List of FA Cup finals

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A group of men, most of whom are wearing shorts and football shirts, holding two trophies, one of which is the FA Cup
The Blackburn Rovers team which won the FA Cup in 1884. Team captain James Brown (front row, centre) holds the trophy.

The Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the FA Cup, is a knockout competition in English football, organised by and named after The Football Association (the FA). It is the oldest existing football competition in the world,[1] having commenced in the 1871–72 season.[2] The tournament is open to all clubs in the top ten levels of the English football league system, although a club's home stadium must meet certain requirements prior to entering the tournament.[3] The competition culminates at the end of the league season usually in May with the FA Cup Final, officially named The Football Association Challenge Cup Tie, which has traditionally been regarded as the showpiece finale of the English football season.[4]

All of the final venues, apart from three, have been in London with most being played at the original Wembley Stadium, which was used from 1923 until the stadium closed in 2000. The new stadium of the same name has been the permanent venue of the final since 2007. Other venues used for the final prior to 1923 were Kennington Oval, Crystal Palace, Stamford Bridge and Lillie Bridge, all in London, Goodison Park in Liverpool and Fallowfield Stadium and Old Trafford in Manchester. The Millennium Stadium in Cardiff hosted the final for six years (2001–2006), while the new Wembley Stadium was under construction. Other grounds have been used for replays, which until 1999 took place if the initial match ended in a draw.

As of 2013, the record for the most wins is held by Manchester United with 11 victories, followed by Arsenal with 10 and Tottenham Hotspur with 8.[2] The cup has been won by the same team in two or more consecutive years on eight occasions, and three teams have won consecutive finals more than once: Wanderers, Blackburn Rovers and Tottenham Hotspur.[2] The cup has been won by a non-English team once. The cup is currently held by Wigan Athletic, who defeated Manchester City in the 2013 final. This made The Latics the first team ever to be relegated and win the cup in the same year.

History[edit]

An elderly man holding the FA Cup
Tottenham Hotspur captain Arthur Grimsdell displays the cup to fans on the Tottenham High Road after Spurs' victory in the 1921 final, the first win by a London-based team for 20 years.

The winners of the first tournament were Wanderers, a team of former public schoolboys based in London, who went on to win the competition five times in its first seven seasons. The early winners of the competition were all teams of wealthy amateurs from the south of England,[5] but in 1883, Blackburn Olympic became the first team from the north to win the cup, defeating Old Etonians. Upon his team's return to Blackburn, Olympic captain Albert Warburton proclaimed: "The Cup is very welcome to Lancashire. It'll have a good home and it'll never go back to London."[6]

With the advent of professionalism at around the same time, the amateur teams quickly faded from prominence in the competition.[5] The leading professional clubs formed The Football League in 1888.[7] Since then, one non-league team has won the cup. Tottenham Hotspur, then of the Southern League, defeated Sheffield United of The Football League to win the 1901 final.[8] A year later Sheffield United returned to the final and won the cup, which then remained in the hands of northern and Midland clubs until Tottenham won it again in 1921.[2] In 1927, Cardiff City, a team which plays in the English Football League despite being based in Wales, won the cup, the only non-English club to do so.[9] Scottish club Queens Park reached the final twice in the early years of the competition.[2]

Newcastle United enjoyed a brief spell of FA Cup dominance in the 1950s, winning the trophy three times in five years,[2] and in the 1960s, Tottenham Hotspur enjoyed a similar spell of success, with three wins in seven seasons. This marked the start of a successful period for London-based clubs, with 11 wins in 22 seasons.[10] Teams from the second tier of English football, at the time called the Second Division, experienced an unprecedented run of cup success between 1973 and 1980.[10] Sunderland won the cup in 1973, Southampton repeated the feat in 1976, and West Ham United won in 1980, the most recent victory by a team from outside the top division.[2][8] Since Wimbledon's win in 1988,[11] the so-called "Big Four" clubs of English football,[12] Manchester United, Liverpool, Arsenal and Chelsea, have between them won the cup 19 times in 22 seasons. Of the last ten finals played at Wembley, the last four finals at the old stadium and the first six at the new stadium, Chelsea have won six.[2]

