List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: A–L

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A List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: A–L.

Uses Pyramid hieroglyph.

Common names: A-L[edit]

A[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
3
(=A)
vulture
(Egyptian)
G1
3 (Egyptian)
vulture
(hieroglyph)
Unil. a, or A,-(3)
adze
U19
U20
-- adze adze
adze-
on-block
U21
stp adze-
on-block
triliteral, stp, for "chosen";
often used in Pharaonic cartouche names as: "Chosen of God XXXX", (example: Beloved of Maat, Chosen of Maat)
(alabaster)
basin
Festival
sš-s(sh)
W3

sš-s(sh)
'(sesh)'
alabaster
basin
festival
(Equivalent to Gardiner W4, Jubilee Pavilion (hieroglyph))
det. in , 'alabaster', or "precious stone"; det. in hb
See Festival, Basin
Apep
Apophis
I15
-- snake
(multiple tall ripples)
Apep; (WikiCommons: [1])
archaic-
-dagger
T8
tp dagger
(archaic)
vertical
"top", or "first";
"first", "foremost";
Ideogram in tp, tpy; det. in mtpnt
archer
(soldier)
A12
-- archer
(soldier)
archer, (soldier)
archer's
equipment
(=quiver)
T13
rs archer's
equipment
(=quiver)
phonogram, rs
arm
D36
'
(vowel)
(unil.)
arm 1. Alphabetic, unil. vowel, '
2. Ideogram for "arm", ( ' )
arm-with-cone
vertical-bread=cone
offering
di
D37
di arm-with-cone
vertical-bread-cone
to give, or given
arm-with-flail
(kh)uy
D43
(kh)uy
ḫuy
arm-with-flail 1. Ideogram for (kh)uy, "to protect"
arm-with-nu-pot
ḥnk
D39
ḥnk arm-offering-nu-pot Determinative in ḥnk, "to make an offering", also: gift, offering, etc. (see: List of portraiture offerings with Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs; see also: Pot))
arm-with-djsr-
-sceptre
(dj)sr
D45
djsr
tchsr
--
(tril.)
arm
w/ sceptre
to be holy, to segregate
See Djsr (arm with powerstick)
arm-with-sekhem-
-sceptre
D44
-- arm-with-sekhem-
-sceptre
arms-in-
negation
D35
nn
negative words n
arms-in-
"denial"
1. Ideogram in negative words, n;
2. nn, and other complex uses[1]
arms-
rowing
khn
D33
(kh)n
ẖn
arms-
rowing
Egyptian biliteral sign (kh)n, ẖn
arms-
with-shield-
and-mace
(or axe)
'ḥ3
D34
D34A
'ḥ3 arms-
with-shield-
and-mace
(or axe)
Ideogram for 'ha-('ḥ3), "combat"; (fight, contest, struggle)-(noun or verb)
arrow
T11
'ha-('ḥ3)
sun-(swn)
arrow 1. Determinative in two names for "arrow", (sh)sr-(šsr), 'ha-('ḥ3);
2. also phonetically sun-(swn)
arrow
head
T22
T23
sn arrowhead
(shape)
Bil. sn; Ideo. for "arrow"
used for:
brother, husband
sister, wife
"smell"
touch, grasp
2, "second", 'the same'-(twin), etc.
Atef-
Crown
S8
atf
(3tf)
Atef
crown
(hieroglyph)
Ideo. or det. for the crown 3tf-(atef)
axe
T7
T7A
mibt, minb
m(dj)hu-(mḏḥw)
axe Determinative for mibt, and minb, "axe";
Ideogram for m(dj)hu-(mḏḥw), "carpenter"
  • ankh, see life
  • axe, see pennant, flag, axe

B[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
baker's
tool
Egyptian-M.png (vertical) m
(second)
(vertical)
baker's
tool
(hieroglyph)
1. Uniliteral m, a second vertical, a later Period equivalent to the vertical m owl, Gardiner no. G17,
G17
; (see horizontal m: plinth) 2. Ideo. and det. for rhty, "baker of bread"; also for hnr, for "close-in", "imprisoned", etc.
(alabaster)
basin
Festival
sš-s(sh)
W3

sš-s(sh)
'(sesh)'
alabaster
basin
festival
(Equivalent to Gardiner W4, Jubilee Pavilion (hieroglyph))
det. in , 'alabaster', or "precious stone"; det. in hb
basket
(wicker)
V30
nb basket
(hieroglyph)
Egyptian for "everything", every; major use: "Lord", (or feminine, Lady);
Bil. nb
Ideogram for basket: master, lord
basket-
with-handle
k
V31
k
(unil.)
basket-
with-handle
(hieroglyph)
Unil. k
bee
L2
bity bee abbreviation for bity, the "king"-"pharaoh"
(kh)
(animal)
belly-teats-tail
F32
(ẖ) animal belly and tail second uniliteral (kh)
belly with teats and tail
bennu-
bird
(Phoenix)
G31
G32
bnw
(bnu)
Bennu
bird
1. the stork-like Bennu;
2. Determinative for bnw, the "Phoenix-bird"
bier
with body
s(dj)r
A55
s(dj)r
"stchr"
bier
with body
to lie down
block
N39
 
