List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by alphabetization

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by alphabetization, starts at A-(3), has 3, (or 4) more vowel-equivalents, and ends at dj, (not an Egyptian biliteral).

The common use Egyptian hieroglyphs numbered between 650-700, including variants. By late Ancient Egyptian time, including the Ptolemaic Egypt, the number of hieroglyphs became in the multiple thousands, as many can be found ligatured, (for example the Min Palette of Predynastic Egypt).

The alphabet of 24 (25) common characters is arranged as follows: (there are also supplemental alphabetic characters)

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --

A[edit]

G1 (Egyptian vulture)

List (A to Azzz), 3 to 3tf

The Biliterals/Triliterals: au, ab, a(kh).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
3
(A)
vulture
G1
3 Egyptian vulture Vulture (hieroglyph)
3u
spine
issuing fluid
F40
3u
--
(bil.)
spine, issuing fluid to be long, length, to extend
Pharaoh: Extent of Happiness-(for Egypt-Land),
F40
F34
, (on Reliefs)
(i.e. the Welfare of the Nation)
3b
elephant
E26
3bu
3b
dnhr-(Ptolemaic)
elephant 1. Determinative in 3bw, elephant (ultimate source of English word ivory); phonetic 3b 2. Ptolemaic Period, new use of dnhr.
3b
mr
chisel
U23
3b
mr
--
(bil.)-3b
(bil.)-mr
chisel
(hieroglyph)
(See: Narmer Palette)
bil., 3b, mr; (see also for mr, Canal)
3(kh)
Sacred Ibis
G25
3(kh)
(3ḫ)
--
(bil.)
Sacred Ibis Bil. 3(kh), for the 'divine'; also the ideogram
3ḫt
("horizon")
mountain-
-with-
rising-sun
N27
a(kh)t
3ḫt
mountain-with
-rising-sun
(or setting-sun)
Ideogram for a(kh)t-(3ḫt), "horizon"; (see Akhenaten's townsite, Akhetaten)
3t
"moment"
"instant" of time
F3
 
F3
N5 Z1
3t Hippo head
in Papyrus of Ani, Book of the Dead, crocodile head
'moment', 'instant', a Snap-of-a-finger
3t
"moment
of time"
(instant)
F3
at
(3t)
moment
snap-of-a-finger
a "moment", 'an instant', a snap-of-a-finger; phonetically 3t; in composition block, with sun (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. 5,
,
,
N5
F3
,
,
F3
N5 Z1
3tf
Atef-
Crown
S8
atf
(3tf)
Atef
crown
(hieroglyph)
Ideo. or det. for the crown 3tf-(atef)
3tp, 3dp
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
3tp, 3dp
fa, fai
& k3t
A9
1a.-3tp, 3dp
(Coptic-otp)
1b.-fa, fai
2.-k3t
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
man-seated-with-basket-
on-head
1a. for 3tp, 3dp, to load, to be laden, master of the load; equals Coptic language, otp; (minor use for 'tp, 'dp);
1b. for fa, fai, to carry, to bear; additional constructs for carrier, bearer, supporter, (and types thereof); for fa-dni, the "bearer-of-the-
-basket", see: Greek-Kanephoros;
2. for ka-t, kau-ti, work, labour, toil; workmen, labourers, artisans, craftsmen, etc.

I[edit]

M17 (reed)

List i to isu

The Biliterals/Triliterals: iu, iun, in, ir, is.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
i
reed
(flowering)-reed
reed-(=rush)
M17
i (flowering)
reed-(=rush)
alphabetic uniliteral vowel i; ideo. in i, "rush"
i3wt
office
'post'
'position'
O44
iaut-i3wt office
'post'
'position'
1. Ideogram or det. for iaut-(i3wt), for "post", "office", "position", etc.;
2. the fetish of the "Temple of Min"
i'b
vase, bowl,
vessel, pot,
'cup'
W10
i'b 'cup' A. Determinative for the "vessel", Egyptian language, i'b-(no. 5 of 6); det. for i'b (1 & 2), 1: to approach, to come towards, to meet; 2: "to present a gift", to make an offering, 'an offering';
B. i', i'y, bathing; i'u, food, morning meal; i'b-(no. 3 of 6), uses Gardiner no. F16,
F16
as det. for "to comb"; the other use of 'to comb', is for 'to card wool' and also uses the Horn hieroglyph, but is the equivalent word: ' ' b-(no.2, of 3); ( ' ' b-no. 1 is a vessel, bowl, but made of "copper", etc.)
i'r
i'r-t-(feminine)
uraeus
I12
I13
i'r-t uraeus Uraeus; Determinative for i'rt, the Uraeus, and also in Goddess names
i'ḥ
(crescent)
moon
N11
N12
i'ḥ moon 1. Det. "moon"; 2. Ideogram, i'h-(i'ḥ), 'moon'; 3. items of the 'month', (timeperiod); see ploughing, laborer ("planting"), Gardiner no. T24, (also i'ḥ)
T24
i'ḥ
fields-(planting)
T24
i'ḥ fields-(planting)
(etc.)
see moon, (also i'h);
A. plough, break ground;
B. field laborer, peasant;
C. field;
D. det. in name of a god "I'h-ur"-(I'h-Great)
iy
to go, to come
M18
 
M18 M17 M17
iy to go, to come to go, to come, (see i(i))
i(i)
it
reed
with legs
M18
i(i)
it
(flowering)
reed-(=rush)
w/ legs
combined sound-sign, determinative for i(+i); come, to come, coming, etc
iy-m-ḥtp
Imhotep
M18 G17 R4
X1 Q3
iy-m-ḥtp Imhotep Imhotep
iu, iu'
isu
swt
bone w/meat
F44
isu
iw', iw
swt
bone w/meat 1. Phoneme, isu-"Reward". 2. Determinative for thigh bone, iw' -"Heir", Inheritance, Ancestry, (phonetic iw. Also, tibia, swt.
iu
newborn calf
E9
"iu" "newborn"
mammal
Determinative, for newborn animals, etc.
ib
heart
F34
ib heart Ideogram or det. for ib, "heart"; (See also kid (goat), for ib)
ib
calf
kid (goat)
E8
ib calf
kid (goat)
1. Phoneme ib for 'young goat';
2. Determinative for words of 'young farm animals'
3. (See also heart, for ib)
ib3
pawn
(draughtsman)
(token)
Y6
ib3 game piece
(hieroglyph)
1. Ideogram or det. in ib3, "pawn", draughtsman; phoneme for ib3; 2. Det. for ib3u, ib3, dance [of the gods]; also dancer, dancing man, etc.
ib3u, ib3
ib, ibu
man-dancing
(kh)bi
ib, ibu
ib3u, ib3
A32
(kh)bi
ib, ibu
ib3u, ib3
man-dancing Ideogram or det. for (kh)bi, to dance; also det. for ib, ibu; ib3u, ib3, for dance, dancer, etc.
Imn
Amun
C12
imn Amun see Amun
imn
man-hiding
A5
imn man-hiding Determinative for imn, to hide, to conceal, secret, mysterious; also hidden person or thing, concealed, secret, mysterious (verb, noun, adjective)
imny
unmy
Emblem
of-the-West
R14
(or)
R13
imny-("West")
unmy-("right")
Emblem
of-the-West
(hieroglyph)
Emblem of the West
Ideogram for imnt, west, (and similar); also for unmy, "right".
in
fish
K1
int, in
--
(bil.)-in
fish
Tilapia nilotica
Egyptian biliteral sign in; det. for "Tilapia", int; phoneme for in; the common fish shape for reliefs & art; also for the fish cosmetic palettes.
inb
wall
O36
inb wall 1. Ideogram or det. for inb, "wall";2. (a det. for related words)
inr
dbt-ḏbt
block
N39
 
O39 (short (no lines))
1.-inr
2.-dbt-ḏbt
dby-t-plinth
block 1. block of stone, (or brick, etc.)
2. Ideogram or det. in inr for "stone", "block", etc.
3. Det. in types of building stones or types of minerals;
4A. Det. for dbt-(ḏbt), "brick"; 4B. dby-t-plinth, pedestal
ir
eye
D4
ir
--
(bil.)
eye 1. Egyptian biliteral sign ir; ideogram for irt, eye; phoneme for ir; det. for words related to 'vision' and the eye. 2. Egyptian language meaning of 'to do', or 'to make', for example: to conduct a "festival"-(the Rosetta Stone)
utcha-t
Eye of
Horus
D10
utchat Eye of Horus Eye of Horus
irp
wine
jars
W21
"irp" wine
jars
Determinative in irp, "wine"
is-t
seat
throne
Q1
 
Q1 X1
 
Q1 X1

Q2
 
Q2
X1
(examples)
st
(also is-t)-(constructs)
seat
throne
see: st; seat, throne, place, abode, tomb, room, chamber, etc.; many constructs as "Place of... XXX"; place of purity, Place of Landing, (a quay, wharf), is-t meni,
Q1 X1
O1
Y5
N35
M17 T14 P1
D40
ISt
Isis
Q1 X1
H8
B1
 
Q1 X1
O1
iSt Isis Isis
ISir
"ASar"-Osiris
D4
Q1 A40
Q1
D4
iSir
"ASar"
Osiris Osiris
chair
(chair for carrying)
Q2
-- carrying
chair
Ideogram for 3sir, the God Osiris
isu
iw, iw'
swt
bone w/meat
F44
isu
iw', iw
swt
bone w/meat 1. Phoneme, isu-"Reward". 2. Determinative for thigh bone, iw' -"Heir", Inheritance, Ancestry, (phonetic iw. Also, tibia, swt.