Finals[edit]

Until 1999, a draw in the final would result in the match being replayed at a later date;[13] since then the final has always been decided on the day, with a penalty shootout as required.[14] As of 2013 a penalty shoot-out has been required on only two occasions, in the 2005 and 2006 finals. The competition did not take place during the First and Second World Wars, other than in the 1914–15 season, when it was completed, and the 1939–40 season, when it was abandoned during the qualifying rounds.[2]

Key[edit]

Key to list of winners
(R) Replay
* Match went to extra time
dagger Match decided by a penalty shootout after extra time
double-dagger Winning team won the Double
Italics Team from outside the top level of English football
(since the formation of the Football League in 1888)

All teams are English, except where marked Scotland (Scottish) or Wales (Welsh).

Results[edit]

FA Cup winners
Season Winner[2] Score[2] Runners–up[2] Venue[15] Attendance[15]
1871–72 Wanderers 1–0 Royal Engineers Kennington Oval 2,000
1872–73 Wanderers 2–0 Oxford University Lillie Bridge 3,000
1873–74 Oxford University 2–0 Royal Engineers Kennington Oval 2,000
1874–75 Royal Engineers  †1–1 * Old Etonians Kennington Oval 2,000
1874–75 (R) Royal Engineers 2–0 Old Etonians Kennington Oval 3,000
1875–76 Wanderers  †1–1 * Old Etonians Kennington Oval 3,500
1875–76 (R) Wanderers 3–0 Old Etonians Kennington Oval 1,500
1876–77 Wanderers  †2–1 * Oxford University Kennington Oval 3,000
1877–78 Wanderers 3–1 Royal Engineers Kennington Oval 4,500
1878–79 Old Etonians 1–0 Clapham Rovers Kennington Oval 5,000
1879–80 Clapham Rovers 1–0 Oxford University Kennington Oval 6,000
1880–81 Old Carthusians 3–0 Old Etonians Kennington Oval 4,000
1881–82 Old Etonians 1–0 Blackburn Rovers Kennington Oval 6,500
1882–83 Blackburn Olympic  †2–1 * Old Etonians Kennington Oval 8,000
1883–84 Blackburn Rovers 2–1 Scotland Queen's Park Kennington Oval 4,000
1884–85 Blackburn Rovers 2–0 Scotland Queen's Park Kennington Oval 12,500
1885–86 Blackburn Rovers 0–0 West Bromwich Albion Kennington Oval 15,000
1885–86 (R) Blackburn Rovers 2–0 West Bromwich Albion Racecourse Ground 12,000
1886–87 Aston Villa 2–0 West Bromwich Albion Kennington Oval 15,500
1887–88 West Bromwich Albion 2–1 Preston North End Kennington Oval 19,000
1888–89 Preston North End double-dagger 3–0 Wolverhampton Wanderers Kennington Oval 22,000
1889–90 Blackburn Rovers 6–1 The Wednesday Kennington Oval 20,000
1890–91 Blackburn Rovers 3–1 Notts County Kennington Oval 23,000
1891–92 West Bromwich Albion 3–0 Aston Villa Kennington Oval 32,810
1892–93 Wolverhampton Wanderers 1–0 Everton Fallowfield Stadium 45,000
1893–94 Notts County 4–1 Bolton Wanderers Goodison Park 37,000
1894–95 Aston Villa 1–0 West Bromwich Albion Crystal Palace 42,560
1895–96 The Wednesday 2–1 Wolverhampton Wanderers Crystal Palace 48,836
1896–97 Aston Villa double-dagger 3–2 Everton Crystal Palace 65,891
1897–98 Nottingham Forest 3–1 Derby County Crystal Palace 62,017
1898–99 Sheffield United 4–1 Derby County Crystal Palace 73,833
1899–1900 Bury 4–0 Southampton Crystal Palace 68,945
1900–01 Tottenham Hotspur 2–2 Sheffield United Crystal Palace 110,820
1900–01 (R) Tottenham Hotspur 3–1 Sheffield United Burnden Park 20,470
1901–02 Sheffield United 1–1 Southampton Crystal Palace 76,914
1901–02 (R) Sheffield United 2–1 Southampton Crystal Palace 33,068
1902–03 Bury 6–0 Derby County Crystal Palace 63,102
1903–04 Manchester City 1–0 Bolton Wanderers Crystal Palace 61,374
1904–05 Aston Villa 2–0 Newcastle United Crystal Palace 101,117
1905–06 Everton 1–0 Newcastle United Crystal Palace 75,609
1906–07 The Wednesday 2–1 Everton Crystal Palace 84,594
1907–08 Wolverhampton Wanderers 3–1 Newcastle United Crystal Palace 74,697
1908–09 Manchester United 1–0 Bristol City Crystal Palace 71,401
1909–10 Newcastle United 1–1 Barnsley Crystal Palace 77,747
1909–10 (R) Newcastle United 2–0 Barnsley Goodison Park 69,000
1910–11 Bradford City 0–0 Newcastle United Crystal Palace 69,068
1910–11 (R) Bradford City 1–0 Newcastle United Old Trafford 58,000