O39 (short (lines absent))
1.-inr
2.-(dj)bt-ḏbt
block 1. block of stone, (or brick, etc.)
2. Ideogram or det. in inr for "stone", "block", etc.
3. Det. in types of building stones or types of minerals;
4. Det. for (dj)bt-(ḏbt), "brick"
(butcher's)-block
(kh)r
ẖr
T28
 
T28
D21
khr
ẖr
(butcher's)-block 1. Bil. (kh)r;
2. Ideas of items below, (butchered, segmented, then 'owned'); and major use of 'below', or 'under', as a prepositional use
boat
P1
-- boat boat
boat-
capsized
(overturned)
P1A
-- boat-
overturned
1. boat-capsized, (overturned); 2. Ideogram or det. for "capsize", "overturn"
boat-
with-load
'fishing-boat'
P4
P4A (load of nets)
uh'
wḥ'
boat-
with-load
'fishing-boat'
1. uh' -(wḥ'), for "fisher"; Ideogram; also for "a laden boat"
isu
iw, iw'
swt
bone w/meat
F44
isu
iw', iw
swt
bone w/meat 1. Phoneme, isu-"Reward". 2. Determinative for thigh bone, iw' -"Heir", Inheritance, Ancestry, (phonetic iw). Also, tibia, swt.
bow
T10
-- bow 1. bow;
2. See Nine bows
bowstring
T12
ru(dj)
rwḏ
bowstring
(hieroglyph)
for bow
1. Tril. ru(dj)-(rwḏ); Ideo. for "bowstring";
2. items that are hard, durable, strong, rooted, thus growth, growing;
3. (see Pharaoh Rudjamun)
"box"
"cover"
s3
Aa18
 
Aa17
s3 'box'-"cage"
'cover'
w/door-opening rope
"s3"
branch
M3
(kh)t
ḫt
branch
(hieroglyph)
(=stick)
1. Bil. (kh)t; 2. Ideo. or det. for wood, tree; 3. linear measure, (=100 cubits)
bread
-cone
(offering
loaf)
di
X8
di cone-
shaped
bread
Ideogram for di, rdi, give, given, to give; (an equivalent to arm offering conical "loaf"), Gardiner no. D37,
D37

In iconography and reliefs, used for pharaonic statements: "Given, Life, Power...Forever"-(the vertical form of 'to give')
arm-with-cone
vertical-bread=cone
offering
di
D37
di arm-with-cone
vertical-bread-cone
to give, or given
(bread)-loaf
with-decoration
(p3)
p3t, p3u-t
X6
 
G40 X1
X6
 
G40 G1 Z7
X4
 
Q3 G40 G1 G43 X1
X6
p3t
(phoneme p3)
loaf-with-decoration 1. Determinative for the 'decorated bread loaf', p3t; phoneme for p3; meanings of: stuff, matter, substance; for 'bread': dough, cake, bread, offering, food, product;
2. for the "primordial god(s)": "Pauti",
G40 X6
X6
(or) X6
X1 Z4
R8 R8 R8 R8 R8 R8

(many spelling versions)
A.-breast
B.-bosom
D27
D27A
mn(dj) breast Ideogram or det. for mn(dj), mn(dj)-ti, mnd-t, breast, bosom, teats of a cow, et.; also connected words, to suck, snq
(straw)
broom
(fiber)-swab
V29
sq
w3h-(uaḥ)
(fiber)
swab
(straw broom)
1. Biliteral sq; "to clean", "dust";
2. Triliteral w3h, (uaḥ)
bull
E1
E2
k3 bull bull
(bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
ḥn
V36
V36w
ḥn (bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
Phonogram ḥn; products–natural or artificial, things, property, goods, possessions, tools, fabrics
Bundle
of Flax
djr
M36
1-(dj)r
many word
constructs
2-dma
bundle of flax 1. Bil. & phoneme for djr;
2. Determinative for dm3, to tie together, to bind, to gather together, to collect
Basket
of Fruit
M39
1-[(dj)r]
2-dma-(to-gather)
Basket
of Fruit
1. see "Bundle of Flax";
2. interchangeable with 'Bundle of Flax', bil. (dj)r;
3A. Determinative; 3B. for the Decree of Canopus, used once, line 18, for Egyptian language rd, (to grow, to flourish, to spring up, to spread out)
D21
D46
Z3 M2
as a replacement for the "Garland"-(3-Plants-Bundle), "...., and the great processional festival of the Goddess Bast, because the time for the in-gathering of all the crops, and the inundation of the Nile (River) taketh place therein. ...."[2]
  • belly, see water skin
  • (bird)-trap, see trap
  • "black"-(Kemet), see crocodile skin
  • bone-with-meat, see Joint of meat (hieroglyph)
  • "born-of", see 3-fox-skins
  • (bovine)-hide, see (bovine) hide
  • bow-(Nubian), see Nubian bow
  • (butcher's) knife, see (butcher's) knife

