List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: M–Z

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A List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: M–Z.

Uses Pyramid hieroglyph.

M[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
Goddess-Maat
M3't
C10
 
H6 (shu feather of maat)
m3't Goddess-Maat Goddess Maat
mace
ḥ(dj)
T3
ḥ(dj) mace, (stone macehead, wooden handle) Ideogram, and phonogram for mace, ḥ(dj)
man
woman
A1
B1
-- man
woman
man
man
-constructing
A35
qd man
-constructing
man constructing: a "Mason"; Ideogram or det. for qd, "to construct"; (see Wall, (Collapsing)-Wall)
man-dancing
(kh)bi
ib, ibu
ib3u, ib3
A32
(kh)bi-(ḫbi)
ib, ibu
ib3u, ib3
man-dancing Ideogram or det. for (kh)bi, to dance; also det. for ib, ibu; ib3u, ib3, for dance, dancer, etc.; (see also Dance)
man
-grinding-etc
to build
(kh)us-(kh)usi
A34
(kh)us-(kh)usi man
-grinding
-(in a mortar/etc)
man grinding (etc.); to grind in a mortar, to build, to construct, etc.
man
-mixing
A36
-- man
-mixing-
(in-vat)
man mixing (in vat)
man
-with-
bundle
A33
-- man
-with-
bundle
"man carrying bundle"
man-seated:
arm to
mouth
A2
concepts
etc.
man-seated:
arm to
mouth
(hieroglyph)
eating, speech, concepts, ideas, etc.
man-seated:
arms in
adoration
A4
-- man-seated:
arms in
adoration
(hieroglyph)
man-seated: arms in adoration; (see WikiCommons [1])
man-standing:
arms in
adoration
A30
-- man-standing:
arms in
adoration
(hieroglyph)
man-standing: arms in adoration; (see WikiCommons [2])
man-standing:
arms raised
in celebration
A28
-- man-standing:
arms raised
in celebration
man-standing: arms raised in celebration
mast
P6
P7
'ḥ' mast
(hieroglyph)
Triliteral 'ḥ' , "to erect"
Menat
S18
(mnit) "menat
necklace
and
counterpoise"
1. "Menat and counterpoise"; 2. Ideogram or det. in mnit, the necklace of Menat pearls
milk
W20
-- milk milk; (similar to Gardiner unlisted vessel, or "liquids", etc.; (milk symbol has vertical hanging above))
milk-jug
-in-net
W19
 
W19 or W19 M17 or W19 M17 Aa29
 
G17 M17 (the equivalent)
mi milk-jug
-in-
-carrying-
net
1. Biliteral mi;
2. Det. in mhr, 'pitcher of milk';
3. Phonogram for mr and mi;
Egyptian language, as, like, 'as-like', similar, etc; ("...Pharaoh XXX, given Life, Power...Ra-Like"), (...."as like Ra"-'Ra-ma', 'Ra-mi')
milk-jug
-in-net
W19
 
W19 or W19 M17 or W19 M17 Aa29
 
G17 M17 (the equivalent)
mi milk-jug
-in-
-carrying-
net
1. like, as, according to, inasmuch as, since, as well as, together with; all adverbial forms, some as a segue;
2. early forms use other hieroglyphs;
3. Egyptian: mity and mitt relate to "image" or "likeness": likeness, copy, resemblance, statue, image, similitude, the like etc.
(crescent)
moon
i'ḥ
N11
N12
i'ḥ moon 1. Det. "moon"; 2. Ideogram, i'h-(i'ḥ), 'moon'; 3. items of the 'month', (timeperiod); see ploughing, laborer ("planting"), Gardiner no. T24, (also i'ḥ)
T24
fields-(planting)
i'ḥ
T24
i'ḥ fields-(planting)
(etc.)
see moon, (also i'ḥ);
A. plough, break ground;
B. field laborer, peasant;
C. field;
D. det. in name of a god "I'h-ur"-(I'h-Great)
(moon)
N9
N10
-- moon Gardiner, nos. N9, N10
moon
(in phase)
N9
N10
(psdj)
psḏ
moon
(in phase)
Ideo., det. in "feast of the New Moon", (=ps(dj)n); phoneme for ps(dj)-(psḏ), (= to a triliteral)
mooring
post
P11
mnit mooring
post
1. Determinative in mnit, the "mooring post", or related words.
2. (of note, in the Epic of Gilgamesh, 2nd millennium BC, the (uprooted)-mooring posts are important in the wind and rainstorm of the flood story, (Gilgamesh flood story))
mountain
N26
(dj)u
ḏw
mountain Bil. (dj)u-(ḏw), for "mountain"; ideogram for "mountain"
("horizon")
mountain-
-with-
rising-sun
N27
a(kh)t
3ḫt
mountain-with
-rising-sun
(or setting-sun)
Ideogram for a(kh)t-(3ḫt), "horizon"; (see Akhenaten's townsite, Akhetaten)
mouth
D21
r mouth
(hieroglyph)
Unil. r
  • man
    • man-archer, see archer, soldier
    • man-prisoner, see prisoner, enemy, rebel
    • mason, see man-constructing

