb kills the secretary general of the Socialist Party for the Basque province of Álava, Fernando Buesa Blanco, and his bodyguard. The bomb was detonated as they walked past in a university campus in Vitoria.[53]
  • March 6: A car bomb loaded with 30 kg of explosives goes off at the passing of a Civil Guard patrol in San Sebastián. 7 people were injured.[54]
  • March 21: A homemade bomb explodes in front of the house of journalist Pedro Briongos. The explosion caused damage to the building but no injuries.[55]
  • March 27: ETA tries to kill Spanish National Radio journalist Carlos Herrera with a letter bomb sent to his office in Seville. The device was defused by police.[54]
  • May 7: José Luis López de la Calle, a journalist and contributor to the Basque edition of the Madrid-based daily El Mundo is shot dead outside his home in Andoain.[54]
  • June 4: José María Pedrosa Urkiza, Partido Popular town councillor for Durango, is shot dead by ETA members.[54]
  • July 7: Ertzaintza officers defuse a bomb attached to the car of a businessman in the town of Ordizia, Guipúzcoa.[54]
    The July 12, 2000 car bomb caused great damage to El Corte Ingles and FNAC shopping centers in Preciados street of Madrid
  • July 12: A car bomb goes off in the center of Madrid injuring 12 people. The explosion was an attempt to kill police officers, as the device exploded 10 minutes before the scheduled time and officers were still clearing off the area.[56]
  • July 15: A local Partido Popular politician, Jose Maria Martin Carpena, is shot dead in the city of Málaga, Andalusia.[54]
  • July 16: A car bomb explodes in a Civil Guard barracks in the town of Ágreda, Soria slightly injuring one person and causing great damage.[54]
  • July 18: ETA sets off a powerful bomb in a shopping centre in Vitoria. No one was injured in the attack, which also destroyed the headquarters of a bank.[57]
  • July 19: A bomb is found attached to a car belonging to senior Socialist politician Jose Asenjo in the city of Málaga. The bomb safely detonated by police.[54]
  • July 20: A car loaded with explosives is defused by police in Málaga after a warning call from ETA.[54]
  • July 24: A car bomb explodes in Getxo and damages the house of Partido Popular Senator Pilar Aresti. 4 people were injured in the attack.[54]
  • July 26: Police defuse a bomb attached to the car of Partido Popular councilor Agustín Ramos Vallejo in Durango.[54]
  • July 27: A 1,5 kg bomb explodes in a bank machine in Vitoria.[54]
  • July 29: ETA members shot dead Socialist politician Juan María Jáuregui in Tolosa, Guipuzcoa. A car bomb, used to run away, exploded hours later in Villabona.[58]
  • August 7: Four members of ETA die when a bomb exploded in their car in Bilbao. Police suspected they were taking the vehicle loaded with explosives to use as a car bomb somewhere in the city.[59]
  • August 8: A car bomb explodes in Zumaia, Guipúzcoa killing José Maria Korta Uranga, the president of an employers' organization. Later that day, a car bomb exploded in Madrid, injuring 11 people.[54]
  • August 9: ETA gunmen kill Spanish lieutenant Francisco Casanova Vicente in Pamplona. Tension rises in Spain with anti and pro-ETA demonstrations and riots.[60][61]
  • August 20: A car bomb in the town of Sallent de Gallego, Huesca kills two young Civil Guards.[54]
  • August 24: A series of bombs go off at several Basque companies offices. A total of 6 bombs exploded in the towns San Sebastián, Irun and Lazkao.[62]
  • August 29: Partido Popular councilor Manuel Indiano Azaustre is shot dead inside his sweet shop in Zumárraga, Guipúzcoa.[63]
  • September 10: A bomb explodes in a discothèque in Itziar, Guipúzcoa, causing great damage to the building. No one was injured.[54]
  • September 14: Former Socialist politician José Ramón Recalde survives after being shot in the head in San Sebastian.[64]
  • September 16: Police defuse eight grenade launchers in Hernani, Guipúzcoa where King Juan Carlos, José María Aznar and German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder were visiting a local museum.[65]
  • September 21: Partido Popular councilor Jose Luis Ruiz Casado is shot dead in Sant Adrià del Besòs, Barcelona.[54]
  • October 7: Police safely explode a bomb placed under the car of a Spanish officer in Seville.[54]
  • October 8: Police safely explode another bomb placed under the car of a Spanish officer in Seville.[54]
  • October 9: Police defuse a bomb placed insde the car of a Spanish officer in Seville. That same day, judge Luis Portero is shot dead in Granada.[54]
  • October 16: Military doctor Antonio Muñoz Cariñanos is shot dead in his office in Seville.[54]
  • October 21: Police safely defuse a bomb attached to the car of Juan Antonio Gallastegui, politician linked to EA.[54]
  • October 22: A car bomb explodes in Vitoria, killing prison official Máximo Casado Carrera. Later that day, lawyer José María Muguruza Velilla received a parcel bomb at his home in San Sebastian, which was later defused by police.[54]
  • October 30: A car bomb loaded with 20 kg of explosive goes off in the center of Madrid, killing Supreme Court judge Francisco Querol Lombardero. 3 other people died in the explosion, including a bus driver hit by the blast. 74 other people were injured in ETA's deadliest attack in years.[54]
  • November 2: A car bomb explodes at the Avinguda Diagonal avenue in Barcelona, injuring a security officer and a municipal officer.[54]
  • November 10: A bomb fails to go off in front of the house of two journalists, Aurora Intxausti and Juan Palomo, in San Sebastian.[54]
  • November 11: A booby trap bomb explodes outside a police barracks in San Sebastian, injuring 10 police officers.[54]
  • November 21: Former Socialist health minister Ernest Lluch is shot dead in a Barcelona car park. Earlier that day, a bomb had caused great damage to an estate agency in Guernica, Biscay and grenades had been thrown at a Civil Guard barracks in Irún. One of the grenades injured a policeman and another hit a children's school. Police defused a car bomb next to the barracks.[54]
  • December 5: Police defuse a bomb placed in front of a court house in Eibar, Gipuzkoa.[54]
  • December 14: A car bomb explodes in Viladecavalls, Barcelona, killing Partido Popular councilor Francisco Cano Consuegra.[54]
  • December 18: ETA tries to kill a professor by placing a bomb inside an elevator at the University of the Basque Country in Lejona, Biscay.[54]
  • December 20: A municipal police officer is shot dead in the center of Barcelona.[54]
  • December 27: A bomb explodes in a social security office in San Sebastian. No one was injured.[54]
  • December 31: A car loaded with 160 kg of dynamite is defused by police in Seville after a warning call from ETA.[54]