C[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
canal
mr
N36
mr canal
(hieroglyph)
mr-(Beloved of XXXX); det. water; (see also for mr, Chisel)
cane
M22
n(kh)bt-nḫbt
phon.-nḫb
cane cane; n(kh)bt-(nḫbt); phoneme for nḫb
1–cane
2–reed-(=Rush)
3–(swt)-Rush
4–flowering-
rush-(sedge)
M22
M17
 
M17 M17
M23
M26
-- -- --
cartouche
šn
(sh)n
V10
šn-(shen)
rn
cartouche
(hieroglyph)
special uses, (often with inserted name)
šn-(shen), "circle", "encircle", or a 'ring'; later timeperiod usage for "name", rn
cartouche
(half)
V11
-- a divided
cartouche
words for "to divide", "to cut", "to separate", etc.
cat
E13
miu
miw
onomatopoeic
cat cat; onomatopoeic miu-(miw), ("Meeoowww"); (see Bastet)
chair
(chair for carrying)
Q2
-- carrying
chair
Ideogram for 3sir, the God Osiris
chariot
T17
wrrt chariot Ideogram or det. for wrrt, "chariot"
child
A17
A18
(kh)rd-(ẖrd)
nn, nni
child
(hieroglyph)
1. Determinative: 'child'; 2. abbr. for (kh)rd-(ẖrd), (child); 3. Bil., nn, also nni
chisel
U23
3b
mr
chisel
(hieroglyph)
(See: Narmer Palette)
bil., 3b, mr; (see also for mr, Canal)
chisel-(clapper-tool)

B1-clapper-(of-a-bell)
mn(kh)

B2-chisel-
-tool/instrument-
-'forked -staff'
mn(kh)-t(fem.)

A-mn(kh), mn(kh)-t
beneficence, reward, well-doing, etc
U22
 
Y5
N35
Aa1
U22
Aa29
 
Y5
N35
Aa1
X1
U22
mn(kh)-(mnḫ) clapper-(of-bell)
tool/instrument
forked-staff, etc.
1. Determinative for mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "cut", "give shape to";
2. Ideogram in mn(kh)-(mnḫ), for "to be excellent";
3. The grandfather of Ptolemy V of the Rosetta Stone is Ptolemy III Euergetes-(the Canopus Stone), the "Well-doer Gods"-(pharaohs).[3] Their name is a composition block of two 'God' hieroglyphs-(husband & wife), (no. R8),
R8 R8
, with a chisel at the base of each,
 
U22 R8
 
U22 R8
cobra
I10 (at rest)
I12 (enraged)
-- cobra
(1. at-rest)
(2. enraged)
1. "at rest" is the unil. dj, (cobra); "enraged" is the Uraeus; 2. (See also: 1-Serpent, 2-Uraeus, 3-Viper, and 4-Apep)
cobra
-at-rest
I10
(dj)-(unil.)
cobra
-at-rest
(hieroglyph)
Egyptian uniliteral sign dj--; (also Gardiner no. I11),
I11
cobra
enraged
I12
I13
-- cobra
enraged
(see Uraeus)
coffin
Q6
-- coffin Determinative, coffin, burial
u
coil
(shape)
Z7
w
u
coil
(hieroglyph)
(hieratic equivalent)
unil., equivalent of unil. w, the quail chick,
G43
; Both chick and coil are used for plural, the w, (or u);
(see also: Plural)
coil
of rope
V1
(=100) coil
of rope
Det. for "rope"; numerical for '100', (sh)(n)t, š(n)t
'3
Great
wooden-column
O29
O29V
'3 column?, club? 'Great'
(wooden)-column
(bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
ḥn
V36
V36WW (wider (unlisted))
ḥn (bundled)-"container"
-(w/-cord-tie)
Phonogram ḥn; products–natural or artificial, things, property, goods, possessions, tools, fabrics
"cover"
"box"
s3
Aa18
 
Aa17
s3 'box'-"cage"
'cover'
w/door-opening rope
"s3"
crocodile
I3
-- crocodile 1. Ideogram or det.
2. (see Sobek (in the list, M-Z))
crocodile
skin
I6 (i6)
I6A (unlisted)
km crocodile
skin
Black; see also Kemet; (see also Black); (see also Km (hieroglyph); (the unlisted form is untextured, with flame-like protubuerances on narrow end)
cross-n(dj)
Aa27
n(dj)
nḏ
cross-ndj
(hieroglyph)
Determinative or ideogram for n(dj)-(nḏ), "avenger", "protector", "advocate"; also "to converse", "to take counsel", "to discuss a matter"; often displayed in a phonetic complement with the 'nu-pot', Gardiner no. W24,
W24
, the complemented:
Aa27


W24

crossroads
intersection
town plan
O49
-- circle
with
"intersection"
Ideogram or det.
  • (capsized) boat, see boat-capsized
  • (folded)-cloth, see folded cloth
  • "cobra-enraged", see Uraeus
  • collar-or-necklace, see pectoral

