List of Falcon 9 launches

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This is a list of missions, historic and planned, for the SpaceX Falcon 9 family of launch vehicles. The three versions of the rocket are the Falcon 9 v1.0 (now retired), currently-operational Falcon 9 v1.1, and the in-development Falcon 9-R.

Notable missions[edit]

Maiden launch[edit]

Launch of Falcon 9 Flight 1 with a boilerplate Dragon
Main article: Falcon 9 Flight 1

The Falcon 9 maiden launch occurred on June 4, 2010 and was deemed a success, placing the test payload within 1 percent of the intended orbit. The second stage engine performed a short second burn to demonstrate its multiple firing capability.[1]

The rocket experienced, "a little bit of roll at liftoff" as Ken Bowersox from SpaceX put it. This roll had stopped prior to the craft reaching the top of the tower.[2] The second stage began to slowly roll near the end of its burn which was not expected.[1]

The halo from the venting of propellant from the Falcon 9 second stage as it rolled in space could be seen from all of Eastern Australia and some believed it to be a UFO.[3][4]

COTS Demo Flight 1[edit]

SpaceX Falcon 9 launch with COTS Demo Flight 1
Main article: COTS Demo Flight 1

The next launch attempt for Falcon 9 was COTS Demo Flight 1, with an operational Dragon module. The launch took place on December 8, 2010.[5] The flight placed the Dragon capsule in a roughly 300-kilometer (190 mi) orbit. After two orbits, the capsule re-entered the atmosphere to be recovered off the coast of Mexico.[6] This flight tested the pressure vessel integrity, attitude control using the Draco engines, telemetry, guidance, navigation, control systems, the PICA-X heat shield, and parachutes at speed.

COTS Demo Flight 2[edit]

Main article: COTS Demo Flight 2

This flight was the first fully commercially developed launcher to deliver a payload to the International Space Station. This mission combined COTS 2 and 3 mission that included berthing with ISS. It was also the first night launch of Falcon 9.[7]

The first launch attempt, on 19 May 2012 resulted in a countdown abort on the pad at T−00:00:00.5.[8] Chamber pressure on one of the engines was observed by onboard computers as being outside nominal parameters; therefore the launch was automatically aborted after main engine ignition, but before liftoff. Following the countdown abort, representatives stated that the next attempt was scheduled for May 22, 2012 at 03:44 EDT (07:44 GMT) or May 23, 2012 at 03:22 EDT (07:22 GMT). The second attempt was successful.[9][10]

CRS-1[edit]

Main article: SpaceX CRS-1

The first operational cargo resupply mission to ISS was launched on October 7, 2012 at 8:35 PM EST. At 76 seconds after liftoff, engine 1 of the first stage suffered a loss of pressure which caused an automatic shutdown of that engine. The remaining eight first-stage engines continued to burn and the Dragon capsule reached orbit successfully. Due to safety regulations required by NASA the secondary Orbcomm-2 satellite payload was released into a lower-than-intended orbit, and subsequently declared a total loss.[11]

Engine anomaly on one of the nine engines on the Falcon 9 first stage during the ascent after 1 min 19 sec flight resulted in automatic engine shutdown and a longer first-stage burn on the remaining eight engines to complete orbital insertion. This was the first demonstration of SpaceX Falcon 9 "engine out" capability in flight.[12][13] NASA requires a greater-than-99% estimated probability that the stage of any secondary payload on a similar orbital inclination to the Station will reach their orbital goal above the station. Due to the original engine failure, the Falcon 9 used more fuel than intended, bringing this estimate down to around 95%. Because of this, the second stage did not attempt another burn, and Orbcomm-G2 was deployed into a rapidly decaying orbit[11][14] and burned up in Earth's atmosphere within 4 days after the launch.[15][16] The mission continued to rendezvous and berth the Dragon capsule with the ISS where the ISS crew unloaded its payload and reloaded it with cargo for return to Earth.

CRS-2[edit]

Main article: SpaceX CRS-2

The second operational cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station took place on March 1, 2013. At 10:10 EST, a Falcon 9 v1.0 was launched carrying 575 kg (1,268 lb) of cargo for the astronauts aboard the ISS. Once in orbit, three of the four reaction control system (RCS) thruster pods on the Dragon capsule needed to dock with the ISS failed to initially start up due to a low oxidizer pressure condition. Shortly afterwards, SpaceX announced that the problem had been resolved and a stuck valve had been freed allowing full oxidizer pressure and normal thruster operation. The Dragon capsule berthed with the ISS on March 3.[17]

First flight of Falcon 9 v1.1[edit]

Main article: Falcon 9 Flight 6
SpaceX Falcon 9 v1.1 launch from Vandenberg with CASSIOPE