N[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
naos
O18
-- naos
(shrine)
naos
Neith's
Emblem
nt
R24
 
R25
nt Neith's
Emblem
1. Ideogram or det. for name of Goddess Neith;
2. Egyp. bil. nt.
night
nightfall
N3
grḥ-wḫ-("night")
kkw-("dark")
night
(hieroglyph)
Determinative in words meaning 'obscurity'; grh-(grḥ), and u(kh)-(wḫ) for night; kku-(kkw) for dark; and others
nome
district
N24
-- district
nome
1. Ideogram or det. in sp3t, for "district, nomos"; 2. det. for province or district names; 3. det. for hsp-(ḥsp), for garden, vegetable garden, orchard, etc.; 3. (confer Nome (Egypt))
nose
D19
D20
fndj/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd)
(sh)rt-(šrt)
(kh)nt-ẖnt
nose Ideogram or det. for the "nose", fndj/fnd-(fnḏ/fnd), (sh)rt-(šrt); det. for words relating to smell, joy, and the nose; det. for "face", (kh)nt, -(ẖnt), (and the phoneme for face)
Nubian
bow
Aa32
-- Nubian
bow
=Nubia
  • necklace-or-collar, see pectoral
  • 'netting needle', see (weaver's)-shuttle

O[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
oar
ḫru
P8
P9
1-(kh)ru-(ḫrw)
2-wsr
oar
(a spoon-
(shape))
1. Determinative for usr-(wsr), "oar";
2. Tril. phonogram, (kh)ru-(ḫrw)
obelisk
O25
t(kh)n
tẖn
obelisk Ideogram or det. for t(kh)n, the "obelisk"
"offering(s)-altar"
R2
-- "offering(s)-altar" "offering(s)-altar"
offering-table
R3
-- offering-table offering-table
(small)
offering-table
R1
-- (small)
offering-table
(small)-offering-table
hotep
offering-tablet
R4
"htp" hotep
offering-tablet
hotep-offering-tablet
i3wt
office
'post'
'position'
O44
iaut-i3wt office
'post'
'position'
1. Ideogram or det. for iaut-(i3wt), for "post", "office", "position", etc.;
2. the fetish of the "Temple of Min"
owl
G17
m
(vertical)
owl
(hieroglyph)
Unil. m
ox horns
F13
wp ox horns 1. Biliteral up, (wp); 2. used for opening of the year: renpet,
M4
, with horns:
F14
  • one, (or ='1'), see stroke

P[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
palace
'ḥ
O11
O12
'ḥ palace 1. Ideogram, 'h-('ḥ), "palace"; see also:
O6
palace, temple, tomb, ḥut
palace
temple
tomb
ḥut
O6
ḥut plan view
palace-(estate)
1. Ideogram for hwt-(ḥut), palace, temple, tomb; see also:
O11
palace, 'ḥ
papyrus
clump
(cluster)
M16
M15
ha
(ḥ3)
papyrus
clump
1. Ideogram for "Lower Egypt"-(the North), the Nile Delta, "t3-mḥw", 'land-mhw'; also det.; 2. phonetic for ha-(ḥ3)
papyrus
roll
m(dj)3t
Y1
 