1911–12 Barnsley 0–0 West Bromwich Albion Crystal Palace 54,556
1911–12 (R) Barnsley  †1–0* West Bromwich Albion Bramall Lane 38,555
1912–13 Aston Villa 1–0 Sunderland Crystal Palace 121,919
1913–14 Burnley 1–0 Liverpool Crystal Palace 72,778
1914–15 Sheffield United 3–0 Chelsea Old Trafford 49,557
1919–20 Aston Villa  †1–0 * Huddersfield Town Stamford Bridge 50,018
1920–21 Tottenham Hotspur 1–0 Wolverhampton Wanderers Stamford Bridge 72,805
1921–22 Huddersfield Town 1–0 Preston North End Stamford Bridge 53,000
1922–23 Bolton Wanderers 2–0 West Ham United Wembley Stadium (original) 126,047[A]
1923–24 Newcastle United 2–0 Aston Villa Wembley Stadium (original) 91,695
1924–25 Sheffield United 1–0 Wales Cardiff City Wembley Stadium (original) 91,763
1925–26 Bolton Wanderers 1–0 Manchester City Wembley Stadium (original) 91,447
1926–27 Wales Cardiff City 1–0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 91,206
1927–28 Blackburn Rovers 3–1 Huddersfield Town Wembley Stadium (original) 92,041
1928–29 Bolton Wanderers 2–0 Portsmouth Wembley Stadium (original) 92,576
1929–30 Arsenal 2–0 Huddersfield Town Wembley Stadium (original) 92,488
1930–31 West Bromwich Albion 2–1 Birmingham Wembley Stadium (original) 92,406
1931–32 Newcastle United 2–1 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 92,298
1932–33 Everton 3–0 Manchester City Wembley Stadium (original) 92,950
1933–34 Manchester City 2–1 Portsmouth Wembley Stadium (original) 93,258
1934–35 Sheffield Wednesday 4–2 West Bromwich Albion Wembley Stadium (original) 93,204
1935–36 Arsenal 1–0 Sheffield United Wembley Stadium (original) 93,384
1936–37 Sunderland 3–1 Preston North End Wembley Stadium (original) 93,495
1937–38 Preston North End  †1–0 * Huddersfield Town Wembley Stadium (original) 93,497
1938–39 Portsmouth 4–1 Wolverhampton Wanderers Wembley Stadium (original) 99,370
1945–46 Derby County  †4–1 * Charlton Athletic Wembley Stadium (original) 98,000
1946–47 Charlton Athletic  †1–0 * Burnley Wembley Stadium (original) 99,000
1947–48 Manchester United 4–2 Blackpool Wembley Stadium (original) 99,000
1948–49 Wolverhampton Wanderers 3–1 Leicester City Wembley Stadium (original) 99,500
1949–50 Arsenal 2–0 Liverpool Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1950–51 Newcastle United 2–0 Blackpool Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1951–52 Newcastle United 1–0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1952–53 Blackpool 4–3 Bolton Wanderers Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1953–54 West Bromwich Albion 3–2 Preston North End Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1954–55 Newcastle United 3–1 Manchester City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1955–56 Manchester City 3–1 Birmingham City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1956–57 Aston Villa 2–1 Manchester United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1957–58 Bolton Wanderers 2–0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1958–59 Nottingham Forest 2–1 Luton Town Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1959–60 Wolverhampton Wanderers 3–0 Blackburn Rovers Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1960–61 Tottenham Hotspur double-dagger 2–0 Leicester City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1961–62 Tottenham Hotspur 3–1 Burnley Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1962–63 Manchester United 3–1 Leicester City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1963–64 West Ham United 3–2 Preston North End Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1964–65 Liverpool  †2–1 * Leeds United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1965–66 Everton 3–2 Sheffield Wednesday Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1966–67 Tottenham Hotspur 2–1 Chelsea Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1967–68 West Bromwich Albion  †1–0 * Everton Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1968–69 Manchester City 1–0 Leicester City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1969–70 Chelsea  †2–2 * Leeds United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1969–70 (R) Chelsea  †2–1* Leeds United Old Trafford 62,078