D[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
dance
dancing
A32
(kh)bi
(ḫbi)
man
dancing
Ideogram or det. in (kh)bi-(ḫbi), "to dance"
date-(sweet(s))
bnri
M30
bnri date Ideogram or det. for bnr, sweet, date; for Egyptian language bnryt, sweetness, a favor, anything sweet, pleasant or nice; for bnry, the 'confectioner'.
(carob)
(sweet)-rhizome
(sweet)-pod
n(dj)m
M29
n(dj)m rhizome
seed-pod
1. Ideogram for types of tree n(dj)m, and "sweet", n(dj)m;
2. Egyptian triliteral sign for n(dj)m
decorate
adorn
Aa30
(kh)kr
(ẖkr)
ornament
(a decoration)
Ideogram or det. for (kh)krt-(ẖkrt), for "diadem", "ornament"; verbs of "to decorate, to adorn"
'diadem'
S10
(waḥw)
m(dj)h-(mḏḥ)
'diadem' (see (hair)-Ribbon)
district
nome
N24
-- nome
district
1. Ideogram or det. in sp3t, for "district, nomos"; 2. det. for province or district names; 3. det. for hsp-(ḥsp), for garden, vegetable garden, orchard, etc.; 3. (confer Nome (Egypt))
djed-reed-
column
R11
djd
ḏd
djed-reed-
column
"Djed Pillar"
1. Bil. for (dj)d--ḏd, the "Djed Pillar"
2. meaning, stable, enduring, "dominion"; the Pharaoh is sometimes shown in iconography with the Djed Pillar at 45 degrees, erecting the 'pillar of his kingdom'
door/
(gateway)
O31
'3 door
(often vertical)
1. Egyptian language, '3, equivalent to
O29
 
O29V
.
2. Determinative, 'open'
door bolt
O34
s
(horizontal)
door bolt
(hieroglyph)
Unil. s, (the horizontal s); the vertical s is Gardiner no. S29, a folded cloth,
S29
dual
Z4
Z1 Z1
dual
(=y)
dual 1. dual; 2. the number (2) is made from 2 vertical strokes, Gardiner Z1,
Z1 Z1
; 3. Equivalent usage by the 'irrigation canal', 'district', glyph, no. N23,
N23
; 4. the dual angled strokes are also equal to y, the Egyptian uniliteral vowel; 5. see Plural, and Stroke
duck-in-flight
p3
G40
p3 duck-in-flight Ideogram for p3, to fly; phoneme for p3
duckling
nestling
G47
tj3
t_3
duckling
nestling
Bil. (tsh)3, t_3, for 'baby bird', duckling; Ideogram for 'young bird', nestling
(The Egyptian vizier is the "tshat(y)")
  • dagger, see (archaic) dagger
  • defeat, slaughter, see fall
  • Double Crown, see Pschent
  • draughtsman, see pawn, draughtsman, token, game piece
  • dung beetle, see scarab

E[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
ear
s(dj)m
to listen
D18
s(dj)m
"stchm"
ear to listen
egg
suḥt
H8
swḥt
suḥt
egg
(hieroglyph)
det. for feminine in goddess names, wives, etc.; det. in swḥt, 'egg'
3b
elephant
E26
3bu
3b
dnhr-(Ptolemaic)
elephant 1. Determinative in 3bw, elephant; 3b 2. Ptolemaic Period, new use of dnhr.
Emblem
of-the-East
R15
-- Emblem
of-the-East
(hieroglyph)
Emblem of the East
Emblem-
of-the-West
imny, (unmy)
R14
(or)
R13
imny-("West")
unmy-("right")
Emblem
of-the-West
(hieroglyph)
Emblem of the West
Ideogram for imnt, west, (and similar); also for unmy, "right".
ḥs
excrement
feces
F52
ḥs excrement
feces
Determinative in hs-(ḥs), "excrement"
eye
ir
D4
ir
--
(bil.)
eye 1. Egyptian biliteral sign ir; ideogram for irt, eye; phoneme for ir; det. for words related to 'vision' and the eye. 2. Egyptian language meaning of 'to do', or 'to make', for example: to conduct a "festival"-(the Rosetta Stone)
Eye of
Horus
utchat
D10
utchat Eye of Horus Eye of Horus
eye-paint
D7
-- eye-paint
kohl
(see Kohl)
  • (Egyptian) vulture, see vulture
  • (elephant) tusk, see tusk

F[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
face
D2
hr
(ḥr)
face
(hieroglyph)
1. Bil. hr-(ḥr); 2. Ideogram for 'face';
3. A major preposition for "on, upon", etc.; additional preposition constructs
fall
(defeat)
(slaughter)
A15
(kh)r
(ḫr)
falling
man
1. fall, defeat, slaughter; 2. Ideo. or det., (kh)r-(ḫr), "to fall", and related words
fence
šsp
(sh)sp
O42
 
O43
(sh)sp
šsp
fence tril. (sh)sp-šsp-(shesep)
festival
(holiday)
W4
 
W3
 
O23
(heb-sed)
--
1—basin-with-canopy
2—basin
3—Jubilee Pavilion (hieroglyph)
(see "alabaster basin"), hb-(ḥb), (festival)
fetter
hobble
s3
V16
s3 cattle
hobble
bil. s3; equivalent of Gardiner no. V17, also s3,
V17

