List of Egyptian pyramids

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Over a course of almost 1,500 years, 118 pyramids were constructed by 20,000 to 30,000 Egyptian workers,[1][2] in the service of the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.[3] This list presents the vital statistics of the pyramids listed in chronological order, when available.

Pharaoh Ancient name Dynasty Site Base length x Height (m) Volume (cu.m) Inclination & Notes Image
Djoser ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Step Pyramid of Djoser
3rd Saqqara 121w.x109d.x60h. 330,400 [4] Saqqara Pyramid Djoser.jpg
Sekhemkhet ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Buried Pyramid
3rd Saqqara 120sq.x7h. 33,600 (unfinished) [5] Sekhemkhet pyramid at Saqqara.jpg
Khaba
(uncertain)
ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Layer Pyramid
3rd Zawyet el'Aryan 84sq.x20h. 47,040 (unfinished) Khaba pyramid at Zawyet el'Aryan.jpg
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru endures
modern name:
Pyramid of Meidum
4th Meidum 144sq.x92h. 638,733 51° 50' 35" [6] Pyramid of sneferu Meidum 01.jpg
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru shines in the South
modern name:
Bent Pyramid
4th Dahshur 188sq.x105h. 1,237,040 54° 50' 35" /43° 22' [6] Sneferu's Bent Pyramid in Dahshur
Sneferu ancient name:
Snefru shines in the North
modern name:
Red Pyramid
4th Dahshur 220sq.x105h. 1,694,000 43° 22' [7] Egypt.Dashur.RedPyramid.01.jpg
Khufu ancient name:
Khufu's horizon
modern name:
The Great Pyramid of Giza
4th Giza 230.3sq.x146.6h. 2,583,283 51° 50' 40" [8] Kheops-Pyramid.jpg
Djedefre ancient name:
Star tent of Djedefre
modern name:
Pyramid of Djedefre
4th Abu Rawash 106.2sq.x~68h.[9] 131,043 ~52° [9] [6] Abu Rawash Pyramid.jpg
Bikheris?
Seth-Ka?[10]
ancient name:
Star of ..?..-Ka
modern name:
Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan
4th
(uncertain)
Zawyet el'Aryan 200sq.x140h.[11] [12]
Vue-grande-excavation.jpg
Khafra ancient name:
Khafra is great
modern name:
Khafre's Pyramid
4th Giza 215.25sq.x143.5h. 2,211,096 53°10' [6] Khafre's Pyramid343.jpg
Menkaure ancient name:
Menkaure is godlike
modern name:
Menkaure's Pyramid
4th Giza 103.4sq.x65.5h. 235,183 51°20′25″ [13] Menkaures Pyramid Giza Egypt.jpg
Userkaf ancient name:
The pure sites of Userkaf
modern name:
Pyramid of Userkaf
5th
(c. 2498 – 2345 BC)
Saqqara 73.3sq.x49h. 87,906 53°7'48" [6] PyramidOfUserkaf.jpg
Sahure ancient name:
The soul of Sahure appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Sahure
5th Abusir 78.75sq.x47h. 96,542 50°11'40" [6] SahurePyramid.jpg
Neferirkare ancient name:
Soul of Neferirkare
modern name:
Pyramid of Neferirkare
5th Abusir 105sq.x54h. 257,250 54°30' [14] Abousir Neferirkare 02.jpg
Neferefre ancient name:
Thr power of Neferefre is godlike
modern name:
Pyramid of Neferefre
5th Abusir 65sq.x?h. (unfinished) Abousir Neferefre 01.jpg
Niuserre ancient name:
The seats of Niuserre will endure
modern name:
Pyramid of Niuserre
5th Abusir 79.9sq.x51.68h. 112,632 51° 50' 35" [15] Pyramid of Niuserre.jpg
Djedkare Isesi ancient name:
Beauty of Isesi
modern name:
Pyramid of Djedkare-Isesi
5th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c.107,835 52° [16] Pyramid of Djedkare, Saqqara, 1990ies.png
Unas ancient name:
The seats of Unas are beautiful
modern name:
Pyramid of Unas
5th North Saqqara 57.75sq.x43h. 47,390 56° [6] Sakkara C02-29.jpg
Teti ancient name:
The seats of Teti are eternal
modern name:
Pyramid of Teti
6th
(c. 2345 – 2181 BC)
North Saqqara 78.5sq.x52.5h. 107,835 53° 7' 48" [17] PiramideTeti.jpg
Pepi I ancient name:
The beauty of Pepi may endure
modern name:
Pyramid of Pepi I
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c. 107,835 53° 7' 48" [18]
Merenre ancient name:
The beauty of Merenre appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Merenre
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c. 107,835 57°7'48" Pyramid of Merenre, Saqqara, 1990ies.jpg
Pepi II ancient name:
Pepi is established and living
modern name:
Pyramid of Pepi II
6th South Saqqara 78.75sq.x52.5h. c.107,835 53° 7' 48" [8] PepiIIPyramid.jpg
Qakare Ibi ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ibi
8th South Saqqara 31.5sq.x21?h. 6,994? 53° 7′ [19] Qakare-Ibi-Pyramid.png
Khui ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Khui
First Intermediate Period Dara 146w.x136d.x?h. n.d. n.d. [20] Khui-Pyramid.png
Merikare ancient name:
Flourishing are the abodes of Merikare
modern name:
Pyramid of Merikare
10th North Saqqara n.d. n.d. n.d. [21]
Amenemhat I ancient name:
Amenemhat appears at his place
modern name:
Pyramid of Amenemhet I
12th
(c. 1991 – 1803 BC)
Lisht 84sq.x55h. 129,360 54° 27' 44" AmenemhetIPyramid.jpg
Senusret I ancient name:
Senusret beholds the two lands
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret I
12th Lisht 105sq.x61.25h. 225,093 49° 24' [22] Licht-senwsPyramids 01.jpg
Amenemhat II ancient name:
Amenemhat is provided
modern name:
White Pyramid
12th Dashur 50sq.x?h. Complexe-amenemhatII.jpg
Senusret II ancient name:
Senusret appears
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret II
12th Illahun (El-Lahun) 106sq.x48.6h. 185.665 42° 35' [23] SenusretIIPyramid.jpg
Senusret III ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Senusret III
12th Dashur 105sq.x78h. 288,488 56° 18' 35" [24] Photo-pyramide-sesostris3.jpg
Amenemhat III ancient name:
Amenemhat is beautiful
modern name:
Pyramid of Amenemhat III
12th Dashur 105sq.x75h. 274,625 56° 18' 35" BlackPyramidOfAmenemhetIII.jpg
Amenemhat III ancient name:
Amenemhat lives
modern name:
Pyramid of Hawara
12th Hawara 105sq.xc. 58h. 200,158 48° 45' Pyramid of amenemhet hawarra 01.jpg
Amenemhat IV (?) ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Southern Mazghuna pyramid
12th or 13th South Mazghuna 52.5sq.x?h.(unfinished) n.d. n.d. Mazghouna-sud-photo.jpg
Ameny Qemau ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ameny Qemau
13th
(c. 1790 BC)
South Saqqara 52sq.x c. 35h. c 55° Plan-complexe-ameni-kemaou copie.jpg
Khendjer ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Khendjer
13th
(c. 1760 BC)
South Saqqara 52.5sq.x c. 37.35h. c. 34,300 55° [25] Khendjer-complexe-1.jpg
Ahmose I ancient name:
unknown
modern name:
Pyramid of Ahmose
18th
(c. 1550 – 1292 BC)
Abydos 52.5sq.x c. 10h. 60° [26] Pyramid of Ahmose, Abydos, 1998.png