SpaceX launched the maiden flight of the Falcon 9 v1.1—an essentially new launch vehicle, much larger and with greater thrust than Falcon 9 v1.0—on September 29, 2013, a demonstration launch.[18] Although the rocket carried CASSIOPE as a primary payload, CASSIOPE had a payload mass that is very small relative to the rocket's capability, and it did so at a discounted rate—approximately 20% of the normal published price for SpaceX Falcon 9 LEO missions—because the flight was a technology demonstration mission for SpaceX.[19][20][21]

After the second stage separated from the booster stage, SpaceX conducted a novel flight test where the booster conducted a test to attempt to reenter the lower atmosphere in a controlled manner and decelerate to a simulated over-water landing.[22] The test was successful, but the booster stage was not recovered. This was the first high-altitude, high-velocity test of the SpaceX Falcon 9 booster post-mission, controlled-descent, test program.

Launch history and manifest[edit]

Flight № Date and time (UTC) Type Launch Complex Payload Orbit Customer Outcome
1 June 4, 2010, 18:45 v1.0[23] CC LC40 Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit LEO SpaceX Success
1st Flight of Falcon 9 Block 1[1]
2 December 8, 2010, 15:43[24] v1.0[23] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo 1, 2 Cubesats[25] LEO NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, National Reconnaissance Office Success
Maiden flight of Dragon Capsule; 3 hours, testing of maneuvering thrusters and reentry[26]
3 May 22, 2012, 07:44[27] v1.0[23] CC LC40 NASA COTS – Demo C2+[28] LEO NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Success[29]
Aborted on first attempt, second attempt was successful.[9]
4 October 8, 2012, 00:35[30] v1.0[23] CC LC40 Primary payload: SpaceX CRS-1[31] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Success
Secondary payload: Orbcomm-OG2[32] LEO Orbcomm Failure[15][33]
CRS-1 successful, secondary payload inserted into abnormally low orbit and lost due to Falcon 9 boost stage engine failure, ISS visiting vehicle safety rules, and the primary payload owners contractual right to decline a second ignition of the second stage under some conditions.[15][16]
5 March 1, 2013, 15:10[34] v1.0[23] CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-2[35][36][37] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Success
Final scheduled flight of a Falcon 9 block 1 v1.0 vehicle.[38]
6 September 29, 2013, 16:00[21] v1.1[23] VAFB LC4E CASSIOPE[36][39] Polar orbit MDA Corp Success[21]
Commercial mission and first Falcon 9 v1.1 flight, with improved 13 tonne to LEO capacity.[38] Following second-stage separation from the first stage, SpaceX attempted to perform a propulsive-return over-water test and simulated landing of the discarded booster vehicle.[22] The test provided good test data on the experiment—its primary objective—but only the initial part of the controlled descent test maintained full control of the descending vehicle. As the booster neared the ocean, aerodynamic forces caused the vehicle to spin up and the terminal-descent engine to flame out.[21]
7 December 3, 2013, 22:41[40] v1.1 CC LC40 SES-8[41][42] GTO SES Success[43]
First GTO launch for Falcon 9.[41] There was a fire on the first stage engine structure ("Octaweb") [44]
8 January 6, 2014, 22:06[45] v1.1 CC LC40 Thaicom 6 GTO Thaicom Success[46]
Second GTO launch for Falcon 9.
The USAF later evaluated launch data from this flight as part of a separate certification program for SpaceX to qualify to fly US military payloads and found that the Thaicom 6 launch had "unacceptable fuel reserves at engine cutoff of the stage 2 second burnoff".[44]
9 April 18, 2014, 19:25[47] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-3[35][36][37] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Success
Following second-stage separation, SpaceX conducted a second controlled-descent test of the discarded booster vehicle and achieved the first successful controlled ocean soft touchdown of a liquid-rocket-engine orbital booster.[48][49]

This was the first Falcon 9 booster to fly with the extensible landing legs, and the first Dragon mission with the Falcon 9 v1.1 launch vehicle.

