List of Egyptian flags

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This is a list of flags used by and in Egypt. For more information about the national flag, visit the article Flag of Egypt.

National flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Egypt.svg 1984 – present Current national flag
(adopted by Law No. 144 of 1984)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.[1]
Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg 1971 – 1984 Flag of Egypt as part of the Federation of Arab Republics
(adopted by Law No. 3 of 1971)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the golden Hawk of Quraysh centered in the white band.[1]
Flag of United Arab Republic.svg 1958 – 1971 Flag of Egypt as part of the United Arab Republic
(adopted by Law by Resolution No. 12 of 1958)
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with two five-pointed green stars in the white band, symbolizing Egypt and Syria.[2]
Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg 1952 – 1958 Egyptian Revolution Flag
Alternate flag of the Republic of Egypt
Following the Revolution of 1952, the Free Officers retained the flag of the Kingdom, but also introduced the Arab Liberation flag of red, white, and black horizontal bands, with the emblem of the Revolution, the Eagle of Saladin, in the center band, with a green escutcheon with a white crescent and five stars.
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958).svg 1923 – 1958 Flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and the Republic of Egypt
(adopted by Law No. 47 of 1923)
Green flag with a white crescent containing three five-pointed white stars.[3]
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg 1914 – 1923 Flag of the Sultanate of Egypt Identical to the national flag used between 1867 and 1881 (see description below).[3]
Flag of Egypt 1826-1867 and 1881-1914.png 1881 – 1914 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt under British occupation Identical to the national flag used between 1826 and 1867 (see description below).[3]
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg 1867 – 1881 Flag of the Khedivate of Egypt Red flag with three white crescents, each containing a five-pointed white star.[3]
Flag of Egypt 1826-1867 and 1881-1914.png 1826 – 1867 Flag of self-declared Khedivate of Egypt introduced by Muhammad Ali Red flag with a white crescent containing a five-pointed white star.[3]
Flag of Egypt (1793-1844).svg Prior to 1826 Flag of Ottoman Egypt Red flag with a white crescent containing a six-pointed white star.[3]
Mameluke Flag.svg 14th century Flag of pre-Ottoman Mamluk Egypt (1341-1517), according to the Catalan Atlas (1375)
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg  ? Flag of Egypt under the Ayyubid Dynasty (1171-1341)
Fatimid flag.svg 10th century Flag of the Fatimid Caliphate, with capital in Cairo from 973 to 1171

Presidential standards[edit]

Throughout the republican era, the Standard of the President of Egypt has been identical to the national flag, with the addition of the coat of arms (eagle or hawk) in the upper-left corner.[1] Even though the Constitution of Egypt states that the President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces (article 150), the flag of the Supreme Commander differs from the Presidential Standard. It is identical to the national flag, with the addition in the upper-left corner of a white Eagle of Saladin contained between two crossed swords. The Supreme Commander also has his own naval ensign, air force flag and air defence flag. Military ordinances state that the flags of the Supreme Commander must be hoisted during the President's visits to each military unit. The national flag must be hoisted in the middle, with the Presidential Standard on its right side, and the flag of the Supreme Commander on its left side.[4]

Flag Date Use Description
Presidential Standard of Egypt.svg 1984 – present Current Presidential Standard Identical to the current national flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Saladin—with a second Eagle of Saladin added in the upper-left corner of the red band.[4]
Presidential Standard of Egypt 1972-1984.svg 1972 – 1984 Federation of Arab Republics Presidential Standard Identical to Federation of Arab Republics' flag—tricolour featuring the golden Eagle of Quraish on the upper-left corner of red band.[4]

Royal standards[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Royal Standard of Egypt (on land).svg 1923 – 1953 Standard of the King of Egypt
(adopted by Royal Ordinance No. 90 of 1923)
Identical to the national flag of the Kingdom of Egypt, with the royal crown added in the upper-left corner.
Protocole du Royaume d'Égypte, 1947 – Drapeau (c).jpg  ? – 1953 Naval Ensign of the King of Egypt
Air Force rank flag of the King of the Kingdom of Egypt.svg 1946 – 1953 Flag of the King's Air Force
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
Royal flight flag of Egypt (1922-1952).svg 1946 – 1953 Flag of the King's Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 40 of 1946)
Protocole du Royaume d'Égypte, 1947 – Drapeau (f).jpg 1946 – 1953 Standard of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
Protocole du Royaume d'Égypte, 1947 – Drapeau (g).jpg 1946 – 1953 Naval Ensign of the Crown Prince
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)
Air Force rank flag of Heir to the Throne of the Kingdom of Egypt.svg 1946 – 1953 Flag of the Crown Prince's Air Force and Airplane
(adopted by Royal Decree No. 28 of 1946)

