List of English words of Swedish origin

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This is a list of English language words borrowed from the Swedish language. Some may be from other Scandinavian languages such as Danish or Norwegian, or may come from Old Norse when it was a single language.

  • alcoholism, coined in 1852 by Swedish professor of medicine Magnus Huss[1]
  • ammonia, coined in 1782 by Swedish chemist Torbern Bergman
  • aquavit (also akvavit, a kind of distilled spirit made of potatoes)
  • ångström, often written as "angstrom", (after the Swedish scientist Anders Jonas Ångström)
  • dynamite, from Swedish dynamit, coined in 1867 by its inventor, Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel (1833-1896)
  • gauntlet, (run the..., folk etymology from Swedish gatlopp)
  • gleen, from the Swedish dialectal word glena[2]
  • glogg[3] or glugg,[4] (Swedish term for mulled wine) From "glögg" which however originates from the German Glühwein which basically is the same type of drink.
  • gravlax, the shortened form of gravad lax[5] meaning “buried salmon”
  • lek, (from the Swedish leka, "to play")[6]
  • lingonberry, from lingon
  • moped, Swedish shortening of trampcykel med motor och pedaler ("engined bike with motor and pedals")[7]
  • nickel, named in 1754 by Swedish mineralogist Axel von Cronstedt
  • ombudsman a person who acts as a trusted intermediary between an organization and some internal or external constituency.
  • orienteering, from orientering[8]
  • Rutabaga, from Swedish dialectal rotabagge
  • smorgasbord (from the Swedish smörgåsbord, literally "sandwich table"), which in Swedish either refers to a buffet with very specific types of food, or is used as a metaphor
  • Snus, a type tobacco product consisting of moist tobacco powder
  • trapp basalts, or "trapps" stair-shaped rock formations (from the Swedish trappor, "stairs")
  • tungsten literally "heavy stone", refers in Swedish to scheelite, a mineral containing tungsten and not the metal itself (Swedish volfram)
  • yrast a technical term in nuclear physics that refers to a state of a nucleus with a minimum of energy for a given angular momentum


References[edit]

  1. ^ "alcoholism". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "gleen". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  3. ^ "glogg". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "glögg". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  5. ^ Lena Katarina Swanberg and Carl Jan Granqvist. "Gravad lax". sweden.se - The official guide to sweden. Retrieved 4 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Harper, Douglas. "lek". Online Etymology Dictionary. 
  7. ^ Harper, Douglas (November 2001). [etymonline.com "Moped"]. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  8. ^ Merriam-Webster

See also[edit]