(see also: tethering rope)
Fetter +
Cobra
m(dj), m(dj)ut
V21
m(dj), m(dj)ut Fetter + Cobra deep place, deep, pit, cavern-extending, subterranean shrine, etc.
finger
D50
D51
(dj)b'
ḏb'
Number 10,000
finger Ideogram or det. for (dj)b' -(ḏb'), "finger"
fire-drill
U28
U29
dja
ḏ3
fire drill
(hieroglyph)
1. bil. (dj)a-(ḏ3); Ideogram for "forest"
Emphatically used with words as djadja constructs;
2. (see AUS-(article), and "Scale-2"-(on list))
fish
in
K1
int, in
--
(bil.)-in
fish
Tilapia nilotica
Egyptian biliteral sign in; det. for "Tilapia", int; phoneme for in; the common fish shape for reliefs & art; also for the fish palettes.
fish net
T24
'h, ih-('ḥ, iḥ)
(phon. 'ḥ)
fish net Determinative for 'h, ih-('ḥ, iḥ), "net"; phoneme 'ḥ
fish trap
V32
msnu-(msnw)
gau-(g3w)
fish trap Determinative for msnu-(msnw), "harpooner"; Ideogram or det. for gau-(g3w), for "bundles", and 'groups of vegetation tied together'
fist
D49
-- fist fist, (see Bull Palette)
god
seated
A40
nṯr seated
god-(or-Pharaoh)
1. God
2. n(tsh)r or n(ch)r, nṯr 3. Det.
("god")
flag
pennant
(axe)
R8
R9 (with uraeus)
nṯr pennant
or 'staff-flag'
with wrapped
handle
1. God
2. n(tsh)r or n(ch)r, nṯr 3. Det.
flail
S45
n(kh)a(kh)a flail
(whip)
(fan)
(fly-whisk)
1. see Crook and flail;
2. Ideogram or det. n(kh)3(kh)3-(nḫaḫa), for "flagellum", "whip"
float
T25
(tsh)b3
(ṯba)
float Ideogram in (tsh)ba-(ṯb3), "float" and related words
djb
and dja
float(?)
T25
djb
(dja)
float? to supply, furnish with, equip, provide, & to decorate...(thus the "life preserver")
see also: seal, (to seal, djb'i-t)
flower
M9
M42
-- flower flower; (see also Lotus)
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
ḥn
M2
ḥn-(from ḥni)
is-(from isw)
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
1. Determinative for various plants or flowers;
2. Two phonemes for "cane", and "canes", ḥn-(from ḥni), is-(from isw).
3. flower (garland), plant, branch, seed
4. Rosetta Stone, line R12, The people shall wear garlands on their heads, shall be made festal...
folded
cloth
(the hieroglyph)
S29
S30
s
(vertical)
folded
cloth
(hieroglyph)
1. Unil. s, the vertical;
2. Major construct in "S-xxx" verb amplification, stressing, (beginning of core word);
3. (see door bolt,
O34
, the S, horizontal)
folded
cloth
(seat-back)
S29
-- seat
backing
iconography in reliefs, (see WikiCommons, [2]);
(a folded-cloth is also shown in statue fists)
foot
D58
D59
b foot
(hieroglyph)
Alphabetic Unil. b;

(see Leg)
foreleg
of ox
(kh)pš
ḫpš
F23
F24
(kh)psh
khpš-(ḫpš)
("khepeš")
foreleg
of ox
1. (kh)p(sh), khepesh; 2. the reversed hieroglyph means, "strength", "power"
3-fox-
-skins
F31
ms 3-fox-
-skins
Bil. ms, "born", "born-of"; example, Pharaoh Ahmose, "Moon-Born"; Kamose, "Spirit-Born"
frog
ḥqt
I7
ḥqt
(bḫn' and qrr)
frog Determinative, frog; (See also (frog)-Goddess Heket, her 'emblem'); noun words for 'frog': 'bḫn, qrr
fruit
(harvest)
(in-basket)
M39
-- "basket-of
-fruit-
harvest"
a harvest basket of fruit; det. of plant-(harvest) offerings
fuller's-club
(washer's-club)
U36
ḥm
--
(bil.)
fuller's-club 1. Egyptian biliteral sign ḥm, for a fuller's club;
2. Ideogram for ḥmw, 'washer', and ḥm, slave, servant; phonogram ḥm.
3. Extensively used in the Rosetta Stone in a composition block for His Majesty,
U36 A41
I9
  • (shade)-fan, see shade-fans, (1 and 2)
  • feces, see excrement
  • festival, see "alabaster basin"
  • (fiber) swab, straw broom; see: (fiber) swab
  • 'fishing'-boat, see boat-with-load
  • "two flails with shen ring", see two whips with shen rings, (see whip)
  • flower, see also lotus

