List of English words of Tagalog origin

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This is a list of English words which have Tagalog (Philippine) origin (some words are from other Philippine languages):

  • abacá - a species of banana native to the Philippines. The plant is of major economical importance, being harvested for its fibre, called manila hemp, from abaka
  • anahau - tall palm (Livistona rotundifolia) yielding a valuable wood used for golf clubs, a fiber used for bowstrings, and leaves used for thatching and for hats and fans, from anahaw
  • bacauan - mangrove, from bakaw or bakawan
  • bagoong - fermented shrimp or fish paste
  • boondocks - a remote, usually brushy rural area, from the Tagalog bundok, which means "mountain" or the word bunduk (Visayan Bukid) meaning "hinterland", i.e., land area inland, away from the shore.
  • calamondin - a small evergreen citrus fruit tree, native to the Philippines, and used there for cooking and as a houseplant elsewhere, from kalamunding
  • capiz - decoration material, made of mother-of-pearl shells that have the same name
  • carabao - water buffalo, from Visayan word karabaw - Tagalog word kalabaw
  • cogon - type of grass, used for thatching, from kogon.
  • cooties - from Austronesian and Tagalog word kuto which literally means "head lice"
  • gulaman - an East Indian red alga (Gracilaria lichenoides) that is one of the chief sources of agar
  • kundiman - a love song
  • lauan - the light yellow to reddish-brown or brown wood of any of various tropical southeast Asian trees, from lawaan
  • machin - a grayish brown long-tailed macaque (Macaca philippinensis), from matsing meaning monkey or ape
  • Manila hemp - a type of fiber obtained from the leaves of the abacá (Musa textilis), a relative of the banana, combination of the Philippine capital Manila and hemp
  • panguingue - a 19th-century gambling card game, from pangginggi
  • salacot - broad-brimmed hat woven from strips of cane or from palm leaves, from salakot
  • sambong - an herbal tea made from a plant known scientifically as Blumea balsamifera, used to treat kidney stones and high blood pressure, and as an expectorant for symptoms of the common cold.
  • tamarau - a small dark hairy water buffalo (Bubalus mindorensis or Anoa mindorensis) of the Philippine island of Mindoro, from tamaraw
  • ylang-ylang - type of flower known for its fragrance. used for perfumes, from ilang-ilang
  • yo-yo - the toy, from Ilokano word yoyo

See also[edit]