2001[edit]

  • January 9: A bomb fails to explode in Zarautz, Guipúzcoa when Partido Popular members were paying tribute to a councillor killed by ETA.[66]
  • January 10: Two 6 kg backpack bombs explode in the city of Girona. No one was injured but there was great damage to a government building.[66]
  • January 15: A small bomb goes off outside an Ertzaintza-related union office in Bilbao.[66]
  • January 20: Two homemade bombs explode outside the houses of two Ertzaintza officers in Bilbao. No one was injured.[66]
  • January 22: Civil Guard officers deactivate a massive car bomb placed by ETA in Getxo, Biscay.[66]
  • January 24: Police defuse a bomb placed by ETA under the car of a Spanish army worker in Zizur Mayor, Navarre.[66]
  • January 26: A car bomb in a suburb of San Sebastian kills a navy cook employee and injures 2 people.[54]
  • January 31: Two Civil Guards escape death after a bomb targeted at them explodes in Pasaia, Guipúzcoa. No one was injured.[54]
  • February 3: A post office in San Sebastián is destroyed by the throwing of dozens of molotov cocktails.[67]
  • February 12: A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of dynamite fails to explode in Madrid. According to Spanish press, the attack was targeted at an important almirant of the Spanish army.[67]
  • February 18: The son and wife of a Socialist councillor in Getxo, Biscay are slightly injured after molotov cocktails are thrown at their house.[67]
    The March 17 car bomb was the first and last time that ETA killed a Catalan policeman
  • February 22: Two commuting electrical workers are killed by a car bomb explosion in San Sebastián. The blast seriously injured the supposed target, a Socialist town councilor. 3 other people were also injured. That same day, the suspected head of the ETA commandos, Txapote, was arrested in France.[67]
  • February 23: Three bombs explode inside a youth local office in the town of Zumárraga, Guipúzcoa. The devices caused minor damage to the building.[67]
  • February 28: Police deactivate a bomb in Cintruénigo, Navarre. That dame day, a bomb explodes inside a post office in Hernani, Guipúzcoa. No one was injured.[67]
  • March 9: ETA members stole more than 1.6 tons of explosives and 20,000 detonators from a warehouse in the French city of Grenoble, Isère.[68]
  • March 10: A car bomb kills an Ertzaintza officer in Hernani. Hours later, a bomb went off at a post office in Beasain, Guipúzcoa. No one was injured.[68]
  • March 17: A car bomb in front of a hotel in Roses, Girona kills a Mossos d'Esquadra police officer. 3 other people were injured.[68]
  • March 18: Police safely detonate a car bomb in Gandia, Valencia. The blast caused great damage to a nearby hotel.[68]
  • March 20: ETA gunmen kill the deputy mayor of Lasarte-Oria, Guipúzcoa and member of the Socialist party Froilán Elespe Inciarte.[54]
  • March 28: Two bombs are detonated on the steps of Tolosa and Azpeitia court houses, both in Guipúzcoa. No one was injured.[68]
  • April 1: A homemade bomb explodes in the court house of Abadiño, Biscay. No one was injured.[69]
  • April 15: A bomb explodes at the house of a UPN councilor of Villava, Navarre. No one was injured.[69]
  • April 21: A 4 kg bomb explodes in front of the house of two Partido Popular councilors for the towns of Hondarribia and Irun, both in Guipuzkoa.[69]
  • May 2: Ertzaina safely detonates a bomb found in an industrial park in Urnieta, Guipúzcoa.[70]
  • May 6: Senior Popular Party member Manuel Jimenez Abad is shot dead in Zaragoza.[70]
  • May 12: A car bomb explodes in front of a bank headquarters in Madrid, injuring 13 people. The blast caused great damage to the area.[70]
  • May 15: A journalist is injured after opening a letter bomb sent to his home in Zarautz, Guipúzcoa.[70]
  • May 19: A bomb exploded at the house of a Socialist party member in Vitoria. No one was injured.[70]
  • May 23: Police defuse a bomb placed under the car of a security guard of the University of the Basque Country.[54]