G[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
gaming board
Y5
mn gaming
board
(with pawns)
(side view)
bil. mn;
strong, stable, enduring-(permanent, monument)
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
ḥn
M2
ḥn-(from ḥni)
is-(from isw)
garland
(of flowers)
'herb'
'grass'
1. Determinative for various plants or flowers;
2. Two phonemes for "cane", and "canes", ḥn-(from ḥni), is-(from isw).
3. flower (garland), plant, branch, seed
4. Rosetta Stone, line R12, The people shall wear garlands on their heads, shall be made festal...
knot
girdle
tjs
(th)s
S24
tjs
(ṯs)
knot
girdle
1. bil. tjs-(ṯs);
concepts of "to tie", (as the vertebral bones); Ideogram for 'vertebrae';
2. a knot; to tie in a knot, fetter
"Knot
of Isis"
"Girdle
of Isis"
tjt
t_t
V39
tjt
t_t
tyet
 ?stylized ankh
(for Isis)(?)
Tyet, Knot of Isis, Girdle of Isis
god-
seated
(=pharaoh)
A40
-- god-
-seated
Determinative
(gods or pharaoh)
goddess-
seated
(=queen)
B1
-- goddess-
-seated
Determinative
(goddess or queen); (Identical to "woman" hieroglyph)
gold
(hieroglyph)
(gold collar)
S12
nb
(nub)
gold:
"pearls" of gold in necklace
bil. nb; Horus of Gold name in Pharaonic titulary
dj'm
white-gold
S14A
dj'm
tch'm
gold collar ligatured with was sceptre white-gold
see gold (hieroglyph)
"son/daughter-of"
goose(or duck)
s3, s3-t
G38
s3, s3-t goose 1. "son of", "daughter of", sa, sa-t; 2. goose
grain
U9
U10
-- grain grain
(grain)
grains
,
N33B N33B N33B
,
--
(plural)
grains
("plurality")
multiple uses:
grains, of sand, metal, cereal grain
Plural usage instead of Gardiner no. Z2,
Z2
(see also Plural)
(stack of)
grain
M35
'h'u
'ḥ'w
(stack of)
grain
Determinative in 'h'u, for "stack", ( 'ḥ'w)
granary
šnwt
(sh)nut
O51
(sh)nut
šnwt
granary Ideo. or det., šnwt-(sh)nut, "granary"
grape
arbor
M43
irp (or)
i3rrt
grape
arbor
(hieroglyph)
1. grape arbor; 2. Det. and sometimes ideo., words connected to "vineyard", iarrt-(i3rrt); also "wine", irp; occasionally used for 'fruit' or 'orchard'
Guinea Hen
Guinea Fowl
nḥ
G21
nḥ
--
(bil.)
Guinea Hen
Numida meleagris
1. Egyp. bil. nḥ, for the bird; phon. for nḥ;
Ideas of petition, supplicate, beseech; for Egyptian language nḥ-t, nḥḥ-t, oil, unguent, equivalent of Coptic language, "neh"; 3. for nḥḥ, eternity, or ever and ever, (see ḥḥ), Coptic "eneh".
  • game piece, see pawn, draughtsman, token
  • garden pool, see pool
  • god, see also flag, or pennant
  • (stack of) grain, see stack
  • grass, see garland
  • 'gravestone', see (~=) stela

H[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
hair
(locks of
hair)
D3
iny
(+ inm)
hair 1. Determinative in iny, "hair" and related words; also for inm, "skin";2. also det. for words associated with "grief"
hall
O22
sh
(sḥ)
hall hall; value: sh-(sḥ); a "curtain held up by poles", (used as a hall, 'pavilion'); (see also Sed festival); (the Chapel-or-tabernacle (hieroglyph) is sh-n(tsh)r, Gardiner no. O21),
O21
; the n(tsh)r is the "God-flag-club" no. R8,
R8
D
hand
D46
D47
D48
d hand
(hieroglyph)
Uniliteral d
hand
drill
U24
U25
ḥmt hand
drill
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram in hmt-(ḥmt), the name for the 'hand drill tool'; also hmt for words of "art", "artisan", etc.
hare
E34
un
(wn)
desert
hare
(hieroglyph)
bil. wn
harp
Y7
bint
bin-t,_bn-t
harp
(hieroglyph)
Determinative in bint, "harp"; (see article Medamud for relief usage)
harpoon
(single-
barbed)
T21
u'
w'
harpoon
(hieroglyph)
1. "single" items; "1", 'each', etc.; 2. Bil. w'
Hathor
C9
-- Hathor Goddess Hathor
("Anthropomorphic Deities", Gardiner section C)
head
D1
tp head 1. Ideogram for tp, "head"; other uses related to actions of the head; (example "the tp of the rebels", 'the "chief" of the rebels');2. also for tp, see archaic dagger;3. (Narmer Palette shows 10 enemy heads-(decapitated))
head
of duck
H1
apd
3pd
head
of duck
an abbreviation for 3pd, "bird"
headrest
urs
Q4
urs headrest A. Determinative for urs-(wrs), the "headrest";
B. headrest is also Egyptian language, uars-t,
V4 E23 Aa18
Z1
M3
X1 Z1
(one spelling)
(equals Coptic language, "ouras").
C. See also: WikiCommons: [3]
heart
F34
ib heart Ideogram or det. for ib, "heart"; (See also kid (goat), for ib)
heart and
windpipe
F35
nfr heart and
windpipe
Egyptian triliteral sign for nfr, (beauty), or "perfect"
helmet-khepresh
(kh)prš
S7
(kh)prš
(ḫprš)
khepresh-helmet khepresh-helmet
(bovine)
hide
F27
F28
-- (bovine)
hide
Determinative for 'skins' and related words; also mammal names, (supplemental determinative)
(st), sti
to shoot
hide-with-arrow
F29
st, sti
--
(bil.)-st
hide of animal
with arrow
A. to shoot, (arrows, harpoons, etc.);
B. for 'to shoot', sti,
F29 X1 A24
, to shoot, throw, stimulate, pour, radiate, launch (a flood, the Nile), etc.;
C. see Satet, Goddess of the Nile Inundation
hindpart of
lion
F22
ph
(pḥ)