1970–71 Arsenal double-dagger  †2–1 * Liverpool Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1971–72 Leeds United 1–0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1972–73 Sunderland 1–0 Leeds United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1973–74 Liverpool 3–0 Newcastle United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1974–75 West Ham United 2–0 Fulham Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1975–76 Southampton 1–0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1976–77 Manchester United 2–1 Liverpool Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1977–78 Ipswich Town 1–0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1978–79 Arsenal 3–2 Manchester United Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1979–80 West Ham United 1–0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1980–81 Tottenham Hotspur  †1–1 * Manchester City Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1980–81 (R) Tottenham Hotspur 3–2 Manchester City Wembley Stadium (original) 92,000
1981–82 Tottenham Hotspur  †1–1 * Queens Park Rangers Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1981–82 (R) Tottenham Hotspur 1–0 Queens Park Rangers Wembley Stadium (original) 90,000
1982–83 Manchester United  †2–2 * Brighton & Hove Albion Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1982–83 (R) Manchester United 4–0 Brighton & Hove Albion Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1983–84 Everton 2–0 Watford Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1984–85 Manchester United  †1–0 * Everton Wembley Stadium (original) 100,000
1985–86 Liverpool double-dagger 3–1 Everton Wembley Stadium (original) 98,000
1986–87 Coventry City  †3–2 * Tottenham Hotspur Wembley Stadium (original) 98,000
1987–88 Wimbledon 1–0 Liverpool Wembley Stadium (original) 98,203
1988–89 Liverpool  †3–2 * Everton Wembley Stadium (original) 82,500
1989–90 Manchester United  †3–3 * Crystal Palace Wembley Stadium (original) 80,000
1989–90 (R) Manchester United 1–0 Crystal Palace Wembley Stadium (original) 80,000
1990–91 Tottenham Hotspur  †2–1 * Nottingham Forest Wembley Stadium (original) 80,000
1991–92 Liverpool 2–0 Sunderland Wembley Stadium (original) 80,000
1992–93 Arsenal  †1–1 * Sheffield Wednesday Wembley Stadium (original) 79,347
1992–93 (R) Arsenal  †2–1 * Sheffield Wednesday Wembley Stadium (original) 62,267
1993–94 Manchester United double-dagger 4–0 Chelsea Wembley Stadium (original) 79,634
1994–95 Everton 1–0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium (original) 79,592
1995–96 Manchester United double-dagger 1–0 Liverpool Wembley Stadium (original) 79,007
1996–97 Chelsea 2–0 Middlesbrough Wembley Stadium (original) 79,160
1997–98 Arsenal double-dagger 2–0 Newcastle United Wembley Stadium (original) 79,183
1998–99 Manchester United double-dagger 2–0 Newcastle United Wembley Stadium (original) 79,101
1999–2000 Chelsea 1–0 Aston Villa Wembley Stadium (original) 78,217
2000–01 Liverpool 2–1 Arsenal Millennium Stadium 72,500
2001–02 Arsenal double-dagger 2–0 Chelsea Millennium Stadium 73,963
2002–03 Arsenal 1–0 Southampton Millennium Stadium 73,726
2003–04 Manchester United 3–0 Millwall Millennium Stadium 71,350
2004–05 Arsenal  †0–0 dagger Manchester United Millennium Stadium 71,876
2005–06 Liverpool  †3–3 dagger West Ham United Millennium Stadium 71,140
2006–07 Chelsea  †1–0 * Manchester United Wembley Stadium (new) 89,826
2007–08 Portsmouth 1–0 Wales Cardiff City Wembley Stadium (new) 89,874
2008–09 Chelsea 2–1 Everton Wembley Stadium (new) 89,391
2009–10 Chelsea double-dagger 1–0 Portsmouth Wembley Stadium (new) 88,335
2010–11 Manchester City 1–0 Stoke City Wembley Stadium (new) 88,643
2011–12 Chelsea 2–1 Liverpool Wembley Stadium (new) 89,041
2012–13 Wigan Athletic 1–0 Manchester City Wembley Stadium (new) 86,254
2013–14 Arsenal vs Hull City (to be played) Wembley Stadium (new)