  • May 24: Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta, the officer of newspaper El Diario Vasco is shot dead in San Sebastián.[70]
  • June 3: At least fifty hooded people spread terror in Bergara by placing homemade bombs, flaming bombs and throwing rockets and molotov cocktails. No one was injured.[71]
  • June 7: A small bomb explodes near a Peugeot car dealership in San Sebastian.[71]
  • June 10: A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of dynamite goes off in Logroño, injuring 2 people and causing great damage.[71]
  • June 16: Ertzaina police officers defuse a bomb placed in a Socialist party office in Elgóibar, Guipúzcoa.[71]
  • June 21: A powerful car bomb explodes in front of a bank headquarters in San Sebastian, following a warning call from ETA. The explosion heavily damaged the building, but caused no injuries.[71]
  • June 28: A parcel bomb placed on a bicycle explodes in Madrid, injuring at least 10 people, including a retired general who died one month later.[54]
  • July 10: A 40 kg car bomb explodes in the center of Madrid, killing a police officer and injuring 12 people.[72]
  • July 14: A van bomb explodes in Leiza, Navarre, killing UPN councilor Jose Javier Múgica. Hours later, an Ertzaintza officer is shot dead in Leaburu.[72]
  • July 24: An ETA militant accidentally blows herself up in Torrevieja, Alicante. The blast injured 7 people.[72]
  • July 26: Police defuse a car bomb carried with 53 kg of explosive at the airport of Málaga.[72]
  • July 27: A powerful homemade bomb explodes in front of the house of a senior Spanish lieutenant in Vitoria. No one was injured.[72]
  • August 3: A small bomb explodes on a railway track in La Roda, Albacete. No one was injured.[54]
  • August 5: Two Ertzaintza officers are injured in Portugalete after being attacked with Molotov cocktails and stones.[73]
  • August 15: Two dynamite bombs explode on a high-speed railway track in Ciudad Real. That same day, a homemade bomb exploded in front of an Ertzaintza officer house in San Sebastián.[73]
  • August 16: Police defused two bombs placed in front of a bank headquarters in San Sebastian.[73]
  • August 18: A massive car bomb explodes near a hotel in Salou, Tarragona. No one was injured.[73]
  • August 27: A car bomb loaded with 50 kg of explosive goes off on the second floor of Terminal 2 Madrid-Barajas Airport car park, causing only material damage.[73]
  • September 2: A home-made bomb explodes in an electronics store owned by an officer of the Ertzaintza in Vitoria. No one was injured.
  • September 18: A bomb explodes in front of a social security office in San Sebastian. No one was injured.[54]
  • September 28: A 30 kg bomb explodes inside a discothèque in Lacunza, Navarre. No one was injured, after a warning call from ETA.[54]
  • October 1: A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of explosive goes off in front of a court house in Vitoria, injuring one person.[54]
  • October 12: A car bomb explodes in Madrid, injuring 12 people. The bomb, which exploded at night, was supposed to go off during a military parade that morning.[54]
  • November 6: A car bomb explodes loaded with 25 kg of explosive goes off in Madrid, injuring 100 people. The bomb was targeted at Juan Junquera, secretary general of the Spain's scientific police, who was only slightly injured. The blast also caused great damage around the area.[54]
  • November 7: Judge Jose Maria Lidón Corbi is shot dead in Getxo.[54]
  • November 20: Two Ertzaintza officers are injured as they tried to remove a booby-trapped banner with a pro-ETA slogan in Bilbao.[54]
  • November 23: Two Ertzaintza officers are shot dead in Beasain, Gipuzkoa.[54]
  • December 1: Two bombs explode in industrial parks of Arrankudiaga and Amorebieta, both in Biscay.[54]
  • December 28: A 5 kg bomb explodes in front of a telecommunications provider building in Arrigorriaga, Biscay. No one was injured.[54]