(bil.)
"hindpart" 1. Biliteral ph; 2. (see also: "forepart of lion")
hippopotamus
E25
(kh)ab
(ḫ3b)
hippopotamus Determinative for words defining the hippo, db, and (kh)3b-(ḫ3b)
"hippo
head"
F3
at
(3t)
"moment-
of-time"
snap-of-a-finger
a "moment", 'an instant', a snap-of-a-finger; phonetically 3t; in composition block, with sun (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. N5,
,
,
N5
F3
,
,
F3
N5 Z1
; 6. (the Papyrus of Ani replaces the 'hippo-head' with a Gardiner unlisted: "Crocodile head")
hobble
fetter
s3
V16
s3 cattle
hobble
bil. s3; equivalent of Gardiner no. V17, also s3,
V17

(see also: tethering rope)
hoe
U7
U6
mr hoe
(hieroglyph)
1. bil. mr, for "beloved";
2. used in Pharaoh, individuals, other names, etc.: (Pharaoh XX, Beloved of Goddess YY)
honing
stone
T31
(s(sh)m)
(sšm)
honing
stone
Ideogram in s(sh)m-(sšm), "butcher"
"horizon"
mountain-
-with-
rising-sun
N27
a(kh)t
3ḫt
mountain-with-
rising-sun
(or setting-sun)
Ideogram for a(kh)t-(3ḫt), "horizon"; (see also Akhenaten's townsite, Akhetaten, (Horizon of Aten))
horse
E6
-- horse horse
hotep
offering-tablet
ḥtp
R4
ḥtp hotep
offering-tablet
(see Hotep-offering-tablet)
house
estate
"home of"
O1
pr house
(hieroglyph)
(plan of house)
bil. pr; used extensively in "placenames"-(home of God XXX); placenames for a Pharaoh, etc.
1. Ideogram, house, estate; 2. bil. pr; 3. Determinative for 'building', 'location'
  • hair ribbon, see (hair) ribbon
  • hatchet(?), see adze
  • harvest-(in basket), see fruit-(in basket)
  • head of a leopard, see leopard head (hieroglyph)
  • heap (or 'pile'), see stack (of grain)
  • herb, see garland

First uniliteral h--h[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
h
(reed shelter)
O4
h reed shelter (hieroglyph) first uniliteral h
plan view of shelter

Second uniliteral h--ḥ[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
h
(wick)
V28
(ḥ) wick
(hieroglyph)
second uniliteral h
wick

I[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
Sacred Ibis
3(kh)
G25
3(kh)
(3ḫ)
Sacred Ibis Bil. 3(kh), for the 'divine'; also the ideogram
incense
censer: arm
R5
R6
-- incense arm
(hieroglyph)
arm device, with incense burning chamber
incense
censer: pot
R7
-- incense-pot-
-with-smoke
(hieroglyph)
pot of incense, wafting smoke
Ba-bird-(soul)
(with pot)
G53
G29
b3 Ba-bird-(soul)
(with pot)
see: Egyptian soul; the incense pot at bird's foot is also found substituted with a Meteor (hieroglyph), (see WikiCommons) [4]
intestine-(shape)
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb
intestine-(shape)
F46
 
F48
 
N21 N21
 
N23
p(kh)ar, rr
utchb
intestine-(shape); in Rosetta Stone, festival routes Egyptian language, utchb; from dikeworks, to turn round, to change the direction, (crop rows)
"irrigation
canals"
N24
N23
-- "irrigation
canals"
1. (see 'district'); 2. doublet is also used for the "dual"-(i.e. "the Two Lands", taui)

J[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
jar
stand
W11
W12
1-g, 2-nst jar stand
(hieroglyph)
1. uniliteral g
2. Ideogram, nst, "throne"
joint
of meat
F44
-- joint
of meat
(hieroglyph)
Used for "ancestry"
Det. for 'thigh bone' names; iw', phoneme for iw-iu; for the tibia, swt, (phon. isw-isu)
festival
Jubilee
Pavilion
W4
-- canopy + basin (see Sed festival)
Determinative for "festival"; also for hb-(ḥb), "festival"
  • Jubilee Festival, see festival

