List of European Council meetings

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Not to be confused with Euro summit.

This is a list of European Councils (also referred to as EU summits); the meetings of the European Council, an institution of the European Union (EU) comprising heads of state or government of EU member states. They started in 1975 as tri-annual meetings, but now take place at least four times a year and, in recent years, usually six times, either for a single day or for two days (see list below).

List[edit]

The first seven summit meetings were held from 1961-1974, but this was before the formal establishment of the European Council. Some sources however consider them to be the informal seven first meetings of the European Council.[1]

1975–2009[edit]

# Year Date Type EU Council presidency President-in-Office Commission President Host city
1 1975 10–11 March  Ireland Liam Cosgrave François-Xavier Ortoli Dublin
2 16–17 July  Italy Aldo Moro Brussels
3 1–2 December Rome
4 1976 1–2 April  Luxembourg Gaston Thorn Luxembourg
5 12–13 July  Netherlands Joop den Uyl Brussels
6 29–30 November The Hague
7 1977 25–27 March  UK James Callaghan Roy Jenkins Rome
8 29–30 June London
9 5–6 December  Belgium Leo Tindemans Brussels
10 1978 7–8 April  Denmark Anker Jørgensen Copenhagen
11 6–7 July  Germany Helmut Schmidt Bremen
12 4–5 December Brussels
13 1979 12–13 March  France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Paris
14 21–22 June Strasbourg
15 29–30 November  Ireland Jack Lynch Dublin
16 1980 17–18 April  Italy Francesco Cossiga Luxembourg
17 12–13 June Venice
18 1–2 December  Luxembourg Pierre Werner Luxembourg
19 1981 23–24 March  Netherlands Dries van Agt Gaston Thorn Maastricht
20 29–30 June Luxembourg
21 26–27 November  UK Margaret Thatcher London
22 1982 29–30 March  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels
23 28–29 June Brussels
24 3–4 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen
25 1983 21–22 March  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
26 17–19 June Stuttgart
27 4–6 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Athens
28 1984 19–20 March  France François Mitterrand Brussels
29 25–26 June Fontainebleau
30 3–4 December  Ireland Garret FitzGerald Dublin
31 1985 29–30 March  Italy Bettino Craxi Jacques Delors Brussels
32 28–29 June Milan
33 2–3 December  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg
34 1986 26–27 June  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers The Hague
35 5–6 December  UK Margaret Thatcher London
36 1987 29–30 June  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels
37 4–5 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen
38 1988 11–13 February  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
39 27–28 June Hanover
40 2–3 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Rhodes
41 1989 26–27 June  Spain Felipe González Madrid
42 18 November Informal  France François Mitterrand Paris
43 8–9 December Strasbourg
44 1990 28 April Extraordinary  Ireland Charles Haughey Dublin
45 25–26 June Dublin
46 27–28 October  Italy Giulio Andreotti Rome
47 14–15 December Rome
48 1991 8 April Informal  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg
49 28–29 June Luxembourg
50 9–10 December  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers Maastricht
51 1992 27 June  Portugal Aníbal Cavaco Silva Lisbon