2002[edit]

plaques to Beiro Montes
  • January 12: ETA sets off a car bomb carried with 15–20 kg of explosive in a Shopping mall in Bilbao which caused no injured but great damage. The organization made a warning call to newspaper Gara just 15 minutes before the blast. Later that day, a bomb exploded in a house owned by an Ertzainta in the neighborhood of Añorga, San Sebastian without causing any injuries.
  • August 4: Car bomb explodes outside the Civil Guard's casa cuartel in Santa Pola and kills two people, a six-year-old girl and a 54 year old man, and injuring 40 people.
  • September 24: bomb planted at the Civil Guard post on Navarrese-Gipuzkoan border near Berasategi kills Juan Carlos Beiro Montes, head of the Leitza Guardia Civil unit
  • December 22: Ibon Fernandez Iradi, who is suspected of teaching ETA members how to manufacture IEDs, escapes from custody in a police station in Bayonne.

2003[edit]

  • February 8: A senior police officer is shot dead in the town of Andoain, Gipuzkoa.[54]
  • February 18: A 6 kg bomb placed in front of an Ertzaintza police officer house in Murueta, Biscay is defused by police.[54]
  • May 30: A car bomb explodes in Sangüesa, Navarre, killing two police officers and injuring 2 people.[54]
  • June 14: A car bomb loaded with 30 kg of explosive is defused by police in Bilbao.[54]
  • June 19: A 5 kg bomb explodes in a power transmitter in Iurreta, Biscay. No one was injured.[54]
  • June 23: A powerful bomb explodes in a hotel in Getxo, Biscay after a warning call from ETA. No one was injured, but the hotel was heavily damaged.[54]
  • July 1: A car bomb loaded with 15 kg of explosive is defused by police in Bilbao. The attack was afailed attempt to kill police officers with bomb traps.[54]
  • July 6: A bomb goes off in front of a transportation company in Bedia, Biscay. No one was injured.[54]
  • July 13: Police defuse a bomb placed by ETA inside a hotel in Pamplona.[54]
  • July 22: Two bombs explode in hotels in the cities of Alicante and Benidorm, injuring 13 people, among them police officers and foreign tourists.[54]
  • July 24: A bomb goes off in front of a court house in Estella, Navarre. 1 person was injured.[54]
  • July 27: A car bomb exploded in a parking lot at Santander Airport. No one was injured after a warning call from ETA.[54]
  • July 31: A 5 kg bomb placed in front of a transportation company in Azkoitia, Gipuzkoa is defused by police. Hours later, a bomb explodes in a car dealership in Lejona, Biscay. No one was injured.[54]
  • August 14: Police defuse a 20 kg rucksack bomb in Briviesca, Burgos. A passer-by had spotted a suspicious package and called police.[54]
  • September 14: ETA members ambush two Ertzaintza police officers in an Álava road after faking a car accident. An ETA member died during a shootout with the officers.[54]
  • October 12: Two bombs explode in Irun, Gipuzkoa causing great damage but no injuries.[54]
  • October 18: An army barracks in Aizoáin, Navarre is hit by two grenades. None of them exploded.[54]
  • December 23: A small bomb placed under a railway track in Zaragoza explodes, causing minor damage to a train.[54]
  • December 24: ETA attempts to blow 50 kg of explosives inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Station on Christmas Eve. Police thwarted the attempt when they stopped an ETA member trying to load 28 kg of explosives into a Madrid-bound train in San Sebastián. Another bomb with over 20 kg of explosives was then found inside a second train passing near Burgos, on its way to Madrid.[54]
  • December 26: Police defuse a 2 kg bomb placed by ETA under a railway track in Samper de Calanda, Teruel.[54]

2004[edit]