K[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
kid (goat)
E8
ib kid (goat) 1. Phoneme ib for 'young goat';
2. Determinative for words of 'young farm animals'
3. (See also heart, for ib)
kiln
t3
U30
t3 kiln
(hieroglyph)
Bil. t3; Ideogram for "potter's kiln";
(for t3, see also Land)
honing
stone
T31
(s(sh)m)
(sšm)
honing
stone
Ideogram in s(sh)m-(sšm), "butcher"
knife
(or saw)
T30
-- knife
(or saw)
Ideo. or det. for "sftu", sf(tsh)w, "butcher"
knife and
block
T29
-- knife and
block
"slaughter"
(butcher's)
knife
T34
nm (butcher's)
knife
Phonogram nm
knot
girdle-knot
tjs
(th)s
S24
(tj)s
(ṯs)
knot-hieroglyph
girdle-knot
1. bil. tjs-(ṯs);
concepts of "to tie", (as the vertebral bones); Ideogram for 'vertebrae';
2. a knot; to tie in a knot, fetter; 3. Also a statuary-(belt) element, 3rd millennium BC and later, and an amulet & jewellery element, (especially Middle Kingdom for jewellery).
"Knot
of Isis"
"Girdle
of Isis"
tjt
t_t
V39
tjt
t_t
tyet
 ?stylized ankh
(for Isis)(?)
Tyet, Knot of Isis, Girdle of Isis
  • (kohl)-eye-paint, see eye-paint

First uniliteral (kh)--ḫ[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
(kh)
sieve
(placenta)
Aa1
(ḫ) placenta
sieve
first uniliteral (kh)
sieve or placenta-(older first form)

Second uniliteral (kh)--ẖ[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
(kh)
(animal)
belly-teats-tail
F32
(ẖ) animal belly and tail second uniliteral (kh)
belly with teats and tail

L[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
land
'country'
"strip of
land"
t3
N16
(or)
N17
ta
(t3)
(strip of)
land
'country'
Biliteral t3-(ta), "land", "country", etc.;
(for t3, see also Kiln)
"the two
lands"
N17
N17
(or)
N16
N16
taui
(t3wi)
"the two
lands"
=Egypt, (i.e. the Two Lands, (south and north), Upper and Lower Egypt)
leg
(human)
D56
D57
rd leg
(human)
Ideo., det. for rd, "leg"; Det. "to tread";
(see Foot)
Also: for pds, w'rt, sbq.
leg of
hoofed animal
F25
(uhm)-(whm)
wḥm
leg of
ox
1. meanings of: "repeat, repetition"
2. Tril. for wḥm;
3. Ideogram for "bovine leg"
4. (to repeat, narrate, recount, tell a story, tell a dream)
lasso
V4
(ua)
w3
lasso lasso, for "cord", (possibly earlier, a word related to "lasso")
leopard
head
F9
F9 F9
pḥty
("pehty")
leopard
head
(hieroglyph)
Determinative or abbreviation for "pehty"-(pḥty), "strength"
life
live
S34
ankh
'n(kh)
'nḫ
life
live
Tril. 'n(kh);
Ideogram for "life", "live"
lifesaver
s3
V17
 
V18
s3 lifesaver bil. s3; equivalent of Gardiner no. V16, also s3,
V16

(see also: tethering rope)
linen
bag
V33
s(sh)r-(sšr)
sšr
linen
bag
Ideogram or det. in s(sh)r-(sšr), for "linen", "fabric"; phoneme for sšr
lion
E22
m3i lion Ideogram for standing lion, m3i
lion-
reclining
(sphinx)
E23
ru
(rw)
l,r
lion-reclining
(sphinx)
1. Biliteral rw
2. Ideogram for "lion";
3. Unil. for l, or r
(upper)
lip
(w/ teeth)
D24
spt (upper)
lip
(w/ teeth)
Ideogram or det. in spt, for "lip", "border"
(the two)
lips
D25
-- (the two)
lips
pair of lips
(lips)-
spitting
D26
(=multiples) spit Determinative for words meaning: "to spit", "to vomit", "blood", etc.
lizard
I1
'(sh)a
'š3
lizard 1. "multitudes", (=the populace, etc.); 2. Det. or ideo. in 'š3-('(sh)a), "lizard"; also the tril.
lotus
(lotus-bud)
M10
M9 (lotus flower)
-- lotus
(lotus-bud)
lotus; (see also Flower)
lotus flower
sšn
M9
sšn
(also snšn)
lotus flower A. Ideogram or det. in sšn, lotus flower;
B. Greek language 'souson';
C. also det. for snšn, for lily, lotus.
lotus
(lotus stem
with leaf
and rhizome)
M12
1000
(kh)a-ḫ3
lotus
(lotus stem
with leaf
and rhizome)
Ideogram for (kh)a-(ḫ3), a part of the "lotus"; phonetically used for ḫ3; in Egyptian mathematics, 1000
  • (hindpart of) lion, see hindpart of lion
  • (forepart of) lion, see forepart of lion
  • lotus, see also flower

Articles[edit]

Uniliterals[edit]

A table of the 24-letter alphabetic, Egyptian hieroglyph uniliteral signs.

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Arms in the Sign of Negation, p. 59.
  2. ^ Budge, 1989, (1929), The Rosetta Stone, p. 288-289.
  3. ^ Budge, 1989, (1929). The Rosetta Stone, p. 126.