Y2
m(dj)3-t
m(dj)3t
papyrus
roll
papyrus roll
papyrus roll-
-tied (& sealed)
m(dj)3t
Y1
m(dj)3-t
m(dj)3t
papyrus roll--
-tied
papyrus roll-tied (& sealed)
papyrus
stem
u3ḏ
M13
u3ḏ

tril.
papyrus
stem
(hieroglyph)
Tril. ua(dj)-(w3ḏ)
pawn
(draughtsman)
(token)
ib3
Y6
ib3 game piece
(hieroglyph)
1. Ideogram or det. in ib3, "pawn", draughtsman; phoneme for ib3; 2. Det. for ib3u, ib3, dance [of the gods]; also dancer, dancing man, etc.
pectoral
S11
-- pectoral pectoral; (see also Pectoral (Ancient Egypt))
god
seated
A40
nṯr seated
god-(or-Pharaoh)
1. God
2. n(tsh)r or n(ch)r, nṯr 3. Det.
("god")
flag
pennant
(axe)
R8
R9 (with uraeus)
nṯr pennant
or 'staff-flag'
with wrapped
handle
1. God
2. n(tsh)r or n(ch)r, nṯr 3. Det.
pestle
U33
U32
1.-ti,2.-(=t) pestle 1. second Egyptian uniliteral sign for t; 2. special usage for feminine adjectival (for example, "...may she live")[1]
phallus
D52
D53
mt phallus Biliteral mt
pick
U17
U18
grg pick
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram or det. for grg, to "break through" and related words
pillar
(=Heliopolis)
O28
iun
(iwn)
pillar Tril. iun-(iwn); ideo. for iwn; an abbreviation for iunu-(iwnw), the City of Heliopolis
plinth
m3'
Aa11
ma'-(m3') (a solid)
plinth
1. =to m3' ,
U2
D36
;
2. det. or ideo. for words meaning: true, right, truth, integrity, etc.
(m)
plinth
(shape)
Aa15
Aa13
m
(horizontal)
plinth
(hieroglyph)
Unil. m as the horizontal m
plow
U13
U14
hb plow Determinative for words related to 'plowing'; for hb, "plow", the phoneme hb
"plural"
Z2
(or)
Z3
(or)
Z2ss
,
N33B N33B N33B
,
-- "plural" 1. signs for the plural, (horizontal, vertical, and the 'shortened-form'); 2. see: Stroke (single item); 3. see Dual (Two); 4. see Grains; 5. see Quail chick (hieroglyph) and Coil (hieroglyph)
pool
lake
(or)
basin
š
N37
 
N38
 
(no3 (unlisted))
(sh)
š
pool-
lake-basin
(hieroglyph)
uniliteral (sh)-š, a pool
pool
with legs
N40
-- pool
with legs
pool with walking legs
pot
W24 (various shapes)
nu
and qd
pot
(various)
(typical-spherical)
Phoneme for nw; det. for qd, construct, mold
priest
A6
w'b
uab
priest 1. Ideogram in w'b-(uab), "pure"; 2. the Priest class; 3. equal to 'purify', Gardiner no. D60,
D60
prisoner
enemy
rebel
A13
-- prisoner
enemy
prisoner, enemy, rebel, (adversary)
prop
O30
-- prop (also the 4 props of 'heaven'); see grape arbor (hieroglyph), using props, Gardiner no. M43,
M43
Pschent Crown
Double Crown
S5
 
S6
-- Pschent Crown
Double Crown
for the Pharaoh, King of the Two Lands, (i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt)
pupil (eye)
djfdj
D12
djfdj pupil (eye) 1. Determinative in djfdj, pupil. (other spellings, /entries)
pyramid
O24
mr pyramid pyramid
  • "Phoenix-bird", see "Bennu-bird"
  • 'post', or 'position', see office

Q[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
u
quail
chick
G43
w
u
quail
chick
(hieroglyph)
1. Unil. w, or u;
2. Either "quail chick" or equivalent coil (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. Z7,
Z7
, used as the Plural at word endings; 3. (see also: Plural)