ETA has usually attacked the north of Spain with small bombs during its summer campaigns. In the picture, Llanes.
  • August 7: Two small bombs planted by ETA explode in San Vicente de la Barquera (Cantabria) and Ribadesella (Asturias). No one was injured.[74]
  • August 12: Two bombs exploded in the cities of Gijón and Santander, injuring one person.[75]
  • August 15: A small bomb goes off in Llanes (Asturias) without causing injuries.[76]
  • August 21: Two ETA bombs go off in the towns of Sanxenxo and Baiona (Galicia), injuring three people.[77]
  • August 28: ETA plants two bombs in the Galician cities of Santiago de Compostela and A Coruña. The second bomb failed to explode.[78]
  • September 15: A small bomb planted by ETA goes off in an electricity substation in the town of Irún. No one was injured.[79]
  • September 27: ETA militants send a videotape to Gara, a Basque newspaper based in Gipuzkoa, in which the militants state that ETA would continue to fight for Basque self-determination and that ETA would "respond with arms against those who deny us through the force of arms." This videotape represented ETA's first major public statement since the 11 March Madrid train bombings.
  • December 3: ETA had bombs in 5 petrol stations in the Madrid area. Due to a telephoned warning, the areas were evacuated and no one was injured.
  • December 6: On Spanish Constitution Day, ETA detonated seven bombs in bars, cafes and town squares across Spain.
  • December 12: The Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu stadium football Stadium was evacuated due to a phone-in bomb threat on behalf of ETA. The bomb—expected to blow up at 9:00 p.m.—does not explode, and the 69,000 spectators of the match are safely evacuated by the Spanish Police at 8:45 p.m.

2005[edit]

  • February 9: ETA blows a white Renault 19 car with 30 kg of chlorate. The car was placed to the side of the building of Steria Iberica and Bull España, in Madrid. A total of 42 people resulted with minor injuries.
  • February 27: A small bomb exploded at a resort hotel in Villajoyosa after a telephoned warning. The building was evacuated and no one was injured. The explosion damaged only a small house near the residence's swimming pool.
  • September 24: ETA suspected of a car bomb attack in the northern Spanish province of Avila.[citation needed]
  • November 19: ETA claimed responsibility for attacks on five business in the Basque region for "refusing to provide financial aid for Basque Freedom." Businesses affected by the bombings were La Rioja Alta SL Distributor of Haro, Beistegui Hermanos, El Coto de Rioja, Transport Azkar, and Angulas Anuinaga. No injuries were reported.[80][81]
  • December 6: On Spanish Constitution Day, ETA detonated five bombs along Madrid highways. No injuries were reported. Also, in northern Spain, Santander Airport was closed following a threat of an attack using grenade launchers.
  • December 18: ETA detonated a bomb inside an eel cannery in Irura, Guipúzcoa. No injuries were reported although the cannery suffered extensive damage. The police reports that the bombing is part of an extensive extortion campaign of ETA to Basque business owners.
  • December 21: ETA detonated a bomb inside a van in the back alley of a nightclub in Santesteban, Navarre. No injuries were reported. The nightclub suffered extensive structural damages and some buildings around it suffered damages too.

2006[edit]

Madrid Barajas Airport Bombing
  • January 5: Two small 6 kg bombs exploded at a hotel in the village of Sos del Rey Católico, Zaragoza causing only minor damage and no injuries.[82]
  • January 7: A small bomb planted by ETA goes off in an electricity substation in the town of Borau, Huesca. No one was injured.[83]
  • January 22: A bomb explodes in a party office owned by Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in the town of Nanclares de la Oca, causing damage only to the building.[84]
  • January 26: ETA detonates a 10 kg bomb beside the court of justice of Balmaseda and another 5 kg one in the premises of Correos postal service in Etxebarri, both in Biscay, causing material damages and no personal injuries.[84]
  • January 29: A rucksack packed with explosives next to a job centre in Santutxu, Bilbao went off. One policeman was injured in the attack.[84]
  • February 1: After a warning call from ETA, a bomb goes off in a postal office in the town of Etxebarri (Biscay).[85]
  • February 14: A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of explosive went off at a discothèque in Urdax, Navarre, causing damage but no injuries as police had cleared the area after a warning call from ETA.[85]
  • February 16: A bomb explodes in an industrial area in the town of Trapagaran, Biscay, after a warning call from ETA. No one was injured in the attack.[85]
  • February 22: A bomb explodes in an industrial park near Bilbao. The bomb caused damage to many buildings.[85]
  • February 26: Two people are injured when a bomb exploded in a bank cash machine in the city of Vitoria.[85]
  • February 27: A bomb placed exploded at a courthouse in town of Mungia, Biscay. A passer-by spotted a suspicious package and called police. The bomb exploded before they were able to clear off the area and injured one policeman.[85]
  • February 28: A bomb exploded outside a labour ministry building in the town of Mutriku, Gipuzkoa. No one was injured.[85]
  • March 7: ETA detonates a bomb outside the offices of the fascist Spanish Falange organisation in the town of Santoña, Cantabria. One man was injured. That same day two bombs exploded in two banks in the town of Plentzia. No one was injured.[86]
  • March 5: Following the February deaths of two ETA members Igor Miguel Angulo Iturrate, aged 32, (due to an apparent suicide by hanging) and Ricardo Sainz Olmos, aged 41, (as a result of an apparent heart attack), Batasuna together with the union Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak call a day of protest and general strike in the Basque Country on March 9. On the morning of the strike, ETA detonates several bombs near highways, causing no injuries.[86]
  • March 22: ETA declares a "permanent ceasefire" that started on 24 March 2006 at 0000 (2300GMT).[86]
  • December 30: A van bomb containing 500 to 800 kilograms explodes at terminal T4 of Madrid Barajas airport. Two Ecuadorian immigrants (Diego Armando Estacio Civizapa and Carlos Alonso Palate), who were napping inside their cars in the parking garage were killed, and 26 others were injured. The low casualties were due to police intervention.[87]
  • March 5: One civilian was kidnapped in armed attack by ETA near Luz, France. On December 30, the victim was released by his captors.[88]