A. ^ The official attendance for the 1923 final was reported as 126,047, but the actual figure is believed to be anywhere between 150,000 and 300,000.[16][17]

Results by team[edit]

Teams shown in italics are no longer in existence. Additionally, Queen's Park ceased to be eligible to enter the FA Cup after a Scottish Football Association ruling in 1887.[18]

Results by team
Club Wins First final won Last final won Runners-up Last final lost Total final appearances
Manchester United 11 1909 2004 7 2007 18
Arsenal 10 1930 2005 7 2001 17
Tottenham Hotspur 8 1901 1991 1 1987 9
Liverpool 7 1965 2006 7 2012 14
Chelsea 7 1970 2012 4 2002 11
Aston Villa 7 1887 1957 3 2000 10
Newcastle United 6 1910 1955 7 1999 13
Blackburn Rovers 6 1884 1928 2 1960 8
Everton 5 1906 1995 8 2009 13
West Bromwich Albion 5 1888 1968 5 1935 10
Manchester City 5 1904 2011 5 2013 10
Wanderers 5 1872 1878 0 5
Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 1893 1960 4 1939 8
Bolton Wanderers 4 1923 1958 3 1953 7
Sheffield United 4 1899 1925 2 1936 6
Sheffield Wednesday[A] 3 1896 1935 3 1993 6
West Ham United 3 1964 1980 2 2006 5
Preston North End 2 1889 1938 5 1964 7
Old Etonians 2 1879 1882 4 1883 6
Portsmouth 2 1939 2008 3 2010 5
Sunderland 2 1937 1973 2 1992 4
Nottingham Forest 2 1898 1959 1 1991 3
Bury 2 1900 1903 0 2
Huddersfield Town 1 1922 1922 4 1938 5
Southampton 1 1976 1976 3 2003 4
Leeds United 1 1972 1972 3 1973 4
Derby County 1 1946 1946 3 1903 4
Royal Engineers 1 1875 1875 3 1878 4
Oxford University 1 1874 1874 3 1880 4
Blackpool 1 1953 1953 2 1951 3
Cardiff City 1 1927 1927 2 2008 3
Burnley 1 1914 1914 2 1962 3
Charlton Athletic 1 1947 1947 1 1946 2
Barnsley 1 1912 1912 1 1910 2
Notts County 1 1894 1894 1 1891 2
Clapham Rovers 1 1880 1880 1 1879 2
Wigan Athletic 1 2013 2013 0 1
Wimbledon[B] 1 1988 1988 0 1
Coventry City 1 1987 1987 0 1
Ipswich Town 1 1978 1978 0 1
Bradford City 1 1911 1911 0 1
Blackburn Olympic 1 1883 1883 0 1
Old Carthusians 1 1881 1881 0 1
Leicester City 0 4 1969 4
Birmingham City 0 2 1956 2
Queen's Park 0 2 1885 2
Stoke City 0 1 2011 1
Millwall 0 1 2004 1
Middlesbrough 0 1 1997 1
Crystal Palace 0 1 1990 1
Watford 0 1 1984 1
Brighton & Hove Albion 0 1 1983 1
Queens Park Rangers 0 1 1982 1
Fulham 0 1 1975 1
Luton Town 0 1 1959 1
Bristol City 0 1 1909 1