Y[edit]

M17 M17 (reeds)
 
Z4 (two strokes)

List y to i(i)

Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
y
ii
pair-of-reeds
M17 M17
y pair-of-reeds alphabetic uniliteral vowel y
i(i)
it
reed
with legs
M18
i(i)
it
(flowering)
reed-(=rush)
w/ legs
combined sound-sign, determinative for i(+i); come, to come, coming, etc
1–cane
2–reed-(=Rush)
3–(swt)-Rush
4–flowering-
rush-(sedge)
M22
M17
 
M17 M17
M23
M26
-- -- --

'[edit]

D36 (arm)

List ' to '(sh)3

The Biliterals/Triliterals: '3, 'n(kh), 'ḥ', '(sh)3, 'q, '(dj).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
'3
door/
(gateway)
O31
 
O31V (vertical)
'3 door
(often vertical)
1. Egyptian language, '3, equivalent to
O29
 
O29V
.
2. Determinative, 'open'
'3
Great
wooden-column
O29
O29V
'3
--
(bil.)
column?, club? 'Great'
(wooden)-column
'nḫ
life
live
S34
ankh
'n(kh)
'nḫ
--
(tril.)
life
live
Tril. 'n(kh);
Ideogram for "life", "live"
'ḥ
palace
O11
O12
'ḥ palace 1. Ideogram, 'h-('ḥ), "palace"; see also:
O6
palace, temple, tomb, ḥut
'ḥ3
arms-
with-shield-
and-mace
(or axe)
D34
D34A
'ḥ3 arms-
with-shield-
and-mace
(or axe)
Ideogram for 'ha-('ḥ3), "combat"; (fight, contest, struggle)-(noun or verb)
'ḥ'
mast
P6
P7
'h'
( 'ḥ' )
--
(tril.)
mast
(hieroglyph)
--
(tril.)
Triliteral 'h' , "to erect"
'ḥ' - 'ḥ'it
stele, tablet, hill
P6 O26
'ḥ',-'ḥ'it 'mast' + stele see: u(dj); stele, tablet, hill;
'h'u, (the Plural), for: place, post, station, position, condition, state
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
stack-(of grain)
heap
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
M35
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
stack
(of grain)
Determinative in 1. 'ḥ'-'ḥ'u, for "stack-(of grain)"; (or other determiners for: food, provisions, stores, heaps of grain, wealth, riches, abundance);
2. and (kh)ty, 'heap of grain', where (kh)tyt, is "barn floor", or "place where grain is stored for sale"
'(sh)3
lizard
many
multitude
I1
'(sh)
--
(tril.)
lizard much, many, numerous, overmuch
'(sh)3
lizard
I1
'(sh)a
'š3
--
(tril.)
lizard 1. "multitudes", (=the populace, etc.); 2. Det. or ideo. in 'š3-('(sh)a), "lizard"; also the tril.

W, U[edit]

G43 (quail chick)
 
Z7 (coil (hieraatic equivalent))

List u to u(dj)b

The Biliterals/Triliterals: u3, u3ḥ, u3s, u3(dj), u', up, un-(hare), un-(flower-shape), ur, uḥm, usr, u(dj).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
u
quail
chick
G43
w
u
quail
chick
(hieroglyph)
1. Unil. w, or u;
2. Either "quail chick" or equivalent coil (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. Z7,
Z7
, used as the Plural at word endings; 3. (see also: Plural)
u
coil
(shape)
Z7
w
u
coil
(hieroglyph)
(hieratic equivalent)
unil., equivalent of unil. w, the quail chick,
G43
; Both chick and coil are used for plural, the w, (or u);
(see also: Plural)
u3
lasso
V4
(ua)
w3
--
(bil.)
lasso lasso, for "cord", (possibly earlier, a word related to "lasso")
u3ḥ
sq
(fiber)
swab
straw-broom
V29
sq, (or)
u3ḥ

(bil.-tril.)
(fiber)
swab
(straw broom)
1. Biliteral sq; "to clean", "dust";
2. Triliteral uah, (w3ḥ)
u3s
scepter-Was
Was-sceptre
S40
S41
w3s
(uas)
--
(tril.)
w3s
(u3s)
see Was scepter
u3ḏ
papyrus
stem
M13
u3ḏ

(tril.)
papyrus
stem
(hieroglyph)
Tril. ua(dj)-(w3ḏ)
u'
harpoon
(single-
barbed)
T21
u'
w'
--
(bil.)
harpoon
(hieroglyph)
1. "single" items; "1", 'each', etc.; 2. Bil. w'
uba
hand
drill
ḥmt
ub3
U24
U25
ḥmt hand
drill
(hieroglyph)
1. Ideogram in hmt-(ḥmt), the name for the 'hand drill tool'; also hmt for words of "art", "artisan", etc.
2. Ideo. or det. for uba, (wb3), to 'rise', to 'open'; see: Rise of a Star: ubn:
N8
ubn
sun-shining-
with-rays
ubn
3(kh)u, psdj
piercing-
-rays
stiut-stut
N8
S16 (equal equiv)
 
F29 N8
(many uses)
(Betrò ref)[1]
sun-shining-
with-rays
(hieroglyph)
"Sun-with-rays"; also used for "people of the sun"-(Heliopolitan theology)
For "Piercing Rays", see "to shoot", Hide-with-pierced-arrow, sti
up
horns
F13
up
(wp)
--
(bil.)
(pair of)-horns "open", the New Year Festival, (Opening the Year)
up-rnp-t
horns
+ time
F14
up-rnp-t (pair of)-horns ligatured with "stalk"-(palm)-(=time) (see: Renpet)
un
hare
E34
 
E34
N35
un
(wn)
--
(bil.)
desert
hare
(hieroglyph)
bil. wn
ur
swallow
Great
G36
 
G36
D21
ur
(wr)
--
(bil.)
swallow
swallow (hieroglyph), (Hirundinidae family)
bil. wr
urrt
chariot
T17
urrt chariot Ideogram or det. for chariot
urs
headrest
Q4
urs headrest A. Determinative for urs-(wrs), the "headrest";
B. headrest is also Egyptian language, uars-t,
V4 E23 Aa18
Z1
M3
X1 Z1
(one spelling)
(equals Coptic language, "ouras").
C. See also: WikiCommons: [1]
uḥm
leg of
hoofed animal
F25
(uhm)-(whm)
wḥm
--
(tril.)
leg of
ox
hoof, claw of a bird
uḥm
leg of
hoofed animal
F25
(uhm)-(whm)
wḥm
--
(tril.)
leg of
ox
1. meanings of: "repeat, repetition"
2. Tril. for wḥm;
3. Ideogram for "bovine leg"
4. (to repeat, narrate, recount, tell a story, tell a dream)
u(sh)n
trussed
goose
(or duck)
u(sh)n
sn(tj)
G54
u(sh)n
(phon.-sn(tj))
trussed
goose
(or duck)
1. Determinative for u(sh)n, (wšn), Egyptian: "twist the neck (of a bird)";
2. Phonetically sn(tj), (snṯ)
3. (see Trussed-goose Palette)
utn
"long-stemmed
plant"
M11
 
F48 (intestine shape)
utn
wtn
"long-stemmed-plant", (actual hieroglyph, has a papyrus head); similar to festival route, Intestine-(shape) an offering, gift; make a gift; see utchb-udjb
uṯs
u(tj)s
to lift up
tjs'
to raise oneself
U40
u(tj)s
uṯs
a support-(to lift) 1. to lift up, support, etc.
2. see also: tjs'
u(dj)
"command
staff"
V25
u(dj)
(w(dj))
--
(bil.)
"command staff" to give an order, to command, to decree; (bil.
u(dj)
1.-stela
2.-boundary stone
u(dj)
'h'u
O26
u(dj)-wḏ
'h'u-'ḥ'w
1.-stele
2.-"boundary
stone"
'landmark'
1. Ideogram or det. for u(dj)-(wḏ), a "stele"; det. for 'h'u-('ḥ'w), station (of a procession), "stele"; used also for 'memorial slab', boundary stone, landmark. 2. NOTE: there are other listed, (or Non-listed) hieroglyphs for boundary steles:
Aa20 (similar) O26 (variants)
3. Similar spelling for udj: uses a stone block as det. and hand: ud
V25 D46
N39
utcha-t
Eye of
Horus
D10
utchat Eye of Horus Eye of Horus
udj'
utch'
a scale
a balance
(="judgement")
Aa22
u(dj)' balance ligatured with arm judge, "judgement"
('an equivalent')
(=type of)
scale
(?)
Aa21
Aa22
u(dj)'
wḏ'
(=type of)
scale
(or balance)
1. for utcha'=w(dj)' , to weigh, estimate, consider, reckon up, decide; =
G43 Aa21
, and other spellings,
G43 I10
D36
, and also no. I10, cobra,
I10
, replaced by, U28, (=utcha),
U28
; (see the use of w(dj)' in AUS, for "Life, Prosperity, Health");
2. Determinative or ideo. for right, correct, just, equable, etc
utchb-u(dj)b
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb
intestine-(shape)
F46
 