2007[edit]

  • June 5: ETA announces that the ceasefire is over.[89]
  • July 25: Two small bombs explode along the Tour de France route in Spain. No one was injured.[90]
  • August 24: A van bomb explodes in front of Civil Guard's cuartel in Durango, Biscay, injuring 2 Civil Guard officers.[91]
  • August 24: Three civilians including one child were kidnapped by suspected ETA militants in Messanges, France[91]
  • August 25: A van bomb explodes in an olive grove in Castellón. No one was injured. The van was supposed to be used for an attack in Valencia.[91]
  • September 2: A small bomb explodes in Fuenmayor, La Rioja. No one was injured.[91]
  • September 11: A massive car bomb fails to go off outside regional Defense ministry in Logroño.[91]
  • September 24: A 5 kg bomb explodes in front of an Ertzaintza police station in Zarautz, Gipuzkoa. No one was injured.[91]
  • October 9: A car bomb explodes in the La Pena area of Bilbao, injuring one.[91]
  • December 1: Two Civil Guards are shot dead in the French town of Capbreton, Aquitaine.[91]
  • December 24: A bomb explodes in front of a Socialist party office in Balmaseda, Biscay. No one was injured.[91]

2008[edit]

  • February 8: Two backpack bombs each loaded with 15 kg of explosive go off in front of a couthouse in Bergara, Gipuzkoa.[92]
  • February 23: Following a warning call an 8 kg bomb explodes in a TV transmitter station on the outskirts of Bilbao. Another bomb was hidden in the area, targeted at policemen.[93][94]
  • February 29: A bomb explodes in a Socialist party office in the town of Derio, Vizcaya. No one was injured.[92]
  • March 7: An ETA gunman kills Isaías Carrasco, former town councillor for Mondragón, Gipuzkoa two days before the General Elections.[95]
  • March 21: A car bomb explodes outside a Civil Guard barracks in Calahorra, Rioja, injuring one policeman lightly and causing extensive property damage.[96]
  • March 30: Two small bombs exploded near Azpeitia, Gipuzkoa with minor damage near a television transmitter. No one was injured.[97]
  • April 12: A small bomb explodes in a television transmitter in Lapoblación, Navarre. No one was injured.[92]
  • April 17: A powerful bomb explodes outside the office of Spanish Socialist party in Bilbao, causing serious damage to the building and injuries to 7 Ertzaintza officers.[98]
  • April 19: A bomb explodes in front of an office of the Socialist party in Elgoibar, Gipuzkoa. No one was injured in the attack, which caused great damage to the building.[92]
  • May 1: On the International Workers' Day, three bombs explode in labour institutions offices in San Sebastian and Arrigorriaga, Vizcaya.[92]
  • May 12: Two small bombs damage construction equipment in a construction site in Hernani, Gipuzkoa for the region's new Basque Y high-speed train network.[99]
  • May 14: A van bomb explodes in a Civil Guard barracks in Legutiano, Álava, killing one policeman and injuring 4.[92]
  • May 19: A car bomb explodes in Getxo, Vizcaya. A boat club suffered great damage, but no one was injured after a warning call from ETA.[92]
  • June 1: A powerful bomb explodes in the headquarters of a construction company in Zarautz, Gipuzkoa. Two people were slightly injured.[92]
  • June 8: A 5 kg bomb explodes at the presses of newspaper El Correo in Zamudio, Biscay. There was no warning call, but no one was injured.[92]
  • July 4: A bomb explodes in a television transmitter in Urdingain, Álava. No one was injured.[100]
  • July 20: Five small bombs exploded in the seaside towns of Laredo and Noja in Cantabria. One person was injured. Earlier that day, a bomb exploded in a bank office in Getxo. No one was injured.[101]
  • July 28: A small bomb explodes at a highway building site in Orio, Gipuzkoa. No one was injured.[102]
  • July 29: A bomb goes off in the beach resort of Torremolinos, Málaga. No one was injured.[103]
  • August 17: Two small bombs explode in the beach resorts of Guadalmar and Benalmádena, both in Málaga. A third bomb, placed under a bridge, was defused by police. No one was injured.[104]
  • September 21: A car bomb explodes next to a bank headquarters in Vitoria. No one was injured. Hours later, another car bomb exploded in front of an Ertzaintza station in Ondarroa, injuring 11 people.[92]
  • September 22: A car bomb goes off outside a military residence in Santoña, Cantabria, killing a Spanish officer and injuring 7 people.[92]
  • October 4: A 5 kg rucksack bomb explodes in a courthouse in Tolosa, Gipuzkoa. No one was injured in the attack, which damaged the building.[92]
  • October 25: A powerful bomb explodes in a train station in Berriz, Biscay. Another train station in Amorebieta was also attacked that day. Police blamed the attacks on ETA related groups. No one was injured.[105]
  • October 30: A powerful car bomb explodes at the University of Navarra in Pamplona, Navarre. 21 people were injured in the attack.
  • November 20: A bomb explodes in a television transmitter in Bilbao. No one was injured.[106]
  • December 3: ETA gunmen kill businessman Ignacio Uría Mendizábal in Azpeitia, Gipuzkoa. Uría's company was working on the Basque Y.[92]
  • December 31: A van bomb with 100 kg of explosives exploded in front of the Basque public broadcaster EITB in Bilbao following a warning call from ETA.[107]

