European Commissioner is a member of the European Commission. Each Commissioner within the college holds a specific portfolio and are led by the President of the European Commission. In simple terms they are the equivalent of national ministers. Each European Union member state has the right to a single commissioner (prior to 2004, the four largest states were granted two) and appoints them in consultation with the President.
The accession of
Romania and Bulgaria in 2007 raised the number of commissioners from 25 to 27, and after the accession of Croatia in 2013 the number of commissioners raised to 28. Below is a list of all past and present European Commissioners according to the member-state they were nominated by, including the Presidents of the European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community. The colours indicate their political background (blue for conservative or centre-right, mainly European People's Party, red for left-wing or social democrats, mainly the Party of European Socialists, yellow for centrist or liberals, mainly European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party, and green for green politicians, mainly the European Green Party).
Austria [ edit ]
Belgium [ edit ]
Bulgaria [ edit ]
Croatia [ edit ]
Czech Republic [ edit ]
Denmark [ edit ]
Estonia [ edit ]
Finland [ edit ]
Germany [ edit ]
Günther Oettinger Energy
Enlargement / Enterprise & Industry ( [8 ] Vice-President)
Prodi / Barroso I
Michaele Schreyer Budget
Monika Wulf-Mathies Regional Policy
Santer & Marín
Peter Schmidhuber Budget
Delors II & Delors III
Martin Bangemann Internal market and industrial affairs (
Vice-President ) / Industrial affairs, Information & Telecommunications Technologies [18 ]
Delors II * | Delors III / Santer & Marín
Economic Affairs, Employment & Eurostat
Karl-Heinz Narjes Internal market, industrial innovation, customs union,
environment, consumer protection and nuclear safety / Industry, data processing, science and research ( Vice-President)
Thorn / Delors I
Energy, Research, Science
External Relations & Trade / Research, Science, Education
Malfatti & Mansholt / Ortoli
Fritz Hellwig Distribution of Information, Joint Research Center, Research and Technology
Energy ( Vice-President) / Internal Market and Energy ( Vice-President) / Economic & Financial Affairs / External Relations ( Vice-President)
Rey / Malfatti & Mansholt / Ortoli / Jenkins & Thorn
Hallstein I & Hallstein II
Hans von der Groeben
Competition / Internal Market and Regional Policy
Hallstein I & Hallstein II / Rey
none (CDU Advisor)
Hungary [ edit ]
Ireland [ edit ]
Antonio Tajani Transport
Industry and Entrepreneurship (Vice President)
Barroso I & II
The People of Freedom
Franco Frattini Justice, Freedom, & Security
Consumers Policy & Consumer Health Protection
Santer & Marín
Transnational Radical Party
Mario Monti Internal Market /
Santer & Marín / Prodi
Antonio Ruberti Science, research, technological development and education (
Raniero Vanni d'Archirafi Institutional Reform
Filippo Maria Pandolfi Science, research and development
Carlo Ripa di Meana Institutional reforms, information policy, culture and tourism / Personnel, administration and translation
Delors I / Delors II
Enlargement, Environment, Nuclear Safety / Mediterranean policy, enlargement and information / Enlargement, Cooperation and development affairs
Jenkins / Thorn / Delors I
Antonio Giolitti Regional Policy / Regional policy and coordination of Community funds
Jenkins / Thorn
Carlo Scarascia-Mugnozza Agriculture / Parliamentary Affairs, Environmental Policy and Transport (
Mansholt & Ortoli
Altiero Spinelli Industrial Affairs & Trade / Industrial Affairs & Research
Malfatti / Mansholt & Ortoli
Franco Maria Malfatti
Guido Colonna di Paliano Internal Market / Industrial Affairs
Hallstein II / Rey [24 ]
Lionello Levi Sandri Social Affairs (
Vice-President) [25 ]
Hallstein I & [26 ] Hallstein II & Rey
Giuseppe Caron Internal Market
Hallstein I & Hallstein II [27 ]
Giuseppe Petrilli Social Affairs
Hallstein I [28 ]
Piero Malvestiti Internal Market (
Hallstein I [29 ]
European Coal and Steel Community and European Atomic Energy Community Presidents
European Coal and Steel Community 1959–1963
Rinaldo Del Bo
European Coal and Steel Community 1963–1967
Lithuania [ edit ]
Luxembourg [ edit ]
Netherlands [ edit ]
Portugal [ edit ]
Romania [ edit ]
Slovakia [ edit ]
Slovenia [ edit ]
United Kingdom [ edit ]
^ Served from July 2009
^ Served from July 2004
^ Served until July 2009
^ Served until July 2004
^ Served from 1 January 2007, date of Bulgarian accession to the EU
^ Nominated by coalition ( Coalition for Bulgaria) not including her party.
^ Served from 1 July 2013, date of Croatian accession to the EU
^ a b c d Served until May 2004
^ Not Vice-President in the first Delors Commission.
^ Served in Thorn from 6 January 1981 – 13 January 1981. Replaced by Poul Dalsager.
^ Served from 12 July 2004
^ Served until 12 July 2004
^ Served from April 2004
^ Served until April 2004
^ Corruption charges against Cresson forced early resignation of Santer Commission, replaced by the interim Marín Commission.
^ Served from May 1981
^ Served until May 1981
^ Vice President only in the third Delors Commission
^ Served from March 2004
^ Served until March 2004
^ Resigned in 1982 to contest Feb 82 general election
^ Burke served two terms as commissioner, firstly on the Jenkins Commission, which was in office from 1977–1981. In 1982, he was appointed the Kennedy successor on the Thorn commission by the minority Haughey Fianna Fáil Government. Although a Burke was a Fine Gael member, appointing an FF TD would have triggered a by-election.
^ Hillery resigned in 1976 just before the end of his term, to become President of Ireland. He was not replaced.
^ Resigned 8 May 1970, not replaced
^ Vice President Only from the second Hallstein Commission
^ Appointed 1961
^ Appointed 1959, Resigned 15 May 1963
^ Resigned 1960
^ Resigned 1959, after being elected President of the European Coal and Steel Community.
^ Until May 2004.
^ Santer Commission forced to resign over corruption charges. Replaced by interim Marín Commission.
^ Appointed 18 June 1958
^ Died 27 April 1958
^ Nominating party was the SLD.
^ Nominating party was the Civic Platform.
^ a b Nominating party was the PNL.
^ Served from 1 January 2007, date of Romanian accession to the EU
^ Served until May 2004 in Prodi Commission due to new member-state commissioners.
^ Served from 26 April 2004
^ Served until 26 April 2004.
^ From April 1994
^ Up until April 1994
^ Vice President in Delors III only
^ Vice President only from Third Delors Commission
^ Vice President only in Torn Commission