List of Falcon 9 launches
The Falcon 9 maiden launch occurred on June 4, 2010 and was deemed a success, placing the test payload within 1 percent of the intended orbit. The second stage engine performed a short second burn to demonstrate its multiple firing capability.
The rocket experienced, "a little bit of roll at liftoff" as Ken Bowersox from SpaceX put it. This roll had stopped prior to the craft reaching the top of the tower. The second stage began to slowly roll near the end of its burn which was not expected.
COTS Demo Flight 1
The next launch attempt for Falcon 9 was COTS Demo Flight 1, with an operational Dragon module. The launch took place on December 8, 2010. The flight placed the Dragon capsule in a roughly 300-kilometer (190 mi) orbit. After two orbits, the capsule re-entered the atmosphere to be recovered off the coast of Mexico. This flight tested the pressure vessel integrity, attitude control using the Draco engines, telemetry, guidance, navigation, control systems, the PICA-X heat shield, and parachutes at speed.
COTS Demo Flight 2
This flight was the first fully commercially developed launcher to deliver a payload to the International Space Station. This mission combined COTS 2 and 3 mission that included berthing with ISS. It was also the first night launch of Falcon 9.
The first launch attempt, on 19 May 2012 resulted in a countdown abort on the pad at T−00:00:00.5. Chamber pressure on one of the engines was observed by onboard computers as being outside nominal parameters; therefore the launch was automatically aborted after main engine ignition, but before liftoff. Following the countdown abort, representatives stated that the next attempt was scheduled for 22 May 2012 at 03:44 EDT (07:44 GMT) or 23 May 2012 at 03:22 EDT (07:22 GMT). The second attempt was successful.
The first operational cargo resupply mission to ISS was launched on October 7, 2012 at 8:35 PM EST. At 76 seconds after liftoff, engine 1 of the first stage suffered a loss of pressure which caused an automatic shutdown of that engine. The remaining eight first-stage engines continued to burn and the Dragon capsule reached orbit successfully. Due to safety regulations required by NASA the secondary Orbcomm-2 satellite payload was released into a lower-than-intended orbit, and subsequently declared a total loss.
Engine anomaly on one of the nine engines on the Falcon 9 first stage during the ascent after 1 min 19 sec flight resulted in automatic engine shutdown and a longer first-stage burn on the remaining eight engines to complete orbital insertion. This was the first demonstration of SpaceX Falcon 9 "engine out" capability in flight. NASA requires a greater-than-99% estimated probability that the stage of any secondary payload on a similar orbital inclination to the Station will reach their orbital goal above the station. Due to the original engine failure, the Falcon 9 used more fuel than intended, bringing this estimate down to around 95%. Because of this, the second stage did not attempt another burn, and Orbcomm-G2 was deployed into a rapidly-decaying orbit and burned up in Earth's atmosphere within 4 days after the launch. The mission continued to rendezvous and berth the Dragon capsule with the ISS where the ISS crew unloaded its payload and reloaded it with cargo for return to Earth.
The second operational cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station took place on March 1, 2013. At 10:10 EST, a Falcon 9 v1.0 was launched carrying 575 kg (1,268 lb) of cargo for the astronauts aboard the ISS. Once in orbit, three of the four reaction control system (RCS) thruster pods on the Dragon capsule needed to dock with the ISS failed to initially start up due to a low oxidizer pressure condition. Shortly afterwards, SpaceX announced that the problem had been resolved and a stuck valve had been freed allowing full oxidizer pressure and normal thruster operation. The Dragon capsule berthed with the ISS on March 3.
First flight of Falcon 9 v1.1
SpaceX launched the maiden flight of the Falcon 9 v1.1—an essentially new launch vehicle, much larger and with greater thrust than Falcon 9 v1.0—on September 29, 2013, a demonstration launch. Although the rocket carried CASSIOPE as a primary payload, CASSIOPE had a payload mass that is very small relative to the rocket's capability, and it did so at a discounted rate—approximately 20% of the normal published price for SpaceX Falcon 9 LEO missions—because the flight was a technology demonstration mission for SpaceX.
After the second stage separated from the booster stage, SpaceX conducted a novel flight test where the booster conducted a test to attempt to reenter the lower atmosphere in a controlled manner and decelerate to a simulated over-water landing. The test was successful, but the booster stage was not recovered. This was the first high-altitude, high-velocity test of the SpaceX Falcon 9 booster post-mission, controlled-descent, test program.