F48
 
N21 N21
 
N23
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb-udjb
intestine-(shape); in Rosetta Stone, festival routes Egyptian language, utchb; from dikeworks, to turn round, to change the direction, (crop rows)

B[edit]

D58 (foot))

List b to bnri

The Biliterals/Triliterals: ba, bḥ/ḥw.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
ba
Ba-soul-bird
G29
G53
ba
--
(bil.)
baiu
Ba-soul-bird
G30
baiu divine souls, souls of gods
bi3
basin
'wife',
'woman'
ḥmt
bi3
N41
 
N42
ḥmt
bi3
basin
basin w/ripples
Phonemes for ḥmt, bi3; A "basin", but commonly used for 'wife', or 'woman'
bint
harp
Y7
bint
[bin-t, bn-t]
harp
(hieroglyph)
Determinative in bint, "harp"; (see article Medamud for relief usage)
bit
bee
L2
bity bee abbreviation for bity, the "king"-"pharaoh"-see Nesu-bity, Nesu bity)
bnw
bnu
'bennu'
bennu-
bird
(Phoenix)
G31
G32
bnw
(bnu)
Bennu
bird
1. the stork-like Bennu;
2. Determinative for bnw, the "Phoenix-bird";
3. For 'Phoenix' & Harp, in both cultures-(Egypt & Mesopotamia), one of few Akkadian, Semitic word similarities: Akkadian: banuA, to create, build, generate; and banuB, to be good, beautiful.[2]
bnri
date-(sweet(s))
M30
bnri date Ideogram or det. for bnr, sweet, date; for Egyptian language bnryt, sweetness, a favor, anything sweet, pleasant or nice; for bnry, the 'confectioner'.
n(dj)m
(carob)
(sweet)-rhizome
(sweet)-pod
M29
n(dj)m
--
(tril.)
carob
seed-pod
1. Ideogram for types of tree n(dj)m, and "sweet", n(dj)m;
2. Egyptian triliteral sign for n(dj)m
  • belly, see water skin
  • (bird)-trap, see trap
  • "black"-(Kemet), see crocodile skin
  • bone-with-meat, see Joint of meat (hieroglyph)
  • "born-of", see 3-fox-skins
  • (bovine)-hide, see (bovine) hide
  • bow-(Nubian), see Nubian bow
  • brazier, see Lamp, tka, etc.
  • (butcher's) knife, see (butcher's) knife

P[edit]

Q3 (mat (rectangle))

List from p to ptj

The Biliterals/Triliterals: pa, pr, pḥ.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
p3
duck-in-flight
G40
p3
--
(bil.)
duck-in-flight Ideogram and bil. for p3, to fly; phoneme for p3
(p3)
p3t, p3u-t
(bread)-loaf
with-decoration
X6
 
G40 X1
X6
 
G40 G1 Z7
X4
 
Q3 G40 G1 G43 X1
X6
p3t
(phoneme p3)
loaf-with-decoration 1. Determinative for the 'decorated bread loaf', p3t; phoneme for p3; meanings of: stuff, matter, substance; for 'bread': dough, cake, bread, offering, food, product;
2. for the "primordial god(s)": "Pauti",
G40 X6
X6
(or) X6
X1 Z4
R8 R8 R8 R8 R8 R8

(many spelling versions)
pr
house
estate
"home of"
O1
pr
--
(bil.)
house
(hieroglyph)
(plan of house)
bil. pr; used extensively in "placenames"-(home of God XXX); placenames for a Pharaoh, etc.
1. Ideogram, house, estate; 2. bil. pr; 3. Determinative for 'building', 'location'
pḥ
hindpart of
lion
F22
pḥ
--
(bil.)
"hindpart" 1. ideas of 'physical force', and 'strength, (from the legs of the hindparts);
2. Biliteral pḥ;
3. see also: "forepart of lion", what is 'foremost', what 'excels', etc.,
F4
pḥty
leopard
head
F9
F9 F9
pḥty
("pehty")
leopard
head
(hieroglyph)
Determinative or abbreviation for "pehty"-(pḥty), "strength"
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb
intestine-(shape)
F46
 
F48
 
N21 N21
 
N23
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb
intestine-(shape); in Rosetta Stone, festival routes Egyptian language, utchb; from dikeworks, to turn round, to change the direction, (crop rows)
pt
sky
heaven
N1
pt sky sky, (or heaven), and often used as God/Pharaoh XXXX, Lord of Sky/Heaven,
hieroglyph block:
N1
X1
V30
pq
head
of bird(2-types)
H3
 
H3A
pq head
of bird
(open beak)
(or Spoonbill)
1. Phoneme for pq;
2. Also as:
H3 (head of duck (one type))
or
Q3
W11
S28 (cloth apparel covering etc
 
)
head
of duck
H1
apd
3pd
head
of duck
1. an abbreviation for 3pd, "bird"
pṯ
to extend
to stretch
T9 (stretching?)
pṯ
p(tj)
to stretch, to extend to stretch, to extend
  • hair ribbon, see (hair) ribbon
  • hatchet(?), see adze
  • harvest-(in basket), see fruit-(in basket)
  • head of a leopard, see leopard head (hieroglyph)
  • herb, see garland
  • "Phoenix-bird", see "Bennu-bird"
  • 'post', or 'position', see office

F[edit]

I9 (viper)

List f to fnt

Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
f
viper
I9
f viper
(hieroglyph)
1. Uniliteral f;
2. possessive pronoun "his", (following the noun, "...Pharaoh-his...", "town-his")
fa
fai, etc.
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
3tp, 3dp
fa, fai
& k3t
A9
1a.-3tp, 3dp
(Coptic-otp)
1b.-fa, fai
2.-k3t
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
1a. for 3tp, 3dp, to load, to be laden, master of the load; equals Coptic language, otp; (minor use for 'tp, 'dp);
1b. for fa, fai, to carry, to bear; additional constructs for carrier, bearer, supporter, (and types thereof); for fa-dni, the "bearer-of-the-
-basket", see: Greek-Kanephoros;
2. for ka-t, kau-ti, work, labour, toil; workmen, labourers, artisans, craftsmen, etc.
fa-dni
"bearer-of-the-
-basket"
Gk-Kanephoros
A9 D46
W24
M17 S12
A9 D46
N35
W24 Z7
S12
N33B
N33B N33B
fa-dni "bearer-of-the-
-basket"
(of sacred offerings)
"bearer-of-the-basket-of sacred offerings"; used in the Ptolemaic Decrees, for Ptolemy III, IV & V, the Decree of Canopus, Decree of Memphis (Ptolemy IV), & the Rosetta Stone, Greek language, 'kanephoros', (the Kanephoros)
fnt
shn-t
nose
D19
D20
shen-t
fent
nose nose
fnt
shn-t
nose
D19
D20
fndj/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd)
(sh)rt-(šrt)
(kh)nt-ẖnt
nose Ideogram or det. for the "nose", fndj/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd), (sh)rt-(šrt); det. for words relating to smell, joy, and the nose; det. for "face", (kh)nt, -(ẖnt), (and the phonemefor face)

M[edit]

G17 (owl)
 
Aa15 (horizontal plinth shape)

List: m to mdju

The Biliterals/Triliterals: m3, m3', mi, mw, mwt, mr-(hoe), mr-(canal), mr-[3b]-(chisel), mḥ, ms, mt.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
m
owl
G17
m
(vertical)
owl
(hieroglyph)
Unil. m
m
horizontal
plinth
(shape)
Aa15
 
Aa13
m
(horizontal)
plinth
(hieroglyph)
Unil. m as the horizontal m
m
vertical
Baker's
tool
Egyptian-M.png m
(vertical)
Baker's tool
(hieroglyph)
Unil. m as the vertical m
m3'
plinth
Aa11
ma'-(m3') (a solid)
plinth
1. =to m3' ,
U2
D36
;
2. det. or ideo. for words meaning: true, right, truth, integrity, etc.
m3i
lion
E22
m3i lion Ideogram for standing lion, m3i
M3't
Goddess-Maat
C10
 
H6 (shu feather of maat)
m3't Goddess-Maat Goddess Maat
mi
milk-jug
-in-net
W19
 
W19 or W19 M17 or W19 M17 Aa29
 
G17 M17 (the equivalent)
mi milk-jug
-in-
-carrying-
net
1. Biliteral mi;
2. Det. in mhr, 'pitcher of milk';
3. Phonogram for mr and mi;
Egyptian language, as, like, 'as-like', similar, etc; ("...Pharaoh XXX, given Life, Power...Ra-Like"), (...."as like Ra"-'Ra-ma', 'Ra-mi')
milk-jug
-in-net
W19
 
W19 or W19 M17 or W19 M17 Aa29
 
G17 M17 (the equivalent)
mi milk-jug
-in-
-carrying-
net
1. like, as, according to, inasmuch as, since, as well as, together with; all adverbial forms, some as a segue;
2. early forms use other hieroglyphs;
3. Egyptian: mity and mitt relate to "image" or "likeness": likeness, copy, resemblance, statue, image, similitude, the like etc.
miu
cat
E13
miu cat Determinative for cat, as well as for the onomatopoeic Egyptian miu
mnit
Menat
S18
(mnit) "menat
necklace
and
counterpoise"
1. "Menat and counterpoise"; 2. Ideogram or det. in mnit, the necklace of Menat pearls
mnit
mooring
post
P11
mnit mooring
post
1. Determinative in mnit, the "mooring post", or related words.
mn(kh), mn(kh)-t
chisel-(clapper-tool)

B1-clapper-(of-a-bell)
mn(kh)

B2-chisel-
-tool/instrument-
-'forked -staff'
mn(kh)-t(fem.)