2009[edit]

  • January 16: A bomb went off in the early hours of the morning at a TV repeater station at Hernani, Gipuzkoa. The Basque Government reported no injuries in the blast at 1am, and that the material damage was still being evaluated. Hours later it was discovered it was a failed attempt to kill police officers with bomb traps.[108] Two other bombs, which weighed 10 and 4 kilograms respectively, had been hidden near the access road to the booster station. Cables reaching the road would have set the explosives off had anyone stepped on them. A third bomb was also found.[109]
  • February 4: Police found an ETA car carried with a small amount of explosives in the Spanish city of Salamanca. Police suspect activists wanted to explode the car in order to remove their fingerprints. The find came one day after police found an arms cache in the Basque Country where agents carried out a controlled explosion on site in order to prevent a possible booby trap.[110]
  • February 7: Kale borroka (youth groups linked to ETA) attacks again: a bus is burnt in the Northern city of Amurrio and a small explosion destroys a train in Errentería (Guipúzcoa).[111]
  • February 9: A powerful van bomb planted by ETA exploded near a trade fair complex in northeast Madrid. Local news reports said no one was killed or injured and that the Red Cross had received a warning call from ETA. The explosion of the van left a crater one metre (three feet) deep and damaged more than 30 vehicles, a police statement said.[112] It was heard throughout the district. The attack followed the decision by the Spanish Supreme Court to exclude two Basque political parties ("Demokrazia Hiru Milloi" and "Askatasuna") from the regional elections which were held three weeks later. The two parties are said to have connections with ETA.[113]
  • February 21: A Basque Nationalist Party batzoki in Cruces/Gurutzeta, Barakaldo is damaged after a bomb exploded at 00:10 in front of the building. No injuries were reported in an attack similar to others carried out by youth groups linked to ETA. Minutes later another office in San Sebastian was also attacked with a small fire.[114][115]
  • February 23: Two bombs exploded in the Basque Country in less than 24 hours.
    • A rucksack packed with around 10 kg worth of explosives explodes outside the Basque Socialist Party headquarters in Lazkao, Gipuzkoa after a warning call from ETA. The blast took place at 03:00, causing major damage to the local but no injuries were reported.[116] Two hours before some molotov cocktail were thrown at two banks in Tolosa, Gipuzkoa.[117]
    • Another bomb explodes in front of a batzoki in Gasteiz minutes before midnight causing minimal damage to the building. Police again blamed youth groups linked to ETA for the bomb.[118]
  • March 1: Molotov cocktail attacks on a court and several banks in the town of Amorebieta. The attacks caused minor damage and no injuries.[118]
  • March 26: A bomb carried with 2 kg of explosive device is detonated in Amorebieta, Vizcaya suspected to be the work of ETA. The explosion caused minor damage but no fatalities or injuries. The bomb was planted on the wall that surrounds a businessman's chalet. The unidentified businessman is on a list of individuals who are "at risk" of being targeted by ETA.[119]
  • May 6: Two bombs at booster stations in Castro Urdiales, Cantabria caused material damage and no injuries. A nearby school had to be evacuated.[120]
  • June 19: A car bomb explodes in Arrigorriaga near Bilbao, Biscay, killing an officer of the Policía Nacional. Though no claims were made, it is suspected to be the handiwork of ETA. It is the first attack since lehendakari Patxi López assumed office on May 7, 2009.[121]
  • July 10: After the arrest of three top ETA members, a powerful bomb explodes in a Spanish Socialist Workers' Party local office in Durango, causing extensive damage to the building and the surroundings. No one was injured or killed in the attack.[122]