Launch history and manifest
|Flight №||Date and time (UTC)||Type||Launch Complex||Payload||Orbit||Customer||Outcome|
|1||4 June 2010, 18:45||v1.0||CC LC40||Dragon Spacecraft Qualification Unit||LEO||SpaceX||Success|
|1st Flight of Falcon 9 Block 1|
|2||8 Dec 2010, 15:43||v1.0||CC LC40||NASA COTS – Demo 1, 2 Cubesats||LEO||NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services, National Reconnaissance Office||Success|
|Maiden flight of Dragon Capsule; 3 hours, testing of maneuvering thrusters and reentry|
|3||22 May 2012, 07:44||v1.0||CC LC40||NASA COTS – Demo C2+||LEO||NASA Commercial Orbital Transportation Services||Success|
|Aborted on first attempt, second attempt was successful.|
|4||8 Oct 2012, 00:35||v1.0||CC LC40||Primary payload: SpaceX CRS-1||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Secondary payload: Orbcomm-G2||LEO||Orbcomm||Failure|
|CRS-1 successful, secondary payload inserted into abnormally low orbit and lost due to Falcon 9 boost stage engine failure, ISS visiting vehicle safety rules, and the primary payload owners contractual right to decline a second ignition of the second stage under some conditions.|
|5||1 March 2013, 15:10||v1.0||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-2||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Success|
|Final scheduled flight of a Falcon 9 block 1 v1.0 vehicle.|
|6||29 September 2013, 16:00||v1.1||VAFB LC4E||CASSIOPE||Polar orbit||MDA Corp||Success|
|Commercial mission and first Falcon 9 v1.1 flight, with improved 13 tonne to LEO capacity. Following second-stage separation from the first stage, SpaceX attempted to perform a propulsive-return over-water test and simulated landing of the discarded booster vehicle. The test provided good test data on the experiment—its primary objective—but only the initial part of the controlled descent test maintained full control of the descending vehicle. As the booster neared the ocean, aerodynamic forces caused the vehicle to spin up and the terminal-descent engine to flame out.|
|7||3 December 2013, 22:41||v1.1||CC LC40||SES-8 communication satellite||GTO||SES||Success|
|First GTO launch for Falcon 9.|
|8||6 January 2014, 22:06||v1.1||CC LC40||Thaicom 6||GTO||Thaicom||Success|
|Second GTO launch for Falcon 9.|
|9||30 March 2014, ||v1.1||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-3||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|Following second-stage separation, SpaceX may conduct a second controlled-descent test of the discarded booster vehicle. This will also be the first Dragon mission with the improved Falcon 9 launch vehicle.|
|10||NET April 30 2014||CC LC40||8 OG2 satellites on various missions||Orbcomm||Scheduled|
|11||NET May 2014||CC LC40||Asiasat 8||Asiasat||Scheduled|
|12||NET June 2014||CC LC40||Asiasat 6||Asiasat||Scheduled|
|13||25 July 2014||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-4||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|27 November 2014||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-5||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-6||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|TBD||CC LC40||9 OG2 satellites on various missions||Orbcomm||Scheduled|
|TBD||VAFB LC4E||SAOCOM 1A||CONAE||Scheduled|
|TBD||CC LC40||Space Systems/Loral||LEO||Space Systems||Scheduled|
|TBD||CC LC40||ABS 3A, Satmex 7||Asia Broadcast Satellite, Satmex||Scheduled|
|TBD||CC LC40||DSCOVR/Sunjammer||U.S. Air Force||Scheduled|
|2015||VAFB LC4E||FORMOSAT 5||Taiwan||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-7||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||ABS 2A, Satmex 9||Asia Broadcast Satellite, Satmex||Scheduled|
|First launch of NASA and NOAA joint science mission (not related to NASA CRS contracts)|
|2015||VAFB LC4E||SAOCOM 1B||CONAE||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-8||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-9||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|2015||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-10||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|Second Half 2015||v1.1||CC LC40||JCSAT-14||GTO||JSAT Corporation||Scheduled|
|no earlier than October 2015||Google Lunar X Prize Moon Mission||Astrobotic Technology||Scheduled|
|deliver a lander, small rover and up to 240 pounds (110 kg) of payload to the surface of the Moon|
|2015–2017||VAFB LC4E||Iridium NEXT||Iridium Communications Inc.||Scheduled|
|7 manifested (up to 10) launches with multiple satellites per launch.|
|2016||CC LC40||DragonLab Mission 1||SpaceX||Scheduled|
|2016||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-11||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
|2016||CC LC40||SpaceX CRS-12||LEO||NASA Commercial Resupply Services||Scheduled|
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