A-mn(kh), mn(kh)-t
beneficence, reward, well-doing, etc
U22
 
Y5
N35
Aa1
U22
Aa29
 
Y5
N35
Aa1
X1
U22
mn(kh)-(mnḫ) clapper-(of-bell)
tool/instrument
forked-staff, etc.
1. Determinative for mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "cut", "give shape to";
2. Ideogram in mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "to be excellent";
3. The grandfather of Ptolemy V of the Rosetta Stone is Ptolemy III Euergetes-(the Canopus Stone), the "Well-doer Gods"-(pharaohs).[3] Their name is a composition block of two 'God' hieroglyphs-(husband & wife), (no. R8),
R8 R8
, with a chisel at the base of each,
 
U22 R8
 
U22 R8
mr
3b
chisel
U23
3b
mr
chisel
(hieroglyph)
(See: Narmer Palette)
bil., 3b, mr; (see also for mr, Canal)
mr
canal
N36
mr canal
(hieroglyph)
mr-(Beloved of XX); det. water; (see also for mr, Chisel)
mr
(hand)-hoe
U7
mr (hand)-hoe "Beloved of XX"
hoe
U7
U6
mr hoe
(hieroglyph)
1. bil. mr, for "beloved";
2. used in Pharaoh, individuals, other names, etc.: (Pharaoh XX, Beloved of God/Goddess YY)
arm-(palm-down)
D42
rmnu
ni
arm-palm-down arm
mḥ
cubit
(~20 in.)
D42
 
V23
D42
mḥ cubit
mḥ
whip
V22
V23
mḥ whip Bil. mḥ; (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: water-skin)
m(kh)3t
scale
U38
m(kh)3t scale Ideogram and det. for m(kh)3t-(mḫat), "scale": see Stand (for Scales)
ms
3 fox
skins
F31
ms 3-fox-
-skins
Bil. ms, "born", "born-of"; example, Pharaoh Ahmose, "Moon-Born"; Kamose, "Spirit-Born"
m(dj) +
items:
to bind
m(dj) + A. (w/Jars)—scents, unguents, salve
B. w/Fetter + Cobra)—pits, caverns (graves?), etc.
C. (w/P. Scroll)—1. a Decree, 2. divine literature
D. (w/Papyrus Scroll)—Letter, Writing, Book, etc.
E,F,G (w/various)—items that bind, to bind, and a girdle
m(dj), m(dj)ut
Fetter +
Cobra
V21
m(dj), m(dj)ut Fetter + Cobra deep place, deep, pit, cavern-extending, subterranean shrine, etc.
m(dj)3t
papyrus
roll
Y1
 
Y2
m(dj)3-t
m(dj)3t
papyrus
roll
papyrus roll
m(dj)u
md
cattle hobble
V20
 
V19 (fetter)
m(dj)u
(also md)
"cattle hobble" Egyptian mathematics, 10

N[edit]

N35 (water ripple)
 
S3 (red crown)

List n to ndjm

The Biliterals/Triliterals: nw-[qd], nb, (nb)-nbw-(gold), nfr, nm, nn, nḥ, ns, n(tj)r, n(dj).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
nu
pot
nu
qd
W24
(various shapes)
nu
qd
--
(bil.)-nu
pot
(various)
(typical-spherical)
Phoneme for nw; det. for qd, construct, mold; (see: ḥnk, Arm-with-nu-pot)
nb
basket
(wicker)
V30
nb
--
(bil.)
basket
(hieroglyph)
Egyptian for "everything", every; major use: "Lord", (or feminine, Lady);
Bil. nb
Ideogram for basket: master, lord
"nub"
nb
gold
(hieroglyph)
(gold collar)
S12
nb
(nub)
--
(bil.)
gold:
"pearls" of gold in necklace
bil. nb; Horus of Gold name in Pharaonic titulary
nfr
heart and
windpipe
F35
nfr
--
(tril.)
heart and
windpipe
Egyptian triliteral sign for nfr, (beauty), or "perfect"
nmm
nmm-t
slaughter-block
w/ knife
T30
O26
 
T29
nmm (and)
nmm-t
slaughter-block
w/ knife
execute, slaughter, 'torture'
nḥ
Guinea Hen
Guinea Fowl
G21
nḥ
--
(bil.)
Guinea Hen
Numida meleagris
1. Egyp. bil. nḥ, for the bird; phon. for nḥ;
2. Ideas of petition, supplicate, beseech; for Egyptian language nḥ-t, nḥḥ-t, oil, unguent, equivalent of Coptic language, "neh";
3. for nḥḥ, eternity, or ever and ever, (see ḥḥ), Coptic "eneh".
ns
A-tongue
B-30th-(of month)
F20
ns
--
(bil.)
tongue 1. Egyp. bil. ns.
2. A-tongue, and related words for speech; B-30th-(the 'Last Day of the Month'), and therefore, (next)-last.
nt
Neith's
Emblem
R24
 
R25
nt Neith's
Emblem
1. Ideogram or det. for name of Goddess Neith;
2. Egyp. bil. nt.
n(dj)
cross-n(dj)
Aa27
n(dj)
nḏ
--
(bil.)
cross-ndj
(hieroglyph)
Determinative or ideogram for n(dj)-(nḏ), "avenger", "protector", "advocate"; also "to converse", "to take counsel", "to discuss a matter"; often displayed in a phonetic complement with the 'nu-pot', Gardiner no. W24,
W24
, the complemented:
Aa27


W24

n(dj)m'n(dj)m'
(carob)

(sweet)-rhizome
(sweet)-pod
M29
n(dj)m
--
(tril.)
rhizome
seed-pod
1. Ideogram for types of tree n(dj)m, and "sweet", n(dj)m;
2. Egyptian triliteral sign for n(dj)m (see date (hieroglyph))

R[edit]

D21 (mouth)

List r to rd

The Biliterals/Triliterals: rw, rw(dj).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
r
mouth
D21
r mouth
(hieroglyph)
Unil. r
R'
Ra
C1
N6
r' Ra Ra (=r' )
rwḏ
bowstring
T12
ru(dj)
rwḏ
bowstring
(hieroglyph)
for bow
1. Tril. ru(dj)-(rwḏ); Ideo. for "bowstring";
2. items that are hard, durable, strong, rooted, thus growth, growing;
3. (see Pharaoh Rudjamun)
rr
p(kh)ar
"to turn round"
D21
D21
rr
p(kh)ar
see p(kh)ar (intestine-(shape)) to turn in the other direction
rs
archer's
equipment
(=quiver)
T13
rs archer's
equipment
(=quiver)
phonogram, rs
rs
Upper Egypt
M25
rs Symbolic Plant of Upper Egypt, ligatured with r. Upper Egypt. Also, the South.
rd
pds
w'rt
sbq
leg
(human)
D56
D57
rd leg
(human)
Ideo., det. for rd, "leg"; Det. "to tread";
(see Foot)
Also: for pds, w'rt, sbq.
rd
stairs
O40
rd single
stairway
steps, stairway, terrace

H1 and H2[edit]

O4 (reed shelter)
 
V28 (wick)

List h to ḥ(dj)

The Biliterals/Triliterals: ḥ3, ḥ3t, ḥw-[bḥ], ḥm-(Basin w/Ripple), ḥm-(Fuller's Club), ḥn, ḥr, ḥs, ḥq3-ḥq, ḥtp, ḥ(dj).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
h
reed
shelter
O4
h reed
shelter
(hieroglyph)
(in a plan
view)
1. first alphabetic h; 2. Egyptian uniliteral sign h; 3. see second uniliteral h, the wick (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. V28,
V28
h
()
wick
V28
h
(ḥ)
wick
(hieroglyph)
1. second uniliteral h;
2. see first uniliteral h, the reed shelter (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. O4,
O4
ḥut
palace
temple
tomb
O6
ḥut plan view
palace-(estate)
1. Ideogram for hwt-(ḥut), palace, temple, tomb; see also:
O11
palace, 'ḥ
ḥfn
frog
100,000
I8
ḥfn
100,000
frog
(Type 2)
100,000
ḥmw
hmu
rudder
P10
ḥmw
hmu-hmw
rudder Determinative, hmu-(ḥmw), for "rudder" and related words
(ḥm)
ḥmt
basin
'wife',
'woman'
ḥmt
bi3
N41
 
N42
ḥmt
bi3
basin
basin w/ripples
Phonemes for ḥmt, bi3; A "basin", but commonly used for 'wife', or 'woman'
ḥm
fuller's-club
(washer's-club)
U36
ḥm
--
(bil.)
fuller's-club 1. Egyptian biliteral sign ḥm, for a fuller's club;
2. Ideogram for ḥmw, 'washer', and ḥm, slave, servant; phonogram ḥm.
ḥmt
basin
'wife',
'woman'
ḥmt
bi3
N41
 