52 16 October  UK John Major Birmingham
53 11–12 December Edinburgh
54 1993 21–22 June  Denmark Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Copenhagen
55 29 October  Belgium Jean-Luc Dehaene Brussels
56 10–11 December Brussels
57 1994 24–25 June  Greece Andreas Papandreou Corfu
58 15 July  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
59 9–10 December Essen
60 1995 26–27 June  France Jacques Chirac Jacques Santer Cannes
61 22–23 October Extraordinary  Spain Felipe González Majorca
62 15–16 December Madrid
63 1996 29–30 March  Italy Lamberto Dini Turin
64 21–22 June Romano Prodi Florence
65 5 October Extraordinary  Ireland John Bruton Dublin
66 13–14 December Dublin
67 1997 23 May Informal  Netherlands Wim Kok Noordwijk
68 16–17 June Amsterdam
69 20–21 November Extraordinary  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Luxembourg
70 12–13 December Luxembourg
71 1998 3 May  UK Tony Blair Brussels
72 15–16 June Cardiff
73 24–25 October Informal  Austria Viktor Klima Pörtschach
74 11–12 December Vienna
75 1999 26 February Informal  Germany Gerhard Schröder Königswinter
76 25–26 March Manuel Marin (Interim) Berlin
77 14 April Informal Brussels
78 3–4 June Cologne
79 15–16 October  Finland Paavo Lipponen Romano Prodi Tampere
80 10–11 December Helsinki
81 2000 23–24 March  Portugal António Guterres Lisbon
82 19–20 June Santa Maria da Feira
83 13–14 October Informal  France Jacques Chirac Biarritz
84 7–9 December Nice
85 2001 23–24 March  Sweden Göran Persson Stockholm
86 15–16 June Gothenburg
87 21 September Informal  Belgium Guy Verhofstadt Brussels
88 19 October Informal Ghent
89 14–15 December Laeken
90 2002 15–16 March  Spain José María Aznar López Barcelona
91 21–22 June Seville
92 24–25 October  Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussen Brussels
93 12–13 December Copenhagen
94 2003 17 February Extraordinary  Greece Costas Simitis Brussels
95 20–21 March Brussels
96 16–17 April Informal Athens
97 20 June Thessaloniki
98 4 October Extraordinary  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Rome
99 16–17 October Brussels
100 12–13 December Brussels
101 2004 25–26 March  Ireland Bertie Ahern Brussels
102 17–18 June Brussels
103 4–5 November  Netherlands Jan Peter Balkenende Brussels
104 16–17 December José Manuel Barroso Brussels
105 2005 22–23 March  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Brussels
106 16–17 June Brussels
107 27 October Informal  UK Tony Blair Hampton Court
108 15–16 December Brussels
109 2006 23–24 March  Austria Wolfgang Schüssel Brussels
110 15–16 June Brussels
111 20 October Informal  Finland Matti Vanhanen Lahti
112 14–15 December Brussels
113 2007 8–9 March  Germany Angela Merkel Brussels
114 21–22 June Brussels
115 18–19 October Informal  Portugal José Sócrates Lisbon
116 14 December Brussels
117 2008 13–14 March  Slovenia Janez Janša Brussels
118 19–20 June Brussels
119 13–14 July Extraordinary  France Nicolas Sarkozy Paris
120 1 September Extraordinary Brussels
12 October Euro summit Paris
121 15–16 October Brussels
122 7 November Informal Brussels
123 11–12 December Brussels
124 2009 1 March Informal  Czech Republic Mirek Topolánek Brussels
125 19–20 March Brussels
126 5 April Informal
(EU-USA summit)
Jan Fischer Prague
127 18–19 June Brussels
128 17 September Informal  Sweden Fredrik Reinfeldt Brussels
129 29–30 October Brussels
130 19 November Informal Brussels
131 10–11 December Brussels