Military flags[edit]

Flags of Governorates[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Governadorat d'Alexandria.svg Alexandria Governorate
Governadorat d'Aswan.png Aswan Governorate
Governadorat d'Asyut.png Asyut Governorate
Flag of Behira Govenorate.JPG Beheira Governorate
Governadorat de Bani Suwayf.png Beni Suef Governorate
Flag of Cairo.svg Cairo Governorate
Governadorat de Daqahliya.png Dakahlia Governorate
Flag of Damietta Governorate.svg Damietta Governorate
Governadorat de Faium.png Faiyum Governorate
Governadorat de Gharbiya.png Gharbia Governorate
Governadorat de Gizeh.png Giza Governorate
Governadorat d'Ismailiya.png Ismailia Governorate
Flag of Kafr El-Sheikh Governorate.PNG Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate
Matrouh Governorate-logo.PNG Matruh Governorate
Governadorat de Al-Minya.png Minya Governorate
Governadorat de Minufiyah.png Monufia Governorate
Governadorat de Wadi al-Jadid.png New Valley Governorate
Governadorat de Sinai-Sinai del nord.png North Sinai Governorate
Governadorat de Port Said.png Port Said Governorate
Governadorat de Qalyubiya.png Qalyubia Governorate
Governadorat de Qena flag.svg Qena Governorate
Governadorat de la mar Roja.png Red Sea Governorate
Flag of Ash Sharqiyah.svg Sharqia Governorate
Governadorat de Suhaj.png Sohag Governorate
Governadorat de Sinai del sud.png South Sinai Governorate
Flag of Suez Governorate.svg Suez Governorate
Eg luxor1.png Luxor Governorate
The flag depicted here was that of the City of Luxor, which became a separate governorate in December 2009. It is unclear whether the change in administrative status has led to a flag change.

Unofficial flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg 1952 – 1958 Arab Liberation Flag used after the Revolution of 1952
The green monarchical flag (see above) remained the national flag of Egypt until 1958, even after the proclamation of the Republic. The Arab Liberation Flag never attained official status, although it was hoisted alongside the green flag during popular, national occasions.[2]
Tricolour made of three equal horizontal bands—coloured red (top), white (middle) and black (bottom)—with the republican eagle bearing the green field, and white crescent and stars of the flag of the Kingdom of Egypt and Sudan centred in the white band.
Revolution flag of Egypt 1919.svg 1919 Flag used during the anti-British Revolution of 1919 Green flag with a white crescent and a white cross symbolizing the common struggle of Egyptian Muslims and Egyptian Christians against the British occupation.[3]
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 001.png 1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 002.png 1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 003.png 1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 004.png 1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities.
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 005.png 1950s Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities. The Hill Appear on top left stands for Mount Catherine.
Proposed Egyptian National Flag 006.png 1919 Proposed Egyptian flag when Egypt becomes a Republic After the 1952 coup, Egypt declared itself a republic, several proposals for a new national flag was made combining both element of republican and monarchical identities. The white curve displayed on green field stands for Nile River.
Coptic flag.svg 2005 Unofficially adopted by Coptic activists in 2005 as a symbol of Coptic identity (see Coptic flag). Blue cross on a white background with a coat of arms in the centre.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 146
  2. ^ a b el Ansary 2001, p. 145
  3. ^ a b c d e f g el Ansary 2001, p. 144
  4. ^ a b c el Ansary 2001, p. 147

Bibliography[edit]

  • el Ansary, Nasser (2001). "Évolution du drapeau égyptien" [Evolution of the Egyptian flag]. L'Encyclopédie des souverains d'Égypte des pharaons à nos jours [The Encyclopedia of rulers of Egypt from the Pharaohs until today] (in French). Alleur: Éditions du Perron. pp. 142–147. ISBN 978-2-87114-173-0. OCLC 48965345. 

External links[edit]