N42
ḥmt
bi3
basin
basin w/ripples
Phonemes for ḥmt, bi3; A "basin", but commonly used for 'wife', or 'woman'
ḥmt
hand
drill
ḥmt
ub3
U24
U25
ḥmt hand
drill
(hieroglyph)
1. Ideogram in hmt-(ḥmt), the name for the 'hand drill tool'; also hmt for words of "art", "artisan", etc.
2. Ideo. or det. for uba, (wb3), to 'rise', to 'open'; see: Rise of a Star: ubn:
N8
ḥn
(bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
V36
V36W (wider (unlisted))
ḥn (bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
Phonogram ḥn; products–natural or artificial, things, property, goods, possessions, tools, fabrics
ḥn
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
M2
ḥn-(from ḥni)
is-(from isw)
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
1. Determinative for various plants or flowers;
2. Two phonemes for "cane", and "canes", ḥn-(from ḥni), is-(from isw).
3. flower (garland), plant, branch, seed
4. Rosetta Stone, line R12, The people shall wear garlands on their heads, shall be made festal...
ḥnty
"henti-years"
120 years
V36 V36
 
V28 M2
N35
X1
Z4
V36 N31
ḥnty doubled container
(or-added-glyphs)
many spellings
period of 120 years; in translation: "for..'henti years'"; from,
V28 M2
N35
V36 X1
N36
ḥn-t, border, boundary, end, limit, frontier, etc.
ḥnk
arm-with-nu-pot
D39
ḥnk arm-offering-nu-pot Determinative in ḥnk, "to make an offering", also: gift, offering, etc. (see also: List of portraiture offerings with Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs; see also: nu, pot)
ḥr
face
D2
ḥr face
(hieroglyph)
1. Bil. hr-(ḥr); 2. Ideogram for 'face';
3. A major preposition for "on, upon", etc.; additional preposition constructs; 4. (see also: Nose, sometimes used for the face)
ḥru
ḥr
Horus
G5
 
G6
ḥr Horus-Hawk Horus; about 200 Horus-god names; an example: Horus-the-Child, Greek language-equivalent, arpokrates; Egyptian, Hru-p-(kh)ard(d=t),
G5 Q3
F32
D21
D46
A17
ḥḥ
'eternity'
V28 N5 V28
 
C11
_
 
V28 S16 V28
 
V28 N5
S34
V28
ḥḥ 'eternity'
a-long-timeperiod
wick-Ra-wick
God-Huh
eternity, or "a long time period"; (variations of timeperiods, with tweaks of the seated man holding renpet-constructs)
ḥs
vase
water-pot
W14
ḥs vase
water-pot
Bil. ḥs
ḥs
excrement
dung
feces
F52
ḥs excrement
dung
feces
Determinative in hs-(ḥs), "excrement"
ḥq
scepter-heq
Hq scepter
S38
ḥq Hq-scepter 1. 'to rule', 'chief', 'ruler', ḥq;
2. Hq scepter;
3. the pharaoh was called the Ruler of On, (Ruler of Heliopolis)
ḥqt
frog
Goddess Heket
I7
ḥqt
(bḫn' and qrr)
frog Determinative, frog; (See also (frog)-Goddess Heket, her 'emblem'); noun words for 'frog': 'bḫn, qrr
ḥtp
hotep
offering-tablet
R4
ḥtp hotep
offering-tablet
(see Hotep-offering-tablet)
ḥ(dj)
mace
T3
ḥ(dj) mace, (stone macehead, wooden handle) Ideogram, and phonogram for mace, ḥ(dj)
ḥ(dj)
white crown
S1
ḥ(dj) white crown see Hedjet; (see also Red crown & Pschent))
Pschent Crown
Double Crown
S5
 
S6
-- Pschent Crown
Double Crown
for the Pharaoh, King of the Two Lands, (i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt)

Kh1[edit]

Aa1 (sieve or placenta?)

List: kh to kht.(-stick, branch)

The Biliterals/Triliterals: ḫ3, ẖ3, (kh)', (kh)u, (kh)pr, ẖn, ẖn-(carcass w/out head)-(arms-rowing), (kh)nm, (kh)r, (kh)ru, (kh)t.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
kh
sieve
(placenta)
(kh)
Aa1
(kh)
(ḫ)
sieve
placenta
first uniliteral (kh)
sieve or placenta-(older first form)
(both (kh)1 and (kh)2, sieve and belly-with-tail are from the Old Kingdom)
ḫ3
(kh)a
lotus
(lotus stem
with leaf
and rhizome)
M12
1000
(kh)a-ḫ3
lotus
(lotus stem
with leaf
and rhizome)
Ideogram for (kh)a-(ḫ3), a part of the "lotus"; phonetically used for ḫ3; in Egyptian mathematics, 1000: (see also ksi, to bow, to bend, to do homage, etc., for ḫ3-3-b)
ẖ3
(kh)a
fish (mako-shark)
M. kannume
(Oxyrhynchus)
K4
(kh)a-ḫ3 fish-(leaping)
mako-shark
1. Phonetic value (kh)a-((kh)3), from name, ideogram (kh)it-(ḫit); 2. Bil. for (kh)a
(kh)'
ḫ'
sun-rising-
-with-rays
N28
 
N28
D36
(kh)'
ḫ'
sun-rising-
-with-rays
Bil. (kh)' , ḫ'; sun-rising (hieroglyph)
(kh)uy
arm-with-flail
D43
(kh)uy
ḫuy
arm-with-flail 1. Ideogram for (kh)uy, "to protect"
(kh)us-(kh)usi
man
-grinding-etc.
to build
A34
(kh)us-(kh)usi man
-grinding
-(in a mortar)
man grinding (etc.); to grind in a mortar, to build, to construct, etc.
(kh)b-(constructs)
Aa1 D58 (words)
S23
(kh)us-(kh)usi 1.-(kh)b-constructed
words
2.-"town"-Flail, + Shen ring-(in defeat)
ideas of: to diminish, subtract (in arithmetic), to cut down, 'defeat', etc.
khpr
"scarab"
L1
(kh)-p-r scarab
the Dung Beetle, (Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea)
See: Scarab (artifact)
See: God Khepri
(kh)prš
khepresh-helmet
S7
(kh)prš
(ḫprš)
khepresh-helmet khepresh-helmet
khpš
foreleg
of ox
(kh)pš
ḫpš
F23
F24
(kh)psh
khpš-(ḫpš)
("khepeš")
foreleg
of ox
1. (kh)p(sh), khepesh; 2. the reversed hieroglyph means, "strength", "power"
khn
arms-
rowing
D33
(kh)n
ẖn
arms-
rowing
Egyptian biliteral sign (kh)n, ẖn
khnm
(large)-jar
W9
(kh)nm
(ẖnm)
(large)-jar-
-with-handle
Egyp. tril. (kh)nm
khr
ẖr
(butcher's)-block
ẖr
T28
 
T28
D21
khr
ẖr
(butcher's)-block 1. Bil. (kh)r;
2. Ideas of items below, (butchered, segmented, then 'owned'); and major use of 'below', or 'under', as a prepositional use
khru
oar
ḫru
P8
P9
1-(kh)ru-(ḫrw)
2-wsr
oar
(a spoon-
(shape))
1. Determinative for usr-(wsr), "oar";
2. Tril. phonogram, (kh)ru-(ḫrw)
kht
stair-single
O40
-- stair-single
(hieroglyph)
a determinative
kht
branch-(stick)
M3
(kh)t
ḫt
branch
(hieroglyph)
(=stick)
1. Bil. (kh)t; 2. Ideo. or det. for wood, tree; 3. linear measure, (=100 cubits)
khty
stack-(of grain)
heap
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
M35
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
stack
(of grain)
Determinative in 1. 'ḥ'-'ḥ'u, for "stack-(of grain)"; (or other determiners for: food, provisions, stores, heaps of grain, wealth, riches, abundance);
2. and (kh)ty, 'heap of grain', where (kh)tyt, is "barn floor", or "place where grain is stored for sale"

Kh2[edit]

F32 (animal belly teats tail)

(All listed under Kh1)

S[edit]

S29 (vertical folded cloth)
 
O34 (horizontal door bolt)

List s (folded cloth) to sd, (tail),

F33
The Biliterals/Triliterals: s3-(goose), s3-(hobble/ or lifesaver), s3-('cage'), si3, su, sb3-[du3], sm3, sn, sn(dj), sḫm, sq, st.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
s
folded
cloth
(the hieroglyph)
S29
S30
s
(vertical)
folded
cloth
(hieroglyph)
1. Unil. s, the vertical;
2. Major construct in "S-xxx" verb amplification, stressing, (beginning of core word);
3. (see door bolt,
O34
, the S, horizontal)
folded
cloth
(seat-back)
(cushion)
S29
-- seat
backing
iconography in reliefs, (see WikiCommons, [2]);
(a folded-cloth is also shown in statue fists),
D49
s
door bolt
O34
s door bolt (s hieroglyph)
s
door bolt
O34
s
(horizontal)
door bolt
(hieroglyph)
Unil. s, (the horizontal s); the vertical s is Gardiner no. S29, a folded cloth,
S29
s3, s3-t
"son/daughter-of"
goose(or duck)
G38
s3, s3-t
--
(bil.)
goose 1. "son of", "daughter of", sa, sa-t; 2. goose
s3
fetter
hobble
V16
s3 cattle
hobble
--
(bil.)
bil. s3; equivalent of Gardiner no. V17, also s3,
V17