A. ^ Sheffield Wednesday's total includes two wins and one defeat under the earlier name of The Wednesday.
B. ^ Wimbledon relocated in 2004 from south London to Milton Keynes rebranding the club as Milton Keynes Dons, however the current incarnation of the club contends that it was founded in 2004 and does not lay claim to the history or honours (including the FA Cup win) of Wimbledon.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jury, Louise (7 January 2005). "FA Cup trophy's sale to set football memorabilia record". The Independent (Independent News & Media). Retrieved 24 October 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "F A Cup Summary – Contents". The Football Club History Database. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  3. ^ "FA Competition Administration". The Football Association. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  4. ^ Townsend, Nick (21 May 2000). "Football: FA Cup Final: Calamity for James as Di Matteo makes history". The Independent (Independent News & Media). 
  5. ^ a b Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin (1983). Encyclopedia of British Football. Willow Books. p. 19. ISBN 0-0021-8049-9. 
  6. ^ Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin. Encyclopedia of British Football. p. 20. 
  7. ^ Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin. Encyclopedia of British Football. pp. 16–17. 
  8. ^ a b Lyles, Christopher (5 January 2008). "FA Cup by numbers". Daily Telegraph (Telegraph Media Group Limited). Retrieved 24 October 2008. 
  9. ^ Shuttleworth, Peter (9 May 2008). "Cardiff in footsteps of FA Cup giants". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 October 2008. 
  10. ^ a b Soar, Phil; Tyler, Martin. Encyclopedia of British Football. p. 27. 
  11. ^ Phillips-Knight, Rob (12 May 2010). "Beasant and the 'Crazy Gang' stun Liverpool". ESPN. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Premier League's big four lowdown". BBC Sport. 14 December 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2008. 
  13. ^ McNulty, Phil (4 February 2005). "FA Cup in danger of losing lustre". BBC Sport. Retrieved 24 October 2008. 
  14. ^ "Rules of The FA Challenge Cup". The Football Association. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  15. ^ a b Barnes, Stuart (2008). Nationwide Football Annual 2008–2009. SportsBooks Ltd. pp. 132, 134–143. ISBN 1-8998-0772-1. 
  16. ^ Bateson, Bill; Sewell, Albert (1992). News of the World Football Annual 1992–93. Harper Collins. p. 219. ISBN 0-85543-188-1. 
  17. ^ "The F.A. Cup – Bolton's Victory – Record Crowds". The Times (News International). 30 May 1923. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  18. ^ "Ask Albert – Number 5". BBC Sport. 19 February 2001. Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  19. ^ "Merton to be given Dons trophies". BBC Sport. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 

External links[edit]