10 July 14, 2014, 15:15 v1.1 CC LC40 OG2 Mission 1
6 OG2 satellites
LEO Orbcomm Success[50]
Second Falcon 9 booster with landing legs. Following second-stage separation, SpaceX conducted a controlled-descent test of the discarded booster vehicle. In the event, the first stage successfully decelerated from hypersonic velocity in the upper atmosphere, made a successful reentry, landing burn, deployment of its landing legs and touched down on the ocean surface. The first stage was not recovered however, as the hull integrity breached when the rocket tipped over as intended following the soft-landing.[51]
11 August 5, 2014, 08:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 8[52][53][54] GTO AsiaSat Success[55]
12 September 7, 2014, 05:00 v1.1 CC LC40 AsiaSat 6[52][53][56] GTO AsiaSat Success[57]
13 September 20, 2014, 06:14 [58][59] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-4[36][37] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
SpaceX has stated that this will be the fourth flight in which a propulsive return and water landing is attempted, albeit "with a low probability of success" due to the soft ocean landing not being able to support rocket in vertical position. Landing legs will still be deployed before touchdown to simulate landing on a solid surface.[51]
14 (?) NET 4Q 2014[60] v1.1 CC LC40 OG2 Mission 2 [61]

11 OG2 satellites

LEO Orbcomm Scheduled
SpaceX has stated that this will be the first flight which attempts to land the reusable booster on a solid surface, "with an improved probability of success" relative to water-based landings.[51]
15 (?) December 1, 2014[58] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-5[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
SpaceX has stated that the 15th flight will be the second flight which will attempt to land the reusable booster on a solid surface.[51]
16 (?) NET 2014 v1.1 CC LC40 TurkmenSat 1 [62]

(TurkmenAlem 520E)

GTO Turkmenistan National Space Agency Scheduled
January 13, 2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 DSCOVR[63]/Sunjammer[52][64][65][66] L1 U.S. Air Force Scheduled
February 4, 2015[67] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-6[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2015[52] Heavy CC LC39A Falcon Heavy Demo[52] TBD SpaceX Scheduled
Will be the first launch of the Falcon Heavy.
2015 v1.1 VAFB LC4E SAOCOM 1A[68][69] SSO CONAE[52] Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 ABS 3A, Eutelsat 115 West B (Ordered as Satmex 7)[52] GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite, Eutelsat (Satmex) Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E FORMOSAT 5[52][70] SSO NSPO, Taiwan Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-7[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 ABS 2A, Eutelsat 117 West B (Ordered as Satmex 9)[52] GTO Asia Broadcast Satellite, Eutelsat (Satmex) Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Jason-3[52] SSO NASA/NOAA Scheduled
First launch of NASA and NOAA joint science mission (not related to NASA CRS contracts)
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 Amos-6[71] GTO Spacecom[52] Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E SAOCOM 1B[68][69] SSO CONAE[52] Scheduled
2015[52] Heavy CC LC39A DSX, FORMOSAT 7A/B/C/D/E/F[52] LEO/MEO U.S. Air Force Scheduled
USAF Space Test Program Flight 2 (STP-2)
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-8[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SES-9[72] GTO SES[52] Scheduled
2015[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 3-12[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
10 satellites per launch are planned.
2015[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 13-22[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2H 2015[75] v1.1 CC LC40 JCSAT-14 GTO JSAT Corporation Scheduled
no earlier than October 2015[76] Google Lunar X Prize Moon Mission[77] Astrobotic Technology Scheduled
deliver a lander, small rover and up to 240 pounds (110 kg) of payload to the surface of the Moon[77]
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SES-10[72] GTO SES[52] Scheduled
2016[78] v1.1 CC LC40 Thaicom 8 GTO Thaicom Scheduled[78]
2016 v1.1 CC LC40 BulgariaSat-1[79] GTO Bulsatcom Scheduled
2016[80] v1.1 CC LC40 JCSAT-16 GTO JSAT Corporation Scheduled
2016 Heavy CC LC39A EuropaSat/HellasSat 3[81] GTO Inmarsat Scheduled
May also launch on a Falcon 9 v1.1.
2016 Heavy CC LC39A Inmarsat 5-F4[81] GTO Inmarsat Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 DragonLab Mission 1[52] SpaceX Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-9[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-10[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-11[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 CC LC40 SpaceX CRS-12[52] LEO NASA Commercial Resupply Services Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 23-32[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 33-42[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2016[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 43-52[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2017[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 53-62[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2017[52] v1.1 VAFB LC4E Iridium NEXT 63-72[73][74] LEO Iridium Communications Inc. Scheduled
2017[52] Heavy CC LC39A TBD GTO Intelsat Scheduled
2018 v1.1 VAFB LC4E RCM 1/2/3[82] SSO CSA Scheduled
2018[52] v1.1 CC LC40 DragonLab Mission 2[52] SpaceX Scheduled
2019 v1.1 VAFB LC4E SARah 1[83] SSO Bundeswehr Scheduled
2019 v1.1 VAFB LC4E SARah 2/3[83] SSO Bundeswehr Scheduled
TBD TBD Bigelow Aerospace[52] Scheduled
TBD[52] CC LC40 Space Systems/Loral[52][84] GTO Space Systems Scheduled

See also[edit]

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