R[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
Ra
C1
N6
r' Ra Ra (=r' )
ram
E10
E11
-- ram ram
razor
U37
(kh)'k razor 1. the razor; 2. Determinative in (kh)'k; (multiple spellings in books, dictionary entries)
red crown
S3
n
(vertical)
red crown see Deshret; Red crown (hieroglyph)-(uniliteral n-(vertical)); (see also White crown)
reed
(flowering)-reed
reed-(=rush)
i
M17
i (flowering)
reed-(=rush)
alphabetic uniliteral vowel i; ideo. in i, "rush"
pair-of-reeds
y
ii
M17 M17
y pair-of-reeds alphabetic uniliteral vowel y
reed
with legs
i(i)
it
M18
i(i)
it
(flowering)
reed-(=rush)
w/ legs
combined sound-sign, determinative for i(+i); come, to come, coming, etc
rushes
-(bundled)
-(tied)
M40
is rushes
-(bundled)
-(tied)
Ideogram for isw-(isu)-(plural), "rushes"; phoneme for is
1–cane
2–reed-(=Rush)
3–(swt)-Rush
4–flowering-
rush-(sedge)
M22
M17
 
M17 M17
M23
M26
-- -- --
reed
shelter
(h)
O4
h reed
shelter
(hieroglyph)
(in a plan
view)
1. first alphabetic h; 2. Egyptian uniliteral sign h; 3. see second uniliteral h, the wick (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. V28,
V28
renpet
M4
rnp renpet "rnp", or rnpt
(sweet)-rhizome
(sweet)-pod
n(dj)m
M29
n(dj)m rhizome
seed-pod
Ideogram for types of tree n(dj)m, and "sweet", n(dj)m
("diadem")
(hair)-
ribbon
S10
(w3ḥw)
m(dj)h-(mḏḥ)
("diadem")
(hair)-
ribbon
1. Ideogram or det. for uahu-(w3ḥw), "diadem"; also m(dj)h-(mḏḥ), "ribbon";
2. Phoneme for m(dj)h-(mḏḥ)
ripple-
-of-water
N35
n
(horizontal)
ripple
of water
(hieroglyph)
1. Uniliteral n, (horizontal);
2. Major preposition usage for: in, to, by, of, for, etc.
road
(-with-shrubs)
N31
-- road
(hieroglyph)
road
rudder
ḥmw
hmu
P10
ḥmw
hmu-hmw
rudder Determinative, hmu-(ḥmw), for "rudder" and related words
flowering
rush
šm-šm'u
M26 (m26)
(sh)m'u
šm'w
flowering
rush
flowering rush; also Gardiner nos. M25, M27, M28,
M25
 