(see also: tethering rope)
s3
lifesaver
V17
 
V18
s3
--
(bil.)
lifesaver bil. s3; equivalent of Gardiner no. V16, also s3,
V16

(see also: tethering rope)
s3
"cover"
"box"
Aa18
 
Aa17
s3
--
(bil.)
'box'-"cage"
'cover'
w/door-opening rope
"s3"
su
rush
M23
su
--
(bil.)
rush
w/ 2-sets-of-leaves
Egyptian biliteral sign su
1–cane
2–reed-(=Rush)
3–(swt)-Rush
4–flowering-
rush-(sedge)
M22
M17
 
M17 M17
M23
M26
-- -- --
suḥt
egg
H8
swḥt
suḥt
egg
(hieroglyph)
det. for feminine in goddess names, wives, etc.; det. in swḥt, 'egg'
sb3
star
sb3
du3
N14
sb3
dw3
--
(tril.)-sb3
--
(tril.)-du3
star Ideogram or det. for sba-(sb3), "star"; phonetic for dua-(dw3)(dua); (see Duat)
Sbk
Sobek
I4
I5A (archaic fetish)
sbk (crocodile)
Sobek
on shrine
(=fetish)
Ideogram of det. for sbk, (Sobek); (see also Crocodile)
sp
"time"
O48
sp time time; see also "threshing floor", Gardiner no. O50,
O50
sp
(from spt)
threshing-
floor
O50
sp
(from spt)
threshing-
floor
Biliteral sp; (equal to Egyptian: "time"); see also "time", Gardiner no. O48,
O48
sp3t
land (irrigated)
land (district)-(sectioned)
N24
sp3t land (irrigated)
land (district)-(sectioned)
sp3t
s-p(kh)ar
to write
to engrave
F50
sp(kh)r "to turn around"
agriculture field dikeworks,
with ligature
to write, to engrave
spti
the two lips
D25
F51
spti the two lips the two lips
spd
1-readiness, "sharp"
2-thorn
M44
 
S29 Q3
D46
M44 (ready constructs)
spd
srt
1-"readiness"
2-thorn
Determinative for spd, "readiness", sharp, pointed, etc.; det. for srt, "thorn"
spdit
Star-Sirius
(Dog-Star)
S29 M44 Q3
D46
X1
N14
(multiple spellings)
M44 X1
N14
I12
spdit Star-Sirius
(Dog-Star)
A. Sirius, Sothic cycle, Sothis;
B. 'Readiness', beginning of the year: planting, the Season of the Inundation, (w/ rising of the Dog Star)
sm3
unite, union
F36
sm3
--
(tril.)
 ? union, to unite
sm3
union
F36
sma
(sm3)
--
(tril.)
lung-and-
trachea
union
Egyptian "lung", sma-(sm3); used for union, (as in the "Two Lands", "Upper and Lower Egypt)-(Lower Egypt=the Nile Delta); Ideogram or det. for "unite", "join"
sn
arrow
head
T22
T23
sn arrowhead
(shape)
Bil. sn; Ideo. for "arrow"
used for:
brother, husband
sister, wife
"smell"
touch, grasp
2, "second", 'the same'-(twin), two, both, etc.
sn(tj)
trussed
goose
(or duck)
u(sh)n
sn(tj)
G54
u(sh)n
(phon.-sn(tj))
trussed
goose
(or duck)
1. Determinative for u(sh)n, (wšn), Egyptian: "twist the neck (of a bird)";
2. Phonetically sn(tj), (snṯ)
3. (see Trussed-goose Palette)
s(kh)m
sekhem
scepter
S42
sḫm Sekhem
scepter
Sekhem scepter; "power" is s(kh)m, (sḫm)
arm-with-sekhem-
-sceptre
D44
-- arm-with-sekhem-
-sceptre
s(kh)t
trap
(=bird-trap)
s(kh)t-sḫt
T27
T26
s(kh)t
(sḫt)
trap
(device)
1. trap, bird-trap, (the device); 2. Ideogram or det. in s(kh)t-(sḫt), Egyptian "trap" and related words
sš-s(sh)
(alabaster)
basin
Festival
W3

sš-s(sh)
'(sesh)'
alabaster
basin
festival
(Equivalent to Gardiner W4, Jubilee Pavilion (hieroglyph))
det. in , 'alabaster', or "precious stone"; det. in hb
sš, sššt
sistrum
(or "castanets")
Y8
sš, sššt
(also s(kh)m)
sistrum A. Ideo. for "sistrum", sššt, (or s(kh)m(=sistrum)); det. in sššt;
B. s(kh)m is Egyptian for 'power', (confer with Sekhem scepter-(list skhm) and Medamud-(article))
sšn
lotus flower
M9
sšn
(also snšn)
lotus flower A. Ideogram or det. in sšn, lotus flower;
B. Greek language 'souson';
C. also det. for snšn, for lily, lotus.
sq
u3ḥ
(fiber)
swab
straw-broom
V29
sq, (or)
u3ḥ

bil.-tril.
--
(bil.-sq
(tril.)-u3ḥ)
(fiber)
swab
(straw broom)
1. Biliteral sq; "to clean", "dust";
2. Triliteral uah, (w3ḥ)
st
seat
throne
Q1
st
(also is-t)-(constructs)
(is-t=st)
seat
throne
Ideogram for st, seat, throne, place; and phonogram st; see is-t, for major use of Place of XXXX, etc.
St
God Set (Seth)
E20
E21
C6
 
C7
St God Set (Seth) (see Seth animal)
Set-
animal
(='Seth')
E20
E21
-- Set-animal
(hieroglyph)
Set (mythology)
Set-God
C7
-- Set-God Set (mythology)
st
sta
to bring
to conduct
U30
V2
st & sta "bring along", (a group?)
sta
1-receptacle
2-furnace
U30
sta "receptacle", (furnace)
(st), sti
to shoot
hide-with-arrow
F29
st, sti
--
(bil.)-st
hide of animal
with arrow
A. to shoot, (arrows, harpoons, etc.);
B. for 'to shoot', sti,
F29 X1 A24
, to shoot, throw, stimulate, pour, radiate, launch (a flood, the Nile), etc.;
C. see Satet, Goddess of the Nile Inundation
stiut-stut
"piercing rays"
F29 N5
stut-stiut piercing rays piercing rays
see ubn, (sun-with-rays)
stp
adze-
on-block
U21
stp adze-
on-block
triliteral, stp, for "chosen";
often used in Pharaonic cartouche names as: "Chosen of God XXXX", (example: Beloved of Maat, Chosen of Maat)
Sṯ
Sd
Festival of the Tail
W4
'Sṯ festival chamber, (the tail is also vertical 'Great': '3) Sed festival
s(dj)m
to listen
ear
D18
s(dj)m
"stchm"
ear to listen
s(dj)r
bier
with body
A55
s(dj)r
"stchr"
bier
with body
to lie down
sd
tail
F33
sd tail 1. Determinative for sd, "tail"; then phon., sd;
2. (See: "Festival of the Tail", the Sed festival)
  • (shade)-fan, see shade-fans, (1 and 2)
  • festival, see "alabaster basin"
  • (fiber) swab, straw broom; see: (fiber) swab
  • "two flails with shen ring", see two whips with shen rings, (see whip)
  • flower, see also lotus
  • scalpel, see chisel-or-scalpel
  • scribe writing tools, see (scribe)-writing tools
  • 'ship', see the boats
  • slaughter, see fall, defeat, slaughter
  • snake, see serpent
  • soldier, see archer
  • 'sphinx' , see lion-reclining (hieroglyph)
  • "spoon"-(shape), see oar
  • stick, see branch
  • straw broom, see (fiber) swab

Š, Sh[edit]

N37 (pool lake basin)
 
N38 (pool lake basin) N37 N37A ((unlisted 2 dash lines) pool lake basin)

List š to šd

The Biliterals/Triliterals: š3, šw, šps, šms, šn, šs, šd.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
š
pool
lake
(or)
basin
N37
 
N38
 
N39
(sh)
š
pool-
lake-basin
(hieroglyph)
uniliteral (sh)-š, a pool
pool
with legs
N40
-- pool
with legs
pool with walking legs
š3-(sh)a
plants,
(flooded)-field
(flooded)-country
flower
M8
š3-(sh)a plants, in
water-(flooded)-land
1. Ideogram & Phoneme for š3-(sh)a, "flooded country"; 2. Ideogram for a(kh)t, Season of the Inundation
š'
knife
wound
butcher's-knife
T30 (knife)
 
F37 (wound)
 
F37 (diagonal wound unlisted)
 
F43 (rib slaughter carnage)
(sh)'
š'
knife
(diagonal)-wound
š't
slaughter
carnage
(ribs-cuts)
F37 (diagonal wound unlisted)
 
F43 (rib slaughter carnage)
(sh)'t
š't
(ribs-cuts) wounds, slaughter, carnage
(Goddess)
Maat
C10
 