  • July 29: A car bomb exploded outside a Guardia Civil barracks in the Northern Spanish city of Burgos. The attack injured 65 people, including women and children, and caused the collapse of the building's facade. ETA's claimed responsibility for the attack some days later, although confirmed they made several warning calls to police, something that the Spanish government denies.[123]
  • July 30: A car bomb exploded outside a Guardia Civil offices in Calvià, Majorca, killing two members of the Guardia Civil Carlos Sáenz de Tejada and Diego Salva Lezaun. ETA was blamed for the attack and the authorities 'sealed' all entry and exit points to the island to stop the bombers' escape. Another explosive device was found under a policeman's car in the same town some hours later and deactivated by police.[124]
  • August 9: Four bombs exploded at a bars, restaurants and shopping area in the capital of Majorca following a telephone call from ETA warning of imminent blasts in Palma. Government sources said the blasts caused minor injuries though nobody was seriously hurt. The explosives were planted on the same day of the Calvià attack.[125]
  • October 16: After the arrest by the Spanish government of several Basque politicians, a bus, several cars and three banks are attacked by petrol bombs in the northern cities of Bilbao and Ondarroa. The attacks were blamed on the kale borroka, youth groups related to ETA.[126]
  • November 27: A bomb explodes inside a Getxo metro station. The blast took place at 2:40am and heavily damaged the building. Minutes before a bus was attacked and destroyed in Markina, Vizcaya. The previous day an explosive device went off in front of a local newspaper office in Pamplona. The attacks came hours after the arrest of 34 youth Basques by the Spanish police forces.[127]

2010–present[edit]

2010[edit]

  • February 17: A small bomb goes off in front of an employment institute office in Vitoria.[128]
  • March 16: A French gendarme is killed in a shootout with ETA members in Dammarie-lès-Lys, near Paris.[129]
  • April 12: 14 train stations around Guipuzcoa and Vizacya are attacked by groups of young independetists.[130]
  • April 16: A small bomb exploded at an agency of Telefonica in Llodio. Groups linked to ETA were blamed.[131]
  • May 9: Two small explosive devices explode in the home of a judge and a security guard in San Sebastián.
  • June 23: ETA said it had planted four bombs to roads and railways in the city of Valencia. No bombs were found.[132]
  • August: Violence spreads along the Basque Country after a series of coordinated kale borroka attacks. Several trash containers and a building are burnt in Ondarroa on August 7,[133] dozens of trash containers are burnt in the town of Zarautz on August 11 leaving two police officers injured,[133] a petrol bomb is thrown at a post office in Zalla on August 13,[134] two trucks working on a TAV-related project are burnt and destroyed in Andoain on August 16,[133] several trash containers are burnt in the cities of Azkoitia and Vitoria on August 17,[133] more trash containers are burnt in Vitoria on August 18,[135] eight trash containers and several cars are burnt in the city of Bilbao and petrol bombs are thrown in Amorebieta on August 20.[136] An explosive device went off in Bilbao on August 21.[137]
  • September 16: A small bomb goes off in an industrial zone of Vitoria, causing damage but no injuries. It is believed to be a kale borroka attack, youth groups linked to ETA.[138]
  • December 20: A commando of ETA hides about 7,000 smart cards and plastic supports format card, and seven specialized printers and several printing software in a business located in Bourg-de-Péage in France.[139]

2011[edit]

  • April 9: A gendarme is shot by two members of ETA who refused to stop at a police checkpoint in the town of Valliere, Limousin. Another shoot-out followed the first incident, without injuring anyone. The two members were arrested the following day after another gunbattle. No one was injured.[140]

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