M27
 
M28

S[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
sail
P5
(tsh)au-(ṯ3w)
nfw, nfy
sail
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram or det. (tsh)au-(ṯ3w), for "puff", "wind"; and in nfw, nfy, for "sailor"
sandal
S33
(tsh)bt
(ṯbt)-(ṯb)
sandal Ideogram or det. (tsh)bt-(ṯbt), for "sandal"; phon. (tsh)b-(ṯb)
scale
m(kh)3t
U38
m(kh)3t scale Ideogram and det. for m(kh)3t-(mḫat), "scale": see Stand (for Scales)
('an equivalent')
(=type of)
scale
(?)
Aa21
Aa22
u(dj)'
wḏ'
(=type of)
scale
(or balance)
1. for utcha'=w(dj)' , to weigh, estimate, consider, reckon up, decide; =
G43 Aa21
, and other spellings,
G43 I10
D36
, and also no. I10, cobra,
I10
, replaced by, U28, (=utcha),
U28
; (see the use of w(dj)' in AUS, for "Life, Prosperity, Health");
2. Determinative or ideo. for right, correct, just, equable, etc
u(dj)'
utch'
a scale
a balance
(="judgement")
Aa22
u(dj)' balance ligatured with arm judge, "judgement"
"scarab"
L1
(kh)-p-r scarab
the Dung Beetle, (Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea)
See: Scarab (artifact)
See: God Khepri
scepter-heq
Hq scepter
ḥq
S38
ḥq Hq-scepter 1. 'to rule', 'chief', 'ruler', ḥq;
2. Hq scepter;
3. the pharaoh was called the Ruler of On, (Ruler of Heliopolis)
scepter-sekhem
sekhem-scepter
s(kh)m
S42
s(kh)m
sḫm
Sekhem
scepter
Sekhem scepter; "power" is s(kh)m, (sḫm)
Man-standing
w/sekhem-&-staff
A22
-- Man-standing
w/sekhem-&-staff
Determinative in words for 'statue': tut, (kh)nt(y)-(ẖnnt(y)
scepter-Was
Was
sceptre
uas
S40
S41
w3s
(uas)
w3s
(u3s)
see Was scepter
scimitar
T16
(kh)p(sh)
(ḫpš)
scimitar
Khopesh
Determinative, (kh)p(sh)-(ḫpš); see Khopesh
Seal-ring
djb'i-t
seal
(seal-
-cylinder)
(valuables)
S20
many
see under:
djb-to seal
djb'i-t
"seal" 1. (confer cylinder seal); 2. Ideogram or det. in (kh)tm-(ẖtm), s(dj)3t, (dj)b't, all words for "seal", or equivalent words
Seal-rings, (Impression seals, or Seals of Office)
seal
with necklace
S19
-- seal
with necklace
seal
with necklace
serpent
(snake)
I14
hfau
(ḥf3w)
serpent
(snake)
Determinative for "serpent", and equivalent words, hfau, (ḥf3w);
(See also: 1-Cobra, 2-Uraeus, 3-Viper, and 4-Apep)
Seshat's
emblem
R20
R21
s(sh)at
(sš3t)
Seshat's
emblem
Emblem and equivalent of Goddess Seshat; Ideogram or det. in Seshat's name, s(sh)at-(sš3t)
Set-
animal
(='Seth')
E20
E21
-- Set-animal
(hieroglyph)
Set (mythology)
Set-God
C7
-- Set-God Set (mythology)
(shade)-fan
(umbrella)
S36
-- (shade)-fan
(umbrella)
Shade-Fan, or (=Umbrella)
"ceremonial"
(shade)-fan
(umbrella)
S35
-- "ceremonial"
(shade)-fan
(umbrella)
ceremonial Shade-Fan
Shen
ring
V9
"shen"
šn
shen
ring
Determinative in (sh)nw-(šnu), the cartouche
two whips
with shen ring
S23
dm(dj)
dmḏ
two whips
with shen ring
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram and det. in dmdj-(dmḏ), for "to unite"
(Goddess)
Maat
C10
-- (Goddess)
Maat'
Goddess Maat
(Maat's)
Shu
feather
(Sh)u-Šu
H6
H6A
(Sh)u-Šu (Maat's)
Shu
feather
Goddess Shu; Maat's Shu feather
'shuti'
adornment
(two-feathers)
(sh)uty-šuty
S9
(sh)uty-šuty shuti
two-feather
adornment
(hieroglyph)
two feathers, shuti two-feather adornment
(weaver's)
shuttle
"netting-
needle"
V26
1-'(dj)-('ḏ)
2-'nḏ
(weaver's)
shuttle
"netting-
needle"
Ideogram for '(dj-('ḏ), "shuttle"; phon. for 'nḏ
sickle
U1
U2
ma
(m3)
sickle m3
sieve
(placenta)
(kh)
Aa1
(kh)
(ḫ)
sieve
placenta
first uniliteral (kh)
sieve or placenta-(older first form)
(both (kh)1 and (kh)2, sieve and belly-with-tail are from the Old Kingdom)
silver
S14
T2
h(dj)
(ḥḏ)
silver 1. silver;
2. (see Gold (hieroglyph);
3. equal to Egyptian h(dj)-(ḥḏ), for "club"
sistrum
(or "castanets")
sš, sššt
Y8
sš, sššt
(also s(kh)m)
sistrum A. Ideo. for "sistrum", sššt, (or s(kh)m(=sistrum)); det. in sššt;
B. s(kh)m is Egyptian for 'power', (confer with Sekhem scepter-(list) and Medamud-(article))
slaughter-block
w/ knife
nmm
nmm-t
T30
O26
 