H6 (shu feather of maat)
-- (Goddess)
Maat
Goddess Maat
(Sh)u-Šu
(Maat's)
Shu
feather
H6
H6A
(Sh)u-Šu (Maat's)
Shu
feather
Goddess Shu; Maat's Shu feather
(sh)uty-šuty
'shuti'
adornment
(two-feathers)
S9
(sh)uty-šuty shuti
two-feather
adornment
(hieroglyph)
two feathers, shuti two-feather adornment
šm-šm'u
flowering
rush
M26 (m26)
(sh)m'u
šm'w
flowering
rush
flowering rush; also Gardiner nos. M25, M27, M28,
M25
 
M27
 
M28
(sh)ms
follower-sign
T18
(sh)ms follower sign follower sign
šn
(sh)n
shnu
Shen
ring
V9
"shen"
šn
shen
ring
Determinative in (sh)nw-(šnu), the cartouche
šn
(sh)n
cartouche
V10
šn-(shen)
rn
cartouche
(hieroglyph)
special uses, (often with inserted name)
šn-(shen), "circle", "encircle", or a 'ring'; later timeperiod usage for "name", rn
šn
rope
V7
(sh)n
šn
--
(bil.)
rope-(shape) Egyptian biliteral sign šn
šs
rope-(ends-up)
V6
(sh)s
šs
--
(bil.)
rope-(shape) Egyptian biliteral sign šs
šnwt
(sh)nut
granary
O51
(sh)nut
šnwt
granary Ideo. or det., šnwt-(sh)nut, "granary"
šs
rope-(ends-up)
V6
(sh)s
šs
--
(bil.)
rope-(shape) Egyptian biliteral sign šs
šsp
(sh)sp
fence
O42
 
O43
(sh)sp
šsp
fence tril. (sh)sp-šsp-(shesep)
št, štiu
(sh)t
turtle
I2
(sh)t
št
turtle turtle
šd
(sh)d
water
skin
F30
(sh)dw-(šdu)
(sh)d-(šd)
water-
skin
"belly"
1. Determinative for (sh)dw-(šdu), "belly"; phon. for (sh)d-(šd);
2. (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: whip)
whip
V22
V23
mḥ whip Bil. mh, (mḥ); (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: water-skin)

Q/K2[edit]

X7

List q to qṯ

The Biliterals/Triliterals: qd.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
q3, q3i
man-arms-uplifted
A28
q3, q3i man-arms-uplifted to be high, to exalt
q3, q33, q3i
i3r
double stairway
O41
 
O40 (or half stair)
q3, q33, q3i double stairway 1. Determinative for q3-(constructs): high ground, hill, high place;
2. same for i3r, to climb
qrsu
sarcophagus
Q6
qrsu sarcophagus Ideogram or det. for qrsw, sarcophagus
qṯ
man
-constructing
A35
qd man
-constructing
man constructing: a "Mason"; Ideogram or det. for qd, "to construct"; (see Wall, (Collapsing)-Wall)

K[edit]

V31 (wicker basket with handle)

List k to ksi

The Biliterals/Triliterals: k3, km.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
k
basket-
with-handle
V31
k
(unil.)
basket-
with-handle
(hieroglyph)
Unil. k
k3
two-arms-
(upraised)
D28
k3
--
(bil.)
two-arms-
(upraised)
Bil. k3, ka
k3-t
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
3tp, 3dp
fa, fai
& k3t
A9
1a.-3tp, 3dp
(Coptic-otp)
1b.-fa, fai
2.-k3t
man-seated-with-
basket-on-head
1a. for 3tp, 3dp, to load, to be laden, master of the load; equals Coptic language, otp; (minor use for 'tp, 'dp);
1b. for fa, fai, to carry, to bear; additional constructs for carrier, bearer, supporter, (and types thereof); for fa-dni, the "bearer-of-the-
-basket", see: Greek-Kanephoros;
2. for ka-t, kau-ti, work, labour, toil; workmen, labourers, artisans, craftsmen, etc.
k3
bull
E1
E2
k3 bull bull
ks, ksi
man-bending-over
(=man-bowing, etc.)
A16
ks
(and ks, ksi)
man-bending-over
(=man-bowing)
A. Determinative for ks, ksi, & ks, to bow, to do homage, to submit;
B. same for ḫ3b, (and thematic words of ḫ3-3-b, star & luminary, hippopotamus, lamp & light, etc.)

G[edit]

W11
 
W12 (jar stand base)


G, (also a 'Throne')

List g to gḥs

The Biliterals/Triliterals: gm, gs.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
gm
Ibis-(feeding)
G28
gm
--
(bil.)
Ibis (feeding) to find, or to discover
gn-t
(bone-flag)-
(memorial?)
T19
 
T20
T19 T19 T19
gn-t (memorial-monument
-"ancestral bones")
memorial, record, archive, memorandum; in plural: annals
grḥ
night
darkness
N3
grḥ Sky and ?
(Sky and
setting stars)
night, darkness
gr
grg
pick
opening earth
U17
 
U18
grg
gr
Pick, opening earth to have, hold, possess; (used in building new town-locations)
gḥs
gazelle
(type of)
E28
gḥs gazelle gazelle
(Gḥs-t, a Gazelle-Goddess)

T[edit]

X1 (feminine (semi circle))
U33 (pestle?)

List t to tk3

The Biliterals/Triliterals: t3, t3, ti, tyu, tp, tp, tm.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
t3
land
'country'
"strip of
land"
N16
(or)
N17
ta
(t3)
(strip of)
land
'country'
Biliteral t3-(ta), "land", "country", etc.;
(for t3, see also Kiln, t3)
t3ui
"the two
lands"
N17
N17
(or)
N16
N16
taui
(t3wi)
"the two
lands"
=Egypt, (i.e. the Two Lands, (south and north), Upper and Lower Egypt)
t3
kiln
U30
t3 kiln
(hieroglyph)
Bil. t3; Ideogram for "potter's kiln";
(for t3, see also Land, t3)
ti
'pestle'-(curved top)
U33
ti 'pestle'-(curved top) Bil. ti
tyu
hawk
B. ferox
G4
tyu hawk
B. ferox
Tril. tyu
tut
form, image,
likeness
(double)
A53
tut (vertical)
mummy
form, likeness, image, (double)
Tutankhamun: Form-Living-(of)-Amun
tp
archaic-
-dagger
T8
tp dagger
(archaic)
vertical
"top", or "first";
"first", "foremost";
Ideogram in tp, tpy; det. in mtpnt
tp
head
D1
tp head 1. Ideogram for tp, "head"; other uses related to actions of the head; (example "the tp of the rebels", 'the "chief" of the rebels');2. also for tp, see archaic dagger;3. (Narmer Palette shows 10 enemy heads-(decapitated))
tm
sled
(sledge)
U15
U16
tm sled
(sledge)
Bil. tm
tn
cartouche-(divided)
V11
tn
(tny, tnu<br)dnit-t)
cartouche-(divided) ideas of to divide, to exclude, words related to Egyptian language tn, etc.
t(kh)n
obelisk
O25
tḫn obelisk Ideogram or det. for t(kh)n, obelisk
tk3
lamp-(1)tk3 & (tq)
fire-flame-(2)
Q7 (brazier)
 
X1
D28
Q7 (many spellings)
tk3 (& tq)
(see: Fire-Flame)
a 'brazier' 1. lamp; Coptic language, tk.
2. (see Fire-Flame)
lamp-(1)
fire-flame-(2)
Q7 (brazier)
1.-Fire-Flame
2.-Lamp
3.-Brazier
a 'brazier' 1. lamp
2. (see Fire-Flame)-(in progress)
3. "Brazier"
4. Egyptian language, (kh)3bs, (for lamp, etc.-tied to (kh)3bs, for "star", "luminary"; for Flame: (kh)t, s(dj)t, & nsr; for Heat: rkḥ & t3.

Tj, Ch[edit]

V13 (tether)
 
V14
 
V15

Tj, (not an Egyptian bilteral)

List tj to tjt

The Biliterals/Triliterals: tja, tjs.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
tj3
duckling
nestling
G47
tj3
t_3
--
(bil.)
duckling
nestling
Bil. (tsh)3, t_3, for 'baby bird', duckling; Ideogram for 'young bird'
(The Egyptian vizier is the "tshat(y)")
tjs
(tsh)s
knot
S24
tjs
--
(bil.)
knot 1. knot; to tie in a knot, fetter;
2. Bil. (tsh)s, t_s
tjs'
uṯs
utjs
to lift up
tjs'
to raise oneself
U40
utjs
uṯs
a support-(to lift) 1. to lift up, support, etc.
2. see also: utjs
tjs-ut
Four Pillars
of Heaven
S15
 
O30 O30 O30 O30
Four Pillars of Heaven four props, the Four Pillars of Heaven; also as, s(kh)nut, four pillars of the sky; (sa)(kh)niu, additionally, 4 legs of a chair; s(kh)nut, 4 legs of a vessel & s(kh)nut IV, the 4 Pillars that Support the Sky
tjt
t_t"Knot
of Isis"
"Girdle
of Isis"
V39
tjt
t_t
tyet
 ?stylized ankh
(for Isis)(?)
Tyet, Knot of Isis, Girdle of Isis
tjt
t_t
take possession of
carry off
V15
tjt
t_t
Tethering rope w/ walking legs to take possession of, seize, carry off, conquer, acquire