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dunn 2010, p. 270.
  2. ^ "Who Built the Pyramids?". National Geographic Society. 1996. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "4,300-year-old pyramid discovered in Egypt". Reuters at MSNBC. November 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-12. "The pyramid, which Hawass said was the 118th found in Egypt, was uncovered near the world's oldest pyramid at Saqqara, a burial ground for the rulers of ancient Egypt." 
  4. ^ Pyramid complex includes enclosure wall more than a mile long 10.5 meters high. The complex covers 37 acres (150,000 m2) and there are 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of underground tunnels.
  5. ^ Rediscovered in 1951 by Zakaria Goneim. The sarcophagus held inside, though sealed and intact, was empty.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid.
  7. ^ First true pyramid.
  8. ^ a b Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 3 queens pyramids.
  9. ^ a b Vallogia, Michel (University of Geneva), Joanne Rowlands (University of Oxford), and Dr Zahi Hawass (Secretary General of the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities) (2008-06-23). The Lost Pyramid (Television documentary). History. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  10. ^ For the problematic, see: Jürgen von Beckerath: Chronologie des pharaonischen Ägypten. Die Zeitbestimmung der ägyptischen Geschichte von der Vorzeit bis 332 v. Chr. (= Münchner ägyptologische Studien, vol. 46). von Zabern, Mainz 1997, ISBN 3-8053-2310-7, page 158.
  11. ^ Rainer Stadelmann: Die Ägyptischen Pyramiden: vom Ziegelbau zum Weltwunder ( = Kulturgeschichte der antiken Welt, vol. 30). von Zabern, Mainz 185, ISBN 3805308558, p. 77, 140-145.
  12. ^ Six ink inscriptions once contained a cartouche name, which remains illegible. There are dozens of different readings proposed by Egyptologists. See: Miroslav Verner: Archaeological Remarks on the 4th and 5th Dynasty Chronology. In: Archiv Orientální, vol. 69. Praha 2001, page 363–418.
  13. ^ Pyramid complex includes 3 queens pyramids.
  14. ^ Originally built a stepped pyramid.
  15. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 1 or 2 queens pyramids.
  16. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 1 queens pyramid.
  17. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 2 queens pyramids.
  18. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 5 queens pyramids.
  19. ^ Last pyramid built in Saqqara.
  20. ^ Unclear if it was a step pyramid or a giant mastaba.
  21. ^ Archaeologically attested, but still unidentified.
  22. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and 9 queens pyramids.
  23. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid or a queens pyramid.
  24. ^ Pyramid complex includes 7 queens pyramids.
  25. ^ Pyramid complex includes a satellite pyramid and two enclosure walls.
  26. ^ Built as a Cenotaph. It is the only royal pyramid in Abydos.

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]