T29
nmm (and)
nmm-t
slaughter-block
w/ knife
execute, slaughter, 'torture'
sled
(sledge)
U15
U16
tm sled
(sledge)
Bil. tm
smite
slay, beat
Aa7
sḳr
(sqer)
smite
slay, beat
sḳr
(sqer)
Sobek
Sbk
I4
I5A (archaic fetish)
sbk (crocodile)
Sobek
on shrine
(=fetish)
Ideogram of det. for sbk, (Sobek); (see also Crocodile)
spindle
U34
U35
(kh)sf
ẖsf
spindle
(hieroglyph)
Triliteral (kh)sf-ẖsf
3u
spine
issuing fluid
F40
3u spine, issuing fluid to be long, length, to extend
Pharaoh: Extent of Happiness-(for Egypt-Land),
F40
F34
, (on Reliefs), (the Nation's Welfare)
spit
D26
(multiple-
uses)
spit Determinative for words meaning: "to spit", "to vomit", "blood", etc.
spoon
P8
(multiple-
uses)
(spoon-shape) see Oar
stack-(of grain)
heap
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
M35
(kh)ty
'ḥ'-'ḥ'u
stack
(of grain)
Determinative in 1. 'ḥ'-'ḥ'u, for "stack-(of grain)"; (or other determiners for: food, provisions, stores, heaps of grain, wealth, riches, abundance);
2. and (kh)ty, 'heap of grain', where (kh)tyt, is "barn floor", or "place where grain is stored for sale"
stair-single
O40
-- stair-single
(hieroglyph)
a determinative
stand
(for scales)
U39
u(tsh)st
(wṯst)
stand
(for scales)
Determinative in u(tsh)st-(wṯst), for this device that supports the scale (hieroglyph); the related verb is u(tsh)s-(wṯs), Egyptian "to lift"; see Scale
star
sb3
du3
N14
sb3
dw3
star Ideogram or det. for sba-(sb3), "star"; phonetic for dua-(dw3)(dua); (see Duat)
Otherworld
Duat
du3t
N15
sb3
dw3
star-in-circle Otherworld, the Duat
1.-stela
2.-boundary stone
u(dj)
'h'u
O26
u(dj)-wḏ
'h'u-'ḥ'w
1.-stele
2.-"boundary
stone"
'landmark'
1. Ideogram or det. for u(dj)-(wḏ), a "stele"; det. for 'h'u-('ḥ'w), station (of a procession), "stele"; used also for 'memorial slab', boundary stone, landmark. 2. NOTE: there are other listed, (or Non-listed) hieroglyphs for boundary steles:
Aa20 (similar) O26 (variants)
3. Similar spelling for udj: uses a stone block as det. and hand: ud
V25 D46
N39
stool-
or-mat
Q3
p stool-
or-mat
(hieroglyph)
1. Unil. p
stroke
1
(emphasis stroke)
Z1
1.-(emphasis)
2.-"1"
single
stroke
1. sign of the 1; also sign of emphasis, or specifying the hieroglyph emphasized-(i.e. symmetry); 2. see: Plural; 3. see Dual (Two)
sun
N5
r'
(ra)
sun
(hieroglyph)
1. the sun; 2. Major use in cartouches, or Pharaonic names: sun = Ra-R' ; 3. Used in words relating to 'time, of day'; "day", etc., see Moment of Time, etc.; "moment" uses the Hippo head, Gardiner no. F3,
F3
, an "instant", (as used in the Canopus Stone, for example). 4. Ideogram in r' , "sun", hrw-(hru), "day", and R' , God Ra;
also as Gardiner no. D12,
D12
, (variable sizes)
sun-rising-
-with-rays
(kh)'
ḫ'
N28
 
N28
D36
(kh)'
ḫ'
sun-rising-
-with-rays
Bil. (kh)' , ḫ'
sun-shining-
with-rays
ubn
3(kh)u, psdj
piercing-
-rays
stiut-stut
N8
S16 (equal equiv)
 