D[edit]

D46 (hand)

List d to d(sh)r-t, dd

The Biliterals/Triliterals: dua-(sb3).
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
d
hand
D46
 
D47
 
D48
d hand
(hieroglyph)
Uniliteral d
di
arm-with-cone
vertical-bread=cone
offering
D37
di arm-with-cone
vertical-bread-cone
to give, or given
di
vertical cone
X8
di vertical cone to give, or given;
especially shown in Pharaonic reliefs
di
bread
-cone
(offering
loaf)
X8
di cone-
shaped
bread
Ideogram for di, rdi, give, given, to give; (an equivalent to arm offering conical "loaf"), Gardiner no. D37,
D37

In iconography and reliefs, used for pharaonic statements: "Given, Life, Power...Forever"-(the vertical form of 'to give')
arm-with-nu-pot
ḥnk
D39
ḥnk arm-offering-nu-pot Determinative in ḥnk, "to make an offering", also: gift, offering, etc. (see also: List of portraiture offerings with Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs)
du3
star
sb3
du3
N14
sb3
dw3

(tril.)-dw3
(tril.)-sb3
star Ideogram or det. for sba-(sb3), "star"; phonetic for dua-(dw3)(dua); (see Duat)
du3t
Otherworld
Duat
N15
dw3t star-in-circle Otherworld, the Duat
dbḥ
'grain measure'
U10
 
U9
dbḥ grain measure (with plural, for grain particles)
dbt-ḏbt
inr
block
N39
 
O39 (short (no lines))
1.-inr
2.-dbt-ḏbt
dby-t-plinth
block 1. block of stone, (or brick, etc.)
2. Ideogram or det. in inr for "stone", "block", etc.
3. Det. in types of building stones or types of minerals;
4A. Det. for dbt-(ḏbt), "brick"; 4B. dby-t-plinth, pedestal
dmd, dmdj
dnd, dndj
two whips
with shen ring
S23
dm(dj)
dmḏ
dmd-dm(dj)
or dnd-dn(dj)
two whips
with shen ring
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram and det. in dmdj-(dmḏ), for "to unite"
(a)-djnḥ
(b)-dnḥ
wing
H5
a.-djnḥ
b.-dnḥ
wing wing
dnḥdnḥ
to fly
D46
N35
V28 D46
N35
V28 D51
D40
 
Q3 G40 G1 M17 M17 H5
dnḥdnḥ to fly to fly

(other listings of 'to fly'; example with Duck-in-flight (hieroglyph), pa, pai)
dḥuti
or djḥuti
God Thoth
G26
 
C3
dḥuti
djḥuti
Ibis on iat standard (hieroglyph), Seated God, Ibis-headed, (anthropomorphic) God Thoth, the God of the scribes
d(sh)
& d(sh)r
"red"-(items)
D46
N37
d(sh) 'red', in Egyptian hieroglyphs for word constructs
d(sh)r-t
red crown
S3
n
(vertical)
red crown
d(sh)r-t
see Deshret; Red crown (hieroglyph)-(uniliteral n-(vertical)); (see also White crown)

Dj[edit]

I10 (cobra (at rest))

Dj, (not an Egyptian bilteral)

List dj to djd-(Djed Pillar)

The Biliterals/Triliterals: dja, dju, djr, djsr, djd.
Alphabetic
& Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
dj
cobra
-at-rest
I10
dj
tch
cobra
-at-rest
Uniliteral dj, (or tch)
cobra
I10 (at rest)
I12 (enraged)
-- cobra
(1. at-rest)
(2. enraged)
1. "at rest" is the unil. dj, (cobra); "enraged" is the Uraeus; 2. (See also: 1-Serpent, 2-Uraeus, 3-Viper, and 4-Apep)
viper
I9
f viper
(hieroglyph)
1. Uniliteral f;
2. possessive pronoun "his", (following the noun, "...Pharaoh-his...", "town-his")
dja
fire-drill
U28
 
U29
dja
ḏ3
--
(bil.)
fire drill
(hieroglyph)
1. bil. (dj)a-(ḏ3); Ideogram for "forest"
Emphatically used with words as djadja constructs;
2. (see AUS-(article), and "Scale-2"-(on list)-u(dj)')
dj'm
white-gold
S14A
dj'm
tch'm
gold collar ligatured with was sceptre white-gold
see gold (hieroglyph)
dju
mountain
N26
(dj)u
ḏw
--
(bil.)
mountain Bil. (dj)u-(ḏw), for "mountain"; ideogram and phoneme for "mountain"
djb
and dja
float(?)
T25
djb
(dja)
float? to supply, furnish with, equip, provide, & to decorate...(thus the "life preserver")[disambiguation needed]
see also: seal, (to seal, djb'i-t)
Seal-ring
djb'i-t
seal
(seal-
-cylinder)
(valuables)
S20
many
see under:
djb-to seal
djb'i-t
"seal" 1. (confer cylinder seal); 2. Ideogram or det. in (kh)tm-(ẖtm), s(dj)3t, (dj)b't, all words for "seal", or equivalent words
Seal-rings, (Impression seals, or Seals of Office)
seal
with necklace
S19
-- seal
with necklace
seal
with necklace
djfdj
pupil (eye)
D12
djfdj pupil (eye) 1. Determinative in djfdj, pupil. (other spellings, /entries)
(a)-djnḥ
(b)-dnḥ
wing
H5
a.-djnḥ
b.-dnḥ
wing wing
djr
Bundle
of Flax
M36
1-(dj)r
many word
constructs
2-dma
--
(bil.)-djr
bundle of flax 1. Bil. & phoneme for djr;
2. Determinative for dm3, to tie together, to bind, to gather together, to collect
Basket
of Fruit
M39
1-[(dj)r]
2-dma-(to-gather)
--
(bil.)
djr-(equivalent)
Basket
of Fruit
1. see "Bundle of Flax";
2. interchangeable with 'Bundle of Flax', bil. (dj)r;
3A. Determinative; 3B. for the Decree of Canopus, used once, line 18, for Egyptian language rd, (to grow, to flourish, to spring up, to spread out)
D21
D46
Z3 M2
as a replacement for the "Garland"-(3-Plants-Bundle), "...., and the great processional festival of the Goddess Bast, because the time for the in-gathering of all the crops, and the inundation of the Nile (River) taketh place therein. ...."[4]
djḥuti
or dḥuti
God Thoth
G26
C3
djḥuti Ibis on iat standard (hieroglyph), Seated God, Ibis-headed, (anthropomorphic) God Thoth, the God of the scribes
djsr
arm
w/ sceptre
D45
djsr
tchsr
--
(tril.)
arm
w/ sceptre
to be holy, to segregate
See Djsr (arm with powerstick)
djd
tchd
to speak
I10
D46
djd
tchd
(cobra + hand) to speak
djd
tchd
Djed
Pillar
R11
djd
tchd
--
(bil.)
Djed pillar Djed Pillar

Eyptian biliteral signs[edit]

The Egyptian biliteral signs:

Biliteral signs
Aw

3w
Ab

3b / mr
Ax

3ḫ
E9

iw
D54

ib

ib
Z11
nw

in / nw
A27

in
in

in
ir

ir
A48
M40

is
V15
aA

'3
F16

ꜥb
aq

'q
aD

'ḏ
wA

w3
wa

w'
wp

wp
wn

wn
wr

wr
wD

wḏ
bA

b3
bH

bẖ
pA

p3
pr

pr
pH

pḥ
T9

pḏ / pd
T10

pḏ / pd
mA

m3
mi

mi
mw

mw
mn

mn
N36

mr
mr

mr
Ab

mr / 3b
mH

mḥ
ms

ms
mt

mt
G14

mt / mwt
md

md
nw

nw / in
nb

nb
nm

nm
M22 M22

nn
nH

nḥ
ns

ns
nD

nḏ
rw

rw
rs

rs
HA

ḥ3
Hw

ḥw
Hp

ḥp
N41

ḥm
Hm

ḥm
Hn

ḥn
Hr

ḥr
W14

ḥs
HD

ḥḏ
xA

ḫꜣ
xa

ḫʾ
D43

ḫw
xt

ḫt
XA

ẖ3
Xn

ẖn
D33

ẖn
Xr

ẖr
G39

s3
V16

s3
V17

s3
sA

s3
Aa18

s3
sw

sw
O50

sp
sn

sn
sk

sk
F29

st / sṯ
SA

š3
Sw

šw
Sm

šm
Sn

šn
V6

šs
Sd

šd
qs

qs
qd

qd
kA

k3
km

km
gm

gm
gs

gs
U30

t3
tA

t3
ti

ti
tp

tp
T8

tp
tm

tm
TA

ṯ3
D37

mı͗
di

di
DA

ḏ3
Dw

ḏw
Dr

ḏr
Dd

ḏd

Egyptian hieroglyph articles (alphabet highlighted)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Sun with Rays, p. 152.
  2. ^ Parpola, 1996. Epic of Gilgamesh, Glossary, p. 122.
  3. ^ Budge, 1989, (1929). The Rosetta Stone, p. 126.
  4. ^ Budge, 1989, (1929), The Rosetta Stone, p. 288-289.