2010–present[edit]

Since 2010, all Council meetings took place in Brussels. In February 2010 the exact location was the Solvay Library, while all subsequent meetings took place at the Justus Lipsius building.

# Year Date Type EU Council presidency Council President Commission President Agenda and Conclusions Press conference
132 2010 11 February Informal  Spain Herman Van Rompuy
(1st term)[6]
José Manuel Barroso
(2nd term)
Conclusions. Video
25 March Euro summit Statement.
133 25–26 March Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
7 May Euro summit Statement. Video
134 17 June Scheduled Conclusions. Video
135 16 September  Belgium Conclusions. Video
136 28–29 October Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
137 16–17 December Scheduled Conclusions. Video
138 2011 4 February Scheduled  Hungary Conclusions. Video
11 March Euro summit Statement. Video
139 11 March Extraordinary Conclusions. Video
140 24–25 March Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
141 23–24 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
21 July Euro summit  Poland Statement. Video
142 23 October Scheduled Conclusions. Video
23–26 October Euro summit Statement. Video: 1 and 2
143 26 October Informal Website, Conclusions.
144 8–9 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
9 December Euro summit Statement.
2012 30 January Euro summit  Denmark Agreed lines of communication.
145 30 January Informal Website, Statement on growth and jobs, Growth and competitiveness, Foreign policy issues,Fiscal discipline and convergence, Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance. Video
146 1–2 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Implementation of the European Semester, Fiscal Compact signed, Van Rompuy re-elected president. Video: 1 and 2
2 March Euro summit Statement.
147 23 May Informal Website 1 and 2, Greece: euro area press lines, Tackling youth unemployment. Video
148 28–29 June Scheduled Herman Van Rompuy
(2nd term)[6]
Website, Conclusions, Towards a genuine EMU (Council edition), European Council programme July 2012 to Dec.2014. Video: 1 and 2
28–29 June Euro summit Statement. Video
149 18–19 October Scheduled  Cyprus Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on completing EMU, Towards a genuine EMU (interim report), Statement on Grece. Video: 1 and 2
150 22–23 November Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Statement on EU's MFF for 2014-2020. Video
151 13–14 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on completing EMU, Towards a genuine EMU (final report), Agreed position on bank supervision (SSM). Video 1 and 2
152 2013 7–8 February Scheduled  Ireland Website, Conclusions, Multiannual Financial Framework. Video
14 March Euro summit Adopted rules of procedure for Euro summits, Remarks by President.
153 14–15 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
154 22 May Scheduled Website, Conclusions (Taxation and Energy), EC member numbers. Video
155 27-28 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions, EP in 2014-19, Genuine EMU. Video: 1 and 2
156 24-25 October Scheduled  Lithuania Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
157 19–20 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Security & Defense conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
158 2014 6 March Extraordinary  Greece Website, Conclusions, EU stands by Ukraine. Video: Ukrainian PM and Council
159 20-21 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine, EU sanctions against Russia, Signing of EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Video: 1 and 2
160 27 May Informal Website, Statement on Ukraine. Video
161 26-27 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine, Strategic agenda for the Union, World War I commemoration, Signing of Association Agreements with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Video
162 16 July Extraordinary  Italy Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine and Gaza. Video
163 30 August Extraordinary Website, Nomination of next European Council president and Foreign Affairs High Representative, Conclusions, Sanctions against Russia over Ukriane crisis Video: 1 and 2, Ukrainian President 1a and 1b
164 2014 23-24 October[7] Scheduled  Italy
165 18-19 December[7] Scheduled Donald Tusk Jean-Claude Juncker
166 2015 12-13 February[7] Scheduled  Latvia
167 19-20 March[7] Scheduled
168 25-26 June[7] Scheduled
169 15-16 October[8] Scheduled  Luxembourg
170 17-18 December[8] Scheduled
  Upcoming meetings

Details[edit]

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Cologne 1999[edit]

The European Council met in Cologne on 3–4 June 1999 to consider issues after the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force. Romano Prodi presented his plan for the future Commission's work and reform program. The Council called for an EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Council designated Javier Solana for the post of Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (with Pierre de Boissieu as his deputy) and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). It decided on a common policy on Russia (first use of the CFSP). Adopted the declaration on Kosovo. In relation to the European Security and Defence Policy, a major element of the CFSP, the council declared that the EU "must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO." (Declared in St Malo by France and Great Britain)

Laeken 2001[edit]

The Laken European Council was held at the royal palace at Laeken, Belgium on 14–15 December 2001.

The main matters the Laeken European Council dealt with were: new measures in the area of Justice and Home Affairs: the European arrest warrant, a common definition of terrorism, and EUROJUST; the seats of 10 new EU agencies—after hours of disagreement, the European Council failed to reach an agreement and decided to leave the decision until next year; the impending introduction of Euro cash (the European Council met with the Finance ministers to consider this); the progress of EU enlargement; the adoption of the Laeken Declaration on the Future of Europe, establishing the European Convention, to be presided over with former President of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, as President of the Convention, and former Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene as Vice-Presidents. The Convention was tasked with drafting the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and would have about 60 members, drawn from national governments, national Parliamentarians, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and include representatives from the candidate countries. The declaration reviews the progress of European integration over the last fifty years, tracing it back to its origins in the horrors of World War II, and poses a number of questions to be answered by the Convention.[9][10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]