F29 N8
(many uses)
(Betrò ref)[2]
sun-shining-
with-rays
(hieroglyph)
"Sun-with-rays"; also used for "people of the sun"-(Heliopolitan theology)
For "Piercing Rays", see "to shoot", Hide-with-pierced-arrow, sti
(fiber)
swab
straw-broom
sq
u3ḥ
V29
sq, (or)
u3ḥ

bil.-tril.
(fiber)
swab
(straw broom)
1. Biliteral sq; "to clean", "dust";
2. Triliteral uah, (w3ḥ)
swallow
G36
wr swallow
(hieroglyph)
Biliteral wr, ur; 2. Egyptian for "great"; (confer with cuneiform GAL); 3. often in composition blocks with r, mouth,
G36
D21
  • scalpel, see chisel-or-scalpel
  • scribe writing tools, see (scribe)-writing tools
  • to seal-up, to furnish, see float, Egyptian lang. djb
  • 'ship', see the boats
  • slaughter, see fall, defeat, slaughter
  • snake, see serpent
  • soldier, see archer
  • 'sphinx' , see lion-reclining (hieroglyph)
  • "spoon"-(shape), see oar
  • stick, see branch
  • straw broom, see (fiber) swab

T[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
tail
sd
F33
sd tail 1. Determinative for sd, "tail"; then phon., sd;
2. (See: "Festival of the Tail", the Sed festival)
tether
V13
tsh
(ṯ)
tether
(hieroglyph)
Unil. tsh, (=ch)
tether
with legs
V15
-- tether
rope
with legs
tether rope with walking legs; (return ?)
threshing-
floor
O50
sp
(from spt)
threshing-
floor
Biliteral sp; (equal to Egyptian: "time"); see also "time", Gardiner no. O48,
O48
throwing
stick
T14
T15
-- throw
stick
(hieroglyph)
1. Ideogram in niwt, "city"; 2. Det. in names of countries, towns, placenames, etc.
"time"
O48
sp time time; see also "threshing floor", Gardiner no. O50,
O50
"moment
of time"
(instant)
F3
at
(3t)
moment
snap-of-a-finger
a "moment", 'an instant', a snap-of-a-finger; phonetically 3t; in composition block, with sun (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. 5,
,
,
N5
F3
,
,
F3
N5 Z1
A-tongue
B-30th
ns
F20
ns tongue 1. 1. Egyp. bil. ns.
2. A-tongue, and related words for speech; B-30th, and therefore, (next)-last.
trap
(=bird-trap)
s(kh)t-sḫt
T27
T26
s(kh)t
(sḫt)
trap
(device)
1. trap, bird-trap, (the device); 2. Ideogram or det. in s(kh)t-(sḫt), Egyptian "trap" and related words
tree
M1
i3m, im3 tree
(hieroglyph)
Determinative for 'tree'; also, Egyptian: i3m, im3
trussed
goose
(or duck)
u(sh)n
sn(tj)
G54
u(sh)n
(phon.-sn(tj))
trussed
goose
(or duck)
1. Determinative for u(sh)n, (wšn), Egyptian: "twist the neck (of a bird)";
2. Phonetically sn(tj), (snṯ)
3. (see Trussed-goose Palette)
turtle
št
(sh)t
I2
(sh)t
št
turtle turtle
tusk
(elephant)
F18
bh, hw
bḥ, ḥw
(elephant)
tusk
1. Bil. for 2 values: bh, and hw, (bḥ and ḥu); 2. also det. for 'teeth', "actions of teeth"[3] 3. also used in reliefs, and stelae lunettes
Two
Ladies
G16
-- two-goddesses
on two
baskets
(="Ladies of
South + North")
the goddesses representing: the Goddess of the South, Goddess of the North-(Nile Delta)-Goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet
  • token, see pawn, draughtsman, token, "game-piece"
  • town plan, see crossroads, intersection, town plan
  • (fish) trap, see fish trap
  • two, see dual

U[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
union
F36
sma
(sm3)
lung-and-
trachea
union
Egyptian "lung", sma-(sm3); used for union, (as in the "Two Lands", "Upper and Lower Egypt)-(Lower Egypt=the Nile Delta); Ideogram or det. for "unite", "join"
uraeus
i'rt'
I12
I13
-- uraeus Uraeus; Determinative for i'rt, the Uraeus, and also in Goddess names
  • umbrella, see Shade-Fan-1, Shade-Fan-2

V[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
vase
water-pot
ḥs
W14
ḥs vase
water
pot
Bil. hs, (ḥs)
viper
I9
f viper
(hieroglyph)
1. Uniliteral f;
2. possessive pronoun "his", (following the noun, "...Pharaoh-his...", "town-his")
vulture
(Egyptian)
3
(=A)
G1
3 (Egyptian)
vulture
(hieroglyph)
Unil. a, or A,-(3)

W[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
wall
inb
O36
inb wall 1. Ideogram or det. for inb, "wall";2. (a det. for related words)
collapsing-
wall
O37
uhn-(whn)
s(kh)nn-(sẖnn)
collapsing-
wall
Determinative for: 1–"knock down"; 2–uhn-(whn), for "overwhelm"; 3–s(kh)nn-(sẖnn), for "demolish"
man
-constructing
A35
qd man
-constructing
man constructing: a "Mason"; Ideogram or det. for qd, "to construct"
(See: ancient Rhacotis, (Alexandria))
scepter-Was
Was
sceptre
uas
S40
S41
w3s
(uas)
w3s
(u3s)
see Was scepter
water-pot
(vase)
W15
W14
hs
(ḥs)
water
pot
(vase)
Bil. hs, (ḥs)
water
skinšd
(sh)d
F30
(sh)dw-(šdu)
(sh)d-(šd)
water-
skin
"belly"
1. Determinative for (sh)dw-(šdu), "belly"; phon. for (sh)d-(šd);
2. (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: whip)
whip
mḥ
V22
V23
mḥ whip Bil. mh, (mḥ); (See: similar shaped hieroglyph: water-skin)
two whips
with shen ring
S23
dm(dj)
dmḏ
two whips
with shen ring
(hieroglyph)
Ideogram and det. in dmdj-(dmḏ), for "to unite"
white crown
ḥ(dj)
S1
ḥ(dj) white crown see Hedjet; (see also Red crown & Pschent))
Pschent Crown
Double Crown
S5
 
S6
-- Pschent Crown
Double Crown
for the Pharaoh, King of the Two Lands, (i.e. Upper and Lower Egypt)
dj'm
white-gold
S14A
(dj)'m
tch'm
gold collar ligatured with was sceptre white-gold
see gold (hieroglyph)
wick
V28
wick
(hieroglyph)
1. second uniliteral ;
2. see first uniliteral h, the reed shelter (hieroglyph), Gardiner no. O4,
O4
wine
jars
irp
W21
"irp" wine
jars
Determinative in irp, "wine"
wing
H5
(dj)nh, dnh
ḏnḥ, dnḥ
wing Determinative for (dj)nh, dnh-(ḏnḥ, dnḥ), "wing"; also for words relating to flying
woman
man
B1
A1
-- woman
man
woman
woman-and-
infant
B6
-- woman-and-
infant
woman-and-infant
woman-
in-birth
B3
-- woman-
in-birth
woman-in-birth
woman-nursing
B5
-- woman-nursing woman-nursing
(Scribe-God)
Thoth
G26
Djehuti Thoth-(ibis)
on his
standard
Thoth
(scribe)
writing
tools
Y3
-- scribal
equipment
scribe tools: vertical case(?)-pot-palette; the pot is originally a leather bag for the red and black 'inks'
  • washer's stick, see fuller's club
  • (wooden)-column, see column

X[edit]

Common
Name
Hiero. Transl. Element Description
X
crossed-
sticks
Z9
-- x
crossed-
sticks
det.: separate, cross, pass by; also items that are 'bad', or 'negative' (see: Crown Prince Thutmose#The schist recumbent bier)

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Articles[edit]

Uniliterals[edit]

A table of the 24-letter alphabetic, Egyptian hieroglyph uniliteral signs.

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zauzich, 1992. Hieroglyphs Without Mystery: An Introduction to Ancient Egyptian Writing, section: Tutankhamun's Alabaster Chest, p. 59-65.
  2. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Sun with Rays, p. 152.
  3. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Elephant Tusks, p. 119.